Uhlalutyo olufutshane lwe «Hopscotch» nguJulio Cortázar

Omncinci ofunde eli nqaku uqinisekile ukuba ucinga malunga "IHopscotch", umsebenzi osisiseko we UJulio CortazarNjengaleyo "tostón" incwadi ethi ithunyelwe ngootitshala ngootitshala kwinqanaba elithile leziko. Abo bethu sele bedlulile kuloo nto, bayifundile ngokufanelekileyo "IHopscotch" ngeentsuku zethu zobutsha kwaye emva koko siyifundile kwakhona (ngokuqinisekileyo sibaninzi, ndiyazibandakanya nam) kwiminyaka embalwa kamva, asikuqondanga nje kuphela ukubaluleka kwale ncwadi kwimbali yoncwadi kodwa yahluke njani kuninzi.

"IHopscotch", epapashwe ngo 1963, sisalathiso esisisiseko soncwadi lwaseMelika lweSpanishi. Lakhe ulandelelwano lwesakhiwo ivumela ukufundwa okwahlukeneyo, kwaye ke, ukutolikwa okungafaniyo. Ngale ndlela yokufunda, yayiyintoni injongo kaJulio Cortázar zimele isiphithiphithi, ithuba lobomi kunye nobudlelwane obungenakuphikiswa phakathi kwento eyenziweyo kunye nesandla somzobi oyenzayo.

Ukuba awukafundi okwangoku "IHopscotch" kwaye ucinga ukuyenza, yima apha, ungaqhubeki nokufunda ... Ndifuna ... Kodwa elona bali libhalwe nguJulio Cortázar.

Ukuhlalutya «iHopscotch»

Ngaphambi kokuba sitsho ukuba ngumsebenzi owahlukileyo kwabanye kuba kule kuthetha ukuthatha inxaxheba komfundi. Ukufundwa okubini kwale ncwadi kuyacetyiswa kwibhodi yabalawuli (njengoko igama layo lisitsho, umdlalo oqhelekileyo wehopscotch esidlale sonke ngamanye amaxesha). Olu hlobo lwesakhiwo lwaqhekeka nayo yonke into esekwe ukuza kuthi ga ngoku malunga noncwadi.

Incwadi yokuqala

Incwadi yokuqala ka "IHopscotch" siza kuyifunda kwi ngokulandelelana, ephela kwisahluko 56. Yenziwe Amacandelo amabini: "Kwicala elingaphaya" y "Ngecala apha". Kuzo zombini, umxholo oyimfuneko okanye ibali lencwadi liyaboniswa.

"Kwicala elingaphaya"

UHoracio Oliveira usebenza njengomguquleli eParis. Apho waseka iklabhu kunye nabahlobo bakhe, apho wabulala ixesha lokuthetha okanye ukumamela umculo wejazz. Ugcina ubudlelwane obunothando noLucía, la Maga, wase-Uruguay ongumama womntwana ambiza ngokuba nguRocamadour. Nangona kunjalo, ubudlelwane obukhethekileyo phakathi kwaba babini buwohloka. Kwenye yeentlanganiso zabo, uRocamadour uwa ngequbuliso kwaye, ngenxa yoko, uLucía uyanyamalala kwaye ushiye imigca embalwa ibhaliwe.

"Kwicala elingaphaya"Ngamanye amagama, eli candelo lokuqala liphela ngomfanekiso wehopscotch, umsonto oqhelekileyo kuyo yonke incwadi emele ukukhangela ibhalansi (isibhakabhaka).

"Ngecala apha"

Intshukumo yale nxalenye yencwadi yenzeka kwisixeko saseBuenos Aires. Ngaphambi kokuba afike apha, uOliveira wayemfuna ngenzondelelo uLa Maga eMontevideo. Emuva ngesikhephe esiya eArgentina, uyampazamo ngomnye umfazi.

Kanye eArgentina, ubuyela kubuhlobo bakhe noMhambi kwaye udibana nenkosikazi yakhe, uTalita, omkhumbuza uLa Maga ukusuka kumzuzu wokuqala. Uza kusebenza nesi sibini kwisekisi nakwiklinikhi yengqondo. Kodwa u-Oliveira woyisiwe ziimpawu eziqhubekayo zokungalingani kwengqondo. Ukudideka kwakhe kumenza acinge ukuba ubona iLa Maga ngalo lonke ixesha endaweni kaTalita. Oku kuya kukhokelela kwingxaki eyenza ukuba ucinge ngokuzibulala. Uzama ukuzibulala kodwa ekugqibeleni umhambi kunye noTalita bamthintela ukuba angawi kwintengiso aye kwipatio apho kupeyintwe khona ihopscotch.

Incwadi yesibini

Kwincwadi yesibini sinayo enye yokufunda yesibini y iqala kwisahluko 73. Eyona nto siyifunayo kukufumana izinto ezintsha ezongeziweyo kwimbonakalo yomhlaba, i "Izahluko ezinokuchitheka", kwisakhiwo sebali esichazwe ngaphambili kule ncwadi.

Ukusuka kwamanye amacala

Ezi ndawo zibonakala ngombono onzulu wenyani efanayo, apho kutyhilwa unxibelelwano olufihliweyo. Kodwa ukongeza, abalinganiswa abanjengoMorelli bavela kuyo, umbhali wakudala osetyenziswa ngumbhali ukuveza ezinye zezitshixo zeHopscotch: inoveli evulekileyo, eqhekekileyo, ephazamisayo nenenxaxheba Oko kubonisa isiphithiphithi sokwenyani kodwa kungabikho miyalelo okanye kuchazwe.

Isahluko Endisithandayo: Isahluko 7: UKiss

Ndichukumisa umlomo wakho, ngomnwe ndichukumisa umphetho womlomo wakho, ndiwuzobe ngokungathi uphuma esandleni sam, ngokungathi okokuqala umlomo wakho uvulekile, kwaye kwanele ukuba ndivale amehlo am ukuhlengahlengisa yonke into kwaye uqale ngokutsha, ndenza umlomo endiwunqwenelayo, umlomo osikhethayo isandla sam notsalele ebusweni bakho, umlomo okhethwe phakathi kwabo bonke, ngenkululeko yolawulo ekhethwe ndim ukuzoba ngesandla sam ebusweni bakho, kwaye ukuba ngethuba lokuba ndingazami ukuqonda kungqinelana ngqo nomlomo wakho oncuma ngezantsi kwalowo isandla sam sikutsalayo.

Ujonge kum, ngokusondeleyo ujonge kum, ngakumbi nangakumbi kwaye emva koko sidlala ii-cyclops, sijonga ngakumbi nangakumbi kwaye amehlo ethu avulekile, sisondela komnye nomnye, sidibane kwaye i-cyclops zijongana, ziphefumula zididekile , imilomo yabo bayadibana balwe ngokufudumeleyo, bayaluma omnye ngomlomo, bengaphumli ngokulambisa ulwimi lwabo emazinyweni, bedlala kwiindawo zabo apho umoya onamandla ufika uhambe nesiqholo esidala kunye nokuthula. Emva koko izandla zam zifuna ukuntywila ezinweleni zakho, ndicothise ubunzulu beenwele zakho ngelixa siphuza ngokungathi sinemilomo egcwele iintyatyambo okanye iintlanzi, ezinentshukumo edlamkileyo, nevumba elimnyama. Kwaye ukuba siyaziluma iintlungu zimnandi, kwaye ukuba siyarhaxwa ngokuncancisayo ngokufutshane nangokoyikeka ngaxeshanye, oko kufa kwangoko kuhle. Kwaye inye kuphela amathe kunye nencasa enye kuphela yeziqhamo ezivuthiweyo, kwaye ndiziva ungcangcazela ngokuchasene nam njengenyanga esemanzini.

Imibuzo ebuzwa rhoqo malunga nencwadi "Hopscotch"

UJulio Cortázar, umbhali weHopscotch

Ngubani umlinganiswa ophambili weHopscotch?

Umlinganiswa ophambili webali nguHoracio Oliveira. Ungumntu waseArgentina malunga neminyaka engama-40-45 ubudala. Uyindoda eyazi izinto ezininzi kwaye waya eParis wayokufunda kodwa akafundi. Endaweni yoko usebenza ukuhlengahlengisa iposi.

Yinto eyaziwayo ukuba umzalwana wakhe ohlala eArgentina. Kwaye uyindoda eqhelekileyo ebonakala ngathi ihlala ikhangela into (ngamanye amaxesha inoluvo lokuba sele inayo into ayifunayo ...).

Ngubani umlingo?

Umlingo nguLucia, omnye ophambili kweli bali. Uhlala eParis, kodwa ilizwe lakhe lokuzalwa yiUruguay. Unonyana onegama elingaqhelekanga: Rocamadour. Ngokungafaniyo noHoracio, uyintombazana engazi kangako malunga nantoni na, emenza ukuba ngamanye amaxesha azive engaxabisekanga okanye into encinci ecaleni kwabanye.

Amandla ayo kukuba inentabalala yesisa kunye ne-naivety, into ewela eluthandweni ngeliso lenyama kwaye iphinde ibamonele abanye abalinganiswa besibini kwinoveli. UHoracio unomona ngomlingo amandla akhe okuzibandakanya ukuze aphile amava amatsha, ukuba manzi xa edlala nokuba nesibindi.

Ngubani igama lonyana womlingo?

Njengoko besitshilo kwinqaku elingaphambili, unyana wakhe ubizwa ngokuba nguRocamadour kodwa igama lakhe lokwenyani nguFrancisco. Lusana olunenyanga ubudala oluqala lukhathalelwe ngu-Madame Irene, ohamba phambili. Ekugqibeleni, le nkwenkwe ihlala noLa Maga noHoracio, kwaye isiganeko esinyanzelisayo senzeka kunye naye. Le nyaniso yinxalenye ebalulekileyo yenveli.

Loluphi uhlobo lweCortázar?

Lo mbuzo ubangela "iimpikiswano" ezinkulu phakathi kwabagxeki boncwadi, kuba kunzima ukwenza umsebenzi wakhe. Ubhale iinoveli, kodwa nemibongo; Nangona kunjalo, uJulio Cortázar uphawuleka ngobuGcisa bobuGcisa. Olu hlobo luhlobo lomntu, i-avant-garde, kwaye uhlala "udanisa" phakathi kwenyani kunye neyona nto imnandi. Ngaphandle koku, kukho abo basanyanzelisa ukuyibeka kwindawo eyaziwayo yaseLatin American Boom.

Inqaku elidibeneyo:
Ezona ncwadi zibalaseleyo kuncwadi lwaseLatin American

Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

Izimvo ezi-12, shiya ezakho

Shiya uluvo lwakho

Idilesi yakho ye email aziyi kupapashwa. ezidingekayo ziphawulwe *

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.

  1.   Ubuso sitsho

    Umbono ogqwesileyo wehopscotch, ulunge kakhulu, ndiza kukunika olunye ulwazi xa ufuna ukulongeza, isahluko 62 sehopscotch siyaqhubeka kwincwadi, ndiyathetha, sisiqalo sencwadi ebizwa ngokuba yi-62 / imodeli hlanganani, apha eBuenos Aires Sithi i-rayuelita, ndiyathemba ukuba olu lwazi luyakunceda, kuba i-hopscotch inakho okwethutyana

  2.   Mncediswa sitsho

    Kubonakala kulungile kakhulu kum kuba ndiyathanda ukufunda kakhulu kwaye oku kwenzelwa umsebenzi wasekhaya kwaye ngoku ukuba ndingayenza kakuhle inkcazo kuba ndiyifundile yonke le ncwadi enkosi kakhulu.

  3.   jes sitsho

    Sele ndiqalisile

  4.   Pedro sitsho

    Ndingathanda ukwazi ukuba (kwincwadi) yeenoveli uHoliveira kuthiwa ungumguquleli.
    Ndiyabulela kwangaphambili.

    M

  5.   UCarlos Garcia Garcia sitsho

    Iminyaka engama-34 emva kokuhlwayelwa kwayo, imbongi endakhe ndadibana nayo eVenezuela, ndiseyinkwenkwana, njengoko benditshilo, ndibhala into enehopscotch.
    IHopscotch okanye iTread.
    (INGOMA YOBOMI)

    Inkwenkwe ngesandla
    Amanyathelo okuqala asele eqalisiwe
    Ibhalansi isithukuthezi
    Umzimba ugoba, ukuvumelana ngokugqibeleleyo
    Lo mzobo uvela
    Inkwenkwe iyadanduluka, lithuba lam!
    Ubomi bubungqina, ngokuphindaphindiweyo
    Uya kuba nehlabathi lakho lokukhanya.

    Ndanyathela, ndanyathela, inombolo yam yomlingo
    Zisa imihlaba yethu kufutshane
    Usana olusengqondweni yam
    Ukulangazelela ubuntwana, ukushiya umsulwa.

    Qalisa ubomi bakho, hopscotch uyiyo
    Ekugqibeleni, phumla, phumla
    Siyavuya, yiya esikolweni
    Mlawuli weemfihlo zethu
    I-alifafes ebhuliweyo, baya enzonzobileni
    IHopscotch inyuka
    Umgca wakho ukuya kubomi obungapheliyo uyahamba

    UCarlos Garcia. 2016 (+1) / 31/10. Usuku lwehlabathi lokucula nge-netizen.

  6.   UMHLOHLI sitsho

    Ulwazi olunikiweyo alwakhiwanga ngokwaneleyo, izimvo ezinikiweyo azicacanga kwaye zifutshane, amanqaku amaninzi asisiseko aphosakele ukuqonda ngcono inoveli

  7.   Anton nguyen () sitsho

    NDIYAYITHANDA ICORTZAR
    KWI-BLOG YAM NDISETYENZISELA UKUBA NDINGENELE ABO BABHALI NABABHALI ABAQEDA UKUTHI UKUBA NGALiphi na ixesha BENZA IBHAYIBHILE KWIINCWADI ZABO
    KWAKWONA KUKHO ISIZATHU (ENDIZIBEKA SONA KWAM) UKUFUNDA WONKE UMSEBENZI UKUBA UFANELE
    NGOKUQHELEKILEYO NDIBONA UBukho bebhayisikile njengobungqina bokubona kombhali
    I-CORTÁZAR INABO NABANYE ABALUNGILEYO
    IINDLELA
    I-ANTON BV ICI
    ENKOSI KAKHULU NGENKCUKACHA ZAKHO NOKUYABULELA IBlog
    NDIGCINA UMFOTO WEEBHAYISEKILE NAYE
    NDIZOKUYIxhoma kwaye nam ndiya kubakhumbuza
    AKUKHO KUKHOLEKA NAKUBA KUFUNEKA NDIPHENDULE UKUHLAWULA OKANYE KWI-RAYUELA EMABALINI OKANYE KWI-HURGAR KWI-CHRONOPIES
    UKUBA UMNTU UCHAZA ...

  8.   Nicole sitsho

    UCortazar ubonakaliswa ngoNcwadi oMangalisayo, hayi ngobuGcisa boBugqi !!

  9.   USebastian Castro sitsho

    Umbono ogqwesileyo wehopscotch, kulungile kakhulu kum kubonakala ngathi ngumsebenzi owahlukileyo kwabanye kuba kule nto kuthetha ukuthatha inxaxheba komfundi.

  10.   Imvelaphi sitsho

    Inyani yile yokuba xa ndifunda iHopscotch yayibonakala ngathi yincwadi eshinyeneyo nengaphezulu. Undinike ukujijisana nengcinga, ukuya kwinqanaba lokuba ndizokuphinda ndiyifunde ndinethemba lokufumana eso siphithiphithi kunye nelo cadence bathetha kakhulu ngalo.

  11.   Mariela sitsho

    Indawo elungileyo kakhulu !!! Umnqweno woncwadi uviwa ngabo babelane ngala maphepha esikhokelo. Uziva unesisa ...
    Ndiyabonga kakhulu

  12.   UGustavo Woltmann sitsho

    Ungayazi njani iHopscotch, kwaye ungamazi njani uCortazar njengenye yeentsika zokubhalwa kweSpanish. Ngokulula ititan yentsimi. Inqaku elihle.
    -Gustavo Woltmann.