Oojongilanga abangaboniyo

Izitalato zaseMadrid

Izitalato zaseMadrid

Oojongilanga abangaboniyo Yincwadi yamabali ngumbhali waseMadrid uAlberto Méndez. Yapapashwa ngoJanuwari 2004 nguHlelo lweAnagrama. Lo msebenzi uneziqwenga ezine ezimfutshane ezidityanisiweyo—eyokugqibela yileyo inika isihloko sayo igama layo—nto leyo eyenzeka kwiminyaka emva kweMfazwe Yamakhaya yaseSpain. Kwi-2008 ifilimu ye-homonymous yakhululwa kwi-cinema, yayilawulwa nguJosé Luis Cuerda, kunye nesicatshulwa esinezandla ezine ngumbhali kunye noRafael Azcona.

Ukususela ekusungulweni kwayo, le ncwadi ibe yimpumelelo yokupapasha.. Kuze kube ngumhla, ubhalisa ngaphezu kweekopi ezingamawaka angama-350 ezithengisiweyo. Ngelishwa, umbhali akazange akwazi ukonwabela ukuqatshelwa komsebenzi wakhe, njengoko wasweleka kungekudala emva kokupapashwa. Phakathi kwamabhaso anikwe le ncwadi, oku kulandelayo kugqamile: Imbasa ka-2004 yeCastilian Narrative Criticism kunye ne-2005 National Narrative Award.

Isishwankathelo se Oojongilanga abangaboniyo

Ukoyiswa kokuqala (1939): "Ukuba intliziyo ibicinga ukuba iya kuyeka ukubetha"

Ukapteni kaFranco UCarlos Alegría wagqiba -Emva kweminyaka yenkonzo- Ukurhoxa kungquzulwano lwezixhobo apho kwaphalazwa igazi elininzi. Emva kokurhoxa emsebenzini, wabanjwa waza wabekwa ityala lokungcatsha umbuso. Ngelixa yayibanjwe, amaRiphabhlikhi anikezela kwaye ashiya ibala lokulwa.

Kunqabile ukuba abemi belizwe bathathe ulawulo, UAlegría wagwetyelwa ukufa ngenxa yezenzo awazenzayo ngexesha lemfazwe. Lathi lakufika ixesha elimisiweyo lokudutyulwa, wabekwa eludongeni kunye namanye amaqabane. Emva kokufumana i-coup de grace entloko, bangcwatywa kwingcwaba elikhulu.

Okumangalisayo kukuba, uCarlos wavuka waza waphawula ngoko nangoko ukuba imbumbulu yayidla kuphela kwaye ayizange igqobhoze ukakayi lwakhe. Njengoko wayekwazi, wakwazi ukuphuma emngxunyeni waza wahamba kabuhlungu de waya kufika kwidolophu apho wahlangulwa libhinqa elithile. Emva kweentsuku eziliqela, uAlegría wagqiba kwelokuba abuyele kwidolophu yakowabo elungele ukuphinda anikezele phambi kobulungisa, ekubeni ukuziva enetyala kwakungamvumeli ukuba aphile ngoxolo.

Ukoyiswa kwesibini (1940): "Umbhalo-ngqangi ufunyenwe ekulibaleni"

Abakwishumi elivisayo ababini -Eulalio kunye noElena- bathabatha uhambo oluya eFransi kwiintaba zaseAsturiya, babaleka urhulumente oko kwakunyanzelisiwe. Wayeneenyanga ezisibhozo ekhulelwe zeza iintlungu zokuzala, zabanyanzela ukuba bayeke. Emva kweeyure zentlungu, intombazana eselula wazala kwinkwenkwe ababeyibiza ngokuba nguRafael. Ngelishwa, Elena wafa y U-Eulalio wasala yedwa nesi sidalwa.

Isicatshulwa nguAlberto Méndez

Isicatshulwa nguAlberto Méndez

Imbongi, usathuswe kukubhubha kwentombi yakhe, wangenwa kukuziva unetyala. Kwakhona wayekhathazwa kukungazi ukuba athini na uRafael, owayengayeki ukulila kangangeeyure. Noko ke, ngokuthe ngcembe, lo mfana waqalisa ukunyamekela unyana wakhe waza wacinga ngokumnyamekela njengokuphela kothunywashe wakhe ebomini. Kungekudala emva koko, uEulalio wafumana indlwana engasasetyenziswayo waza wagqiba kwelokuba ayithabathe njengekhusi.

Nanini na inako, inkwenkwe yayiphuma iye kufuna ukutya. Ngenye imini wakwazi ukuba iinkomo ezimbini, waza wazondla kangangexesha elithile. Kodwa, Emva kokuba ubusika bufikile, yonke into yaqala ukuba nzima kwaye ukufa kwabo bobabini kwakusondele. Eli bali libaliswa kumntu wokuqala, kwaye lithathwe kwidayari eyafunyanwa ngumalusi kunye nezidumbu ezibini zabantu kunye nenkomo efileyo entwasahlobo ka-1940.

Ukoyiswa kwesithathu (1941): "Ulwimi lwabafileyo"

Ibali lesithathu ubalisa ibali likaJuan Senra, un igosa leriphabliki ukuba wavalelwa kwintolongo yaseFrancoist. Indoda ukwazile ukuhlala ephila kuba wayesazi ngonyana kaColonel Eymar —UMongameli wenkundla. USenra ufumene olu lwazi kuqala, emva kokulwa kunye noMiguel Eymar. Ukwandisa isiphelo sakhe, lo mbandela wawuxoka mihla le, ubanga ukuba lo mfana wayeligorha, kanti, ngokwenene, wayengoyena ulahlekileyo.

Ngexesha lokuhlala kwakhe entolongweni, uJuan wenza ubuhlobo nenkwenkwe egama linguEugenio, yaye wadibana noCarlos Alegría. KuSenra, kwaba nzima ngakumbi ukuqhubeka nobuxoki. Nam ke, ndandisazi ukuba ndiza kufa, ngenxa yokuba umzimba wakhe wawungekho kwimeko entle.

Xa yonke into yayingabonakali ukuba ibe mandundu, kwenzeka iziganeko ezibini ezaqwenga uSenra zaza zamisela ikamva lakhe: UCaptain UJoy wagqiba ekubeni azibulale, kwaye, emva kweentsuku ezimbalwa, UEugenio wagwetyelwa ukufa. Ichaphazeleke kakhulu, UJuan wakhetha ukuyivuma inyaniso malunga noMiguel, yintoni eyabangela al iodola yakho ukudubula emva kweentsuku.

Ukoyiswa kwesine (1942): "Iijongilanga ezingaboniyo"

Esi sicatshulwa sokugqibela sibalisa ibali likaRicardo: i-republican, etshate no-Elena kunye noyise wabantwana ababini - u-Elena no-Lorenzo. Wonke umntu elalini babecinga ukuba ufile, ngoko indoda, ixhaphaza iimeko, wagqiba kwelokuba azifihle kweyakhe indlu nomfazi wakhe kunye nonyana omncinci. Bebengazi nto ngentombi yabo, ngaphandle nje kokuba yabaleka nesoka layo ifuna into ebhetele, kuba yayikhulelwe.

Le ntsapho yenza ucwangciso olungqongqo ukuze kungabikho mntu uphawula ukuba uRicardo usaphila. Salvador -umdikoni wedolophu kunye notitshala kaLorenzo— wathandana kakhulu no-Elena, wade wamngcungcuthekisa qho xa embona. Indlela yonke into enokuba nzima ngayo URicardo wenza isigqibo: wabalekela eMorocco. Ukusuka apho, baqalisa ukuthengisa ifanitshala ethile.

Xa yonke into yayisele ilungile USalvador waqhekeza endlwini ngesizathu sokufuna ukuthetha nale nkwenkwe. Emva kokujongwa nguLorenzo, umdikoni wabetha u-Elena, owathi yabangela ukuba uRicardo aphume ukuze akhusele umfazi wakhe. Wathi akubhencwa, lo mfundisi-ntsapho wasasaza ubuxoki bokuba ukufa kwale ndoda kwakububuxoki nobugwala, nto leyo eyabangela ukuba uyise wekhaya aphambane aze azibulale.

Idatha esisiseko yomsebenzi

Oojongilanga abangaboniyo yincwadi ye amabali amafutshane abekwe kwi Imfazwe yamakhaya yaseSpain. Umbhalo unamaphepha ali-160 ahlulwe ngokwe izahluko ezine. Ilungu ngalinye libalisa ibali elahlukileyo, kodwa liyazalana; iziganeko ezithile ezenzeke kwisithuba seminyaka emine (phakathi kowe-1939 nowe-1942). Umbhali wayefuna ukubonakalisa inxalenye yeziphumo ezithwaxwa ngabemi ngexesha nasemva kongquzulwano.

Malunga nombhali, uAlberto Méndez

Alberto Mendez

Alberto Mendez

U-Alberto Méndez Borra wazalelwa eMadrid ngoLwesithathu ngo-Agasti 27, 1941. Wagqiba izifundo zesekondari eRoma. Wabuyela kwidolophu yakowabo ukuze afunde iFilosofi kunye neeLeta kwiYunivesithi yaseComplutense yaseMadrid. Esi sidanga se-bachelor sithathwe kuye ngenxa yokuba yinkokeli yabafundi kunye nokuthatha inxaxheba kwimiboniso ye-1964.

Wasebenza njengombhali kwiinkampani ezibalulekileyo, ezifana Les Punxes y Montera. Kwakhona, kwi-70s, wayengumseki wendlu yokushicilela uCiencia Nueva. Kwiminyaka engama-63 wapapasha incwadi yakhe yokuqala nekuphela kwayo: Oojongilanga abangaboniyo (2004), umsebenzi owafumana ibhaso kwangaloo nyaka Setenil ngeyona ncwadi yamabali igqwesileyo.

Ngexesha lonikezelo lwe Oojongilanga abaziimfama (2004) kwiCirculo de Bellas Artes, uJorge Herralde—umhleli we Anagram- waxoxa ngokulandelayo malunga nomsebenzi: «Kukubala ngenkumbulo, incwadi echasene noxolo lwasemva kwemfazwe, echasene nokungalibaleki, exhasa inyaniso yembali ebuyiselweyo kwangaxeshanye, ebaluleke gqitha nenesigqibo, ukudibana nenyaniso yoncwadi«.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya uluvo lwakho

Idilesi yakho ye email aziyi kupapashwa.

*

*

  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.