UMlawuli waseRivas. Isikhumbuzo sokufa kombhali kaDon Álvaro okanye amandla elishwa

Un 22 ngoJuni de 1865 udlule Ingelosi Saavedra, UMlawuli waseRivas, Imbongi yaseSpain kunye nomdlali odlalayo, kwaye waziwa kakhulu ngedrama yakhe edumileyo kwezothando UDon Álvaro okanye uMkhosi weSipheloUmsebenzi ongumfuziselo we ezothando Spanish. Ukukhumbula inkumbulo yakhe, ndikhetha uthotho lwamaqhekeza kwesi sihloko.

U-lngel Saavedra, uMlawuli waseRivas

Uzalelwe ngaphakathi ECórdoba, U-Ángel Saavedra wayengumlobi odlalayo, imbongi, umbhali-mbali, opeyintayo negosa likarhulumente. Kwimibono yenkululeko, walwa namaFrentshi kwimfazwe yenkululeko kwaye kamva ngokuchasene nokunyaniseka kukaFernando VII. Oku kwamkhokelela ekuthinjweni e Malta kwaye wakhuthaza eminye yemibongo yakhe, efana Ngamanxeba alishumi elinanye abulalayo.

Iindinyana zakhe zokuqala, zihlanganisene Imibongo kwaye idlala njenge AtaulfoULanuza, zenziwe ngaphakathi neoclassicism. Kodwa ngexesha lokugxothwa kwakhe eMalta wafumanisa umsebenzi we UWilliam Shakespeare, uWalter Scott kunye neNkosi Byron kwaye wajoyina intshukumo yothando nemibongo Ugxothiwe, EIphupha lesaphuli-mthetho Indlu yesibane yaseMalta.

UDon Álvaro okanye amandla elishwa

Yayingumsebenzi lowo Wavula i-theatre yothando yaseSpain kwaye, ukongeza, yeqonga lale mihla. Yidrama ngezenzo ezintlanu okanye kwiintsuku, kwiprozi nakwivesi. Inazo zonke izithako eziqhelekileyo zothando, ezinje melancoly okanye ukungabi nathemba, kwaye avelise umxholo ophawu: leyendoda irhuqelwe kwintloni ngekamva elingenako ukulwa nayo. Yindibaniselwano engaqondakaliyo yamathuba kunye nemfuneko eyalela ukwenziwa kwabalinganiswa.

Umlinganiswa ophambili ngu UDon Álvaro, knight othandana noLeonor, intombi kaMarquis waseCalatrava. Ngobunye ubusuku uDon Álvaro uphuphuma kwigumbi likaLeonor ngenjongo yokumbamba, kodwa uyothuswa nguMarquis waseCalatrava. UDon Álvaro umbulele ngengozi kwaye kufuneka abaleke. Emva kweminyaka eliqela, xa abathandi behlala bodwa, uDon Álvaro emfazweni, kunye noLeonor, befihlwe kwindawo yokuhlala, bobabini bayadibana, kodwa isiphelo siya kuthintela uthando lwabo.

Iziqwenga

Umthetho I-Isimo VII

UDON ÁLVARO: (Ngobushushu obukhulu.)

Ingelosi eduduzayo yomphefumlo wam!

Ngaba amazulu angcwele sele eza kundinika isithsaba sikanaphakade ngokungalali kwam?

Uvuyo luyanditshonisa ...

Ngaba sibambene ukuze singaze sohlukane?

Ngaphambi, ngaphambi kokufa

okwahlula mna kunye nokulahlekelwa nguwe.

U-DOÑA LEONOR (Uphazamisekile kakhulu.).

Don Álvaro!

UDON ÁLVARO.

Ukulunga kwam, Thixo wam, yonke into yam ...

Yintoni ekucaphukisayo nokuphazamisa ngale ndlela?

Ngaba iyayikhathaza intliziyo yakho ukubona ukuba isithandwa sakho

ngalo mzuzu

Ndibe nekratshi ngaphezu kwelanga? ...

Ingubo yathandwa!

[...]

UDON ÁLVARO.
Nksk!

U-DOÑA LEONOR.
Owu! Uwaphula umphefumlo wam ...

UDON ÁLVARO.
Intliziyo yam iyaphukile ... iphi, phi,
uthando lwakho, isifungo sakho esiqinileyo?
Ukungalunganga ngelizwi lakho kuyahambelana
isisombululo esininzi ngalo mzuzu.
Ukuhamba ngequbuliso ...
Andikwazi, Leonor. Ngaba umoya uvuthele kude
Ukuphela kwam lonke ithemba?
Ewe, ndimfamekile kuloo ndawo
xa kufika olona suku luqaqambileyo.
Baza kundithatha ndingasekhoyo
ukusuka apha, xa ikhefu lokungafi likholelwa.
Umlumbi okhohlisayo,
Umbono omhle ondinike wona ngobuhle ukuba undilungise?
Egqibeleleyo! Uyanceda
ukuvukela kwitrone engunaphakade,
emva koko utshone esihogweni?
Ngaba ishiyelwe kum ngoku? ...

U-DOÑA LEONOR. (Eziphosa ezingalweni zakhe.)

Hayi, ndiyakuthanda.
Don Álvaro!… Kulungile!… Yiza, ewe, yiza.

***

Umthetho I-Isimo VIII

Marquis.

UDoña Leonor .- (Eziphosa ezinyaweni zikayise) Bawo! Tata!

Andinguye uyihlo ... Hambela kude ... kwaye nawe, indawo ephezulu ...

UDon Álvaro.- Intombi yakho ayinatyala… Ndim umoni… Ndigqobhoza isifuba sam. (Ungena emadolweni.)

Isimo sakho sokucenga sibonisa ukuba iphantsi kangakanani imeko yakho ...

UDon Álvaro.- (Ephakama) Mnu Marquis! ... Mnu Marquis! ...

-(Kwintombi yakhe) uQuita, umfazi okhohlakeleyo. (UCurra, obambe ingalo yakhe) kwaye ungonwabanga, ngaba ungazama ukuyichukumisa inkosi yakho? (Kubakhonzi) Heyi, khwela kuloo mntu udumileyo, mbambe, umbophe ...

UDon Álvaro.- (Ngesidima.) Ngelishwa lomntu ophulukene nentlonelo ngam. (Uthatha umpu wayifaka).

UDoña Leonor.- (Ebaleka esiya kuDon Álvaro) Don ÁIvaro!… Uza kwenza ntoni?

Fumana kuye kwangoko.

Don Álvaro.-Yeha ke abakhonzi bakho ukuba bayahamba! Unelungelo lokugqobhoza intliziyo yam kuphela.

Marquis .- Ufa ezandleni zomntu onobumnene? Hayi; uya kufa kwabo bagwebayo.

UDon Álvaro- Mnu. Marquis waseCalatrava! Kodwa, ah, hayi; unelungelo layo yonke into ... Intombi yakho ayinatyala ... Icocekile njengomphefumlo weengelosi ezijikeleze itrone yoPhezukonke. Ukurhanela ukuba ubukho bam ngeeyure ezinjalo kungadala ukuba ndigqibe ngokusweleka kwam, ndiphume ndisisonge isidumbu sam ngokungathi sisigqubuthelo sam… Ewe, kufuneka ndife…, kodwa ezandleni zakho. (Ubeka idolo elinye emhlabeni) Ndilindele ukuqhuma kuyekile; Andiyi kuyichasa; Sele undixhobisile. (Ulahla umpu, othi xa ubetha emhlabeni, uvuthe kwaye wenzakalise uMarquis, owela ezingalweni zentombi yakhe kunye nabakhonzi, ekhwaza)

IMarquis. - Ndifile! ... Owu, mna! ...

Don Álvaro.- Thixo wam! Isixhobo esibukhali! Ubusuku oboyikisayo!

Doña Leonor- Bawo, bawo!

Beka ecaleni; ndikhuphe apha ..., apho ndiya kufa ngaphandle kokungcola okungcolileyo ngegama elinje ...

***

Umthetho III-Isimo IV. Imonologue kaDon Álvaro.

Ngowuphi umthwalo onganyamezelekiyo
yindawo ebalulekileyo
yomntwana osafayo
lowo uzalwa ekwimeko emaxongo!
Enjani yona ukuba naphakade
ubomi obufutshane! Eli hlabathi,
Ngubani umngxuma onzulu,
kumntu ongonwabanga,
ngubani isibhakabhaka esinomsindo esijongileyo
efinge ubuso ngumsindo!
Kubonakala, ewe, ukuba ukulinganisa
yona inzima kwaye iyakrakra
Okukhona isanda, kokukhona isanda
ikamva lethu.
Ukuba sinikwe yona
Ukubandezeleka nje,
kwaye imfutshane kakhulu
onoyolo, ngokungathi usentlungwini
into yayo ayizalisi,
Kuyinto embi ukuzalwa!
Kulowo uzolileyo, onwabile,
phila phakathi kwehlombe kunye nembeko,
nothando olumsulwa
susa ikomityi emnandi
xa esomelele kwaye esomelela ngakumbi,
ukufa imihla yakhe,
ubutyebi bakhe buye bagqitha:
Kwaye, andonwabanga,
Mna, ndimkhangela ndiyahamba,
Andimfumani.
Kodwa ndiza kuyifumana njani,
Ngelishwa!
Ewe, xa ndizalwa ndingonwabanga,
Ndizalelwe ukuguga
Ukuba lolo suku lokonwaba
(leyo ndiyonwabele kuphela),
ithamsanqa ngesele likhona,
Kungekudala ukufa ngaphambi kwexesha
ngesikere sakhe esibi
intamo yam yayiya kusika!


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya uluvo lwakho

Idilesi yakho ye email aziyi kupapashwa.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.