UVictor Hugo. Iminyaka engama-216 emva kokuzalwa kwakhe. Amanye amabinzana kunye nemibongo emithathu

Ziyazaliseka namhlanje, ngoFebruwari 26, Iminyaka engama-216 emva kokuzalwa kukaVictor Hugo. Wazalelwa eBesançon kwaye wayeyimbongi kunye nomdlali odlalayo kunye nombhali wenoveli. Ithathelwa ingqalelo Oyena mmeli ubalaseleyo wobuRoma baseRoma. Wayekwezopolitiko ozinikeleyo kwaye enempembelelo kwezobuntlola kwimbali yelizwe lakhe nakwincwadi yenkulungwane ye-XNUMX.

Namhlanje, kwimemori yakhe, ndikhetha ezinye amabinzana ngomsebenzi wakhe omkhulu, ngakumbi lowo simazi ngcono, Iimbandezelo. Kodwa ndikhetha ezinye iisampulu zakhe imibongo, ngokuqinisekileyo sifunde kancinci.

Intwana kaVictor Hugo

Kwaye mhlawumbi bambalwa abaziyo ukuba uVictor Hugo wayehlala Madrid, kumbindi weCalle del Clavel, ebuntwaneni bakhe, ukusukela utata wakhe, indoda yasemkhosini, eyonyulwe njengomphathi-jikelele, yafuduswa.

Ngo-1815 wahlala EParis ngombono osele ucacile wokuzinikezela kuncwadi. Ngaba umfundi olunge kakhulu kwaye eneminyaka eli-15 ubudala wanikezelwa yiFrench Academy ngomsebenzi womculo. Esi yayisisandulela sencwadi yakhe yokuqala yemibongo, Odes kunye nemibongo eyahlukeneyo. Ngo-1822 watshata UAdele Foucher, naye wayenabantwana abahlanu. Ukongeza, kunye nabantakwabo, kananjalo ababhali, waseka lo magazini UmLondolozi weLitteraireYayiyiminyaka yokuveliswa kwemibhalo emikhulu enezihloko ezinje nge CromwellUMama wethu waseParis (yaziwa njenge I-Hunchback yeNotre Dame) okanye Ukumkani uyonwabisa.

Ukusebenza kakhulu kwezopolitiko, UVictor Hugo wamiselwa par wase-France ngo-1845. Iintetho zakhe kwi usizi kunye nezinye izikhalazo zentlalo nezopolitiko bamkhokelela ukuba aphule neQela leConservative. Ngo-1851 wagxeka u-Napoleon III wobuzwilakhe kwaye, emva koqhushululu, wasaba eFrance. Kunyaka olandelayo yena nosapho lwakhe baya eJersey eUnited Kingdom, kwaye ngo-1856 bafudukela apho Guernesey.

Ukususela kwiminyaka engamashumi amabini ekuthinjweni bazalwa Izohlwayo, trilogy ka Ukuphela kukaSathanaIidayos y Ilivo leenkulungwane, kunye neyona noveli yakhe idumileyo, Iimbandezelo. Emva eFrance, emva kokuwa kukaNapoleon III, uVictor Hugo wabhengezwa esidlangalaleni kwaye wonyulwa njengosekela. Usweleke eParis kwiminyaka engama-83 ubudala, ngokugcweleyo, ene - Umsebenzi okhethekileyo kunye neempembelelo, eyamenza umlinganiswa ongumfuziselo owazukiswa yiRiphabhlikhi yesithathu ngomngcwabo waseburhulumenteni.

(c) mmartinez. Ukusuka eLa Vanguardia.

Izicatshulwa ze Iimbandezelo

  • Umthetho ongcwele kaYesu Krestu ulawula impucuko yethu; kodwa ayikangeni kuyo okwangoku. Ubukhoboka kuthiwa bunyamalale kwimpucuko yaseYurophu, kwaye yimpazamo. Isekhona; kuphela kukuba akusenobunzima emfazini, kwaye kubizwa ngokuba kukuhenyuza.
  • Umthetho wokuqala sisazela.
  • Uthando luyinxalenye yomphefumlo ngokwawo, lukwindalo efanayo naye, yintlantsi yobuthixo; njengaye, engenakonakala, engenakucazeka, engenakonakala. Yinxalenye yomlilo engaphakathi kuthi, engafiyo engenasiphelo, ekungekho nto inokuthintela kuyo, okanye inciphise
  • Oko kuthethwayo ngamadoda, kuyinyani okanye bubuxoki, kuhlala kwindawo enkulu kwikamva labo, ngakumbi kubomi babo, njengoko bekwenza.
  • Ehlabathini akukho nto ibaluleke ngaphezu kothando.
  • Hayi, ukuba nothando akupheli ukukhanya. Akukho bumfama apho kukho uthando.
  • Ukukhululwa akuyiyo inkululeko. Intolongo iphelile, kodwa ayigwetywa.
  • Musa ukubuza igama labo bacela indawo yokhuseleko. Nguye kanye umntu oyidinga kakhulu indawo yokhuseleko okona kunzima ukubiza igama lakhe.
  • Zimbini iintlobo zezinto eziphilayo ezingcangcazela kakhulu: umama ofumana unyana wakhe olahlekileyo, kunye nengwe efumana ixhoba.
  • Abo babandezeleka ngenxa yokuba uthanda, bathande nangakumbi. Ukufa ngothando kukuphila.
  • Olona lonwabo lubalaseleyo ebomini kukuqiniseka ukuba siyathandwa, siyathandwa ngenxa yethu; kunokuba ndithande nangona thina.
  • Amandla anamandla kunawo onke yintliziyo engenacala.
  • Xa uthando lonwabile luzisa umphefumlo kubumnandi nokulunga.
  • Uthando lufana nomthi: luyagoba phantsi kobunzima balo, luthatha iingcambu ngokunzulu kubuntu bethu kwaye ngamanye amaxesha luyaqhubeka luhlaza kumabhodlo entliziyo.
  • Uthando kukulibala okutsha kwento yonke.

Imibongo emithathu

Xa ekugqibeleni imiphefumlo emibini idibana

Xa ekugqibeleni imiphefumlo emibini ihlangana,
Ngubani kudala efuna omnye phakathi kwesihlwele,
Xa beqonda ukuba bangabantu abatshatileyo,
Iyaqondwa kwaye iyahambelana,
Ngamafutshane, ziyafana,
emva koko kuya kubakho ngonaphakade umanyano olunomdla nolunyulu njengabo,
umanyano oluqala emhlabeni kwaye luhlale ezulwini.
Umanyano olo luthando
uthando oluyinyani, njengoko bambalwa kakhulu abantu abanokukhulelwa ngokwenyani,
uthando oluyinkolo,
Oko kwenza umntu othandekayo obomi bakhe buvela
Inzondelelo kunye nothando kunye nemibingelelo
Olukhulu lolona vuyo lumnandi.

Kumfazi

Ntombazana, ukuba bendingukumkani ndingabunika ubukumkani bam,
Itrone yam, intonga yam yobukhosi, nabantu bam abaguqileyo,
Isithsaba sam segolide, amachibi am e-porphyry,
kunye neenqanawa zam, apho ulwandle lungonelanga,
ukujonga okuvela kuwe.

Ukuba bendinguThixo, umhlaba namaza,
iingelosi, iidemon ziphantsi komthetho wam.
Kwaye isiphithiphithi esinzulu sezibilini ezinzulu,
unaphakade, indawo, amazulu, imihlaba
Ndingakunika ngokwanga kwakho!

Umfazi owileyo

Ungaze umthuke umfazi owileyo!
Akukho mntu waziyo ukuba ubunzima bakhe bunzima kangakanani
nokuba zingaphi iingxaki awazinyamezelayo ebomini,
Kude ekugqibeleni kwawa!
Ngubani ongakhange abone abafazi abaphefumlayo
Bambelela ngentumekelelo kubuhle,
kwaye uxhathise umoya onamandla ukusuka kububi
ngesimo sengqondo sokuzola?
Ukuwa kwamanzi kujinga kwisebe
ukuba umoya uyangcangcazela kwaye ungcangcazela;
Iperile ukuba ikepisi yeentyatyambo iyaphalaza,
kwaye ludaka olo xa usiwa!
Kodwa nangoku pilgrim drop can
ubunyulu bayo obulahlekileyo buphinda buzuze,
kwaye avuke eluthulini, ngekristali,
nangaphambi kokuba kukhanye ukukhanya.
Vumela umfazi owileyo athande,
shiya eluthulini ubushushu balo obubalulekileyo,
kuba yonke into ibuyisa ubomi obutsha
ngokukhanya nothando.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.