Unyaka omtsha wamatshayina. Iincwadi ezi-8 zokusondela kwilizwe elinomdla kwimpuma

Ngoku i Unyaka omtsha wamatshayina ngale mihla, eyona ibalulekileyo kwimibhiyozo yale mpuma. I-2018 yethu ngu 4716 wabo kwaye uya kuba ngu Unyaka weNja yoMhlaba. Ke kuthi sonke esiyiChows njengokuchwetheza, unyaka omtsha onwabile! Namhlanje ndihambahamba kwezi Iincwadi ezisi-8 ngezihloko ezahlukeneyo malunga neChina. I-Astrology, intsomi yolwaphulo-mthetho, ezembali, ezakudala eziyimfuneko kunye nokuthanda ukwazi.

2018. Unyaka weNja yoMhlaba -UMonica noBruno Koppel

Masihambe nesi sihloko sokuqala, a Isikhokelo esisekwe kwi-Chinese astrology kunye ne-metaphysics kunye ne-Feng Shui. Ukukunika uphononongo lomhla wokuqala wenyanga kunye neminyaka yelanga kwikhalenda yaseTshayina, kunye nezithethe zeminyhadala, ukutya okucetyiswayo, njl. Yenza i uqikelelo lonyaka nenyanga nganye. Kuyabonakala ukuba i-2018 iyakulawulwa ngumhlaba kwaye iya kuba ngunyaka ogcwele imicimbi ebalulekileyo kwaye iphawulwe ngumba wokhuseleko kunye nokwanda kweentshukumo zentlalo.

Ubugcisa bemfazwe - Sun Tzu

El Isihloko seklasikhi esingabalulekanga Yeyona ngxelo idumileyo yesicwangciso kwihlabathi. Ixesha elingaphezulu ibe yincwadi yehlelo kwilizwe lezoshishino. Kwaye yile ncwadi incinci iphakamisa ezinye Imigaqo esebenzayo kuzo zombini ezomkhosi kunye neshishini okanye iqhinga lezopolitiko. Zindala njengangoku, zinokunceda ekuboniseni nangaluphi na uhlobo lwengxaki kunye nokucebisa ngeendlela ezifanelekileyo zokuzisombulula.

Imbali emfutshane yase China - UPedro Cemos

Uhlelo luhlaziyiwe kwaye luhlaziyiwe ngu UCeinos yoku ngoku iphantse yakudala nakwingqokelela ye-Historia Series yalo mpapashi. Ukhenketho ukusuka eMarco Polo ukuya eMao Zedong, Bonke abalinganiswa abanxulumene neli lizwe ababonakala ngathi bahlala benokungaqondakali kunye nokungaqhelekanga okucingelwa ngamanye amaxesha kude kangaka ngenxa yokungazi kwethu. Le ncwadi yenzelwe ukuzisa i ezona zibalulekileyo Kwelo xesha lidlulileyo lomntu esinokuba nalo ngale nkcubeko ikude.

Ukunyuka kwe China -UJaime Panqueva

Omnye iTshayina kwesihloko esithi yeyiphi Isikweko sokulinganisa. Umbhali uhlangula ifayile ye- ibali elisekwe kwinyani yokwenyani eneneni enento yokwenza neJapan: ukufika kwabathunywa bokuqala baseJapan eNew Spain kunye nebali lenzala yasebukhosini baseIndiya eyaba ligorha.

Singaphakathi UPuebla de los Angeles Ngenkulungwane XVII. Ibhendi yeeNdawo eziHlanu eziBalaseleyo iye yahlaselwa kwaye kuphela zizandla ezibalaseleyo zika ICatarina San Juan banokubakhulula abo bangxwelerhekileyo. Igqirha likhokelwa kwindawo yokubalekela abaphangi, apho isithandwa sakhe silindele yena URolando Edmundo, isamurai Kwanyanzeleka ukuba bayeke ukubuyela eRoma eyayiza kunikela ngemiphefumlo yaseJapan kuPopu.

ICatarina iya kuba sisiqwenga sokugqibela kumlo wokugqibela phakathi kwegorha kunye notshaba lwayo, uMarquis oyingozi. KwiFleet. Kwiminyaka kamva, i umncedi UGonzalo Solis uthunyelwa ukuba afune ubungqina bobuhedeni baseCatarina San Juan. Kodwa umphandi akacingi ukuba ukufunyanwa kwezinto, amaxwebhu kunye nezixhobo ze "China" kuya kuthetha isityhilelo ebengacingi ukuba sinokwenzeka.

Uhambo lukaFaxian -U-Laureano Ramírez Bellerín

URamírez Bellerín nguprofesa oqeshwe kwiYunivesithi yase-Autonomous yaseBarcelona, ​​apho afundisa khona izifundo ezahlukeneyo ezinxulumene ne China. Le yi I-akhawunti yomhambi ogama linguFaxian kwizikumkani zeBuddhist zase-Asia eseMbindi naseIndiya ngenkulungwane yesi-XNUMX. Wayengenguye umonki wokuqala waseTshayina ukuthatha olu hambo, kodwa wayeza kulibhala ngokubhala okanye, ubuncinci, owokuqala umbhalo wakhe-ophinda uveliswe ngesiTshayina kula maphepha-usaphila unanamhla.

Umsebenzi wakhe wawuthandwa kakhulu ngelo xesha. Kwaye isizathu sokuhamba kwakhe yayikukundwendwela iindawo ezingcwele zobuBuddha. Umsebenzi osisiseko wokwazi iindawo ezingcwele, la iJografi yexesha kunye curiosities yobomi beemonki, kunye neemfundiso zikaBuddha.

Igongqongqo laseShanghai -Qiu Xiaolong

IXiaolong (eShanghai, 1953) ifunyenwe impumelelo yehlabathi ngothotho lwe Iinoveli zolwaphulo-mthetho Umlingisi UMhloli oyiNtloko u-Chen Cao. Kule noveli sineqela lase-Shanghai laMatyala aQhelekileyo aMangalisayo ngenxa yokuba bahlukanisile noKhen kweefayile ezibuthathaka. Emva kokuqinisekisa ukuba bafuna ukukukhokelela kwifayile ye- umgibe, U Chen ugqiba ukusishiya isixeko, kodwa akazukuyeka ukuya kwi Umhle umncinci ndikucela uncedo. U-Chen uyangenelela kwityala eligcwele ubunzima, ngelixa siphanda abo bamtshutshisayo ukuya kwinqanaba lokubeka ixabiso ngobomi bakhe.

Iliso lejade- UDiane Wei Liang

Siyaqhubeka inoveli engakumbi yolwaphulo-mthetho kunye nolunye uthotho, olwe mei, umphandi wase Beijing owenziwe ngu Wei Liang. Le yayiyi isihloko sokuqala eyenzeka eBeijing yangoku. Umlinganiswa ophambili nguMei, ibhinqa eliselula nelizimeleyo elinelalo iarhente yabecuphi yabucala. Umthengi uya kukucela ukuba ufumane ifayile ye- jade exabisekileyo Yobukhosi Han, Kwaye uMei kuya kufuneka angene kwelo xesha limnyama kwimbali yamaTshayina. Kodwa uphando lwakhe lutyhila iyelenqe elinxulumene nosapho kunye nembali yakhe.

Ibhokisi yamaTshayina -UJesús Maeso de la Torre

Inoveli zembali a utitshala othanda izwe yoluhlobo njengoko lwenziwa nguMaeso de la Torre. Sifumana abalinganiswa abakhulu, Okuninzi iyelenqe y ujikile, imfihlakalo, Ukubalisa ngokutyibilikayo, isenzo sodelo-ngozi y uthando...

Isixelela ibali lika URodrigo silva, Ombona esweleka exhonyiwe utata wakhe ngenxa yokulahleka kwenqanawa enkulu kubaphangi bamaNgesi. Kukungabikho kokusesikweni nobuxoki kwaye uRodrigo ufunga ukuziphindezela. Kodwa emva koqeqesho njenge umzobi weemaphu eSeville, uya kuba yinkosi kwi ubugcisa bokuhamba ngesikhephe kunye nokutshintsha iitshathi zendlela. Oku kukhokelela ekubeni abe yinxalenye yezona zicwangciso zibalaseleyo UFilipu II: uloyiso lwase China.

Como umthunywa ofihlakeleyo Ukumkani uya kungena kubukumkani basempuma Indawo yokuhlala yaseSpain kuloo mmandla. Ulwazi lwakhe luya kuvula iingcango ezininzi, kodwa uya kubeka ubomi bakhe emngciphekweni aze awufikelele. inkundla yasebukhosini KwiSixeko esingavumelekanga.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
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