I-Biography kunye nemisebenzi kaMario Vargas Llosa

UMario Vargas Llosa.

Umbhali uMario Vargas Llosa.

UJorge Mario Pedro Vargas Llosa (1936-okhoyo ngoku) ungomnye wababhali beencwadi ezibalulekileyo kwimbali yanamhlanje, Imibhalo yakhe inikwe kaninzi. Ibhaso likaNobel loNcwadi kunye neBhaso leCervantes zezinye zeembeko ezifanele umbhali.

Ukunyuka kwakhe ekubonakaleni koluntu kwenzeka kumashumi mathandathu kunye neenoveli ezahlukeneyo. Kumabali akhe amaninzi uvakalisile umbono wakhe ngokubhekisele kubumi basePeruvia, nangona kunjalo kule minyaka idlulileyo uye wanda waya kwezinye iinkcubeko.

I-Biography

Ukuzalwa nosapho

mario Wazalwa ngo-Matshi 28, 1936 ePeru. Abazali bakhe nguErnesto Vargas noDora Llosa, bevela kusapho olukumgangatho ophakathi. Baqhawule umtshato emva kwexesha elincinci, le ndoda yayikhohlisile umama wayo, uVargas wahamba nosapho loomama baya eBolivia kwaye bamenza wakholwa ukuba utata wakhe uswelekile.

Ngenxa yokuthandana kuka-Ernesto Vargas, kwabakho abantwana ababini, abantakwaboMario abancinci. Ngelishwa, omdala wafa eneminyaka elishumi elinanye ephethwe yi-leukemia; oyena mncinci usaphila ligqwetha kwaye ungummi waseMelika.

Izifundo

Utat'omkhulu kaVargas wakwazi ukuphatha ifama eBolivia, kulapho waqala khona isikolo samabanga aphantsi. Ngo-1945 babuyela ePeru baza bahlangana kwakhona noyise. Ngokomyalelo wakhe, inxenye ye-baccalaureate yakhe yayikho kwisikolo sokubhoda emkhosini, ngo-1952 wagqiba unyaka wakhe wokugqibela kwisikolo saseSan Miguel de Piura.

Waqala ukufunda ezomthetho kunye noncwadi kwiYunivesithi yase-Universidad Nacional de San Marcos ngo-1953. Xa wayeneminyaka eli-19 watshata noJulia Urquidi kwaye ngo-1958, ngenxa yethisisi yakhe Iisiseko zokutolika kukaRubén Dario, Uphumelele isifundiswa sikaJavier Padro sokufunda isidanga sokuqala kwiYunivesithi yaseComplutense yaseMadrid.

Iminyaka eYurophu

UMario Vargas Llosa kwilayibrari yakhe.

Umbhali uMario Vargas Llosa kwilayibrari yakhe.

Ngo-1960 isibonelelo sokufunda sikaMario saphela kwaye waya eParis ngethemba lokuba uya kuphinda anikwe isibonelelo semali kwakhona. Ukufika kwakhe kwisiXeko sokuKhanya, wafumanisa ukuba isicelo sakhe saliwe kwaye wagqiba kwelokuba achithe ixesha elithile eFrance. Ngeli xesha, uVargas Llosa wabhala ngobuninzi.

Ukuqala kobomi bakhe

Uqhawule umtshato ngo-1964, emva konyaka waphinda watshata uPatricia Llosa, babenabantwana aba-3 kwaye batyelela iSixeko sokuKhanya. KwakuseParis apho umbhali wayigqiba khona inoveli yakhe Isixeko kunye neenja (1964).

Ibali lawongwa ngeBhaso leThala leeNcwadi elifutshane, Ukunika umbhali indawo entle. Oku kwamkelwa kwamnika udumo kumbhali, waqhubeka kunye nokuveliswa kwemisebenzi. UCarmen Balcellse waba ngummeli wakhe wokubhala kwaye wakwazi ukusebenzisana kakuhle nabapapashi. Kwincwadi yakhe yenoveli: Indlu eluhlaza Wanikwa imbasa yeRómulo Gallegos ngo-1967.

Umsebenzi wezopolitiko

U-Mario Vargas Llosa waba nomdla kwezopolitiko, okwexeshana wayexhasa iinjongo zikaFidel Castro; Nangona kunjalo, kwiminyaka engamashumi asixhenxe, wayigxeka kakhulu inguquko yaseCuba, kuba umbhali ebesoloko ethanda inkululeko. Ngo-1985 wayehonjiswe yiFrance ngeLegion of Honor Kwaye kwiminyaka emihlanu kamva waqala umsebenzi wakhe wezopolitiko.

Ixhaswa ziinjongo zakho zedemokhrasi, Ngo-1990 uVargas wayenqwenela ukuba nguMongameli wasePeru ngumbutho weDemocratic Front, nowaziwa njengoFredemo. Uphulukene nobugqwetha ku-Alberto Fujimori, etyholwa, iminyaka emva kwegunya lakhe, lokuba enze ulwaphulo-mthetho ngokuchasene namalungelo oluntu.

Iziganeko ezibalulekileyo

Umbhali wawongwa ngebhaso leCervantes ngo-1994. Wabekwa kwilizwe laseSpain kwaye ukusukela ngo-1996 ulilungu leRoyal Academy. Ngo-2005 waqwalaselwa njengombhali wobuzwe basePeruvia ngokuthathelwa ingqalelo okukhulu kwihlabathi liphela.

Kwiminyaka emihlanu kamva waphumelela elona wonga liphezulu kwikhredithi yakhe, ibhaso likaNobel loNcwadi. Ezi ndaba zazimothusa umbhali, kuba, nangona wayengomnye weentandokazi, wayengekho kwindawo yokuqala ngaloo nyaka. UVargas wayefundisa kwiYunivesithi yasePricenton eNew York.

Ulwakhiwo

Caphushwa nguMario Vargas Llosa.

Caphula umbhali u-Mario Vargas Llosa.

Amabali abo ahlelwe kakuhleNangona kunjalo, zibandakanya uburharha kunye nokuhlekisa. Uninzi lweetekisi zakhe zaphuhliswa ngaphandle kwePeru, oku kwamnika umbono ngokubanzi welo lizwe, awabhala ngalo ephindaphinda. Amabali akhe abaluleke kakhulu abe:

Novelas

Isixeko kunye neenja (1964).

Indlu eluhlaza (1965).

Incoko kwi-cathedral (1969).

Umakazi Julia noMbhali (1977).

Itheko lebhokhwe (2000).

Iintsomi

Abaphathi (1959).

Iinjana (1967).

 


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
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  1.   Ariana sitsho

    Ndiyithandile incwadi kaMario Vargas Llosa kodwa… Ndicinga ukuba ngekungcono (ndithetha ngenjana, injana)