Yintoni ihaikus?

I-Haikus yimibongo emifutshane

Uncwadi olufutshane isikhewu esihlala sanda siqala ukwenziwa kulungelelwaniso lwabafundi kunye nababhali abatsha ngenxa yendawo ye-Intanethi esivumela ukuba sihlangule onke loo mabali amancinci, iivesi kunye nemibongo evusa umfanekiso, imvakalelo okanye isingxengxezo esilula sokubaleka.

Omnye wemizekelo ebalaseleyo yale fever yomncinci kwaye ngokuqinisekileyo uninzi lwenu sele nilwazi, ngu haiku (俳 句), ekwabizwa ngokuba yihaiku, uhlobo lwe Umbongo wamandulo waseJapan ngokubanzi isekwe ukwakhiwa kweevesi ezintathu zamagama ama-5, 7 no-5, Inguqulelo yaseNtshona yeetriki ezili-17 zeeblackberry ezisetyenziswa yihaiku yoqobo. Ezinye zeemfuno ezifunwayo lolu hlobo loncwadi lwaseMpuma zibandakanya eyaziwayo njenge kigo (語 語), ligama elibhekisa kwixesha elithile lonyaka okanye loo njongo iqhubekayo yokusondela kwindalo.

Ukusukela kwinkulungwane yeshumi elinesixhenxe I-haiku yathandwa njengendlela yokubonisa inkolo yaseJapan yeZen enkosi kwinkosi uBashöAbabhali abaninzi baqhubekile nokulungelelanisa imitha yoqobo ngelixa abanye beyiguqule kancinane, bezala i-haikus eneereferensi yeminye imixholo kwaye ineevesi ezinamalungu amaninzi.
Yaqala njani ihaikus

Imvelaphi yehaikus inento yokwenza nenkolo kwiTshayina yakudala. Ngelo xesha lobuBuddha, ubuConfucius, nobuTao, ​​babedume kakhulu njengendlela yokufikelela kwabanye nokubhenca iingcinga. Nangona kunjalo, ibikwinkulungwane yeshumi elinesithandathu xa beqala ukwaziwa ngcono ngenxa yombulelo kuMatsuo Bashoo, elinye lawona manani abamele le mibongo.

Kuyabonakala ukuba, ihaiku yindibaniselwano yeeHaikai, eziyimibongo yeevesi ezingama-36, 50, okanye ezili-100 ezaqanjwa kwiqela, oko kukuthi, phakathi kwabantu abaliqela, umbongi oyintloko kunye nabafundi awayenabo. Abokuqala kuye kwafuneka babhale iivesi ezi-3, ezinamalungu ama-5-7-5. Aba babizwa ngokuba yiHokku. Emva koko eyesibini, kuye kwafuneka enze iivesi ezimbini ze-7-7 njalo njalo kuzo zonke ezinye, enika ifom epheleleyo ku-Haikai ebonakala ngathi ibhalwe ngesandla esinye.

Uyibhala njani ihaiku: izinto

Kukho izinto ezininzi kwi-haiku

Ukuba unomdla wokufunda ukwenza ihaikus, okokuqala kufuneka uyazi ukuba zeziphi izinto eziyimfuneko (kwaye zeziphi iimpawu) zehaikus. Zezi:

Ixabiso

Ihaiku yenziwe ngeevesi ezintathu. Eyokuqala kwezi-5 zamagama, eyesibini kwele-7 kunye neyesithathu ku-5. Xa zizonke, kufuneka kubekho amalungu angama-17. Le yile haiku yakudala, nangona kule mihla kuvunyelwe ukwahluka kancinci phakathi kweevesi. Ngoku, itotali iseku-17.

IKigo

Ikigo kukubandakanywa ngaphakathi kwehaiku, yexesha lonyaka. Oko akuthethi ukuba kuya kufuneka ubize inyanga ekuyo, okanye ukuba kusentwasahlobo, ihlobo, ukuwa okanye ubusika. Kodwa into emele oko: ikhephu, umlilo, amagqabi, iintyatyambo ...

Indalo

Zininzi iihaikus, kwaye zonke zinemixholo eyahlukeneyo, kodwa iiklasikhi zisebenzisa indalo njengezinto ezisisiseko kwindalo yazo. Ke ukuba ufuna ukubhala kufutshane ne "qobo "kangangoko kunokwenzeka, cinga ngendalo.

Yenza imvakalelo

I-haiku ayidibanisi amagama ahambelana kakuhle kwaye yiyo loo nto. Kuya kufuneka babandakanye umfundi kwaye babenze bazive xa befunda. Kungenxa yoko le nto kunzima kakhulu ukubhala iihaikus ezilungileyo ngokwenene, kuba kuya kufuneka ukhethe amagama athile kwaye ubanike imvakalelo ukuze abantu babenemvakalelo kunye nabo.

Bhala ihaikus: uyenza njani

Bhala ihaikus

Ngoku ukuba uyazi izinto, lixesha lokuba uzisebenzise. Okokuqala, ungatyhafi ukuba ezokuqala aziveli, okanye zimbi, kuba kuya kufuneka uye phambili ukuphucula. Nangona kunjalo, kukho izinto onokuzenza.

Funda ihaikus

Xa umbhali efuna ukubhala, kufuneka aqale abe nesiseko, kwaye oku kufezekiswa ngokufunda iinoveli kunye nemisebenzi enxulumene nokuthanda kwakhe. Kuyafana nakwihaikus. Ukuba ufuna ukuzibhala, okokuqala kufuneka ufunde ezininzi ukubona umongo wazo.

Musa ukoyika ukuphenjelelwa ngumbhali. Kwezokuqala eziza kwenzeka, kodwa kancinci kancinci uza kuchaza ubuntu bakho kwaye wenze indalo eyintsusa.

Yabona

Uziva njani xa ubona amanzi emvula esihla? Kwaye ubona nini ukuphuma kwelanga okanye ukutshona kwalo? Ngamaxesha athile, Izinto zemihla ngemihla azisenzi sizive, ukanti siyazibona. Ke ngoko, ukucinga ngokujonga loo mvakalelo kusenza sincedeke ekwenzeni ihaikus.

Umzekelo, usuku olunamafu lunokuthetha usizi kwabanye, kodwa kwabanye lulonwabo; Ukubanda kunokuthetha ukuba rhabaxa, kodwa nokusondela kwabanye.

Xelela into

Ungazami ukufumana iivesi ezifanelekileyo ukuba azibali. Yeyona nto imbi onokuyenza. Kuya kufuneka wenze ibali elincinci kakhulu kwezi vesi zintathu zivuyisayo kwaye, ukongeza, iyonke ebalini.

Ukukhethwa kweehaus ezidumileyo

Zininzi iihaikus ezidumileyo

Ukugqiba, nantsi eminye imizekelo yeehaikus ezidumileyo ukuze waziqhelanise nazo.

Kutheni kuzobanjalo

Ndimdala ngantoni oku kuwa?

Iintaka zidlula emafini.

Nokuba indlwana

kwihlabathi lokuhamba,

Yindlu kanodoli.

Ukuphela konyaka.

Ngalo lonke ixesha umnqwazi omnye

kwaneembadada ezifanayo zomququ!

Matsuo Basho

Kwimvula yehlobo

Indlela

Wanyamalala

Yosa buson

Ndinqumle isebe

kwaye yacaca ngcono

Ngefestile.

Masaoka shiki

Isilingi itshisiwe:

ahora

Ndiyayibona inyanga

Mizuta Masahide

Ngaphandle kwenkungu

Intle

INtaba iFuji

Matsuo Basho

Ngesizathu

ngamathandabuzo kuphela aya kungena

banesitshixo.

UMario Benedetti

Ndedwa ebhedini

Ndiva iingcongconi

Ukuntywilisela uncuthu lwengoma

Abantwana bayeza -

bandikhupha ebhedini

neminyaka iyahamba.

Umsebenzi wam

Kwisinki

Ingoma yeguguisu

Ndindwendwele ingcwaba lakhe eKiso.

Ukuvula umnyango kuya kubonisa uBuddha

Intyatyambo

Bakhomba ngesandla sabo -

Abantwana ngokuncipha

inyanga abayithandayo.

IHawaii Chigetsu

Emanzini

woyike ukucinga kwakhe

Inkanyamba.

Ngentseni yekhephu.

Kwakhona

imikhondo yeeblogi.

Ihlobo.

Ngamafu

kukho indlela emfutshane yokuya enyangeni.

Akukho negqabi elinye

Nokuba inyanga ayilali

Kule willow

I-Den Sute-jo

Amahashe aqhaqhazelisa amazinyo

Baziva ivumba labo

Isiqhumiso se-violets

URosa

Umsonto wentonga yokuloba

Inyanga ehlotyeni

Ikhephu

imbonakalo yam emhlophe

emanzini.

Yonke into esiyiqokelelayo

elunxwemeni kumaza aphantsi-

intshukumo

Akukho mntwana uza kusondela

Iindonga zephepha

Bayabanda

Emathafeni nasezintabeni

Yonke into ibonakala ingahambi

Ngale ntsasa yekhephu

Ukuba bayavala kusasa

iibluebells ziqhakaza.

Kungenxa yenzondo yabantu!

Ngeemvula zasentwasahlobo

Yonke into

Bahle ngakumbi

Isebe eliqhakazileyo lomthi weplum

unika isiqhumiso

kulowo uyinqumlayo.

Ukusuka kwi-violet yamafu

Kumfusa weerisisi

Ingcinga yam ijolise ngqo.

Izibane. Zemililo!

Ngasemlanjeni

Ubumnyama buyadlula.

Maxesha amaninzi

IHototogisu, hototogisu!

kwaye kuyasa.

Ukujonga inyanga

Ndiyabushiya obu bomi

Ngentsikelelo

Amanzi ayakhanya

Iingcango zomlilo ziyaphuma

Akukho nto ikhoyo

Chiyo-Ni

Ubulolo.

Amafu encotsheni yentaba

Nentethe iyaqakatha esihlanjeni.

Huyemaruko Shizuku

Ukusika umququ

Ngaphantsi kweenkwenkwezi ezibunileyo

Iskere sam sibetha ingcwaba

UHiramatsu Yoshiko

Amawaka amancinci amhlophe entlanzi

Ingathi iyabila

Umbala wamanzi

UKonishi Raizan

Uyathandabuza, rosebush.

Ngaba awufuni ukuhamba

Kwimbewu?

UCarmelo Urso

Inyanga encinci,

khumbula olo thando namhlanje

uyadlula.

UFreddy ñáñez

Phezolo ndizigqumile
abantwana bam abaleleyo
nengxolo yolwandle.

UWatanabe Hakusen

Umbethe uyahamba.
Kweli hlabathi lingcolileyo
Andenzi nto.

UKobayashi issa

Okona kubi kwe-echo
kukuba itsho njalo
Ubundlobongela.

UMario Benedetti

Kude kude trill.
Inightingale ayazi
okuthuthuzela.

UJorge Luis Borges

Yenziwe ngumoya
phakathi kweepayini kunye namatye
Lo mbongo uyahluma.

I-Octavio Paz

Umnqwazi
ujongeka njengomntu
xa kusina.

UNatsume Seibi

Ukuhamba ngelaphu lakhe
le inyanga icace gca
isigcawu sivukile.

UJose Juan Tablada

Umzuzwana nje
lags phezu kweentyatyambo
ukukhanya kwenyanga

Kwakhona
iintyatyambo zingxamile
emanzini echibi

Umoya omncinci
kunzima ukungcangcazela
isithunzi se-wisteria

I-chrysanthemum emhlophe
iliso alifumani
ukungcola okuncinci

Ngevumba leplam
ilanga liyaphuma
kwindlela yentaba

Intwasahlobo, nguBashö

Imvula phezolo
igutyungelwe ngale ntsasa
yinkunkuma.

Io Sogui

Ekwindla kulapha:
imvula ezolileyo
coca iidiliya.

UCesar Sanchez

Ngaba unesibindi sokwabelana ngehaikus yakho okanye oyithandayo?


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

Izimvo ezi-7, shiya ezakho

Shiya uluvo lwakho

Idilesi yakho ye email aziyi kupapashwa. ezidingekayo ziphawulwe *

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.

  1.   URoberto Soto sitsho

    U-Borges ubhale "ubundlobongela"? Jonga usisidenge.

  2.   ipatto sitsho

    Imibongo bubugcisa bokuthi umntu avakalelwe njani, achaze, abale, abala, yenye yazo abo bangawuqondiyo umbongo.Imfitshimfitshi esiyibhalayo sonke, ngakumbi abo bazenza ngathi bayalinganisa esikubhalayo.
    ubugcisa bokubhala
    landela ubugcisa
    Ukuva

  3.   engaziwa sitsho

    indlela inde kodwa iba mfutshane yile haiku

  4.   Carlos sitsho

    I-haiku ka-Benedetti yeyona nto ibalaseleyo kuyo yonke

    Umdala uBenedetti. Ndiya kukhuthazwa ukuba ndibhale enye kwaye ndiyithumele

    1.    UJuan Haiku sitsho

      Indlela inde? Yintoni uCarlos? Yintoni engalunganga?

  5.   Uthando uthando uthando sitsho

    Ngokufanelekileyo
    zonke izithunzi zigutyungelwe
    ukuthula kwakhe.

  6.   UMarco Ortega sitsho

    Bhabha ihobe
    Maze engaqhelekanga
    Ngokuhlwa