Ngaba ezi ziincwadana ezingama-25 zeBritane ezingcono?

Ewe, yile nto ithethwa ngabantu BBC, ngubani obuze lo mbuzo kubagxeki bamanye amazwe (abafundi abangaphandle kwe-UK), kwaye kujongeka ngathi kujongeka njengeenjongo. Iziphumo yayikukhetho lwe 25 izihloko ithathwa njenge Iincwadana ezilungileyo zaseBritane. Ziphakathi kwazo Iindawo eziphakamileyo zeWuthering, uJane Eyre, uLindelo olukhulu, Intliziyo yobumnyama o 1984. Kwaye ababhali baninzi. Makhe sijonge. Ndiyavuma kwezinye zazo kwaye ndiqinisekile ukuba abafundi abaninzi baya kwenza njalo.

Ukubaluleka kwabasetyhini

Inyani ye ubukho ngakumbi bababhali Ngaphezu kwababhali kuba batyikitya phantse isiqingatha sezihloko ezikhethiweyo, ezi-6 kwezili-10 ezivotelwe kakhulu, kwaye ziphakathi kwe Phezulu 3. Kwaye ngamagama afana nalawo UGeorge Eliot, uVirginia Woolf noJane Austen, umzekelo, ukuba bathathe kukhankanywe kathathu. Kwaye ngokuqinisekileyo oodade Amagama omnxeba we Charonte (ingenzeka njani enye into ngale trio), ophumeleleyo kwiNobel Prize UDoris Ukufunda, kunye no Zadie Smith wangoku njengegama elaziwayo kwikhulu lama-XNUMX.

XIX kwinkulungwane

Nguye Inkulungwane ebalaseleyo nakolu khetho lwe-BBC. Mhlawumbi sifana noko ezakudala zethu ezinkulu zesizwe yexesha njenge Benito Pérez Galdós, Emilia Pardo Bazán, Leopoldo Alas «Clarín», Larra okanye Blasco Ibáñez. Kwaye ngaba uninzi lweencwadana ezinkulu zaseBritane zabhalwa ngexesha le- Ubudala bama-Victori, ikwadibana nokusekwa ngokupheleleyo koVukelo lwezoShishino kunye noMboniso oMkhulu waseLondon. Kufuneka ubone amagama anje ngoDickens, Thackeray, Hardy okanye uConrad, osele emdeni kwi-XX.

Eyona nto ibhetele

Elinye abagxeki abalikhethileyo njenge Eyona noveli yaseBritane kwakunjalo Middlemarch, yeyabafundi bamanye amazwe okanye nezinye iilwimi, engeyona, ethandwa kakhulu. Ityikityiwe UMary Anne Evans, Waziwa ngcono ligama lakhe eliyindoda UGeorge Eliot. Kwakungeyakhe Inoveli yesixhenxe kwaye inombhalo ongezantsi "wokufunda ngobomi kumaphondo," onika imikhondo eyaneleyo yokuqikelela umfanekiso ochanekileyo woluntu lwaseBritane ukusukela kwisiqingatha sesibini senkulungwane ye-XNUMX.

Yenzeka kwingingqi ye Mid Mid, kwisixeko esicinga njengeMiddlemarch. Yayipapashwe ekuqaleni nge iifascici iphele iyimiqulu esi-8. Kuzo umbhali udityanisiwe ubunyani kunye nokuhlekisa iinxalenye ezilinganayo kuloo fresco yentlalo. Ubunyani obabukho umxholo oqhelekileyo kuninzi loncwadi lweprose lwaloo nkulungwane.

Iinoveli ezingama-25

1. Middlemarch (Ngo-1874), nguGeorge Eliot.

2. Kwigumbi lokukhanya (1927), nguVirginia Woolf.

3. UNksk Dalloway (1925), nguVirginia Woolf.

4. Amathemba amakhulu (Ngo-1861), nguCharles Dickens.

5. UJane Eyre (Ngo-1847), nguCharlotte Brontë.

6. Indlu ebharhileyo (Ngo-1853), nguCharles Dickens.

7. iwuthering Heights (Ngo-1847), nguEmily Brontë.

8. UDavid Copperfield (Ngo-1850), nguCharles Dickens.

9. Frankenstein (Ngo-1818), nguMary Shelley.

10. Ilize elungileyo (Ngo-1848), nguWilliam Makepeace Thackeray.

11. Ikratshi nomkhethe (1813), nguJane Austen.

12. 1984 (Ngo-1949), nguGeorge Orwell.

13. Ijoni elilungileyo (Ngo-1915), nguFord Madox Ford.

14. Clarissa (Ngo-1748), nguSamuel Richardson.

15. Intlawulelo (2001), ngu-Ian McEwan.

16. Imivalo (1931), nguVirginia Woolf.

17. Indlu enkulu (iiWowards ziphela) (Ngo-1910) ngu-EM Forster.

18. Yintoni eseleyo yosuku (1989), nguKazuo Ishiguro.

19. Emma (1815), nguJane Austen.

20. Ukweyisela (1817), nguJane Austen.

21. Intliziyo yobumnyama (Ngo-1899), nguJoseph Conrad.

22. Tom Jones (Ngo-1749), nguHenry Fielding.

23. UYuda ubumnyama (Ngo-1895), nguThomas Hardy.

24. Incwadana yegolide (1962), nguDoris Lessing.

25. Amazinyo amhlophe (2000), ebhalwe nguZadie Smith.

Ndihlala ne ...

… Mhlawumbi ngakumbi nezinye iinoveli ngabanye bababhali. Umzekelo, ukusuka UDickens Ngendikhethe eyakhe U-Oliver Twist nkqu neyabo Amabali eKrisimesi. Kodwa ke, Mnu. Ukusuka Hardy Ndingahlala Kude nesihlwele esinomsindo. Kwaye Orwell nge Ifama.

Kodwa ezinye zangqinelana ikakhulu. Izihloko ezinje iwuthering Heights o UJane Eyre inokuba kulo naluphi na uluhlu lweenoveli ezinkulu ngalo lonke ixesha, njengoko kunjalo nge Frankenstein NguMary Shelley.

Ucinga ntoni wena? Ngaba uphose nayiphi na? Ungatshintsha ezinye izihloko? Zingaphi ozifundileyo kwaye yeyiphi oyithandayo?


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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
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  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.

  1.   M. Victoria Fernandez sitsho

    Ndilahlekile uElizabeth Gaskell:
    UMary Barton (1848)
    ICranford 1851-3)
    URute (1853)
    Emantla nase Mzantsi (1854-5)
    Abafazi kunye neentombi (1865)