UHenry James. Isikhumbuzo sokufa kwakhe. Iinoveli ezi-5

UHenry James udlule usuku olunje namhlanje 1916 eLondon. Yaziwa njengenye ye ababalisi ababalaseleyo beentsomi zale mihlaWayekwangumgxeki wokubhala kunye nomdlali odlalayo. Ukukhumbula, olu luphononongo lwe Iincwadi zakhe ezi-5 eziphambili ekwahlengahlengiswa nakwimovie: Umzobo wenenekazi, Abantu baseBostonia, Enye into ejijekileyo, Isikwere saseWashington y Indebe yegolide.

IWashington Square (indlalifa) (1880)

Bathetha lonto impikiswano yale noveli yi isekwe kwi I-anecdote lowo wagqabaza kuye ngumhlobo malunga umntakwabo, umzingeli ebesondele umfazi olibi kwaye othe kratya pero indlalifa Ngotata ongamphika ubutyebi ukuba angatshata naye. UHenry James wacinga okokuqala njengebali, kodwa yaya isanda de wayila i inoveli.

  • La Inguqulelo yefilimu ngumsebenzi wobugcisa awathi wawalathisa UWilliam wyler en 1949. Abona baphambili bayo (UOlivia de Havilland kunye neMontgomery Cliff) wabethelela abalinganiswa bakaJames ekubhaleni ukutolika, umzekelo, IHavilland uxele a Ibhaso lika-Oscar njengomdlali weqonga obalaseleyo.

Umzobo wenenekazi (1881)

Kusenokwenzeka umsebenzi wakhe odumileyo kunye Enye into ejijekileyo. Iinkwenkwezi Isabel utolo, Umfazi oselula okrelekrele okhukhumeleyo ohambela i-Yurophu emva kokwala a Isidwangube sesiNgesi ukuze ungalahlekani nenkululeko yakho. Sele eYurophu, ukwala kwakhona komnye umtyholwa, a Bantu bakuthi ngubani omlandeleyo ngokuchasene neminqweno yakhe. Umzala wakhe, uRalph, ngu umgqatswa wesithathu Ongabhengeziyo uthando lwakhe ngenxa yempilo enkenenkene. Ekugqibeleni UIsabel utshata a UmMerika a umculi osilelayo ukuphumelela kubugcisa, enemali encinci kunye nentombazana encinci, uPansy, ekhulele kwikhaya loonongendi.

  • Yasiwa kwiimovie kwi Inguqulelo kaJane Campion okhokele 1996 nge UNicole Kidman y UJohn Malkovich njengabalinganiswa abaphambili.

Abantu baseBostonia (1886)

Iinkwenkwezi Chancellor yomnquma, Umfazi ongatshatanga othathe injongo entsha amalungelo abasetyhini eUnited States. Lakhe Ukuphefumlelwa kwakuthetha ngentombazana encinci, IVerena irhafu, Kwaye u-Olive umenza isithethi semfundiso yakhe. UVerena, unombulelo, Ubomi kwaye uhamba no-Olive kwaye ufuna ukuhlala ethembekile kuye, ngaphandle kokuziphatha kuka-Olive kunye nokuzenzisa umanyano lomkhosi kubizwa I-Basil ramsom.

  • Su ukulungelelaniswa kwefilimu wabaleka ephethe James ivory en 1984 kwaye kwi-cast yayo UVanessa Redgrave, uMadeleine Potter kunye noChristopher Reeve. Nangona kukho iinguqulelo ezininzi, ezinje nge uthotho kwi-RTVE ukusukela ngo-1978.

Enye into ejijekileyo (1898)

Elona bali lakhe laziwayo lesiporho. Ngomntu ophambili ongumfazi omncinci oza kwindlu kaBly ukuba abe ligosa leFlora kunye neMiles, abantwana ababini abaziinkedama naphantsi koqeqesho lukayisekazi, umnini wendlu. Khawuleza ufumanise ukuba abantwana batyelela ngamaxesha athile indoda nomfazi abaswelekileyo kunyaka ophelileyo. UNksk Grose, umgcini wendlu, ukuxelela ukuba babengoobani: UPeter quint, valet umalume wabantwana; Y khumbula ujessel, umanduleli wangaphambili. Ukurhanela naziphi na iinjongo ezimbi abanokuba nazo, umphathi osemncinci uthatha isigqibo sokukhusela abantwana ukwenza okungenakwenzeka.

  • La ulungelelwaniso lokugqibela wenza nje kwiscreen esikhulu Steven Spielberg en le nguqulo evula ngo-Epreli.

Indebe yegolide (1904)

Abalinganiswa abaphambili ngaba UMaggie Verver kunye noyise ongumhlolokazi, abantu ababini baseMelika abazizityebi bahlala eNgilani. UMaggie utshata iaristocrat yase-Italiya, INkosana Amerigo, kwaye bobathathu bahlala kunye ngolonwabo de intombi noyise baqiniseke ukuba kungcono umhlolo aphinde atshate. Ngaba uya kuyenza nge UCharlotte omileyo, umfazi obonakala engoyena mfazi ufanelekileyo. Into abangayaziyo kukuba bekukho ubudlelwane bezothando phakathi kukaCharlotte kunye neAmerigo ngasentla, okwenza uMaggie abe nomona. Kodwa ngengozi enqabileyo ukuthengwa kwendebe yegolide Owayedibanisa abo babethandana ngaphambili, uMaggie uya kuyazi inyani.

  • Wamthabatha ukuya movie kwakhona James ivory en 2001nge Uma Thurman, Angelica huston noJames Fox phakathi kwesamente.

Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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