Umlobi kaEdgar Allan. Iminyaka engama-209 emva kokuzalwa kwakhe. Amanye amabinzana akhe

Umkrolo ka-Edgar Allan Poe. NguEdouard Manet.

Ewe namhlanje kunjalo 19 ngoJanuwari, usuku olukhulu loncwadi kwindalo iphela kuba U-Edgar Allan Poe ujika iminyaka engama-209. Kodwa ngonaphakade ayinanto. Ingqondi yaseBoston isekhona, kwiinoveli zakhe, kumabali nakwimibongo. Sele ithethiwe kakhulu, ifundisiwe, yahlalutywa kwaye yaxoxwa malunga nePoe kuyacetyiswa ukuba uqhubeke uyifunda. Konwabele ukuthandabuza kunye nokoyikeka njengothando nothando oluphuma kuwo wonke umsebenzi wakhe. Kunyaka ophelileyo ukuvuyisana kwam kuqala noPoe kule bhlog kwaye kule yesibini ukhumbula amanye amabinzana akhe.

Edgar Allan Poe

Umbhali, imbongi, umgxeki kunye nentatheli yezothandoAbazali bakhe, abadlali bemidlalo yeqonga, bafa esemncinci kakhulu. Ukhuliswe ngumhlobo wosapho, UJohn Allan, ngubani ngaphandle kokungamkelwa kwakhe akakwazanga ukuthintela uPoe ukuba ashiye umsebenzi wakhe ukuze azinikezele ukubhala. Emva kokufudukela Boston waqala ukuthumela ngokungaziwayo. Apho waba ngumhleli wephephandaba Umthunywa waseBaltimore waseMazantsi, Kwaye watshata ngo-1835 (oneminyaka eyi-26) nomzala wakhe omncinci UVirginia Clemm (uneminyaka eli-13 kuphela ubudala) .ç

Oko wagula isifo sofuba inokubeka uphawu kwinto ngokwayo Uxinzelelo Isuka kumbhali. Inkxalabo enkulu yokugula komfazi wakhe yamkhokelela utywala neziyobisi. Nokuba sele eswelekile, Poe wazama ukuzibulala Ngelaudanum kodwa wayigabha kwaye wakwazi ukuphola.

Nangona kunjalo, utywala neziyobisi azisamshiyanga. Usweleke wasweleka Baltimore ndineminyaka engama-40 kuphela. Oyena nobangela wokufa kwakhe awuzange ucaciswe kwaye phakathi kwezinye izizathu, ikholera, iziyobisi, isifo sentliziyo, isifo sephepha, okanye kwanelinge lesibini lokuzibulala, elihambe kakuhle, laqwalaselwa. Ngokunokwenzeka zonke.

Amanye amabinzana akhe

La yayingamazwi akhe abhekiswa kuye Umakazi uMaria Clemm emva kokuswelekelwa ngumfazi ngenxa yesifo sephepha.

Singafa kunye kuphela. Ngoku akukho sizathu sokuxoxa nam; Andikwazi ukuyithatha kwakhona, kufuneka ndife. Oko ndathumela Eureka, Andinawo umnqweno wokuqhubeka ndiphila. Andikwazi ukugqiba enye into. Ubomi bakho bothando babumnandi, kodwa kufuneka sife kunye. (…) Oko ndilapha bendisentolongweni kanye ngenxa yokunxila, kodwa ngela xesha ndandinganxilanga. KwakuseVirginia.

Kodwa bekukho amabinzana amaninzi asaziyo sonke. Unjani:

"Olona hlobo kuphela lomntu lokugcina inkululeko yakhe kukusoloko ekulungele ukuyifela."

"Emculweni mhlawumbi apho umphefumlo uza kufutshane neyona njongo iphambili uyilwelayo xa iphefumlelwe yimvakalelo yesihobe: ukuyilwa kobuhle obungaphezu kwendalo."

"Inzululwazi ayikasifundisi ukuba ingaba impambano yeyona nto iphambili kwezobuntlola."

"Ukuba bendinokucelwa ukuba ndichaze igama elithi ubugcisa ngamagama ambalwa, bendiya kulibiza ngokuba kukuphinda kuveliswe izinto ezibonwa kwindalo ngesigqubuthelo somphefumlo."

Ukufa kuthathwa ngenkalipho ubuso ngobuso kwaye emva koko kumenywe ukuba kuselwe.

"Idemon yobubi yenye yeendlela zokuqala zentliziyo yomntu."

"Nokuba yeyiphi na inzala yabo, ubuhle, kuphuhliso lwayo oluphezulu, ngokungathandabuzekiyo iyayenza imiphefumlo ebuthathaka iinyembezi."

"Ucocekile ngulowo wamkela impambano yakhe."

"Ndibe yimpambano, ngamanqanaba amade okuphathwa gadalala kwengqondo."

"Akunakwenzeka ukuba ube nomfanekiso-ngqondweni ongaphezulu kunowokukhuphela."

"Ubuhle balo naluphi na uhlobo ekubonakalisweni kwayo okuphezulu ngokungathandabuzekiyo kuvuyisa umphefumlo ontununtunu iinyembezi."

"Ulonwabo alukho kwisayensi, kodwa kukufunyanwa kwesayensi."

"Kwintliziyo yamadoda angakhathaliyo kukho imitya engenakuchukunyiswa ngaphandle kwemvakalelo."

"Iinwele ezingwevu zezakudala."

"Abo baphupha emini bayazazi izinto ezininzi ezibalekayo abo baphupha kuphela ebusuku."

"Mhlawumbi yeyona nto ilula ngalo mbandela esikhokelela kwimpazamo."

"Ukusweleka kwebhinqa elihle ke ngoko akungabazeki ukuba sesona sihloko sineenkondlo ehlabathini, kwaye ngokulinganayo ngaphandle kwamathandabuzo ukuba eyona milomo ifanelekileyo kweso sifundo yeyomntu oswelekelweyo."

"Ubomi bokwenyani bomntu bonwabile ikakhulu kuba uhlala elindele ukuba kungekudala."

"Iimeko ezine zolonwabo: uthando lomfazi, ubomi emoyeni ovulekileyo, ukungabikho kwawo onke amabhongo kunye nokudalwa kobuhle obutsha."

Ungaze ubalekele uthando; iya kukufumana.

"Yonke imisebenzi yobugcisa kufuneka iqale ... ekugqibeleni."

"Andoyiki ingozi konke konke, kodwa isiphumo sokugqibela: uloyiko."

"Kukho into ngothando lwesisa kunye nokuzincama kwesilwanyana esifikelela ngqo entliziyweni yalowo uhlala enambitha ubuhlobo bobuxoki kunye nokuthembeka komntu."


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
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