I-Iceland, ilizwe apho uhlawulelwa ukubhala

E-Spain, ukuhlala ngokubhala kuseliphupha lababhali abaninzi abatyala iinyanga kunye neminyaka ekwenzeni imisebenzi yabo yoncwadi ngaphandle kokufumana amawaka eerandi ekupheleni kwenkqubo yokuyila. Inyani apho esinye sezisombululo kukuya kuso I-Iceland, ilizwe apho ufunda khona (phantse) ngendlela efanayo otya ngayo kwaye urhulumente ahlawule i-2400 euros ngenyanga kubabhali bayo.

Iincwadi nkqu esiswini

I-Iceland lilizwe apho kubanda kakhulu kwaye iiyure zasemini ngokuqinisekileyo azikho ngamaxesha athile onyaka, yiyo loo nto Ngama-323 amawaka abemi bachitha ixesha elininzi ekhaya. Bazilawula njani iiyure ezininzi kangaka? Ukufunda kunye nokufunda, izizathu ezenze ilizwe laseBjörk, iingxangxasi kunye neentaba-mlilo yaba yenye yezona ndawo zifundwa ehlabathini Iipesenti ezingama-90 zabemi zisebenzisa ubuncinci incwadi enye ngonyaka kunye ne-avareji yeencwadi ezisibhozo ezithengwe ngesiqingatha sabantu base-Iceland kwangelo xesha linye. Ngapha koko, amasiko afanelekileyo enkcubeko e-Iceland abhalwe phantsi kwiintetho ezinje ngeyaziwayo "Yonke i-Icelander ithwala incwadi esiswini sayo.

Ngale mfuno yoncwadi, ayimangalisi into yokuba ababhali bandise abathi endaweni yokufunda bachithe ukuchitha iiyure kunye neeyure bejonge ngefestile kwisibhakabhaka esimnyama nezibane zasemantla (Umntu omnye kwabalishumi eIceland wakha wabhala incwadi Ngelixa uchwetheza amabali amatsha kwikhompyuter yabo kubemi abancinci abanokuthi bangabhatali inani elikhulu lababhali. Isisombululo? Imivuzo ehlawulwa ngoku ngurhulumente wase-Iceland ukuya Ababhali bakhe abangama-70.

Isizathu salo mvuzo, ingeniso apho izibonelelo ezilandelayo zelungelo lokushicilela zongezwa, zizalisekisa (isengqiqweni) umbono wokuba ayingabo bonke ababhali abanokuphila kuphela kwimivuzo yabo kwintengiso yencwadi, ngakumbi kwilizwe apho ngaphandle kwenani labemi ukufundwa kakhulu. Ukuqala kwesi siseko, eyona nto isengqiqweni kukuvuza ngeeyure ezityaliweyo ekwenziweni kombhalo obhaliweyo ababhali abahlawulayo umvuzo we-2400 euro .

Ngokweakhawunti La Vanguardia, Umbutho wababhali ngulowo uthatha isigqibo sokuba nguwuphi umbhali ofanele lo mvuzo emva kwengxoxo yejaji eyenziwe ngoonjingalwazi abathathu baseyunivesithi obuza imibuzo ngeprojekthi yombhali kunye nexesha aliceba ukulinikela emsebenzini wakhe, ovumela isihluzo esibukhali xa kufikwa ekuhlawuliseni ababhali abaziingcali.

Ngale ndlela, i-Iceland, indawo ezalwa kuyo uncwadi lwesiqithi olunobuntu obuninzi apho ulwaphulo-mthetho kunye namaxesha aphakathi e-sagas aphumelela, ekhuthaza njengelinye ilizwe indawo yokubhala eyondlayo, elwela ukugcina izithethe ezilungileyo zoluntu oluthembele kwinyama ukrebe kunye neencwadi ezihamba nekofu elungileyo.

Ucinga ntoni ngombono wombhali ohlawulisa umvuzo xa esenza umsebenzi wakhe?


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.

  1.   UBell Guendelman sitsho

    Kuhle ! Ndiyawuthanda umbono.

  2.   UCarmen M. Jimenez sitsho

    Ukuba bayamkhuthaza ngomvuzo ukuze enze imisebenzi ekumgangatho ophezulu wokubhala, ethi ayityalele ixesha kunye nokuzinikezela okukhulu, kubonakala kum umbono olungileyo, ukuba nje uqoqosho lwelizwe lunyibilikile.

  3.   M Ukhozi Boge sitsho

    Kodwa andizukuhlala eIceland ndide ndizibhatale. Ndilithanda elona langa lishushu.

    1.    UJUAN Ares sitsho

      Ngumsebenzi njengawo nawuphi na omnye, ukubhala njengoMiguel de Cervantes kwaye ke ilizwe lemvelaphi liqhayisa ngalo msebenzi, kufanele, njengoluntu oluhambele phambili, sibeke umvuzo olinganayo kuyo yonke imisebenzi, kubahlali, ngogqirha othobekileyo, silibale malunga nabacimi-mlilo, sonke siyafana, umvuzo wobunye kubo bonke, ndibalulekile, kodwa nina anikho ngaphantsi.

  4.   Interrobang sitsho

    Kufana nokuphumelela ibhaso kwangethuba

  5.   UkuKhanya kweAngida yeNeida Valanta sitsho

    Ndingumbhali kodwa kude kube ngoku khange ndikwazi ukuyipapasha ndingathanda ukuyenza kodwa andazi ukuba njani