UFrida Kahlo kunye nefuthe lakhe kuncwadi lwehlabathi

Ngomhla onje namhlanje, a 6 de julio de 1907, Wazalelwa eCoyoacán, Frida Kahlo, Umzobi waseMexico onemizobo engaphezu kwama-200 ejikeleze ubukhulu becala kwindawo yakhe ubomi obubi (Uchithe ixesha elide ebhedini ebhedini ngenxa yepoliyo kunye nengozi).

Iguqukayo, idrama kwaye inomlingiswa owomeleleyo, uzenzile. Namhlanje, kucacile uphawu lobufazi, ngalo nto ukuqonda ngokwaneleyo awayehlala enayo, nangona wayetshatile (ku-Diego Rivera, naye ungumpeyinti) kwaye ngenxa yolo lwimi luphawuliweyo ngaphambili apho ukongama kwendoda kulawula khona. Oku kuye kwabonakaliswa ngokuqhubekayo kwimizobo yakhe, apho azipeyinta khona ngeempawu zobudoda kunye neempawu (waphawula amadevu akhe wafinga ubuso ngokugqithileyo). Wayengomnye wabapeyinti bokuqala ababenobuganga bokuqhekeza kunye neenkolelo zabasetyhini kwaye banike abasetyhini ithuba lokuba nomfanekiso omtsha kunye nesimahla, bayala iindibano zesiko.

Ubuntu bakhe kunye nomfanekiso wakhe usiwe kumacandelo enkcubeko awahlukeneyo (umculo, imidlalo yeqonga, imiboniso bhanyabhanya, ...) kodwa ngaphezulu kwako konke kubangelwe intsimi yoncwadi.

Ukuveliswa kwakhona komfanekiso ka-Frida Kahlo, ngumbhali u-Antonio Rodríguez. Umfanekiso ekuqokeleleni i-El Universal.

UFrida Kahlo kunye noncwadi

Kwiminyaka emininzi edlulayo, ukusuka kweyakhe ukufa ngo-1954, umfanekiso kunye nomfanekiso kaFrida Kahlo usebenze njenge ukukhuthaza ababhali abaninzi, ngakumbi kwilizwe loncwadi. Emva koko, sichaza ezinye zeencwadi eziphefumlelwe ngumzobi okanye apho sinokufumana khona imibhalo yakhe:

«Idayari kaFrida Kahlo: I-Self-Portrait esondeleyo »

Yapapashwa okokuqala xa iyonke, Diario kubonisiwe ukusuka Frida Kahlo Ebonisa iminyaka elishumi edlulileyo yobomi obuneziphithiphithi, olu xwebhu, ngamanye amaxesha luyathandeka, ngamanye amaxesha luyamangalisa kwaye lusondelene, lugcinwe lutshixiwe kunye nesitshixo malunga neminyaka engamashumi amane, luveza izinto ezintsha kubuntu obuyinkimbinkimbi beli gcisa laseMexico. Idayari enamaphepha ali-170, egubungela ixesha elisusela kowe-1944 ukuya kowe-1954, iqokelela iingcinga, imibongo namaphupha kaFrida, ngelixa ibalaselisa ubudlelwane obuzolileyo awayenabo Diego Rivera, owayengumyeni wakhe kunye nomzobi owaziwayo eMexico. Ii-watercolor ezingamashumi asixhenxe zibonelela ngeendlela ezahlukeneyo zokuyila kwegcisa kwaye, kwangaxeshanye, bonisa ukuba wayeye kwijenali yakhe kangaphi ukuze avelise izimvo awayeza kuthi kamva aziguqulele kwimizobo yakhe.

Kuthengiswe malunga 37,00 euro malunga (ngokwahluka kwe-euro, i-euro ezantsi kuxhomekeke kwivenkile).

"Iibhokhwe ezisixhenxe" ngu-Elena Poniatowska

Kule ncwadi, u-Elena Poniatowska udibanisa imifanekiso emihle yabafazi abasixhenxe ababalulekileyo kwinkcubeko yaseMexico, phakathi kwabo, inguFrida Kahlo. Ukuzoba kwizikhumbuzo, udliwanondlebe, iileta, imisebenzi, amagqabantshintshi, ii-anecdotes kunye neenkumbulo zobuqu, umbhali ucacisa inani kunye nebhayiloji yomntu ngamnye kubo ngemivumbo eyoyikekayo nehambayo, yena ngokwakhe eshukunyiswa zezi "bhokhwe ziphambeneyo", abafazi abangumfuziselo, garde, unesibindi kwaye wenzakele. Ngandlela thile, ngaba makhulu babasixhenxe bachumileyo, umbhali usinika inqwaba yoovulindlela aboyikekayo, igalari enemibala eqaqambileyo, ehlekisayo ngamanye amaxesha kuba ukonwatyiswa kwabo kubonisiwe kwahlukile kwaye kugqithisile, kuphazamisa ngamanye amaxesha kuba akukho namnye kubo okhokelele ukuthula ubomi nokonwaba. Kule ncwadi yomeleleyo nebalulekileyo, sino-Elena Poniatowska ngeyona ndlela yakhe intle.

Yincwadi exatyiswe kakhulu ngabo bafuna ukufunda okuthile ngoFrida.

Amabinzana angama-10 kaFrida Kahlo

UFrida wayengomnye wabo bafazi ngaphandle kokuncwina amagama kwaye owayekhathala kancinci okanye engazi nto konke okunye ukucinga kwakhe ... Ukwazi oku, awunomdla wokufunda ezinye zezivakalisi zakhe?

  • "Kukho abanye abazalwe ngeenkwenkwezi kwaye abanye baneenkwenkwezi, kwaye nokuba awufuni ukukukholelwa, ndingomnye weenkwenkwezi."
  • "Bendifuna ukumisa iintsizi zam ngotywala, kodwa abo bagwetyelweyo bafunda ukudada."
  • «I-tick-tock nganye yinto yesibini yobomi edlulayo, ibaleke, kwaye ayiphindaphindwa. Kwaye kukho ubunzulu obukhulu kuyo, umdla ongaka, kangangokuba ingxaki kukwazi nje indlela yokuphila. Umntu ngamnye makaxazulule kangangoko ».
  • «Ngaba izenzi zinokuyilwa? Ndifuna ukukuxelela enye: Ndiyakuthanda, ke amaphiko am asasazeka kakhulu ukukuthanda ngaphandle komlinganiselo ».
  • "Ukuzinzisa ukubandezeleka kwakho kukuzibeka emngciphekweni wokuqwengwa ngaphakathi."
  • "IMexico ihlala ihleli, ayilungelelananga kwaye inikwe umtyholi, inobuhle obukhulu bomhlaba kunye namaNdiya."
  • "Kwaye uyazi kakuhle ukuba umtsalane wesini kwabasetyhini uphela ngokubhabha, emva koko abananto banayo entlokweni yabo ukuze bakwazi ukuzikhusela kobu bomi bangcolileyo besihogo."
  • “Bendihlala ndicinga ukuba ndingoyena mntu ubalaseleyo emhlabeni, kodwa ke ndaye ndacinga ukuba, baninzi abantu abanjeya emhlabeni, kufanele kubekho umntu ofana nam, oziva engaqhelekanga kwaye onakaliswe ngendlela efanayo naleyo Ndiyeva. Ndiyamcinga, kwaye ndiyacinga ukuba inoba ulapha ecinga ngam naye. Ewe, ndiyathemba ukuba xa uphandle kwaye uyifunda le nto uyazi ukuba, ewe, kuyinyani, ndilapha, ndingaqhelekanga njengawe ».
  • "Gqirha, ukuba undivumela ukuba ndibe nale tequila, ndiyathembisa ukuba andizukusela emngcwabeni wam."
  • «Ndingathanda ukukunika yonke into ongasokuze ubenayo, kwaye nalapho ngekhe wazi ukuba kumnandi kangakanani ukukuthanda».

Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
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  1.   RICARDO sitsho

    MASIHAMBE SIYA KUJONGA IXABISO LEENCWADI E-SPAIN LIQINISEKILE.IMATHALA EENCWADI ANOKWENZA I-5% KAKHULU NGOKUQINISEKILEYO XA BATHETHA NGAMAXABISO NCEDA. INQAKU ELINIKA UMDLALO IBHAYIBHILE KA-FRIDA KAHLO KWAKWAKWAKHO Ipapashwe KWISEKETHE YOKUHLELA

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    MASIHAMBE SIYA KUJONGA IXABISO LEENCWADI E-SPAIN LIQINISEKILE.IMATHALA EENCWADI ANOKWENZA I-5% KAKHULU NGOKUQINISEKILEYO XA BATHETHA NGAMAXABISO NCEDA. INQAKU ELINIKA UMDLALO IBHAYIBHILE KA-FRIDA KAHLO KWAKWAKWAKHO Ipapashwe KWISEKETHE YOKUHLELA