Amadoda uMarías. Udliwanondlebe nombhali wehobe lokugqibela

Amadoda uMarías ku-Meyi ophelileyo wakhupha inoveli yakhe yamva nje enesihloko Ijuba lokugqibela. UCarmen Salinas, ongasemva kwaMadoda, uvela eGranada kwaye sele ephumelele imbasa yenoveli yeCarmen Martín Gaite ngo-2017 ngokuqala kwakhe, IPukata, intlanzi kunye nokutya kwaselwandle. Ndiyabulela kakhulu ixesha kunye nengqwalaselo ebekelwe ukundinika olu dliwanondlebe apho esixelela ngalo msebenzi mtsha kwaye ngaphezulu kwako konke okuncinci.

Amadoda uMarías-Udliwanondlebe 

  • UNCWADI NGOKU: ijuba lokugqibela yinoveli yakho entsha. Usixelela ntoni ngayo kwaye yavela phi le mbono?

AMADODA MARÍAS: Andalusia yayihlala iyimvelaphi. Isidingo sokumchaza. Kwaye i-Andalusia ifana nababulali abalungileyo: akukho mntu unokuze akrokre. Ngubani onokungathembi ukukhanya? Sisithunzi esisoyikisayo. Kodwa emva kokucaca okunjalo kukho amabali amdaka kakhulu. Kumnyama kakhulu. Ifihlwe kakuhle. Intoni ukufika kwamaMelika eRota ngeminyaka yoo-50.

IRota, idolophu elahlekileyo emazantsi eSpain enezitrato ezine kuphela ezihanjwa ziidonki zilayishe izikhwama, apho amanzi avela emthonjeni kwaye kwakungekho mbane, ngequbuliso wakwamkela ukufika kweMelika yaseMelika kwimfuno yenqanawa yomkhosi wamanzi , I-Rolling Stones, iCoca-Cola kunye neMickey Mouse. AmaMelika afike emva kweenyanga phantsi kolwandle epokothweni kulayishwe imali kwaye bezimisele ukuya ethekweni. Yonke into yayilula, umbala, umculo ... kunye nokunyamalala. Abafazi banyamalala mihla le kwaye akukho mntu umphandayo. Omnye wabo yayinguInés, umfazi omncinci uDiana wayemfuna namhlanje. Kodwa olo khangelo luye lwaphazamiseka kuba uDiana wavela phambi kwesiseko somkhosi wamanzi kunye namaphiko amakhulu athungwe emqolo.

  • AL: Ngaba uyayikhumbula incwadi yokuqala oyifundileyo? Kwaye ibali lokuqala olibhalileyo?

MM: Andikhumbuli incwadi yokuqala endiyifundileyo, ukunyaniseka. Ndiyakhumbula eyokuqala endichaphazele ngokwenene: Utsho njalo uZarathustra, de Nietzsche, endabaleka kuyo ndineminyaka elishumi elinanye okanye ishumi elinambini. Ibali lokuqala ewe, ewe. Ndicinga ukuba ndibhale ibali elifanayo ebomini bam bonke: lelo lomfazi ongayifumaniyo indawo yakhe emhlabeni.

  • AL: Umbhali oyintloko? Unokukhetha ngaphezu kweyodwa nakwezinye iindawo. 

MM: Umbhali wam oyintloko UDostoevsky, ngaphandle kwamathandabuzo, kodwa zininzi ezinye endinokuziqaqambisa: UCamus, uMax Aub, uClarín, uLorca, uPessoa, uThoreau, uZweig ... Ngokubhekisele kumbono wangoku wokubhala, UVictor woMthi Okwesibini kuye.

  • AL: Nguwuphi umlinganiswa osencwadini onqwenela ukudibana naye kunye nokwenza? 

MM: UAna Ozores, iRegenta, evela kwinoveli enegama elifanayo. Ubonakala kum njengomnye wabalinganiswa abanomdla kwimbali yoncwadi kwaye uyaziqhenya ngokuba uvela eSpain.

  • AL: Ngaba unayo nayiphi na imikhwa okanye imikhwa xa kufikwa ekubhaleni nasekufundeni? 

MM: Indawo kufuneka icoceke kakhulu kwaye icoceke. Andisebenzi phakathi kwezinto ezingcolileyo, Ndiyabhloka, andicingi kakuhle.

  • AL: Kwaye indawo oyikhethileyo kunye nexesha lokwenza oko? 

MM: La i-noche, ngokungathandabuzekiyo. Into inobusuku obo likhaya leziporho. Kwaye uncwadi lwazi lukhulu malunga noku.

  • AL: Ngaba zikhona ezinye iintlobo ozithandayo? 

MM: Akukho luhlobo ndingaluthandiyo. Isini yibhokisi yemibala nje emnyama, epinki, emthubi ... into ebalulekileyo yile ingaphakathi kuyo.

  • AL: Ufunda ntoni ngoku? Ukubhala?

MM: Ndifunde iincwadi ezininzi ngexesha elinye. Okwangoku ndinaye Umngxunya, owokugqibela kwizibuko laseBerna González; ingqokelela Mayakovsky; Iimfihlelo zemisebenzi yobugcisa, nguRose-Marie kunye noRainer Hagen kunye I-motel yovoto, nguTalese. Ndiyacebisa bonke.

  • AL: Ucinga ukuba imeko yokupapasha injani kwaye uthathe isigqibo sokuba uzame ukupapasha?

MM: Kunzima. Inzima, ayithandabuzeki. Kukho ababhali abaphezulu kunye neyona ndawo inomdla yokwazisa iincwadi zabo kwintengiso ngokungapheliyo. Isibonelelo umfundi anaso sikhulu. Ndiyathemba ukuzenzela umngxunya phakathi kwabo kwaye iinoveli zam nazo zinokwenza abantu bazonwabele. Mhlawumbi ubancede, njengoko nezinye iincwadi zindincedile. Ingangcono. Eso sisizathu esakhokelela ekubeni ndipapashe: iincwadi zindinike okuninzi, kakhulu, kangangokuba, ukuba ngandlela thile ndingabenzela abanye abantu oko abanye ababhali bandenzele kona, ndingaziva ndonelisekile bubomi. Luxolo. 

  • AL: Ngaba umzuzu wobunzima esijamelana nawo unzima kuwe okanye uya kuba nakho ukugcina into elungileyo kumabali exesha elizayo?

MM: Eli phupha libuhlungu lisenzakalisile sonke, ngaphandle kokukhetha, kwaye ndicinga ukuba ndiza kubhala ngalo kwixesha elizayo. Kodwa kusafuneka iphumle. Izinto aziqondakali kumzuzu wethu kodwa kwezakho kwaye, kule meko, Kuninzi okushiyekileyo ukuba siqwalasele okwenzekileyo. Ukufumana inkcazo, indlela yokwamkela.

Iinguqulelo zeparadigm kufuneka zithobele a kutheni, sisebenza ngaloo ndlela. Sifuna konke oku ukuzinza. Nje ukuba ndiyenze loo nto ndiqinisekile ukuba ubugcisa buya kuzama ukuyicacisa. Ihlala isenzeka. Yile nto ubugcisa benzelwe yona. Ndiyathemba ukuba ndingafaka igalelo lam. Ndiyathemba ukuba konke oku kuyaphela kungekudala. "Kungekudala" ngokwexesha lethu, hayi ngokwembali.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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