Ingxelo yokufa kukaGabriel García Márquez

UGabriel García Márquez

Ukuba kukho umbhali waseLatin American, nguGabriel García Márquez. Ibhaso likaNobel laseColombia alikhange nje lenze ubunyani obunokuthi butshintshe uncwadi, kodwa likwabekela bucala ixesha elaneleyo lokusinika eminye yemisebenzi ephawulwe bubukrelekrele bobuntatheli bombhali weMinyaka Elikhulu Yodwa.

Owona mzekelo mhle ngu Ingxelo yokufa eyaxelwa kwangaphambili, eyapapashwa ngo-1981, ngoko nangoko waba ngomnye wemisebenzi kaGabo.

Isishwankathelo seNkcazo yokufa okuxelwe kwangaphambili

Ingxelo yokufa eyaxelwa kwangaphambili

Ukusekwa kwidolophu eselunxwemeni kwiCaribbean, Ingxelo yokufa okuxelwe kwangaphambili iqala ngomtshato phakathi kukaBayardo San Román, usozigidi wasekuhlaleni, kunye no-Ángela Vicario. Nangona kunjalo, ukufika ekhaya emva komsitho, UBayardo ufumanisa ukuba umfazi wakhe omtsha akayontombi, ke ugqiba kwelokuba ambuyisele kwikhaya losapho. Emva kokufumana ukubethwa ngunina, UAngela usola uSantiago Nasar, ummelwane wemvelaphi yama-Arabhu, ukuba abe ngunobangela welishwa lakhe.

Ukusukela ngoko, AbantakwaboAngela, uPedro noPablo, babhengeza phambi kwabo bonke abantu ukuba baya kujongana nokubulala uSantiago, nangona engaziqondi iindaba de kube yimizuzwana ngaphambi kokuba asweleke, xa ehlatywa ngabantakwabo ababini emnyango wendlu yakhe naphambi kwesihlwele esazi iindaba eziqala ukulandela imephu yeemeko ezithile kunye nabalinganiswa Umbhali uyakha kwakhona kuwo onke amaphepha omsebenzi, ukusukela Ukuba wonke umntu wayesazi ukuba uSantiago uzobulawa, kwakutheni kungabikho mntu uthethayo?

Inkcazo yokufa okuxelwe kwangaphambili ngabalinganiswa

Inkcazo yokufa okuxelwe kwangaphambili ngabalinganiswa

Inyani yokujongana nebali ethi, ngandlela thile, ibenze bonke abahlali bakho bahambisane nabo bacinga ubukho be abalinganiswa abaninzi. Zininzi kangangokuba kukho nemephu efanelekileyo yokufumana nokukhumbula ubudlelwane bendawo nganye ngokunxulumene noMzalwana uVicario kunye noSantiago Nasar, ngelixa bekhulelwa bonke abalinganiswa bedolophu bebonke; ingqina elaziyo elingoyikiyo ziindaba.

Le yile abalinganiswa abaphambili Kwimbali yokufa okuxelwe kwangaphambili:

  • USantiago Nasar: Umfana oneminyaka engama-21 ubudala waseArabhu, uSantiago ngumlingiswa ekubhekiselwe kuye "kukufa okuvakalisiweyo." Unoxanduva lokunikezela ngelifa likatata osandul 'ukusweleka, uSantiago ngumfana odlamkileyo nochwayitileyo, umthandi wamahashe, abathe abo bazalwana baseVicario bathembisa ukumbulala.
  • UAngela Vicario: Oyena mncinci kusapho lwaseVicario ngumfazi omncinci ongakholwayo okwalelwa kwakhe emva kokulahleka kwakhe ebuntombini kumkhokelela ekubeni atyhole uSantiago ngokwenzekileyo. Nangona kuyo yonke inoveli isizathu kunye nomzuzu okhokelele kudibaniso olunjalo alwaziwa, kuyaziwa ukuba u-Angela wanikezela njengendlela yokukhusela umntu amthandayo.
  • IBayardo San Roman: UMenzi wethamsanqa elikhulu enkosi kubume bakhe njengonjineli woololiwe, uBayardo yindoda enamasiko aneminyaka engamashumi amathathu ekhulileyo, entle kwaye wonke umntu uyayithanda idolophu. Umthandi weqela, uBayardo ngumntu ohloniphekileyo nonentliziyo entle othatha imfihlo yomfazi wakhe omtsha njengokungcatsha.

Abanye abalinganiswa

  • UVictoria GuzmanUkupheka kosapho lakwaSantiago Nasar.
  • U-Ibrahim NasarUtata kaSantiago Nasar, wayehlala ethetha isiArabhu nonyana wakhe kwaye wayethandana noVictoria Guzmán, awayemhlukumeza.
  • Intyatyambo kaThixo: Intombi kaVictoria Guzmán kunye nomthandi wexesha elizayo weSantiago Nasar.
  • ObispoUkufika edolophini kwangolo suku lokufa kukaSantiago.
  • UPlacida Linero: Umama waseSantiago, obulewe emnyango wendlu yakhe emva kokucinga ukuba wayesengaphakathi kuyo.
  • UPedro noPablo Vicario: Amawele ka-Angela. Baneminyaka engama-24 ubudala kwaye bazimisele ukubulala uSantiago.
  • Umbalisi webali: Umntu obalulekileyo njengendawo yokuphikisa kumbhali, umbalisi ebengekho ngexesha leziganeko, kuba wakhankanya ukuba wayesezandleni zikanina, uMaría Alejandrina Cervantes, kwiminyaka eyalandelayo xa wayeza kuphinda akhe iziganeko zokubulawa kuka USantiago Nasar.

Ingxelo yokufa okubhengeziweyo: oyena ntatheli uGabo

Lawula iColombia

Lawula, idolophu yasebukhosini apho isiganeko esikhuthaze ingxelo yeChronicle yoKufa kwangaphambili.

UGabriel García Márquez wayengumbhali obalaseleyo kodwa, ngaphezulu kwako konke, intatheli eyodwa. Umxhasi kumaphephandaba ahlukeneyo eColombia, umbhali wawela umgca ococekileyo phakathi kweendaba kunye nefiction amatyeli aliqela, phakathi kwabo ngeBali lakhe elidumileyo leNdoda eyophuke inqanawa okanye, ngakumbi, ngeXesha lokuFa eliBikezelwe.

Inqaku elidibeneyo:
UGabriel García Márquez: i-biography, amabinzana kunye neencwadi

Ngokusekwe kumnyhadala owenzeka nge-20 kaJanuwari, 1951 kwidolophu eselunxwemeni yaseManaure, Kwisebe laseColombia laseSucre, iGabo yakhiwa ngokutsha ukubulawa kukaCayetano weeNtlanga, otyholwa ngokudlwengula uMargarita Chicha Salas, owayeza kuba ngu-Angela Vicario wenoveli. UMargarita ngewayekhatyiwe nguMiguel Reyes Palencia, inoveli kaBayardo San Román, owapapasha ngo-2007 incwadi ethi La Verdad: Kwiminyaka engama-50 kamva, eyakha umbono wakhe wesiganeko esasizakutsala umdla kaGabo de ibeyincwadi eyayiza kupapashwa. ngo-1981.

Ukhokelwa ngokwakhiwa ngokutsha yinyaniso engaziwa isiphelo sayo (Ngaba uSantiago Nasar wamhlazisa nyani u-Angela?), Umbhali wahlula iinoveli ngeebhloko ezintlanu, nganye nganye ijolise kumzuzu othile ngexesha lokubulala nakubalinganiswa ababandakanyekayo. Idomain yolwazi injongo yayo kukuchaza kutheni ukubulawa kukaSantiago kwenzeka ukuba yonke idolophu yayisazi ukuba izakwenzeka kodwa akukho mntu wazama ukukuthintela.

Nangona kunjalo, ngaphandle kwembali yayo, le ncwadi ikwagcina amaxesha ahlukeneyo edosi ubunyani bomlingo Uphawu lukaGabo. Umnxeba onokuthakazelelwa kokubini kwivumba lokufa elishiya uSantiago kubazalwana baseVicario nakwimbala eluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka yomphefumlo kaYolanda de Xius, ummelwane ozama ngazo zonke iindleko ukubuyisela ikhaya lakhe ngaphesheya, okanye ubukho "intaka ebengezelayo" ethi, njengomphefumlo, ibhabhe phezu kwecawa yedolophu rhoqo ebusuku.

Inoveli esele iyinxalenye yembali yengxelo yangoku kwaye, ekuhambeni kwexesha, yaphela yaba yenye Iincwadi ezibalulekileyo zikaGabriel García Márquez.

Ngaba ufunde Ingxelo yokufa eyaxelwa kwangaphambili?


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