UDaniel Defoe. Isikhumbuzo sokuzalwa kwakhe. Ezinye iziqwenga

UDaniel Defoe, umbhali wenoveli nentatheli yesiNgesi wenkulungwane ye-XNUMX, wazalwa ngenye imini njenganamhlanje ukusuka ngo-1660. Umbhali owaziwayo Robinson crusoe, esekwe kwibali eliyinyani, watyikitya amabali anje Las UCaptain Singleton Adventures o Moll Amanqindi, ekunokwenzeka ukuba yincwadi yokuqala enkulu kwezentlalo kuncwadi lwesiNgesi, malunga nobomi behenyukazi. Ezi zezinye iziqwenga ezikhethiweyo kubo ukuba bakhumbule.

UDaniel Defoe - Ukukhethwa kwamaqhekeza

Robinson crusoe

Enqanaweni ndafumana iipeni, i-inki nephepha, ndenza ngako konke okusemandleni ukubasindisa; Ngelixa i-inki igcinwe ndakwazi ukugcina ingxelo echanekileyo, kodwa xa igqityiwe ndazifumana ndingakwazi ukuqhubeka nayo, kuba andinakwenza inki ngaphandle kwayo yonke into endizamile. Oku kuzokundibonisa ukuba ndifuna izinto ezininzi ngaphandle kwezinto endiziqokeleleyo. Emva kokuba ndikwazi ukuqhela umoya wam kancinci kwimeko yawo yangoku kunye nokuyeka umkhwa wokujonga elwandle xa kunokwenzeka ndibone inqanawa, ndazibhokoxa ukusukela ngoko ukuya phambili ekulungelelaniseni ubomi bam kwaye ndibenza kamnandi kangangoko. Ndenze itafile nesitulo.

I-Moll Flanders

Kuyinyani ukuba, ukusuka kumzuzu wokuqala ndiqale ukuba nolwalamano naye, bendizimisele ukumvumela ukuba alale nam, ukuba undicebisile; kodwa kungenxa yokuba ndifuna uncedo lwabo kwaye ndingazi enye indlela yokukuqinisekisa. Kodwa xa sasindawonye ngobo busuku, kwaye, njengoko senditshilo, saya kwiindlela ezigabadeleyo, ndabona ubuthathaka besikhundla sam. Khange ndikwazi ukuxhathisa isilingo kwaye ndichukumisekile ukuba ndimnike yonke into ngaphambi kokuba abuze. Nangona kunjalo wayelungile kum kangangokuba akazange ayibambe le ebusweni bam, nangaso nasiphi na isihlandlo akazange abonakalise ukungonwabi kwaphela kukuziphatha kwam, kodwa wayehlala ekhalazela ukuba wonelisekile kwinkampani yam njengeyure yokuqala sasindawonye, Nditsho kunye ebhedini. 

Idayari yonyaka wesibetho

Kodwa, njengoko benditshilo, kuwo wonke umba wezinto utshintshe kakhulu, ukuzisola kunye nosizi bepeyintiwe kubo bonke ubuso; kwaye nangona ezinye iindawo ezingakhange zichaphazeleke sisibetho, wonke umntu wayebonakala ephazamisekile ngokunzulu; Kwaye njengoko sibona ubhubhane uqhubeka mihla le, wonke umntu wayezijonga njengeentsapho zabo kweyona ngozi inkulu. Ukuba bekunokwenzeka ukuba unike inkcazo ethembekileyo yala maxesha kwabo bangakhange baphile kuwo, kunye nokunika umfundi uluvo oluchanekileyo ngokoyikeka okugubungele yonke indawo, ngekhe kusilele ukwenza umbono oqinisekileyo ezingqondweni zabo kwaye bazalise ngokumangaliswa. Kunokuthiwa yonke iLondon yayilila; Kuyinyani ukuba ezitratweni wawungenakubona iimpahla zokuzila, kuba kwakungekho mntu, nkqu nezalamane zabo ezisondeleyo, ababenxibe mnyama okanye benxiba nasiphi na isambatho esathathwa njengokulila; kodwa ilizwi lentlungu lavakala kuyo yonke indawo.

UCaptain Singleton Adventures

Ngelixa thina nabaNegro besifuna izibonelelo kunye negolide, umkhandi wesilivere usike amanani amaninzi kwiipleyiti zesilivere kunye nentsimbi. Wayesele enobuchule kwaye esenza imisebenzi yokwenyani yobugcisa, emele iindlovu, izingwe, iikati zeekati, iinciniba, iinkozi, iintaka, ukhakhayi, intlanzi, nayo yonke into eyadlulayo kwingcinga yakhe. Isilivere kunye nentsimbi ziphantse zaphela, ke waqala ukusebenza ngegolide ebethwe kakhulu.

URoxana okanye inkundla enethamsanqa

Emva koko, wabuya amatyeli amaninzi malunga nesibonelelo sam, kuba bekuyimfuneko ukuthobela imigaqo ethile ukuze ndikwazi ukuyithatha ngaphandle kokucela imvume yenkosana ngalo lonke ixesha. Bendingaziqondi ngokupheleleyo iinkcukacha zalo msebenzi, othathe ngaphezulu kweenyanga ezimbini ukwenziwa, kodwa, nje ukuba yonke into igqityiwe, umngcamli wamana ukundibona ngenye imva kwemini wandixelela ukuba ubuKhulu bakhe baceba ukundindwendwela ubusuku, nangona wayefuna ukwamkelwa ngokungathandabuzekiyo. Ndalungisa amagumbi am ndodwa, kodwa nam, kwaye ndaqinisekisa ukuba ekufikeni akukho mntu endlini ngaphandle komngcamli noAmy.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.