Alexander Pushkin. Isikhumbuzo sokuzalwa kwakhe. 7 imibongo

Duel Pushkin kaThixo. Ukupeyinta nguAdrian Volkov.

UAlexander Sergeyevich Pushkin Ngokuqinisekileyo yeyona mbongi yaziwayo neyaziwayo eRussia, kodwa wayekwangumbhali wemidlalo yeqonga. Kwaye umhla wokugqibela u-6 sele bebaliwe Iminyaka engama-239 ukususela ekuzalweni kwakhe eMoscow. Kwimvelaphi yobukhosi, uthathwa njenge Utata woncwadi lwale mihla lwerussia. Kwaye wayethandana neSpain. Namhlanje ndifuna ukunikezela eli nqaku kuye kuba enye yemibongo yakhe, IbanjwaNgaphandle kokuba yenye yeentando zam, ikwandikhuthaze yenye yeenoveli zam. Ke kuyahamba inkumbulo yam kunye nabanye abayi-6.

UAlexander Sergeyevich Pushkin

U-Alexander Pushkin wayengowosapho luka Ulawulo lwaseRashiya, kodwa ngemithambo yakhe kwaphuma igazi lephepha elimnyama elalikhonze uKumkanikazi uPeter I Omkhulu. Yayingumakhulu wakhe kunye nomntu omkhathalelayo, awathi wamxabisa kakhulu, bamfundisa bamdlulisela uthando lwamabali abantu baseRussia kunye nemibongo. Wayengumfundi onobuchule kwaye wayengathandabuzi ukuthatha imiqulu kwithala leencwadi likayise, ukongeza kwindibano zoncwadi ezazibanjelwe ekhayeni lakhe.

Kwiminyaka elishumi elinambini, wamkelwa kwisiseko esitsha Imperial Lyceum (ethe kamva yabizwa ngokuba yiPuskhin Lyceum), kwaye kulapho ke apho wafumanisa khona ubizo lwakhe lwesihobe. Ootitshala bakhe bamkhuthaza ukuba apapashe imibongo yakhe yokuqala kwaye wenza njalo kwiphephancwadi IVestnik Evropy.

Imibongo yakhe kule minyaka mncinci yayingaphezulu Imvakalelo kuneembono, kodwa eminye yemibongo wayibhala njenge Inkululeko o Ilali yatsala umdla Iinkonzo eziyimfihlo zaseTsarist. Oku kwambeka elubala kwaye watyholwa ngokwenza izinto ngenkani, emnyanzela hamba uye ekuthinjweni. WayeseUkraine naseCrimea. Amava lawo ammakisha kwaye abonakaliswa kwimibongo yakhe ephambili njenge Ibanjwa laseCaucasus o Abazalwana abaphangi.

Umtshato kunye Natalia Goncharova, Kwaye ngenxa yokukhusela imbeko yakhe, wasweleka eneminyaka engama-37 nje kuphela enxeba lokudutyulwa lijoni laseFrance. kwi-duel. Kodwa wayesele ethathwa njengoyise wolwimi loncwadi lwaseRussia kunye umseki woncwadi lwangoku lwaseRussia. Urhulumente waseRussia uthathe isigqibo sokuba abambe umngcwabo ofihlakeleyo ukuthintela uqhushululu olunokwenzeka kunye nemiboniso yezopolitiko ngabaxhasi bakhe.

Obra

Umsebenzi wakhe uqulethe umxube we ubunyani, imbali, ukuthandana kunye nesatire naphakathi kwezona zihloko zibalulekileyo zezi U-Borís Godunov, u-Eugene Onegin, Poltava, Abakhweli bamahashe beBronze, Ntombi kaKapteni o Ukumkanikazi wemihlakulo.

Su ndiyayithanda iSpain waqala xa wafumana inkuthazo yakhe kuncwadi lweGolden Age UDon Juan kunye noDon Quixote. Kwaye imisebenzi yakhe emibini, idrama Undwendwe lwamatye nombongo Inene elihlwempuzekileyo, basela kuloo mithombo.

Imibongo ekhethiweyo esi-7

Unxaniwe ngokungxama ukugcuma kwethenda yakho

Unxaniwe ngokukhawuleza ukungxola kwakho,
ukusondelelana kwakho okundinxilisayo
kunye nokutshisa ulwimi lomnqweno omnandi,
inkanuko engenakuthengiswa yiwayini.
Kodwa usike ngeli bali,
fihla, uvale iphupha lakho.
Idangatye elivuthayo ndiyaloyika,
Ndiyoyika ukwazi imfihlo yakho.

Ebusuku zephyr

Ebusuku zephyr
I-ether ihamba.
iqamza,
ubaleka
iGuadalquivir.

Inyanga yegolide yaphuma
Cwaka ...! Hee! ... ikatala kwisandi.
Intombazana yaseSpain isothandweni
Uye wajonga ebhalkhoni.

Ebusuku zephyr
I-ether ihamba.
iqamza,
ubaleka
iGuadalquivir.

Susa ingelosi, imantilla!
Olunjani usuku olucacileyo lokuzibonakalisa!
Ngesinyithi
fundisa unyawo lobuthixo!

Ebusuku zephyr
I-ether ihamba.
iqamza,
ubaleka
iGuadalquivir.

Kwakusezweni lakhe, phantsi kweso sibhakabhaka siluhlaza

Kwakusezweni lakhe, phantsi kweso sibhakabhaka siluhlaza
yena, owomileyo wavuka ...
Ekugqibeleni wasweleka, waba ngumphefumlo,
isithunzi sokufikisa esingachukunyiswa mntu;
Kodwa kukho umgca phakathi kwethu, yinzonzobila.
Ndizamile, ngelize, ukuziva ndiziva ngathi:
ukufa kwatsho imilebe ngokugxeka okumnyama,
kwaye, ndaya kuye ngokungakhathali.
Endandimthanda ke ngomphefumlo ovuthayo;
endimnike uthando lwam ndithandabuza,
ngoxolo olungenasiphelo,
ngokufela ukholo cwaka, kunye ne-delirium.
Kwenzeka ntoni kuthando nakusizi? Ay emphefumlweni wam
kwabangenamava, nesithunzi esibi,
kwimemori eyonwabileyo yeentsuku ezilahlekileyo,
Andininyembezi, akukho mculo umbiza ngegama.

Ibanjwa

Ndivalelwe ngaphaya kwesisele esimanzi.
Lwakhuliselwa ekuthinjweni,
inkampani yam elusizi, iphaphazela amaphiko ayo,
ecaleni kwefestile umngxunya wakhe urhawuzelela.

Ipiki, iyiphosa, ijonge efestileni,
ngokungathi ucinga ngokufanayo nam.
Amehlo akhe andibiza kunye nokukhala kwakhe,
kwaye ufuna ukubhengeza: Masikhe sibaleke!

Mna nawe sikhululekile njengomoya, dade!
Masibaleke, lixesha, yenza mhlophe phakathi kwamafu
intaba kunye ne-navy ikhanya eluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka
apho sihamba khona kuphela umoya. ..nam!

Ndincama yonke into kwimemori yakho

Ndincama yonke into kwimemori yakho:
ii-accents zehadi eliphefumlelweyo,
ukukhala kwentombazana eshushu,
ukungcangcazela komona wam. Uzuko
ukuqaqamba, nokuthinjwa kwam kobumnyama.
ubuhle beengcinga zam ezicacileyo
kunye nokuziphindezela
Iimbandezelo zam ezinobukrakra.

Imvumi

Ngaba uliphosile ilizwi lasebusuku ecaleni kwe-grove
Imvumi yothando, yeemvumi zentlungu yayo?
ngentsasa kusasa, xa amasimi ethe cwaka
kwaye zibuhlungu kwaye zilula kwizandi zepanpipe,

Akuvanga na?

Ngaba ufumene ebumnyameni obunomthi obungenanto
Imvumi yothando, imvumi yentlungu yakhe?
Ngaba uqaphele uncumo lwakhe, umkhondo wokukhala kwakhe,
ukujonga kwakhe ngobunono, ezele kukudakumba?

Awuyifumani?

Ngaba uncwina ngokunakana nelizwi elizolileyo
Imvumi yothando, yeemvumi zentlungu yayo?
Xa wabona lo mfana phakathi ehlathini,
xa uwela amehlo akhe amnyama kunye nawe,

Awukhe uncwine?

Ndandimthanda

Ndimthandile,
kwaye olo thando mhlawumbi
usemphefumlweni wam, utshisa isifuba sam.
Kodwa ndimdide ngakumbi, andifuni.
Yanga olu thando lwam lungakuziseli zintlungu.
Ndandimthanda. Ngaphandle kwethemba, ngempambano.
Ukungathethi, ngekhwele elidliwayo;
Ndamthanda, ngaphandle kwenkohliso, kunye nothando,
kakhulu ke ndiyathemba ukuba uThixo uyayifuna,
kwaye omnye, uthando unaye njengam.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

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