UJavier Marías usweleka eneminyaka engama-70 ubudala

UJavier Marias uyafa

Ukufota: Javier Marias. Ifonti: Iincwadi zePenguin.

Umbhali uJavier Marías usweleke kule Cawa eMadrid. Nanjengoko kwenzekileyo, usweleke ngenxa yengxaki yenyumoniya ebeyirhuqa kwinyanga ephelileyo neyamshiya esibhedlele.

Ihlabathi loncwadi lilusizi ngokudlula kwakhe kuba ubethe ngokungalindelekanga. Umbhali wayeya kuba neminyaka engama-71 nge-20 kaSeptemba. Zininzi iinoveli zakhe kunye namanqaku akhe. Wayengumbhali ohlonitshwayo nowaziwayo. Ube ngumbhali ngolwimi lwesiSpanish olufundwe eyunivesithi, umsebenzi wakhe ngumzekelo wesitayile sakhe kunye nokubaluleka kwiileta zeSpanishi. Ngoku usishiyile.

Iinyanga zakhe zokugqibela kunye nomsebenzi njengombhali

Ngaphambi kobhubhani we-COVID-19, ngewayefumene uqhaqho olunzima lokungenelela emqolo owamshiya kwiminyaka yakutshanje ehlala endlwini yakhe eMadrid, kwaye ethatha uhambo oluya eBarcelona apho ikhoyo indlu yomfazi wakhe. Ngeli xesha uzamile ukuba angakuyeki ukubhala. Ukongeza kokuzijikeleza ngeencwadi ekufuneka azifunde, ngo-2021 wasinika inoveli yakhe yokugqibela, inombolo yeshumi elinesithandathu, UThomas Nevinson kwaye ngoFebruwari walo nyaka wapapasha uqulunqo lwamanqaku akhe, Ngaba umpheki uya kuba ngumntu olungileyo?

UJavier Marías wayengomnye wababhali abadumileyo benkulungwane yama-XNUMX neye-XNUMX. Isimbo sakhe sinokuchazwa ngokucace gca kulwimi, kodwa ngobuchule obungaqhelekanga kunye nobutyebi belexical.. Mhlawumbi kungenxa yoko le nto umsebenzi wakhe ube nefuthe elinjalo. Ungomnye wabo babhali abancedisayo ekwandiseni ulwimi, kule meko, iSpanish. Ezinye zeenoveli zakhe ezaziwayo zezi Yonke imiphefumlo, Intliziyo imhlophe kangako, Ubuso bakho ngomso, Utyando, UBerta Isla, okanye "inoveli yobuxoki" Umnyama emva kwexeshaUmsebenzi wakhe uguqulelwe kwiilwimi ezingama-46 kumazwe angama-59, kwaye kuye kwathengiswa iikopi ezingaphezu kwezigidi ezisibhozo zeencwadi zakhe..

Impikiswano

Naye lo mbhali akakhutshelwanga kwimpikiswano.. Njengeengxelo azenzileyo kudliwano-ndlebe kwiminyaka embalwa edlulileyo malunga nobufazi kwaye oko kwabangela ukungonwabi kwamanye amacandelo oluntu lwaseSpain. Phakathi kwezinye izinto, uvakalise ukungavisisani kwakhe malunga nendima eshiywe ngabasetyhini ekukhweleni iibhayisekile, umzekelo, eyokuncamisa ngokwesithethe yebhaso elinikwa lowo uphumelele ugqatso.

Ngakolunye uhlangothi, kukhokelele kwiingxabano ezahlukeneyo kwizangqa zoncwadi. Kwakunjalo ngomsebenzi wakhe. Yonke imiphefumlo, awathi ngenxa yoko wazisa umvelisi ophethe ukulungelelanisa inoveli yakhe, uElías Querejeta, enkundleni. Ngaphandle kwayo nayiphi na ingxabano okanye i-detractor, uJavier Marías wanika ihlabathi lokubhala imisebenzi emikhulu yenkcubeko kunye noluntu.

Royal Spanish Academy kunye nokuqatshelwa

Ngokukwanjalo, lixesha elilusizi nelitshintshayo kwiRoyal Spanish Academy, iziko layo uJavier Marías libe yinxalenye yalo ukusukela ngo-2006, nangona kwakungekafiki ngo-2008 apho wathatha khona ileta u-R. Intetho awayinikelayo ekungeneni kwalo mbutho wongangamsha yayinesihloko Kubunzima bokubala.

UJavier Marías wayengumbhali kwaye ekwangumguquleli. Uthweswe isidanga kwiFilosofi kunye neeLeta kwiYunivesithi yaseComplutense yaseMadrid, wenza umsebenzi wokufundisa njengonjingalwazi weSpanish Literature kunye neTheory yoGuqulelo kwiiyunivesithi ezininzi, ezifana neOxford. Ngokulinganayo, eyona nto yayibaluleke kakhulu yayiyinguqulelo yakhe Tristram Shandy kwaye wawongwa ngayo Imbasa yeSizwe yoGuqulelo kwi1979. Ngokuqinisekileyo, uluhlu lokuqaphela, amabhaso kunye namabhaso alo mbhali aphelele. Ngo-2021 waye wabizwa ngokuba lilungu lehlabathi jikelele Umbutho wasebukhosini woncwadi weGreat Britain, waba ngumbhali wokuqala waseSpain ukuyiphumeza.

UJavier Marías: isangqa sakhe

UJavier Marías wazalelwa eMadrid ngo-1951 kwaye uhlala enxulunyaniswa nabantu abakrelekrele ababethanda italente yokuzalwa.. Wayephuma kwintsapho ephucuke kakhulu: uyise, uJulián Marías, wayengumfundi kunye nefilosofi (ngaxeshanye naye wayengumfundi we-Ortega y Gasset), unina wayengumbhali uDolores Franco Manera, kunye nomalume wakhe wayeyifilimu. umlawuli uJesús Franco. Kuya kufuneka kwakhona kongezelelwe abazalwana bakhe nabo bayinxalenye yehlabathi lenkcubeko.

Uyise kwafuneka abaleke eSpeyin ekubeni wayengavumelekanga ukuba afundise kwiyunivesithi yaseSpain ngenxa yokuba wayengeyena uvelwano nolawulo lukaFranco. Intsapho yahlala eUnited States kwindlu yembongi uJorge Guillen, ummelwane wakhe wayengumdwebi owaziwayo uVladimir Nabokov.. Wabala phakathi kwabahlobo bakhe uFernando Savater kwaye wayesaziwa nguFernando Rico. Bonke baye behla kwiingxelo zoncwadi, kodwa noJavier Marías naye.

Nangona kunjalo, ngokomsebenzi, isangqa sakhe esifanelekileyo kuye, ngaphandle kwamathandabuzo, abafundi bakhe, abaye bahlala bembulela ngokuba ngumlobi ofikelelekayo, onobubele kunye nozimiseleyo.

inkumbulo yombhali

Asifuni kweli nqaku ukuba silahlekelwe ithuba lokuphawula ngempendulo uJavier Marías wayehlala enikela ngayo kumbuzo wokuba kutheni waba ngumbhali; kuba wathi yindlela yokuhamba ngokusebenza nzima. Kuyabonakala ukuba umsebenzi wokubhala wawuyeyona ndlela ilungileyo yokuphepha umphathi, iintsuku ezidinayo okanye imbopheleleko yokuvuka kwangentseni rhoqo kusasa. Yayiyindlela, njengoko wayeqhula, ukuphila ubomi bobuvila obupholileyo. Kodwa, ngokumangalisayo, wavuma, ukuba wayengenakuze acinge ukuba ukubhala kwakukude kakhulu kuyo yonke loo nto. Noko ke, wayengenakuyicinga into yokuba wayenokuyonwabela le nto wayeyenza.. Ngokungathandabuzekiyo le yindlela elungileyo yokukhumbula lo mbhali ubalaseleyo weencwadi zethu.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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