IHiroshima. 6 Agasti. Iincwadi ezi-5 zokukhumbula.

Agasti 6, 1945. Hiroshima. Umhla kunye nendawo emhlabeni ezinamathele kwenye iimemori ezimnyama kunye nezozisola kakhulu kwimbali yoluntu. Zezi Ufundo lwe-5 lokucingisisa ngaphezulu kwakhona. Bayazisayina abadlali kunye nabasindileyo ye-hecatomb yenyukliya eyatshabalalisa iNagasaki kwiintsuku ezintathu kamva.

Iibhombu zeatomiki: Hiroshima kunye neNagasaki -UJavier Vives

Le ncwadi yakhutshelwa i Isikhumbuzo seminyaka engama-70 yokuwa kweebhombu zeatom kwiHiroshima naseNagasaki. ikhona online kunye nenkxaso yoonozakuzaku baseJapan eSpain naseJapan Foundation, ngu irhafu kwezi zixeko zibini ukuqhushumba kwakhe kuphelisa imfazwe ngendlela enamandla neqinisekileyo. Kwakhona kubandakanya ifayile ye- udliwano ndlebe yenziwe yintatheli u-Inma Sanchís ubungqina yentlekele.

Idayari kaHiroshima yoGqirha waseJapan -UMichihiko Hachiya

Umdlali wakhe wayengugqirha owayabelwe kwisibhedlele sonxibelelwano Ukusuka eHiroshima. Wonzakele kuqhushumbo, ukwazile ukubuyela kwimeko yesiqhelo kwaye wazinikela ekuncedeni kwabanye abasindileyo. Ukuphanziswa kwakhe kukwanda kwezifo ezingaqondakaliyo kude kube nguloo mzuzu kwakunjengokuhlaziswa kukunikezela ilizwe lakhe kunye nomlawuli ongcwele. Kodwa wayesenezizathu zokuphila.

Umqhubi wenqwelomoya waseHiroshima -Günther Anders

Le ncwadi iqokelela ifayile ye imbalelwano oko kugcina ifilosofi yaseViennese UGünther Anders y Claude Ewe, umqhubi wenqwelomoya owaphosa ibhombu eHiroshima. Sele ibonisa kwaye ibonakalisa njengeklasikhi enomxholo ongapheliyo ukuziva unetyala Umqhubi wenqwelomoya wabandezeleka emva kokuqonda intlekele awayeyincedile.

Ngokwenyani, iodolo ibikukutshabalalisa ibhulorho phakathi kwekomkhulu kunye nesixeko saseHiroshima, kodwa a ukubala ngendlela engeyiyo wenza ukuba ibhombu iwele esixekweni. Buyela kwisiseko, ngokwenyani wathembisa ukuzinikela ekulweni izixhobo zenyukliya. Kwaye into embi eyenzekileyo yaphawula ezinye iintsuku zakhe.

Iileta ezivela esiphelweni sehlabathi -Toyofumi Ogura

Ngombhalo ongezantsi we Ngomntu owasinda eHiroshima, le ncwadi enye ubungqina bokuqala yomntu oweva ubunzima kuyo yonke into kwaye wayenokuxela ngayo. Kwakhona epistolary, Kunyaka emva kwentlekele uOgura ubhale a uthotho lweeleta ezothusayo kumfazi wakhe ofileyo malunga noko kwenzekayo ngelo xesha.

Hiroshima - John Hersey

Namhlanje esi sihloko uthengise ngaphezulu kwekopi ezizigidingu- uphawu lobuntatheli uphando kwaye sele ikho Uncwadi lwakudala lwemfazwe. Kukuphela kwenqaku, phakathi kwamawaka emibhalo ebhalwe kwibhombu yeatom, echaza ukuba babunjani ubomi kwabo basinde kuhlaselo lwenyukliya. Ukongeza, kunjalo iqwalasele inqaku lephephancwadi elidumileyo.

Ngehlobo lowe-1945 UWilliam shawn, umlawuli we INew Yorker, wathetha naye Intatheli uJohn Hersey malunga nokuthumela ibali eligxile kwelona candelo lomntu Iziphumo zebhombu yeatom eHiroshima. Wayecinga ukuba ngaphandle kwalo lonke ulwazi olufunyenweyo malunga nale bhombu, okwenzekileyo apho akuzange kuphawulwe okanye kungahoywa.

UHersey wasamkela eso sabelo kwaye waya eHiroshima eyokuphanda kwaye enze udliwanondlebe nabaninzi abasindayo kuqhushumbo awathi ekugqibeleni walukhetha. ubungqina ezintandathu: unayo umsebenzi wase-ofisini, Toshiko Sasaki; a medical, Masakazu Fuji; a umhlolokazi nabantwana abathathu, uHatsuyo Nakamura; a imisionero UmJamani, uBawo Wilhem Kleinsorge; umfana Ugqirha, Terufumi Sasaki, kunye mfundisi UmWisile, uMfundisi uKiyoshi Tanimoto.

Ukupapashwa kwayo kothusa uluntu. Kwakwingxelo ye Uhlelo olulodwa ukusuka eNew Yorker unyaka kunye nenyanga emva kwentlekele. Imagazini ithengisile kwaye izicelo zivela kwihlabathi liphela ukuba ziphinde zishicilelwe. Emva koko, ukusasazwa kwayo kwakufana nomlilo wasendle kwaye kwiinyanga ezimbalwa indlu yokupapasha kaAlfred A. Knopf yayipapasha njengencwadi. Kunyaka olandelayo yayisele iguqulelwe yapapashwa kuwo wonke umhlaba.


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