Ababhali aba-5 besiya kuncwadi lwaseAfrika

Kwinkulungwane yama-XNUMX, uncwadi luye lwaba bubugcisa bolawulo lwentando yesininzi, nangona kusekho iimfazwe ezininzi ekufuneka ziphumelele kunye nobuhlanga ekufuneka boyisiwe. Imeko ephendula kumjikelo apho, kwiinkulungwane, i uncwadi lwasentshona yanyanzeliswa kwihlabathi liphela, kubandakanywa nelizwekazi apho umntu omhlophe abeka khona unyawo, ebeka ubugcisa bommandla okanye inkcubeko ngaphandle kokubavumela ukuba bayibonakalise kwimeko yabo yobabalo. Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o, waseKenya kunye neqabane likaMurakami lanamhlanje ekukhetheni iNobel, lelinye lawona mazwi awaziwayo kwilizwekazi kulo mbandela kwaye elinye lala Ababhali aba-5 besiya kuncwadi lwaseAfrika.

UChinua Achebe

Uzalelwe ngaphakathi Ogidi, abantu baseNigeria, njengelungu lesizwe samaIgbo, uAchebe kunokwenzeka oyena mbhali kwindalo iphela yelizwekazi laseAfrika enkosi kwimisebenzi efana Yonke into iyawaIpapashwe ngo-1958. Umsebenzi othatha njengempembelelo yayo ebuntwaneni bombhali, wakhulela kwindawo eyayiqala ukoyiswa kukuvangela kweAnglican, ukusibalisela ngebali legorha, u-Okonkwo, ohambela ukuwa kwehlabathi lakhe emva ukufika komlungu. Enye yezona zilungileyo ukuba baqalise kuncwadi lwaseAfrika, ngokuqinisekileyo.

UChimamanda Ngozi Adichie

Umbhali waseNigeria uChimamanda Ngozi Adichie.

Umbhali onempembelelo waseAfrika namhlanje (ukuba singena kwi-TOP Amazon yoncwadi lwe-pan-Afrika, izikhundla ezine zokuqala zezakhe) wazalelwa eNigeria ngo-1977 kwaye wakhulela kwindlu kaChinua Achebe de isifundo samsa eMelika , apho wayeza kuqeqeshwa khona kwiNcwadi yeAfrika kunye noBudlelwane bezoPolitiko. Kwiminyaka eyadlulayo, umhlaba wawuza kungqina ngomsebenzi olungileyo ka-Ngozi Adichie, umbhali owathi, ukongeza ekuvakaliseni umbono wakhe welizwekazi lase-Afrika kwiincwadi ezinje nge Intyatyambo emfusa o Isiqingatha selanga elityheli Ikwalilizwi elomeleleyo lobufazi obukhoyo kwimisebenzi enje Amelika, eyona idumileyo, okanye iseti yamabali Into entanyeni yakho.

Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o

Ilungelo lokubhala ngolwimi lwakho

Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o, ngexesha lesinye seentetho zakhe.

Eyona ndiyithandayo ukuphumelela Izincwadi zeNobel kunyaka ophelileyo (kunye nonyaka ongaphambili, kunye nomnye) ngu Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o, umbhali waseKenya ophumelele njengabanye abambalwa ukuyithathela kuye imeko yaseAfrika ngexesha lasemva kobukoloniyali. Dibanisa ingqondo, enye yeencwadi zakhe ezimbalwa ezipapashwe eSpain kunye Igqwirha, sisincoko esithetha ngobukho bomntu omhlophe owayenyanzela abafundi baseyunivesithi baseAfrika ukuba bangazithandi iincwadi zabo baze bamkele uShakespeare, owabiza iintlanganiso zoncwadi lwaseAfrika zibabeka ecaleni abo babengavumi ukulahla iilwimi zabo zasekuhlaleni endaweni yesiNgesi. Imizekelo ekufuneka yongezwe inyani yokuba umdlalo olula kwi-en kikuyuUlwimi lomthonyama lombhali, luya kuba sisizathu esaneleyo sokubeka umbhali wayo ngaphaya kwezitshixo. Kwakungo-1978, unyaka uThiong'o wabhala umsebenzi wakhe wokuqala we-Kikuyu kuluhlu lwephepha langasese.

Wole soyinka

Ujikile wa owokuqala wase-Afrika ukuphumelela iNobel Prize yoNcwadi Ngo-1986, uSoyinka ngumbhali waseNigeria ophawulwa yiprozi eguqulela iintsomi zaseAfrika kwiindlela zokubaliswa zaseNtshona, ngakumbi emva kokufunda iminyaka eliqela eUnited Kingdom. Indlela yakhe yokulingisa abamhlophe ngelo xesha ikhokelele ekugxekweni okuninzi kwizangqa zoncwadi lwase-Afrika zisenzakele ziziphumo zobu-Cholianism de wabuyela kwilizwekazi lakhe, ehlangana nemidlalo yakhe yeqonga kunye noncwadi. Aké: iminyaka yobuntwana, apho abalisa ngobomi bakhe ukusuka kwiminyaka emi-3 ukuya kweli-11 ubudala, ngowona msebenzi wakhe waziwayo.

JMCoetzee

ElUniversalMexico.

UMzantsi Afrika lilizwe elizichaze ngcono iinguqu e-Afrika kule minyaka ingamashumi amahlanu idlulileyo, ngakumbi iziqendu ezinegazi njenge ubandlululo Yapheliswa ngo-1994. UCoetzee, inzala yamathanga aseDenmark awafika eMzantsi Afrika ngenkulungwane ye-XNUMX, uqulethe umbono wakhe wobuhlanga kwilizwe lomnyama kunye neziphumo zalo eziyingozi kuluntu kwimisebenzi efana Ihlobo okanye ethandwa kakhulu, Ilishwa. Kwi 2002, UCoetzee waphumelela iBhaso likaNobel loNcwadi, ukujoyina uSoyinka okhankanywe ngasentla, umhlobo wakhe uNadine Gordimer kunye no-Naguib Mahfuz wase-Egypt njengo Ababhali abane baseAfrika yamkelwe yikomiti yaseSweden ukuza kuthi ga ngoku.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.

  1.   Iholide yangeCawa sitsho

    Ukubeka iJMCoetzee phambi kwamakhulu abanye ababhali baseAfrika abanefuthe elingaphezulu kubonakala kugwenxa kum. Ubuhlanga ayiyimbali yaseAfrika, yimbali yaseNtshona.

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