UCarlos Arniches. Inkosi ye-farce kunye ne-acid humor.

UCarlos Arniches Ngendizalisekisile namhlanje 152 iminyaka. Lo Alicante, nangona kunjalo, wayengomnye wababhali abathi bachonga ngcono iMadrid kunye nobomi bakhe obudumileyo ngokusebenzisa iisayine, uhlobo apho kungekho mntu unokulifanisa nalo. Wayesebenza njenge umbhali weengoma neemvumi ezibalulekileyo abadali abadumileyo ii-operettas. Phakathi komsebenzi wakhe omkhulu kukho izihloko ezaziwayo U-Miss Trévelez, yindoda yam, umhlobo kaMelquiades, Iicacique, Uyeza umyeni wam! Namhlanje ndihlangula iziqwenga zazo.

UCarlos Arniches

I-Arniches yafika eMadrid eneminyaka eyi-19. Wayesebenza njenge ntatheli e-Barcelona. Kwaye kanye eMadrid wangena kwihlabathi lomdlalo ngoncedo lweemvumi ezaziwayo-kakuhle, nazo ezazivela kuAlicante. URuperto Chapí.

Wayeyincutshe ekubonakaliseni Isimilo saseMadileni kwinto eqale nge zarzuela kunye nee-sainetes iingoma ezifana Ingcwele yeIsidraImpumelelo yakhe yamkhokelela ekubeni azinikezele kwizikethi.

Iintlanzi

Ngomoya wemveli kunye nabalinganiswa bawo abaqhelekileyo Kuxoxwa ngokuhlekisayo ngemicimbi yasekhaya okanye imiba enzulu okanye iimeko. Iziphumo zomxube wezinto zombini ngamanye amaxesha zinqamleza kwintoni eyoyikisayo kwaye, ngaphandle kwamathandabuzo, iasidi.

Yipatheni ehlala iphindaphindwa: zikhona abalinganiswa ababini abachaseneyo (Intliziyo elungileyo kunye nentliziyo ebuhlungu; indoda ethobekileyo kwaye ekhutheleyo kunye nomnye umntu ohluphayo kunye nomlomo omninzi) ntokazi ethandekayo kodwa into engekhoyo kunye indoda endala, izibonelelo kunye nokukhusela. Iimpikiswano zine Ulwimi lwemveli kakhulu kwaye ekugqibeleni bahlala bephumelela ulungile, uthando kunye nokunyaniseka kwaye abenzi bobubi bahlekiswa.

Kodwa, ngaphandle kokonwaba, iiArniches nazo zafuna ukugxekwa kwezentlalo ukuveza amaxabiso agqwethiwe ngamabhongo okanye uhanahaniso, ngokuchasene Amaxabiso kwindalo iphela, njengosapho, ukunyaniseka okanye uthando. Le ngcaciso ivela, mhlawumbi, isihloko sayo esaziwa kakhulu, Nkosazana de Trévelez, Kuyasebenza ukuvala lo mzuzu wokukhumbula uMnu Arniches.

Nkosazana de Trévelez

UMTHETHO WESIBINI, ISIGANEKO V

INumeriano (iGalán); emva koko uFlorita uyangena.

NAMANZI. (Uwela ebhentshini ngokukhawuleza.)
- Owu Nkosi! Kulungile; Khange ndilale, andityi, okanye andiphili kwiintsuku ezilishumi elinesihlanu ... Kwaye mna, ndingazange ndibenayo nepeni, ndiye ndaba ngumkhohlisi! ... Kuba phakathi kwezinja zimbini neMarco, endiyihlawulelayo ngezavenge, iyaphela isiqingatha somvuzo. Umfanekiso omncinci!… UDon Gonzalo uwubiza ngokuba "libala", kodwa u-quia. Inkulu kakhulu. ILa Mancha neLa Alcarria, zonke zidibene. Khange ndibeke ngaphezulu kwebhebhoni kwaye indonyuse ndaya kumashumi amabini anesihlanu eerandi! ... Owu, ndiyagula, andithandabuzi. Ndineentloko, ukungazinzi, ukukhathazeka; kuba ngaphandle kwayo yonke le nto, lo mfazi uyandigeza. Kukuphakanyiswa, ubungqongqo kunye nobubi obothusayo. Kwaye ke uneengcebiso ezithile ... Izolo wandibuza ukuba ndiyifundile na inoveli ebizwa ngokuba yi "The First Kiss", kwaye andikayifundi, kodwa nokuba bendiyazi ngentloko ... Ezo joko zincinci, hayi! Kwaye ngaphezulu kwayo yonke loo nto, uthetha nesichazi-magama esifana nesi sokuba ukumtshatisa ndijongeka ndimnyama. Apha ndiye ndabaleka kuye ... Apha, nokuba yimizuzwana embalwa, ndikhululekile kuloo mbono woyikisayo, kuloo mbono ...

UFlorita. (Ukutyhala amasebe kude emazantsi omthombo, ukhupha ubuso bakhe obuncumileyo kwaye athi ngoncuthu.
- Nume!

I-NUMERIANO (inyuka ngokutsiba okukhulu. Aside.)
Uphondo!… Umbono!

UFlorita.
-Uthandile uNume.

NAMANZI. (Ngokudakumba.)
- UFlorita!

UFlorita (eshiya, emjonga.)
- Hayi indlela eliluthuthu ngayo! Awunambala! Ngaba uyoyika?

NAMANZI. (Ndityhafile.)
-Ukuba bayopha, abayifumani ingubo.

UFlorita.
- Ewe, ndiyabhadula, bendisuka kwelinye icala lombhede weentyatyambo ndiye kwelinye ndifuna wena, sithandwa sam?

NAMANZI.
- Ndiyabhadula nam; kodwa ndonqena ngakumbi kunawe, bendihleli umzuzwana ukuzonwabisa ngokucinga ngobusuku obuzolileyo nobunenkwenkwezi! ...

UFlorita.
-Hawu Nume! ... Ewe, bendikukhangela.

NAMANZI.
-Kaloku, ukuba ndiyazi ukuba undikhangele, ndifunga ukuba ndiyabaleka, ukuba ndiyaleqa ukukuhlangabeza.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.