UMario Villén Lucena. Udliwanondlebe nombhali weNazarí

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UMario Villén Lucena, Umbhali wohlobo lweGranada zembali, sele epapashe iinoveli ezimbalwa. Eyokugqibela yile Nasrid, intsomi malunga nokusekwa kwe-emirate yeGranada, ehamba nayo Ikhaka laseGranada y Iintsuku ezingama-40 zomlilo, Ikwaseta ngelo xesha. Ndiyalixabisa kakhulu ixesha nobubele obalichitha kule nto udliwano ndlebe apho athetha ngabo nangayo yonke into encinci.

UMario Villén Lucena-Udliwanondlebe 

  • UNCWADI NGOKU: Nasrid yinoveli yakho entsha yembali. Usixelela ntoni ngayo kwaye uvela phi umbono?

UMARIO VILLÉN LUCENA: Ibali elichazwe eNazarí Ndiyifumene xa bendibhala incwadi yam yokuqala, ngaphezulu kweminyaka elishumi eyadlulayo. Ngelo xesha andizange ndizive ndikulungele ukuyibhala, kodwa kwiminyaka eliqela kamva, ngokufota kwenziwe, ndaqala ukusebenza kuyo. 

Kule ncwadi i isiseko seNasrid emirate yeGranada kunye nemvelaphi yobukhosi obabulawula ngaphezulu kwenkulungwane ezimbini ezinesiqingatha. I-emir yokuqala yeNasrid yayi Ibn al-Ahmar. Emva kwedabi laseLas Navas de Tolosa, wakwazi ukuqokelela intsalela ye-al-Andalus kunye nokwenza imirate eyomeleleyo kunye nabo. Phakathi kwezinye izinto ezininzi, waqala ulwakhiwo lweAlhambra

Kwelinye icala lomda, ibali le UFerdinand III, olumanyanisa ngokuqinisekileyo uCastilla noLeón, kwaye boyisa iindawo ezibalulekileyo njengeCórdoba, Jaén naseSeville. 

  • AL: Ngaba uyayikhumbula incwadi yokuqala oyifundileyo? Kwaye ibali lokuqala olibhalileyo?

MVL: Incwadi yokuqala endiyikhumbulayo ndiyifunda yile Umyili wezakhiwo kunye nomlawuli waseArabia. Yapapashwa kwingqokelela yolutsha, kodwa andisamkhumbuli umbhali wayo. 

Into yokuqala endiyibhalileyo yayiyi Umbongo wokufa, ngaphezulu kweminyaka eli-11 okanye eli-12. Umnyama kancinci. 

  • AL: Umbhali oyintloko? Unokukhetha ngaphezu kweyodwa nakwezinye iindawo. 

MVL: Ndiza kucaphula ezibini: Amin maalouf y UTariq Ali. Zombini zibhale inoveli enembali kakhulu, inika ingqalelo enkulu kubalinganiswa nakwiimvakalelo zabo. Ndiyayithanda indlela abalisa ngayo. Zombini zibhale malunga ne-al-Andalus.  

  • AL: Nguwuphi umlinganiswa osencwadini onqwenela ukudibana naye kunye nokwenza?

MVL: Ndiyathemba, de Kwisithunzi somrharnate. Ndimele ndivume ukuba ndiyithathe njengesalathiso sokwakha omnye wabalinganiswa bam kwi Ikhaka laseGranada. Ubuntu bakhe bandithanda. 

  • AL: Ngaba unayo nayiphi na imikhwa okanye imikhwa xa kufikwa ekubhaleni nasekufundeni?

MVL: Ndihlala ndisebenzisa umculo ukubhala, ukundikhuthaza kunye nokuphelisa ingxolo ecaphukisayo. Ngaphandle koko, ndicinga ukuba akukho mania ibalulekileyo. 

Malunga nokufundwa kwam, bendihlala ndifunda ngaphakathi Uhlobo kwaye ndilawula pesenti Ukufunda. Ndizama ukunyanzela isingqisho semihla ngemihla kwaye ndizama ukuthobela, kodwa andikhathazeki ngumxholo nawo. 

  • AL: Kwaye indawo oyikhethileyo kunye nexesha lokwenza oko?

MVL: Ndicinga ukuba ukunqongophala kwexesha, ububi obuqheleke kangaka kwimihla yethu, kuthetha ukuba andinangxaki xa kusenziwa ukubhala okanye ukufunda. Naphi na kwaye naliphi na ixesha zixabisekile. Ukuba bandinike ukhetho, ndikhetha bhala into yokuqala ekuseni, Vuka nje. 

  • AL: Ngaba zikhona ezinye iintlobo ozithandayo?

MVL: Imbali yeyona ndiyithandayo, kodwa ndiyayithanda inoveli yanamhlanje. Ndifunde phantse yonke into, kodwa okwangoku ndifuna ukubhala inoveli yembali. Kwilixa elizayo Andikhethi ngaphandle ukuzama abanye Isini. 

  • AL: Ufunda ntoni ngoku? Ukubhala?

MVL: Okwangoku ndiyafunda Umphilisi wehashe, de Gonzalo Giner. Ndiyayithanda. 

Ndivuliwe isigaba sokufunda kwakhona sombhalo-ngqangi kunye nokubhala amaxwebhu entsha. Ndigcina umxholo ... 

  • AL: Ucinga ukuba imeko yokupapasha injani? Ababhali abaninzi kunye nabafundi abambalwa?

MVL: Siphila a umzuzu obuthathaka kwihlabathi lokupapasha. Kwanangaphambi kobhubhane, imarike yayitshintshile. Inkqubo ye- ubuqhetseba yenzile kwaye iyaqhubeka nokwenza umonakalo omkhulu. ESpain ufunda okuninzi, kodwa awuthengi yonke into oyifundileyo. Ubhubhane uyenze mandundu imeko yabapapashi. Iziphumo zihlala zibonwa, kodwa azibonakali zintle. Ngokoluvo lwam, ziya kwenziwa ukubheja ngaphezulu ekhuselekile, uya kuthatha umngcipheko omncinciUkubaleka kuya kuncitshiswa kwaye kuncinci kuya kutyalomali ekunyuseni. 

  • AL: Ngaba umzuzu wobunzima esijamelana nawo unzima kuwe okanye uya kuba nakho ukugcina into elungileyo kumabali exesha elizayo?

MVL: Ndapapasha ngoJuni 2020, phakathi kulo bhubhane, kunye neevenkile ezininzi zeencwadi ezivaliweyo kunye nolawulo lwesikhundla apho zazivulekile khona. Ube ngunyaka obunzima, kodwa Nasrid Akuhambanga kakubi konke konke. Inqaku kuko konke oku, into endicinga ukuba siyithathile kule meko ukuze ihlale kuthi, yiyo iziganeko ezibonakalayo. Inkcazo-ntetho, iintlanganiso zoncwadi, iintetho ... Izithintelo zisinyanzele ukuba enye indlela enomdla Ndingathanda ukuba incedise imisebenzi yesiNtu xa konke oku kusenzeka. 


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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