UOscar Wilde. Soloko ubukrelekrele. Iziqwenga zemisebenzi yakhe zintathu

Namhlanje kukhunjulwa isikhumbuzo esitsha se Ukuzalwa kuka-Oscar Wilde, omnye wababhali abadumileyo, ababhali bemidlalo kunye neembongi kwimbali yoncwadi. Imisebenzi yakhe, ezele yimpoxo, isigqebelo nobukrelekrele, Ndihleli kwizizukulwana ezizayo njenge Imbonakalo egqwethekileyo yoluntu yexesha lakhe. Izinto endizithandayo, kwaye ndiyacinga ukuba kwabelwana ngazo ngabantu abaqhelekileyo, ngaba Umzobo kaDorian Grey y Ukubaluleka kokubizwa ngokuba yi-Ernesto. Kodwa eyona ibambe indawo ekhethekileyo entliziyweni yam nakwinkumbulo yile Isiporho saseCanterville. Ukuhlangula Iziqwenga ezi-3 kubo ukukhumbula umbhali omkhulu waseIreland.

Oscar Wilde

Wazalwa ngo-1854 eDublin, wayevela kusapho lweengcungcu kwaye ungowesibini kubantakwabo abathathu. Waqala izifundo zakhe e College College Apho wayengumfundi okrelekrele, wazigqiba Oxford. Waba yingcali ezakudala zoncwadi lwesiGrike kwaye waphumelela iimbasa ezininzi zemibongo. Kwangelo xesha wayehamba eYurophu.

Emva kokuba ezinzile ELondon, apho watshata kwaye wayenabantwana ababini. Kuxa aqala ukuvelisa imisebenzi yakhe yokuqala enempumelelo, enje Imifanekiso kaDorian Grey, okanye, iitafile, Umlandeli kaLady Windermer, Salome o Ukubaluleka kokubizwa ngokuba yi-Ernesto.

Kodwa Ekupheleni kuka-1895 ubomi bakhe kunye nomsebenzi wakhe uthathe utshintsho olukhulu xa enjalo utyholwa ngesodomy ngutata womhlobo wakho osenyongweni. Wagwetywa iminyaka emibini esebenza nzima, wayesentolongweni apho wabhala ileta ende eyenziwayo UDe ProfundisUkuphuma kwakhe ejele wabandezeleka konke ukwaliwa ekuhlaleni kwaye uye ku EFransi Waqhubeka ehamba eYurophu de waphela EParis, apho wasweleka khona xa wayeneminyaka engama-46 kuphela ubudala.

Imisebenzi engakumbi

  • Umyeni ofanelekileyo
  • IiDuchess zasePadua
  • Ulwaphulo-mthetho lweNkosi Arthur Saville
  • INkosana eyonwabileyo
  • Gqibezela amabali
  • Entolongweni

Iziqwenga zemisebenzi yakhe

Umzobo kaDorian Grey

Kuba ukuphembelela umntu kukumnika owethu umphefumlo. Ayizukuba neengcinga zayo, kwaye iya kubamba umlilo kunye neenkanuko zayo. Ukulunga kwakhe akuyi kuba kokwenyani, izono zakhe, ukuba zikho izono, ziya kubolekwa. Uba ngumculo womnye umntu, umdlali weqonga elingabhalelwanga yena. Injongo yobomi kukuphuhlisa isiqu sakho. Ukufumana imeko yakho efanelekileyo, yiyo loo nto elapha kuthi silapha. Umhlaba uyoyika ngokwawo, balibale ezona zibophelelo zibalaseleyo, ezabo. Ewe banesisa, bondla abalambileyo, kwaye banxiba abaceli. Kodwa isiqu sakhe siyalamba kwaye sihamba ze. Isibindi sabaleka elugqatsweni lwethu. Mhlawumbi asikaze sibe nayo. Uloyiko loluntu, olusisiseko sokuziphatha, uloyiko lukaThixo, oluyimfihlo yenkolo, zizinto ezimbini ezilawulayo thina. Ukanti ... Nangona kunjalo, ndiyakholelwa ukuba ukuba umntu ebephila ubomi bakhe ngokupheleleyo kunye nomda, ukuba uthe wanika imvakalelo kuzo zonke iimvakalelo, intetho kwingcinga nganye, inyani kuwo onke amaphupha. Umhlaba ungafikelela kulwandiso olutsha lovuyo kangangokuba silibale ngobubi be-mediocrity, kwaye sibuyele kwiminyaka eyi-Hellenic efanelekileyo, kwinto emnandi, etyebileyo, kuneyona nto ifanelekileyo yamaGrike. Kodwa nendoda enobukroti iyazoyika ... Kuye kwathiwa ezona ziganeko zibalaseleyo emhlabeni zenzeka kwiingqondo zethu. Kusengqondweni, kwaye kuyo kuphela, apho izono ezinkulu zehlabathi zenzeka khona. Wena, Mnu. Grey, ngokwakho, kunye nobutsha bakho obuqaqambileyo kunye nokufikisa okumhlophe, uye waneminqweno eyakoyikisayo, iingcinga ezikugcwalisa ngoloyiko, amaphupha okuvuka kunye nokulala onenkumbulo ezinokuzonakalisa izidlele zakho zihlazo.

Ukubaluleka kokubizwa ngokuba yi-Ernesto

Amagama amaninzi aqhelekileyo kunye aqhelekanga ngegama Cecilia. -I-Prism kaMiss, ithi izinto ezinomtsalane zibophelela.
ALGERNON. -Iqhina apho wonke umntu onengqondo efuna ukubanjwa khona.
Amagama amaninzi aqhelekileyo kunye aqhelekanga ngegama Cecilia. -Hawu! Andiqondi ukuba ndingathanda ukuba fuck umntu onengqondo. Bendingazokwazi ukuba ndithethe naye ngantoni. (Bangena endlwini. MISS PRISM noGqirha CHASUBLE bayabuya.)
INKQUBO YENKQUBO. "Ulilolo, sithandwa sam uGqirha Chasuble. Ufanele ukutshata." Ndiyayiqonda i-misanthrope, kodwa umfazi anthropo akasoze!
UTSHINTSHO. (Ndingcangcazela yindoda efundileyo.) Ndikholelwe, andifanelekanga ukuba ndinelizwi elinophawu olunje. Ummiselo, kunye nokusebenza kweCawa yokuqala, ngokucacileyo wawuchasene nomtshato.
INKQUBO YENKQUBO. (Isivakalisi.) - Esi sesona sizathu sokuba iCawe yokuqala ingahlali nanamhla. Kwaye kubonakala ngathi awuqondi, gqirha wam othandekayo, ukuba indoda inyanzelisa ukuhlala ingatshatanga iba sisilingo esidlangalaleni. Amadoda kufuneka alumke ngakumbi; Kukungatshati kwabo okuphulukana nendalo ebuthathaka.
UTSHINTSHO. "Kodwa ngaba indoda ayinayo into efanayo xa itshatile?"
INKQUBO YENKQUBO. -Umntu otshatileyo akaze athande ngaphandle komfazi wakhe.
UTSHINTSHO. "Kwaye amaxesha amaninzi, ndixelelwa, nokuba ayenzelwanga yena."

Isiporho saseCanterville

Ngosuku olulandelayo isiporho saziva sibuthathaka kakhulu, sidinwe kakhulu. Iimvakalelo ezimbi zeeveki ezine ezidlulileyo beziqala ukuthatha umthwalo. Inkqubo yakhe yemithambo-luvo yatshintsha ngokupheleleyo, waze wangcangcazela nasengxolweni. Khange alishiye igumbi lakhe kangangeentsuku ezintlanu, kwaye uqukumbele ngokwenza umnyinyiva ngokubhekisele kwibala legazi kumgangatho wethala leencwadi. Kuba usapho lakwaOtis lwalungafuni ukumbona, ngokuqinisekileyo babengalufanelanga. Aba bantu babekwa ngokubonakalayo kumgangatho ongezantsi wobomi bezinto kwaye abakwazanga ukuxabisa ixabiso lokomfuziselo lweziganeko ezinengqiqo. Umbuzo wokubonakala kwe-phantom kunye nokukhula kwemizimba ye-astral kwakungaziwa kubo kwaye ngokungathandabuzekiyo ngaphaya kokufikelela kwabo. Kodwa ubuncinci ibingumsebenzi ongenakuphepheka kuye ukuba abonakale kwipaseji kube kanye ngeveki kunye ne-splutter ngefestile enkulu ekhonjisiweyo ngolwesiThathu wokuqala nowesithathu kwinyanga nganye. Akaboni ndlela ifanelekileyo yokuthobela olo xanduva. Kuyinyani ukuba ubomi bakhe babunetyala kakhulu; Kodwa emva koko, wayeyindoda enesazela kuzo zonke izinto ezingaphezu kwendalo. Ke, ngeMigqibelo emithathu elandelayo wanqumla ipaseji, njengesiqhelo, phakathi kobusuku ukuya kweyesithathu ekuseni, ethatha onke amanyathelo okhuseleko ukuba angabonwa okanye eve. Ukhulule iibhutsi zakhe, wanyathela kancinci njengoko wayenako kumaplanga amadala abolileyo, wazisongela ngengubo enkulu yevelvet emnyama, kwaye waqhubeka esebenzisa igrisi yeSol-Levante ukuthambisa iityathanga zakhe. Ndinyanzelekile ukuba ndivume ukuba kwaba semva kokuthandabuza okuninzi awathi wagqiba kwelokuba amkele le ndlela yokugqibela yokhuseleko. Kodwa ngobusuku bokugqibela, xa usapho lwalusitya, wangena kwigumbi lokulala likaMnumzana u-Otis, wathatha ibhotile.


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