Isishwankathelo "Inyaniso malunga netyala le-Savolta", ngu-Eduardo Mendoza

U-Eduardo Mendoza wapapasha incwadi yakhe "Inyaniso malunga netyala likaSavolta" kunyaka 1975. Le ncwadi inokuqwalaselwa ikakhulu njengendawo yokuqala yebali elikhoyo. Kule noveli yomcuphi, ngaphandle kokulahla ukusetyenziswa kweendlela zokulinga, uMendoza unikezela ingxabano ebamba ingqalelo yomfundi.

Ukuba ufuna ukwazi okungakumbi malunga nale ncwadi, qhubeka ufunda nathi oku isishwankathelo esifutshane malunga "Inyaniso malunga netyala likaSavolta"nguEduardo Mendoza. Ukuba kwelinye icala uceba ukuyifunda kungekudala, kungcono uyeke ukufunda apha. Isaziso esinokwenzeka nabaphangi!

Ezona ziganeko zibalulekileyo kule ncwadi

Isikhuselo setyala le-Savolta

"Inyaniso malunga netyala likaSavolta" Inoveli yamayelenqe apho iImeko yezentlalo nezopolitiko zeBarcelona phakathi kowe-1917 nowe-1919 (Yeyiphi into eyeleleneyo namhlanje!). Umsebenzi, egxile kumdla wayo kumxholo, ikwabandakanya uyilo kunye nesitayile sendalo.

Emva koko, siza kushwankathela ngokufutshane okwenzekayo kwindawo nganye eyahlukileyo yencwadi.

Ingxelo evela kuJavier Miranda

Nangona umbalisi ophambili kule noveli nguJavier Miranda, olingqina leziganeko, kukwakho namaxwebhu anikezelweyo kwinkqubo yezomthetho. Isiteyitimenti sombhali phambi kwejaji eNew York ngo-1927, esinamanqaku amafutshane avelisiweyo, anika ulwazi olubalulekileyo.

Ukubulawa kukaSavolta

UPaul-André Lepprince ngumFrentshi onemvelaphi engaqondakaliyo oye wazibandakanya nentombi ka-Enric Savolta kwaye wangena kwimizi-mveliso yabo yeengalo, apho aceba ukuthengisa ngokungekho mthethweni kwezixhobo kumaJamani ngexesha leMfazwe yokuQala yeHlabathi. Kungekudala emva koko, u-Enric Savolta uzakufa kuhlaselo olutyholwa ngabanqolobi kwimibutho yabasebenzi.

UMaria Coral

Ngokwenyani, uLepprince nguyena wayalela ukubulawa kukaSavolta, ngenxa yokoyika ukufunyanwa kwaye kuba wayezimisele ukulawula inkampani yakhe. UJavier Miranda, othanda kakhulu uPaul-André Lepprince kwaye engazi ngezenzo zakhe zolwaphulo-mthetho, naye uya kuba lixhoba lakhe: U-Lepprince umcela ukuba atshate noMaría Coral, umboniso wentombazana owayekade eyintandane yakhe ukuba amnike isikhundla esifanelekileyo sentlalo; kuxa ke efumanisa inyani kuye kwingxoxo ebaliswa kwinxalenye emfutshane yencwadi.

Ukusweleka kweqhenqa

U-Lepprince wabulala kwaye wangcatshwa yinkampani yase-Savolta, kodwa ukuphela kwemfazwe kwathintela ukubhengezwa kwefektri yezixhobo. Emva kokuzama umsebenzi ongaphumeleliyo kwezopolitiko, u-Lepprince wasweleka ngokungummangaliso.

Xa uLepprince sele eswelekile, uMkomishinala uVázquez uxelela uJavier Miranda malunga nolwaphulo-mthetho. Kungekudala emva koko, ileta evela kuLepprince ifikelela kuMiranda apho amazisa khona ukuba uthathe i-inshurensi yobomi ukuze umfazi wakhe kunye nentombi yakhe bakwazi ukuyilanda emva kwethutyana, ukuze bangarhaneli. Emva kweminyaka embalwa, uMiranda uzama ukulawula loo ntlawulo. Incwadana iphela ngencwadi yombulelo evela kuMaría Rosa Savolta, umhlolokazi kaLepprince.

Isishwankathelo senyaniso malunga nesahluko secala lesavolta ngesahluko

Ibali lenyaniso malunga netyala le-Savolta ngu-Eduardo Mendoza lingahlulwa ngokucacileyo libe ngamacandelo amabini, kwaye nganye kuzo kwizahluko ezininzi apho iziganeko zenzeka khona, njengomfundi, kufuneka ukhumbule kulo lonke ibali.

Ke ngoko, siza kukwenza isahluko ngesishwankathelo sesahluko ukuze uyazi ukuba kwenzeka phi konke oku kungentla.

Izahluko zenxalenye yokuqala

Inxalenye yokuqala yenziwe ngezahluko ezihlanu. Ngamnye kubo ubalulekile ngokwawo, nangona ukuba kuye kwafuneka sinamathele kwenye, singatsho ukuba eyokuqala yeyona iphambili. Kungenxa yokuba kulapho saziswa kubalinganiswa nakwimeko apho umntu ngamnye akhoyo. Ewe kunjalo, ndincoma ukuba ube nephepha ulibhale phantsi kuba kubonakala ngathi bambalwa kwaye kunokuba nokudideka.

Kwisahluko 1, ukongeza ekuhlanganeni nabalinganiswa, uya kuba nezalathiso ezithile kunye nolandelelwano, ngalo mzuzu, awuyi kuqhagamshela, okanye ucinga ukuba ziyavakala. Yonke into iyabhidisa kwaye ixubeke eyadlulayo neyangoku.

Ngokubanzi, isishwankathelo sesi sahluko siza kuba sifutshane: Ngenxa yenqaku uLepprince, umlawuli wenkampani yakwaSavolta, afunda kwiLizwi lezoBulungisa, wadibana nendoda. Wenza oko ngokusebenzisa inkampani yomthetho yaseCortabanyes, ehambelana nenkampani yakwaSavolta, nalapho uJavier Miranda esebenza khona. Apho bafumanisa ukuba kukho isoyikiso sogwayimbo kwinkampani kwaye bagqiba kwelokuba baqeshe ootsotsi ababini ukuba benze umzekelo kwiinkokeli.

Ukongeza, kukho itheko lonyaka omtsha ka-Eva, kunye nokutsiba apho sibona ingxelo efungelweyo kunye nohlobo lokuqala lweziganeko.

Isahluko 2 sesona sifutshane, kwaye sijongana nezihloko ezibini kuphela: kwelinye icala, imibuzo yesibini kaJavier Miranda; kwelinye, ukulandelelana kwexesha elidlulileyo lomlingisi apho sibona ukuba umsebenzi wakhe wawunjani, ubudlelwane no "Pajarito", kunye nokufa okungaqhelekanga kukaTeresa noPajarito.

Isahluko esilandelayo sixelela kwakhona malunga nexesha elidlulileyo, malunga UJavier Miranda waba njani "ngumhlobo" womphathi weSavolta, Ubuhlobo obusondeleyo abuzuzileyo ngexesha elifutshane ... Kwaye, ewe, ijolise ekuphelelweni konyaka wonyaka, xa umdali kunye nomphathi oyintloko weSavolta edutyulwa wabulawa kwitheko lakhe naphambi kwakhe wonke umntu olapho.

Isahluko sokugqibela, sesine, sinika into engakumbi kuba, nangona siza kulandelelana ngokulandelelana kwibali eliphambili, lilandela iqhinga lokwenzekayo emva kokusweleka kosomashishini, indlela uLepprince, umphathi womphathi kaMiranda, afika ngayo idome yamandla, iiprojekthi ezinazo, kunye nezenzo ezahlukeneyo ezenziwayo ukuze kuqinisekiswe ukuba akukho mntu uya kuwususa kuloo ndawo.

Okokugqibela, isahluko sesihlanu sithetha nge uphando lwamapolisa, indlela alandela ngayo ngokusondeleyo uLepprince kunye noMiranda, kunye nemeko yaba bantu babini: enye ephezulu, kwaye enye ihamba kwimeko enzima.

Izahluko zesahluko sesibini

Inxalenye yesibini yeli bali inokwahlulwa-hlulwa ibe ziibloko ezimbini, kwelinye icala, izahluko ezihlanu zokuqala; kwaye kwelinye, ezintlanu zokugqibela.

Kwizahluko ezihlanu zokuqala kukho amabali aphantse amathathu athi atshintshane kwaye axela ibali labalinganiswa abathathu: okokuqala, uJavier Miranda kunye nendlela atshate ngayo noMaría Coral (ukongeza kuyo yonke into eyenzekayo); okwesibini, ipati apho i-Lepprince ihlala khona kwaye kufuneka ijongane njani neengxaki kwinkampani yakhe (eyonakeleyo) kunye nabanini zabelo (enye yazo ibaluleke kakhulu); kwaye elesithathu, elisibuyisela emva elidlulileyo, libalisa ibali lengqina elibonayo ukusweleka kukaPajarito, licacisa amanqaku amaninzi kwicandelo elidlulileyo.

Okokugqibela, i Izahluko zokugqibela zibalisa ngendlela emgceni yonke into eyenzekayo nabalinganiswa. Yindlela yokudibanisa amachaphaza kwaye kwindawo nganye abalinganiswa baya esiphelweni, abanye banamaxesha abuhlungu, kwaye abanye abekho kangako.

Abalinganiswa abavela kwiNyaniso malunga necala likaSavolta

Ngoku ukuba uyazi isahluko ngesishwankathelo sesahluko sokwenzeka kwimbali ka-Eduardo Mendoza, asifuni kukushiya ngaphandle kokudibana nababephambili. Nangona kunjalo, asizukugxila kubalinganiswa (emva kwayo yonke loo nto sele uyibonile), kodwa endaweni yoko Iiklasi zentlalo ezimelweyo kwizahluko zonke. Gcina ukhumbula ukuba sithetha ngeBarcelona apho kukho amanqanaba entlalontle.

Ke, une:

Ubumnene

Ngabo abalinganiswa abanesimo esihle kwezentlalo, abazizityebi, abanamandla ... USavolta, uClaudedeu, uPere Parells ... Ngenxa yoku, ubuqhetseba, ukwenza izinto ngaphandle kokubanika nasiphi na isikhubekiso (kwanaxa besazi ukuba le nto bayenzayo ayilunganga), njl. iqhelekile.

Kodwa ayisiyiyo indoda yodwa, kwanezibini zabalinganiswa baphenjelelwa leli nqanaba lentlalontle, nangona, kule meko, kufana ne "vase woman", oko kukuthi, bayagoba koko kuthethwa ngamadoda kwaye bakhathalele " "kuluntu.

Iklasi ephakathi

Ngokubhekisele kudidi oluphakathi, uninzi lumelwe yi amagosa, okanye abantu abakhathalela imisebenzi yolawulo neyomthetho…, kodwa kwangaxeshanye kukho amathandabuzo malunga nokuba le nto bayenzayo ilungile na okanye hayi. Umzekelo, igqwetha uCortabanyes okanye amapolisa afunda ityala.

Udidi lwezentlalo oluhlawulelwayo

Kwinoveli, eli qela iba lingqina loko kwenzekayo kwimbali yonke, kwaye boyika ukuba inokubachaphazela ngendlela engeyiyo. Njengoko unokuthi "hlawula idada."

Isikhundla sabasebenzi

Masithi lelona nqanaba lisezantsi lokudibana kwenqanaba lentlalontle, kwaye ngabalinganiswa abathi, nangona bengaphuhlisi (kuba umbhali ugxile koohlohlesakhe abangasentla), kukho ezinye ezime kancinci.

Isigqeba esisebenzayo seLumpen

Okokugqibela, kolu luhlu singatsho ukuba kukho abo bantu banesimo esisezantsi nangaphezulu kunesangaphambili, nto leyo, ngandlela thile, bayaliwe ngenxa yezinto abazenzayo, Nokuba kukuhenyuza, ukuba ngabaxhaphazi, njl.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.