Iingqungquthela zeLatin American (II)

Umzekeliso ka-Ana Juan

Izolo siqale eli nqaku liphindwe kabini, ngenxalenye yokuqala «Imihobe yaseMelika yaseSpain yangoku« apho besithetha nawe ngeembongi ezinje ngoGabriela Mistral, uJosé Marti okanye uPablo Neruda. Kolu fakelo sikulethela enye i-3 engacacanga kunezo zangaphambili. Imalunga ne UCésar Vallejo, UVicente Huidobro y I-Octavio Paz.

Ukuba ufuna ukuqhubeka nokonwabela umbongo olungileyo ovela kwelinye icala ledama, hlala ufunde eli nqaku. Siyathembisa uyakonwabela.

UCésar Vallejo

Este I Peruvia Yombongo we-avant-garde owazalwa ngo-1982 kwaye wasweleka ngo-1938 wabalasela ngomsebenzi wakhe obaluleke kakhulu kwimibongo. Umsebenzi wakhe "AbaHloli abaMnyama" Ipapashwe ngo-1919, igcina i-echoes ye-Modernism, kodwa ezininzi izibongo zakhe, ezijolise ekubandezelekeni nasekubandezelekeni, ziqala ngokubonisa imitha engavumelekanga kwaye ibhalwe ngetoni engacwangciswanga kunokuba ibonwe ngoku.

Njengoko ebhala, sibona indlela athinjwe ngayo, ukusweleka kukamama wakhe, imfazwe eyintlekele yaseSpeyin kunye nokungekho sikweni ngokubanzi, kuthabatha inxaxheba enkulu emsebenzini wakhe wexesha elizayo. Kule siqwengana sifutshane sinikezelwe kuye sifuna ukukunika kancinci "AbaHloli abaMnyama", apho iintlungu zomntu yeyona nto iphambili yomsebenzi:

Kukho izithonga ebomini, zomelele… andazi!
Ukubethwa njengenzondo kaThixo; ngokungathi phambi kwabo,
i-hangover yayo yonke into yahlupheka
iya echibini emphefumlweni ... andazi!

Bambalwa; kodwa zi ... zivula imijelo emnyama
kobuso obunamandla kunye nomqolo onamandla.
Mhlawumbi iyakuba zizilwanyana zamabharbhari u-Attila;
okanye abantu abamnyama basazisa ukuba uKufa usithumela.

Zezona ukuwa okunzulu kweeChrists zomphefumlo
yokholo oluthandekayo lokuba iLishwa liyanyelisa.
Ezo zigazi zegazi ziingceba
yesonka esivutha emnyango we-oveni.

Indoda ke leyo… ihlwempu… ihlwempu! Qengqa amehlo akho ngathi
xa uqhwaba lusibizela egxalabeni;
ajike amehlo aphambeneyo, kwaye yonke into yaphila
ichibi, njengechibi lesono, emehlweni.

Kukho izithonga ebomini, zomelele… andazi!

UVicente Huidobro

Este Umbhali waseChile, Ukusukela kwixesha le-avant-garde yemibongo yaseLatin American, njengoCésar Vallejo, naye walima iinoveli kunye neqonga ukongeza kwimibongo.

Kwakunjalo omnye wabasunguli be "indalo", indlalifa yobukho bomntu kwaye yapapashwa ngo-1914 ngesiqubulo 'Akukho serviam', ephika ukuba ubugcisa kufuneka buxelise indalo kwaye igcine ukuba kufuneka yenze izinto ezintsha ngegama.

U-Huidobro ushwankathela kulo mbongo ukuba siza kubona ngaphantsi kombono wakhe wenkqubo yokuyila, ukuyithatha njenge-manifesto yethiyori yakhe yendalo:

Ubugcisa bemibongo

Ivesi mayibe sisitshixo
Oko kuvula iingcango eziliwaka.
Igqabi liyawa; into idlula;
Ubungakanani bamehlo abonakalayo ukuba,
Kwaye umphefumlo womphulaphuli uhlala ungcangcazela.

Qalisa ihlabathi elitsha kwaye unakekele ilizwi lakho;
Xa isichazi singaniki ubomi, siyabulala.

Sikumjikelo weemithambo.
Isihlunu sijinga,
Njengoko ndikhumbula, kwiimyuziyam;
Kodwa ayisosizathu sokuba sinamandla amancinci:
Amandla okwenene
Ihlala entloko.

Kutheni ucula irosa, oh imbongi!
Yenze idubule kumbongo;

Okwethu nje
Zonke izinto zihlala phantsi kwelanga.

Imbongi inguThixo omncinci.

I-Octavio Paz

I-Contemporary Hispano-American Poetry

Octavio Paz, ithiyori enkulu yokuzimela kwelizwi ngokubhekisele kwinyani: "Ngaphandle kwehlabathi lemiqondiso, elililizwe lamagama, akukho hlabathi." Kulo mbongo ngu "Isalamander" yapapashwa ngo-1962, imbongi WaseMexico iphakamisa ezo imida phakathi kwenyani kunye nokungeyonyani:

Ukuba ukukhanya okumhlophe kuyinyani
kwesi sibane, siyinyani
Isandla esibhalayo, ngaba ziyinyani
Amehlo ajonga into ebhaliweyo?

Ukusuka kwigama elinye ukuya kwelinye
lento ndiyithethayo iyaphela.
Ndiyazi ukuba ndiyaphila
phakathi kwabazali ababini.

Kwaye ukuza kuthi ga ngoku eli nqaku liphindwe kabini lombongo waseLatin American. Ukuba uyayithanda kwaye ufuna ukuba sijonge emva amaxesha ngamaxesha kwaye siphinde sibuyele kwimibhalo kunye namagama eembongi kunye nabanye ababhali abasinike okuninzi ngelo xesha (kwaye baqhubeke nokusinika), kufuneka usixelele amagqabantshintshi okanye uthungelwano lwasentlalweni. Uvuyo ngoLwesine ebusuku!


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

Izimvo, shiya eyakho

Shiya uluvo lwakho

Idilesi yakho ye email aziyi kupapashwa.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.

  1.   Melvin Escalona (@ melvinviejo1) sitsho

    Ngendlela efanayo, ndikhangele phambili kwezi mpapasho zilandelayo. Ndiyathemba ukuvuka phakathi kwabo ndandifunda nabo kwisiXeko sam esimi nkqo, eCiudad Palmita kwiParish yaseSanta Teresa yesixeko saseCaracas Venezuela; ukusukela apho kuya kubakho abanye ababhali, iimbongi kunye nababhali beembali abanemiphefumlo yenkcubeko eneemvakalelo zobomi