"Umcimbi omnyama" nguPhilip Pullman. I-trilogy enokonwabela yonke iminyaka.

Umba omnyama

Kutshanje ndikhumbule ulungelelwaniso olubi lwefilimu Umcimbi omnyama nguFilipu Pullman (kuba kuphela incwadi yokuqala eyadutyulwayo, enegama le- ICompass yeGolide), kwaye ndaziva ukuba kufanele ukuba ndophule umkhonto ndithanda isaga endandiyithanda ndisengumntwana, nangakumbi nokuba ndimdala. Ke, masijonge imiqulu emithathu kule trilogy, kwaye kutheni inomdla.

Izibane zasemaNtla

U-Iorek Byrnison wabeka phantsi imagi waya emnyango ejonga ubuso bendoda endala, kodwa uFarder Coram akazange akhanye.
Ndiyazi ukuba ukhangela bani, uza kulandela abagawuli, yaphendula ibhere. Ngosuku olungaphambi kosuku bemkile esixekweni baya phambili emantla, benabantwana abaninzi. Akukho mntu uya kukuxelela nantoni na ngabo, abantu bavala amehlo abo kuba abasiki babantwana babanika imali kunye nezivumelwano ezilungileyo. Kodwa kuba andibathandi abasiki bomntwana konke konke, ndiza kukuphendula ngokufanelekileyo. Ukuba ndihlala apha ndisela utywala kungenxa yokuba amadoda alomhlaba endikhuphile kwaye ngaphandle kwezikrweqe ndiyakwazi ukuzingela amatywina, kodwa ndingayi emfazweni. Ndiyibhere enezixhobo, kum imfazwe lulwandle apho ndibhukuda khona kunye nomoya endiwuphefumlayo. Amadoda alomzi andinika utywala mandisele ndide ndibiwe bubuthongo, kodwa basisusile isigcina-sifuba sam. Ukuba bendisazi ukuba bayigcina phi, bendiza kukrwitsha isixeko siphela ukuyibuyisa. Ukuba ufuna iinkonzo zam, ixabiso ekufuneka uhlawule ngalo yile: ndibuyisele isigcina-sifuba. Ndifuna isigcina-sifuba sam, emva koko andizukufuna tywala kwakhona. "

UFilipu Pullman, "Izibane zaseMntla."

Umthamo wokuqala we Umcimbi omnyama isihloko, ngokufanelekileyo, Izibane zasemaNtla, kwaye isisa kwelinye ilizwe elinempawu ezithile isitya. Nangona kunjalo, eyona nto ibalulekileyo kweli hlabathi kukuba umphefumlo wabantu awukho ngaphakathi emzimbeni wabo, kodwa ngaphandle. Le "miphefumlo" ibizwa daemon, amaziko amkela ukubonakala kwe-zoomorphic, kwaye amele ubuntu bomntu lowo.

Ndingahamba indlela ende xa ndithetha ngesakhiwo, kodwa kwanele ukutsho ukuba kule noveli ILyra belacqua, umlinganiswa ophambili, kufuneka ahambe ukusuka e-Oxford aye kwi-Far North. Yeyona voliyamu ifikelelekayo yesaga yabantwana kunye nabantu abancinci, kuba libali lokonwabisa elinomdla, elinabalinganiswa abathandekayo abafana nebhere le-polar U-Iorek Byrnison. Nangona yonke into, inomxholo othakazelisayo, zombini kwinqanaba lefilosofi kunye ne-metaphysical.

Ikrele

URuta Skadi wayeneminyaka engamakhulu amane aneshumi elinesithandathu ubudala kwaye wayenekratshi kunye nolwazi lwendlovukazi endala. Nangona wayenobulumko obuninzi ngaphezu kwakhe nawuphi na umntu anokuziqokelela kubomi bakhe obufutshane, khange aqonde ukuba ubonakala njengomntwana njani ecaleni kwezi zidalwa zakudala. Kwaye akazange akrokre ukuba ukuqonda kwezi zidalwa kufikelele ngaphaya kwakhe, njengama-filamentous tentacles, ukuya kwiindawo ezinzima kakhulu kwihlabathi apho ubukho bakhe wayengazange aphuphe; kananjalo akazange ababone bekwimo yomntu ngenxa nje yokuba babelindele ukubona amehlo akhe. Ukuba bezibonwe ngenkangeleko yazo yokwenyani, ngezafana nezinye izakhiwo, uhlobo lwezinto ezinkulu ezakhiwe ngobukrelekrele kunye nemvakalelo.

UFilipu Pullman, "I-Dagger."

Umqulu wesibini, Ikrele, usazisa ngokupheleleyo kwi eyahlukeneyo I-Pullman, kunye ne-protagonist entsha yehlabathi lethu, Ngaba, enento yokuhamba ukuya kweminye imilinganiselo. Uninzi lweekhonsepthi ezichazwe kwinoveli yokuqala, ezinje ngeSono Sokuqala, ziphuhlisiwe ngakumbi kulo mqulu, apho umbhali egxeka ubuKristu.

Umba omnyama

I-spyglass ene-lacquered

"-Ugunyaziwe, uThixo, iNkosi, uYehova, yena, Adonai, uKumkani, uBawo, uSomandla," watsho uBalthamos ngeliphantsi, "ngamagama awazibeka kuye. Wayeyingelosi enjengathi, owokuqala, oyinyaniso, onamandla kunabo bonke, kodwa wabunjwa ngothuli, njengathi nje, kwaye uthuli lilo kuphela igama elisebenzayo kwinto eyenzekayo xa umcimbi uqala ukuziqonda. Umcimbi uyawuthanda umcimbi. Ufuna ukwazi okungakumbi ngaye, kwaye Kwenziwa uthuli. Iingelosi zokuqala zaxinana ukusuka kuThuli, kwaye iGunya lalilelokuqala kuzo zonke. Ucacisele abo babemlandela ukuba ubadalile, kodwa ibubuxoki. Omnye wabo bamlandelayo, umbutho wabasetyhini, wayenobulumko kunaye kwaye wafumanisa inyani, emva koko wamgxotha. Sisayikhonza nangoku. Igunya liyaqhubeka nokulawula eBukumkanini; kwaye iMetratron nguMlawuli wayo. "

UFilipu Pullman, "I-Spyglass eLacquered."

I-spyglass ene-lacquered Yivolumu yokugqibela, kunye neyona densest kunye neyona nto inamandla kwi-trilogy. Ikwayindawo ekhohlakeleyo, engachanekanga kwezopolitiko, kunye nolwaphulo mthetho kwisaga yonke. Chaza umlo ochasene Igunya, umntu ozibiza ngokuba nguthixo wezinto ezininzi, ngaphandle kokudala. Ngale ndlela, kuthwala ubudlelwane obuthile kwi ukuthoba isidima sobuKrestu ubuGnostiki, umntu ochasene noThixo, oquka ububi, kwaye ubophelela abantu kwiminqweno yabo yezinto eziphathekayo.

El ubungqangi phakathi kwesayensi kunye nenkolo kujongwana nayo ngokucacileyo ngakumbi kunakwimiqulu emibini yokuqala. Le migca iyakungqina oku: “Ndikholelwa ekubeni ndinokuziqhelanisa ne-physics ukuze kuzukiswe uThixo, de ndaqonda ukuba uThixo akakho nokuba i-physics ibinomdla ngakumbi kunokuba bendicinga. Inkolo yobuKrestu yimpazamo enamandla kwaye inika ubungqina, kuphelele apho. "

Nangona kunjalo, inoveli ayisosizathu sokufaka iingcinga zombhali. Ungangena kuzo, ewe, kodwa awudingi ukonwabela ibali uphuma ngaphandle, umdlalo wedrama, kunye nesibindi kuwo omane amacala. Le ncwadi sisikweko, isithethe, uhambo lwabantwana ababini, uWill noLyra, nokuba baba ngabantu abadala njani. Sijongene nesaga enkulu, ngokuqinisekileyo ekufanele ukuba ifundwe.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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