Ingcebiso kaJulio Cortázar yokubhala amabali

july-cortzar_

Ukuba kwiiveki ezimbalwa ezidlulileyo sishicilele nqaku malunga neengcebiso asinike zona IBorges ukubhala (kugcwele isarcasms, njengoko inokwenziwa nguBorges kuphela), namhlanje sikunika "esibi" UJulio Cortazar ukubhala amabali. Ngokuqinisekileyo bayakukhonza.

Sikushiya kunye nabo.

Iingcebiso ezili-10 zikaJulio Cortázar zokubhala amaBali amaFutshane

  • Akukho mithetho yokubhala ibali, kwiindawo ezininzi zokujonga.
"Akukho mntu unokwenza ngathi amabali kufuneka abhalwe kuphela emva kokuba eyazi imithetho yabo… akukho mithetho enjalo; Okona kuninzi, kunokwenzeka ukuba uthethe ngamanqaku okujonga, amaxesha athile anika ubume kolu hlobo lincinci".
  • Ibali li-synthesis ejolise ekubalulekeni kwebali.
Ingxelo yile "... into ephilayo ngaxeshanye nobomi obuhlanganisiweyo, into efana nokungcangcazela kwamanzi ngaphakathi kweglasi, ukudlula kwisigxina "..." Ngelixa kwi-cinema, njengakwinoveli, ukubanjwa kolo lubanzi ubunyani kunye nobuninzi bufezekiswa ngophuhliso lwezinto ezithile ezongezelekayo, ezinganyanzelekanga ukuba zingabandakanyi into enika "uvuthondaba" lomsebenzi, kwifoto okanye kwibali ekumgangatho ophezulu, inkqubo iyajika, Oko kukuthi, umfoti okanye umbalisi webali unyanzelekile ukuba akhethe kwaye anciphise umfanekiso okanye umsitho obalulekileyo".
  • Inoveli ihlala iphumelela ngamanqaku, ngelixa ibali elifutshane kufuneka liphumelele ngokunkqonkqoza.
"Kuyinyani, ukuya kwinqanaba lokuba inoveli ngokuthe ngcembe iqokelele iziphumo zayo kumfundi, ngelixa ibali elilungileyo linomdla, liluma, ngaphandle kwekota kwizivakalisi zokuqala. Sukuyithatha le nto ngokoqobo, kuba umbalisi webali olungileyo yimbethi manqindi enobukrelekrele, kwaye uninzi lweepunch zakhe zokuqala zinokubonakala ngathi azisebenzi xa, enyanisweni, sele bejongela ezona nkcaso zomeleleyo zomchasi. Thatha naliphi na ibali elihle olithandayo, kwaye uhlalutye iphepha lalo lokuqala. Ndingothuka xa befumanisa ukuba izinto zisimahla, kukuhombisa nje".
  • Kwibali akukho abalinganiswa abalungileyo okanye abangalunganga okanye imixholo, kukho unyango olulungileyo okanye olubi.
Msgstr "hayi kubi ukuba abalinganiswa abanamdla, kuba nelitye linomdla xa kusetyenzwa ngalo nguHenry James okanye uFranz Kafka "..." Isifundo esinye sinokubaluleka ngokunzulu kumbhali omnye, kwaye sihlebele omnye; isifundo esinye siya kuvusa isandi esikhulu kumfundi omnye, kwaye sishiya omnye engenamdla. Ngamafutshane, kunokuthiwa akukho zihloko zibalulekileyo okanye ezingabalulekanga kwaphela. Kukho into eyimfihlakalo kwaye inzima ukuhlangana phakathi kombhali othile kunye nomxholo othile ngalo mzuzu, kanye njengoko umanyano olunye lunokwenzeka kamva phakathi kwamabali athile kunye nabafundi abathile ...".
  • Ibali elilungileyo lizalwa ngentsingiselo, ubungqongqo kunye noxinzelelo ekubhalwe ngalo; yokuphathwa kakuhle kwezi zinto zintathu.

"Into ebalulekileyo ebalini ibonakala ngathi ihlala ikakhulu kumxholo wayo, kwimeko yokukhetha isiganeko sokwenyani okanye esinyanzelekileyo esinepropathi engaqondakaliyo yokukhanyisa into engaphaya kwayo ... ukuya kuthi ga kwisiqendu sasekhaya esingcolileyo. Isishwankathelo esingenakuchukunyiswa semeko ethile yoluntu, okanye uphawu oluvuthayo lwentlalo okanye imbali ... amabali kaKatherine Mansfield, nguChekhov, abalulekile, kukho into eqhumayo kubo xa sizifunda kwaye bacebisa uhlobo lokuphumla ukusuka kwimihla ngemihla ehamba indlela ende. ngaphaya kwe-anecdote ehlaziyiweyo "..." Ingcamango yentsingiselo ayinakuvakala ukuba asiyinxibelelanisi nezo zoxinzelelo kunye noxinzelelo, ezingasabhekiseli kumxholo kuphela kodwa unyango loncwadi lweso sifundo, kubuchule obusetyenzisiweyo ukuphuhlisa umxholo. Kwaye kulapha apho, ngequbuliso, umda phakathi kokubi kunye nembali yamabali eyenzekayo".

UJulio Cortazar

  • Ibali liyifom evaliweyo, ilizwe elilelakhe, isangqa.
UHoracio Quiroga uchaza kwi-decalogue yakhe: "Bala ngokungathi ibali alinamdla ngaphandle kwendalo encinci yabalinganiswa bakho, onokuba ungomnye wabo. Ngaphandle koko ufumana ubomi ebalini".
  • Ibali kufuneka libe nobomi obungaphaya komdali wayo.
"... xa ndibhala ibali ndiye ndifune ukuba ngandlela ithile ingafani nam njenge-demiurge, ukuba iqala ukuhlala nobomi obuzimeleyo, nokuba umfundi uziva okanye unoluvo lokuba ngandlela ithile uyafunda Into eyazalwa yedwa, kuye nakuye ngokwakhe, nangayiphi na imeko ngokulamla kodwa kungaze kubekho ukubonakala komntu".
  • Umbalisi webali makangabashiyi abalinganiswa ngaphandle kwembali.
"Ndihlala ndicatshukiswa ngamabali apho abalinganiswa kufuneka bahlale ecaleni ngelixa umbalisi echaza yedwa (nangona le ngxelo iyinkcazo nje kwaye ayibandakanyi ukuphazamiseka kwedemokhrasi) iinkcukacha okanye amanyathelo ukusuka kwimeko ukuya kwenye ”. "Umntu wokuqala obalisayo wenza esona sisombululo silula kwaye mhlawumbi sesona silungileyo kwingxaki, kuba ukulandwa kunye nesenzo kukho into enye ...… ekubalweni kwam umntu wesithathu, bendisoloko ndizama ukuba ndingaphumi kwingxelo eshushu, Ngaphandle kwalonto isusa eso sixa kumgwebo malunga nokwenzekayo. Kubonakala kum kungamampunge ukufuna ukungenelela ebalini ngento engaphaya kwebali ngokwalo".
  • Umnandi ebalini wenziwe ngotshintsho lomzuzwana lwesiqhelo, hayi ngokusetyenziswa gwenxa komnandi.
"Nangona kunjalo, imvelaphi yebali nombongo iyafana, ivela kukungabikho ngolunye uhlobo ngesiquphe, ukusuka ekufudukeni okutshintsha ulawulo "oluqhelekileyo" lokuqonda "… Kuyimfuneko ukuba okwahlukileyo kube ngumgaqo ngaphandle kokufudusa izakhiwo eziqhelekileyo ezifakwe phakathi kwazo ... ezona zincwadi zimbi zolu hlobo, nangona kunjalo, lolona luhamba nenkqubo eguqukayo, oko kukuthi, ukufuduswa kwexesha eliqhelekileyo ngohlobo "lwexesha elipheleleyo" lwento emnandi, ehlasela phantse lonke inqanaba ngomboniso omkhulu wetheko elingaphaya kwendalo".
  • Ukubhala amabali amnandi uvumo lombhali luyimfuneko.
"... ukwenza umfundi ukuba othuke okwamkhokelela ekubeni abhale ibali, urhwebo lombhali luyimfuneko, kwaye loo msebenzi ubandakanya, phakathi kwezinye izinto ezininzi, ekufezekiseni loo moya uqhelekileyo kulo naliphi na ibali elibalaseleyo, elifuna ukuqhubeka ukufunda, okutsala umdla, okwahlukanisa umfundi kuyo yonke into emngqongileyo emva koko, xa ibali ligqityiwe, limdibanisa neemeko zakhe ngendlela entsha, etyebileyo, enzulu okanye entle kakhulu. Kwaye ekuphela kwendlela okunokufezekiswa ngayo okomzuzwana ukuxhwilwa komfundi kungenxa yesitayile esekwe kubunzulu kunye noxinzelelo, isitayile apho izinto ezisesikweni nezicacisayo zihlengahlengiswayo, ngaphandle kwemvume encinci ... Uxinzelelo lwangaphakathi ebalini ziyimveliso yento ebendiyibiza ngokuba bubugcisa bombhali".

Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.

  1.   Ingelosi ye-BS sitsho

    Ngaba isicatshulwa esikulo mfanekiso sibhalwe ngokuchanekileyo? Akufanelekanga ukuba "ukuba uyawa ndiza kukuphakamisa kwaye ukuba andizukulala nawe"?

    1.    UCarmen Guillen sitsho

      Kulungile ewe BS Ángel, kodwa ngumfanekiso wasimahla ovela kwi-intanethi esikhethe ukuhamba nawo. Inopelo olugwenxa oluncinci kodwa kubonakala ngathi libinzana elilunge kakhulu. Enkosi ngengcaciso! Konke okugqibelele!