Iincwadi ezisi-8 ezibhalwe ekuthinjweni

Isabel Allende

U-Isabel Allende, omnye wababhali abadumileyo ekuthinjweni kwinkulungwane yama-XNUMX.

Isabel Allende ukhe wathi «eUkugxothwa kujonga kwixesha elidlulileyo, ukhotha amanxeba akhe; umphambukeli ujonge kwikamva, elungele ukusebenzisa amathuba afumanekayo kuye" Ngokusekwe kule ngxelo, izimvo zelizwe lokubhala malunga nokuthinjwa zahlukile, kodwa inyani yile: ukuhlala kude nelizwe lakho njengesiqhelo kwipanorama engenabulungisa kuvumela umbhali ukuba abe nembono enkulu nangakumbi malunga noko akushiye ngasemva, ukuze khosabela kwelinye ilizwe apho uza kwenza ibali laziwe. Baninzi ababhali abayishiyileyo iArgentina, iSpain okanye iNigeria beyokukhangela ubomi obungcono, bezenza ezi zinto zanaphakade Iincwadi ezisi-8 ezibhalwe ekuthinjweni

Udidi oluBalaseleyo lukaThixo, nguDante Alighieri

Emva kokuchasa ubuPapa ngokuthanda uMlawuli owayethatha umbono wakhe we-Itali emanyeneyo, UDante wagxothwa eFlorence wagwetywa elubhacweni olungapheliyo ngo-1302. Kwaye nangona umhla ngqo eyabhalwa ngawo awukaziwa, kukholelwa ukuba kwiminyaka yokuqala yokuthinjwa uDante wabhala inxenye I-Divine Comedy, i-classic yeencwadi ezikhoyo kunye nenqaku lotshintsho phakathi kwamaxesha aphakathi kunye noKuvuselelwa kweengcinga apho umbhali wayenombono wakhe wokufa kunye nasemva kokufa.

Les miserables, nguVictor Hugo

I-cosette-los-miserables-victor-hugo

Umbhali weLady Lady yaseParis akazange akholiswe lutshintsho olwenziwe nguNapoleon III, yiyo loo nto wagxothelwa eBrussels kwaye, kamva, kwisiqithi saseJersey, kwiChannel yesiNgesi. Ngeli thuba leminyaka engamashumi amabini, umbhali wakhulelwa Iintlungu, eyapapashwa ngo-1862. Ithathwa njengomnye wemisebenzi emikhulu yenkulungwane ye-XNUMX, i-Les Miserables iquka inguqu eyenzeka eParis ngeloxesha ngezopolitiko, ubugcisa okanye uyilo.

Imvelaphi yezilwanyana, nguJuan Ramón Jiménez

Ifoto nguJuan Ramón Jiménez

ULorca akakwazanga ukuxelela, uMachado akazange akwazi ukuhlala kwidesika yangaphandle kunye no-Alberti babhekana nobunzima obuninzi ukuze bashiye iSpain ixutywe yiMfazwe yombutho. Ngokubhekisele kuJiménez, umbhali wakwazi ukufikelela eWashington kwaye abalekele kwimfihlakalo awayeza kuyifumana kumaphepha emisebenzi enje nge-Animal de fondo, umsebenzi awayewubumba «Ukufuna nokunqwenela uThixo»Lowo wabuza ubomi bakhe obuninzi.

Intsomi, uncwadi kunye nehlabathi laseAfrika, nguWole Soyinka

wole-soyinka

Ibali lakudala (kwaye elibuhlungu) lombhali wase-Afrika: ukuchasa impembelelo yamanye amazwe, ukubhala malunga neetabho zoluntu olonakeleyo, kunye nokuphela ejele. Kwimeko ye-Nigerian Soyinka, Umbhali wokuqala wase-Afrika ukufumana uNobel Prize kuLwazi ngo-1986, Ukuthinjwa kwakhe kwaphela iinyanga ezingama-22 kwaye ukuthunjwa kwakhe kwenzeka ngo-1972, unyaka owawuza kuphawula ukuqala kwelona xesha lakhe lokudala. Ngaphandle kwento yokuba kukho imisebenzi embalwa efumanekayo ngeSpanish ngalo mbhali (kwiAmazon uyakufumana Shuttle kwi-cryptIsincoko sakhe Intsomi, uncwadi kunye neLizwe laseAfrika lihlala lilitye lembombo leencwadi zakhe.

Indlu yeMimoya, ngu-Isabel Allende

Ibali losapho ngamaxesha eChile anengxaki esaziyo sonke namhlanje ukuba wakhawulwa ngu-Allende a 8 de enero de 1981 emva kokuqala ukubhala ileta eya kutatomkhulu wakhe, owayesandula ukubhubha kwaye ebambeke phantsi kolawulo lobuzwilakhe lukaPinochet. Ukusukela ngoko, u-Isabel Allende akakhange abe lelinye lawona mazwi anempembelelo esiLatin ukusukela ekuthinjweni, kodwa uye wamkela olo suku ludumileyo lukaJanuwari njengendawo yokuqala yenoveli yakhe entsha.

Ngaphambi kokuwa kobusuku, nguReinaldo Arenas

Ababhali abathandana nabantu besini esinye kunye neCuba zange ibeyindibaniselwano elungileyo, ngakumbi kuba ulawulo lobuzwilakhe lukaCastro lwalugqugqisile ngeminyaka yoo 60. USevero Sarduy wayeyazi xa ejika iParis yaba yifestile aza kulilela yona iCuba yemibala kunye neentshukumo azishiye ngasemva, iLa Novia, ngu-Ahmel Echevarría, wathetha ngemicimbi yokuthandana kwabantu besini esinye ngexesha leGrey Quinquennium, ngelixa u-Arenas wayengoyena uphume kabuhlungu. Emva kokufika eNew York kwii-80s zokuqala kwaye wazibulala ngo-1990 emva kweminyaka eliqela enesifo sikaGawulayo, umbhali Javier Bardem wanika ubomi kwi-cinema wabhala phantse iincwadi ezilishumi phakathi kwazo ezime ngaphandle ngobomi bakhe ngaphambi kokuwa kobusuku, okwaphela iintsuku ezimbalwa ngaphambi kokuba asweleke.

Njengonyawo lwentaka esemoyeni, nguHéctor Bianciotti

"Kwadlula ngaphezulu kwekota yenkulungwane ndingabuyelanga kwilizwe lam lokuzalwa okokuqala" Ibinzana eliqala isicatshulwa somsebenzi kaBianciotti opapashwe ngo-2000. Incwadi ene-biografi eninzi kwaye lo mbhali waseArgentina ubuza ubunjani besazisi, ukuba kufanelekile ukuba ibotshelelwe kwindawo yakhe yokuzalwa okanye ukuba sisambuku kuzo zonke iindawo ohlala kuzo. Kwimeko yakhe, iindawo awazigxothela kuzo esuka kwiPampas yakhe yoqobo ngo-1955 yayiseSpain, i-Itali neParis. U-Bianciotti usweleke e-2012.

IMorocco yam, ngu-Abdelá Taia

Ipapashwe ngo-2000, iMorocco yam ithetha ngobuqhetseba obufihlwe kwimizimba, amavumba kunye neentsapho zelizwe apho uTaia wazalelwa khona, umzobi owathi ngo-2006 wavuma ubufanasini kwiphephancwadi iTel Quel, nto leyo eyadala ihlazo elikhulu eMorocco. Kungekudala emva koko, umhlaba wafumanisa izizathu ezininzi zokuba lo mbhali bhanyabhanya kunye nombhali bazokuya elubhacweni eYurophu emva kokufumana isifundi eGeneva.

Ukunyanzelwa okanye ngokuzithandela, ukugxothwa kuye kwakho ukusukela kumaxesha amandulo, uninzi lweengcinga zigwetyelwe ukuveza uluvo oluchasene nenkqubo. Amadoda akhaliphileyo enza ukuba kwenzeke oku Iincwadi ezisi-8 ezibhalwe ekuthinjweni yenze imisebenzi eyahlukileyo, ngombono. Kwingoma yobomi obudlulileyo obungasayi kubuya.

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