Iilayibrari ezilishumi ezilungileyo eYurophu

mathala eencwadi

Kweminye, iparadesi ayisiyonxweme esimhlophe kuphela kunye namanzi acwecwe ngekristale. Ukuba uthanda ukuhamba kwaye unomdla kwiincwadi, awunakuyeka ukuzibona ezi layibrari zintle.

Namhlanje siza kugxila kwezona ndawo zintle zeyona ndawo ibalaseleyo eYurophu. Sijoyine kolu hambo ngaphandle kokushiya ikhaya. 

Ithala leencwadi leRoyal Monastery yaseSan Lorenzo del Escorial, eMadrid

Akunyanzelekanga ukuba uye kude ukuze ucamngce lo mmangaliso woKuvuselelwa ubekwe eSan Lorenzo del Escorial, yasekwa nguFelipe II.

Inani lemiqulu kwithala leencwadi liqikelelwa kuma-40.000. Phakathi kwabo, ikakhulu siya kufumana imibhalo-ngqangi ngesiLatin, isiGrike, isiHebhere, isiArabhu kunye neSpanish. Ithala leencwadi likwanemiqulu kwezinye iilwimi ezinje ngeCatalan, isiValencian, isiPersi, iProvençal, isiTaliyane nkqu nesiTurkey.

IHolohov yeTheoloji, ePrague

Ithala leencwadi laseStrahov

Eyakhelwe kwi-1671 kwiStrahov Monastery, yenye yeelayibrari zakudala eziqokelelweyo nezixabisekileyo. Isakhiwo esingumfuziselo asihlali ngaphezulu kwaye akukho ngaphantsi kwama-200.000. Phakathi kwazo kukho imibhalo-ngqangi emalunga nama-3000 1500 ne-XNUMX incunabula. Kuya kufuneka uhlawule ukungena, nangona iindleko zingabizi kakhulu kwaye uvunyelwe ukuthatha iifoto kwaye urekhode iividiyo. Utyelelo olunyanzelekileyo ukuba iPrague yindawo yakho oya kuyo.

Ithala leencwadi i-Abbey eSt Gallen, eSwitzerland

Thobela iThala leeNcwadi leCawa

Eli litye le-rococo lakhiwa ngo-1758, lelona libaluleke kakhulu kwilizwe elingathathi cala. Incinci kodwa inomtsalane, inamanani ayi-160.000. Esi sakhiwo sinomtsalane ongashiyi mntu engenankathalo. Ngononophelo olukhulu, bade babonelele izilayidi xa zingena ukuze zingonakalisi umgangatho. Umboniso wembali ekungekho mntu unokuphoswa kuwo.

Ithala leencwadi lase-Admont Abbey, e-Austria

Ithala leencwadi lase-Admont Abbey

 

Ngaphandle kwamathandabuzo indala kwaye inyanzelisa kuyo yonke i-Austria. Eli thala leencwadi lathunyelwa ngukumkani u-Abbot Matthäus Offner kumyili wezakhiwo uJoseph Hueber. Oqale ukwakha ngo-1776. Ithathwa njengelona thala leencwadi likhulu leemonki ehlabathini. Iqukethe iisampulu ezingama-200.000, nangona kuqikelelwa ukuba ezingama-70.000 zabuyiselwa. Phakathi kweembalasane kukho umbhalo-ngqangi okhanyisiweyo we-Admont Bible.

IThala leeNcwadi leKholeji yaseQueens, eOxford

ILayibrari yaseKumkanikazi yaseOxford Library

Idityaniswe kwiDyunivesithi yaseOxford, inezindlu ezingama-50.000. Ifanele ibhotwe, yinto ekungekho mthandi weencwadi ukuba ayiphose. Eyona nto intle malunga neThala leencwadi eliPhezulu kukuba isasebenza. Ngaba unokucinga ukuba ulungiselela iimviwo zakho kwimeko enje?

ILayibrari yeKholeji yaseTrinity, eDublin

ILayibrari yeKholeji yaseTrinity

Y Voila! Eli yayilithala leencwadi elikhethwe ukudubula imiboniso kaHarry Potter kunye neNtolongo yaseAzkaban. Kuya kufuneka uhlawule ukungena, kodwa malunga nee-euro ezingama-14, uya kuba nohambo olukhokelwayo. Eyona nto ibalulekileyo malunga nelayibrari, ngaphandle koyilo lwayo kunye nokusingqongileyo, yile Incwadi yeeKells.

ILayibrari yaseRoyal yaseDenmark, eCopenhagen

ILayibrari yaseRoyal yaseDenmark

Ikwabizwa ngokuba yi "Black Diamond", sesona sihlalo sibalulekileyo kwiThala leeNcwadi laseCophenague. Zingaphezulu kwama-250.000 iikopi ezisasazeke kwimigangatho esibhozo kunye namagumbi okufundela amathandathu. Isakhiwo sanamhlanje esakhiwe ngeemabhile ezimnyama kunye neglasi ejonge elwandle, yenze utyelelo olunyanzelekileyo kwikomkhulu laseDenmark.

Ithala leencwadi laseStuttgart, eStuttgart

Ithala leencwadi laseStuttgart

Ukufunda kunye noyilo. Nokuba ukhetha ntoni, le yindawo yakho. Lo msebenzi ngu-Eun Youn Yi uthathwa njengenye yeelayibrari ezilungileyo kwihlabathi. Uyilo lwale mihla, indawo kunye nokukhanya, shiya abo bayindwendweleyo bevule imilomo. Kolu lwakhiwo lukhulu kukho ukusayinwa kweencwadi, iminyhadala kunye nemiboniso.

Ithala leencwadi eliphakathi eBristol, eBristol

IThala Leencwadi laseBristol

Isakhiwo njengoko sisazi namhlanje sakhiwa ngo-1906, kwixesha lase-Edoardine. Igcina iincwadi ngesiSomalia, isiArabhu, isiBengali, isiTshayina. IsiKurdish, isiPastu, isiPunjabi, isiVietnam, isiCzech, isiFrentshi, isiJamani, isiTaliyane, isiPolish, isiPhuthukezi, isiRashiya kunye neSpanish. Ukongeza koku, ababhalisi bemihla ngemihla kunye nenyanga banokwenziwa kumaphephandaba aseYurophu, e-Afrika naseMpuma.

 

ILayibrari yeSizwe yaseFransi, eParis

ILayibrari yeSizwe yaseFransi

I-BnF okanye iThala leLizwe laseFrance, lelinye lawona mathala abalulekileyo kweli lizwe. Ikomkhulu labo eliphambili, uFrançois Mitterrand, ubekwe eTolbiac, emazantsi eParis. Kukho umthetho kwithala leencwadi ofuna ukuba ikopi yayo yonke imisebenzi epapashwe eFrance igcinwe. Ine -… ezizigidi ezili-13 zeencwadi ezisasazwe kuwo onke amasebe. Ezine esizifumana eParis likomkhulu leF Mitterrand, ikomkhulu leArsenal, ithala lembali leOpera kunye neyona ndawo ibalulekileyo, ikomkhulu laseRichelieu.

Le yinotshi encinci yemimangaliso esinokuyifumana eYurophu. Ke ngoku niyazi, zikhuthazeni ngokudibanisa uncwadi kunye nohambo kwaye ungayeki ukundwendwela obu butyebi bumnandi.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.

  1.   Jose sitsho

    Enkosi kakhulu ngokudityaniswa. Kwaye enye yezona zinto zibalaseleyo lilayibrari yeNdlu yeSizwe yaseMafra, ePortugal, ebabazekayo.