Kwiminyaka engama-75 eyadlulayo uMiguel Hernández wasweleka

Usuku olunje namhlanjeNgomhla wamashumi amabini anesibhozo kweyoKwindla, Kwiminyaka engama-75 eyadlulayo uMiguel Hernández wasweleka, lelinye lawona manani abalulekileyo kuncwadi lweSpanish. Uzalelwe e-Orihuela ngo-1910, lo mbhali ungowesizukulwana emva kwesizukulwana esidumileyo sama-27, nangona ehlala ebandakanywa kweli qela ngenxa yokuthanda ubuhle nezinye iimbongi nangenxa yobuhlobo obunobuhlobo awayenabo nabanye babo.

Yeyesizukulwane sama-36

Nangona kungakhange kuthethwe kangako ngaye, bekukho umnxeba Isizukulwana se-36. Yayilwa ikakhulu ngababhali abazalwa ngonyaka we-1910, njengoko yayinjalo imeko kaMiguel Hernández, kwaye yayiziimbongi ezenziwa ngexesha leRiphabhlikhi.

Into efana ngayo kubo bonke kukuba bathathe inxaxheba kwisimo sokubuyisela ubuntu, esaphawulwa ngaphezulu kwako konke ngophawu lukaPablo Neruda, olwaluqalwe ngabanduleli bakhe malunga no-1930. Kunye noMiguel Hernández, esi sizukulwana siquka iimbongi ezifana noJuan Gil-Albert, Luis Rosales, Juan Panero, Felipe Vivanco, Jose Antonio Muñoz Rojas, Leopoldo Panero okanye Carmen Conde.

Esinye sezizathu zokuba kube nzima ukuqaphela esi sizukulwana soncwadi ngumahluko ongafaniyo phakathi kwababhali bawo malunga nendlela yokubhala.

Ubomi kunye nomsebenzi kaMiguel Hernández

Kwimibhalo yakhe yokuqala yoncwadi wayechatshazelwe bubukho bukaGóngora, okhoyo kakhulu kwisizukulwana se-27 nakwimisebenzi yakhe yokuqala, "Ingcali kwiinyanga" (Ngo-1933). Kwiminyaka kamva wayeza kupapasha "Umbane ongapheliyo" (Ngo-1936), apho wasebenzisa khona izinto ze-metric, ezinje nge-sonnet okanye i-triplets ezibotshwe ngamatyathanga, isiseko seetrikhi yendlela yakhe edumileyo eyaziwa njenge «Elegy kuRamón Sijé». Kukulo msebenzi apho iifayile ze- "Ukubuyisela ubuntu" Imibongo ye-27, esithethe ngayo ngaphambili: uthando njengomxholo ophambili weevesi zakhe.

Imisebenzi ephawulekayo nayo "Umoya wabantu" (Ngo-1937) no "El hombre stalking" (1939), apho athetha khona ngobubi obabuziswa yi-Spanish Civil War. Incwadi yakhe yokugqibela yayi "Incwadi yengoma kunye neebhaladi zokungabikho" (1938-1940), ebandakanya iingoma ezininzi ezazikhona ibhalwe ngumbhali evela kwintolongo yakhe, apho wasweleka khona eAlicante ngo-1942.

Iingcaphuno kunye namabinzana kaMiguel Hernández

  • «Ipeyintwe, ayinanto: ipeyintiwe indlu yam umbala weenkanuko ezinkulu kunye namashwa».
  • «Nangona umzimba wam onothando uphantsi komhlaba, bhalela umhlaba, ukuba ndiza kukubhalela».
  • «Musa ukujonga ngefestile, akukho nto kule ndlu. Jonga umphefumlo wam ».
  • "Hleka kakhulu ukuze umphefumlo wam ukuve ubetha isithuba."
  • "Iziselo ezininzi bubomi kwaye isiselo esinye kukufa."

Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.