UJorge Luis Borges: impumelelo ngoonobumba, ukuzisola eluthandweni

UJorge Luis Borges, impumelelo ngeeleta, ukuzisola ngothando.

UJorge Luis Borges, impumelelo ngeeleta, ukuzisola ngothando.

IArgentina yayinoJorge Luis Borges ukugeleza okungenakuphikiswa kweeleta, umthombo wobulumko onokufa kuphela onokuvalwa ukuze kungabikho matontsi aya kuhluma. Nangona kunjalo, ngaphandle kokubandezeleka kokulindele umntu ngamnye odlula kolu hlaselo sikubiza ngokuba bubomi, amanzi aphuma kwesi sigebenga ayaqhubeka ukondla iingcinga kunye nomphefumlo wabaninzi.

Umbalisi webali Ewe; Ngaba umgxeki weenoveli? Ifilosofi?, Kunjalo; Imbongi?, Njengabambalwa. UJorge Luis Borges beza kumazwi ayo ukuze bangaze bafana. Nangona kunjalo, yintoni esiyaziyo ngenene ngobomi bothando balo mphengululi? Zixelela ntoni imisebenzi yakhe ngayo? Bathini ababhali ngobomi bakhe? Kukho imiba enomdla ebalaseleyo, eya kuthi ivezwe namhlanje.

UJorge Luis Borges: impumelelo ngoonobumba

Ngubani ongafundanga okanye uve UAleph o Iintsomi? Kunqabile ukufumana umfundi oqhelekileyo ongenaye. Le misebenzi, ikukuphela kwento esinokuyibiza ngokuba "kukuhamba kweBorgean" ngumzekelo ongathandabuzekiyo wobuchule bakhe bolwimi kwimilinganiselo eyahlukeneyo. Ukufunda iBorges kuyabamba isenzo, siyazibiza, ngamayelenqe.

Abaphengululi bolwimi banciphisa amabali ambalwa kwiimpawu zoncwadi zombhali waseArgentina. Ayilambathanga imvula yokwazisa ebinayo: iBhaso laseJerusalem ngo-1971, ibhaso elikhethekileyo lika-Edgar ngo-1976, iMiguel de Cervantes Prize ngo-1980, wayeka ukubala. Ewe, impumelelo kaJorge Luis Borges kumagama ayebonakala.

UJorge Luis Borges: ukuzisola ngothando

Ngoku kuthethwa ntoni ngoBorges ngothando? Umsebenzi wakhe uthini? Bathini ababhali bakho bezinto eziphilayo. Inyani yile yokuba imisebenzi yakhe yesihobe ibonisa okuncinci malunga nokusondelelana. Imbongi ichaza kwimibongo yayo umqobo omsahlula kulowo mnqweno, kulolo thando luchanekileyo, kuleyo yenyama, yendoda nomfazi. Ngapha koko, imeko yezesondo kuncwadi lwayo iphantse ayikho. Kwaye hayi, ayikuko ukuba akathandanga kwaye waziva, kodwa hayi ngamandla awayefuna ngawo, hayi ngonikezelo awayelungiselele.

Ibinzana nguJorge Luis Borges.

Ibinzana nguJorge Luis Borges.

Kwanele ukuba ufunde umbongo wesibini ka-1964 ukubona le nyani:

Ngo-1964, II

Andiyi kuphinda ndonwabe. Mhlawumbi ayinamsebenzi.
Zininzi nezinye izinto ehlabathini;
nawuphi na umzuzu unzulu
zahlukile kunolwandle. Ubomi bufutshane

Kwaye nangona iiyure zinde, inye
isimanga esimnyama sisikhangela,
ukufa, olunye ulwandle, olo olunye utolo
esikhulula elangeni nasenyangeni

nothando. Ulonwabo ondinike lona
Wathabatha kum ucinywe;
Into ebiyiyo yonke into mayingabinanto.

Kuphela kukuba ndinovuyo lokuba lusizi,
loo mkhwa ulilize ondithambisayo
EMzantsi, kumnyango othile, kwikona ethile ».

U-Estela Canto kunye nomama kaBorges

Umzobo kanina nawo ubonisiwe kule ndawo, ngoku, ngokunyanzelwa, ngokulawula inkululeko kunye nezigqibo zembongi.. Ityala elinomdla lenzeka kunye nomguquleli u-Estela Canto, umfazi okhoyo UAleph. Ewe, uBorges wathandana naye kabuhlungu ngo-1944. Imveliso yolo thando yazalwa iya kuba lelona bali lidumileyo lombhali.

U-Borges wamoyisa ngeenkcukacha zonke, enegajethi yakhe ebalaseleyo: iileta. Nangona kunjalo, kwakungekho thuba lide xa umama ka-Borges eqala ukuphazamisa ubudlelwane, esiba kude no-Estela. Umguquleli watyholwa ngokungalawulwa kuba wayengalingani neparadesi yexesha elo. Inyaniso kukuba uLeonor, umama wembongi, wayiphumeza imishini yakhe kwaye waphelisa ubudlelwane.

Ukusuka apho balandela uthotho lokungavisisani phakathi kwaba babini, nangona kunjalo, kwiminyaka kamva yayinguBorges owayengafuni kwanto noEstela.

IBorges kunye no-Elsa Helena Astete Millán

U-Elsa Helena Astete Millán wayeyintombi kaBorges ebusheni bakhe. Emva kwexesha elithile bohlukene, watshata, kwaye uBorges wagxotha ukubuyela kolo thando. Nangona kunjalo, wayengumhlolokazi kumashumi eminyaka kamva, kwaye wagqiba kwelokuba acele umtshato kuye. Lowo yayingumbutho wokuqala wezomthetho wembongi, uBorges wayeneminyaka engama-68 kwaye wayeneminyaka engama-56 ubudala (ngo-1967).

Kwakungengomtshato wamaphupha, kwakunzima iminyaka emi-4. Kwaye nangona inokubonakala ingaqhelekanga kwindoda yobudala bukaBorges, isithunzi sikanina, owayesaphila, saqhubeka.

UMaria Kodama, ingaba usizi luphelile?

Emva kokusweleka kukamama kaBorges (uLeonor wayeneminyaka engama-99 ubudala), kwavela intombazana eselula ebomini bombongi, owathi ngeli xesha weza kuhlala. Igama lale ntombazana yayinguMaria Kodama. Badibana ngexesha lotyelelo lwaseBorges eMelika kwaye ukusukela ngoko baye bahlukana. 

Emva kweengxaki ezibonakalayo zikaBorges, kunye neminyaka engadlulanga ilize, waba yimfuneko kuye, kwaye ngenxa yokunconywa nothando awayeziva ngalo uKodama, wayithatha indima yakhe ngokuzinikela. Esi sibini, sinendawo ebanzi umahluko wobudala (ngaphezulu kwama-50), sitshatile iminyaka elishumi elinanye emva kokudibana. U-Borges usweleke phantse kwiinyanga ezimbini kamva kwaye washiya zonke izinto zakhe ku-Kodama.

Kwesi siphelo singalindelekanga, ukuzisola kukaBorges kubuyisiwe, kwaye umsebenzi wakhe ukhuselwe kakuhle ezandleni zomlondolozi njengaye.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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