+ 17 awona magama amnandi kulwimi lwethu

Ukutshata kwakhona

Umfanekiso -Wikimedia / Eloimanlleu

Ulwimi lwethu, iSpanish, lunobuncwane obunobuncwane obungenakho olunye ulwimi onokuziqhayisa ngalo. Ukuthetha into enye sinokusebenzisa amagama ahlukeneyo ahlukeneyo ... Mhlawumbi ngenxa yesi sizathu, kunzima kakhulu kubantu bamanye amazwe ukuba bafunde ulwimi lwethu kunye namabinzana ahlukeneyo esinawo phantse yonke into.

Namhlanje kwi Uncwadi lwangoku, Sifuna ukubonisa ulwimi lwethu kwaye siyenza ngo +17 awona magama mahle ngolwimi lwethu. Zonwabele! Sele ndinayo intanda yam kubo bonke ... Kwaye wena?

Ukukhethwa kwamagama amahle eSpanish

Mellifluous

Isandi esimnandi kakhulu, sithambile okanye sibuthathaka.

Ayinakuchazeka

Into engakholelekiyo kangangokuba ayinakuchazwa ngamagama.

Ukudibanisa

Ubuthathaka kakhulu kwaye ulula, into ephuma kweli hlabathi.

Umda

Isimo sengqondo sokungazichazi somtsalane wothando ngumntu omnye komnye.

Ukutshata kwakhona

Ithamsanqa nelingalindelekanga elenzeka xa ujonge enye into.

Ukuhlamba

Xa amafu ajika abomvu xa ekhanyiswa yimitha yelanga.

Iridescence

Into ebonakalayo apho ithoni yokukhanya iyahluka ngokwakha imijukujelwa encinci.

I-Elocuencia

Ubugcisa bokuthetha ngokufanelekileyo ukonwaba okanye ukuhamba.

Ixesha elifutshane

Oko kuhlala ixesha elifutshane kakhulu.

Ayipheli

Ukuba ayinakubuna.

Amanye amagama amahle eSpanish

Ndiyathemba ukuba lilizwi elihle kakhulu

Ezingapheliyo

Iyaqhubeka, ingapheli, ayinakuphumla.

Ingayiyo

Ibonisa umnqweno onamandla wento ethile ebonakalayo ukuba yenzeke.

Ukukhanya kwelanga

Ipropathi yomzimba ukukhupha ukukhanya okungenamandla, kodwa ibonakale ebumnyameni.

Imfesane

Ukuziva ubuhlungu, ukuthamba kunye nokuchongwa kwezifo zomntu.

Infinito

Ukuba ayinayo kwaye ayinakuba nasiphelo okanye isiphelo.

Isizungu

Isimo sokwahlulwa okanye ukubekelwa bucala ngamaxesha afezekileyo.

Ukomelela

Amandla okulungelelanisa into ephilayo kwiarhente ephazamisayo okanye imeko engalunganga okanye imeko.

Melancholia

Ingacacanga, inzulu, ukuzola kunye nosizi olusisigxina, oluzelwe zizizathu zomzimba okanye zokuziphatha, ezenza ukuba abo babandezeleka yiyo bangonwabi okanye bonwabe kuyo nantoni na.

Ukusebenza kakuhle

Amaqamza kulo naluphi na uhlobo lolwelo.

alba

Ukukhanya kokuqala kwemini ngaphambi kokuphuma kwelanga.

Aurora

Ukukhanya okuthambileyo, okupinki okuvela kanye ngaphambi kokuphuma kwelanga.

Ukunyaniseka

Sisenzo sokuba yinyani kwaye siyinyani kuwe. Umntu onyanisekileyo ngumntu okwaziyo ukwahlula phakathi kokulungileyo nokubi kwaye asebenze kwimisebenzi yabo yemihla ngemihla ebakhokelela ekubeni bathobele "izithethe" zoluntu.

Ayinakuze ibonakale

Ungumntu onganikeli kwinto emphambukisayo kwindlela yakhe. Inokusetyenziswa nakwiindawo.

Umama

Ungomnye wamagama amnandi kwisigama saseSpain kuba ikwangoyena mntu simthanda kakhulu ebomini bethu. Nangona kunjalo, akunyanzelekanga ukuba iqondwe njengo "mfazi ozala umntwana", kuba oomama abaninzi ngabantwana babo nokuba ababazalanga.

Ukubuyisela

Ithetha ngokunika umntu into efanayo naleyo sinikwe yona ngulomntu. Owona mzekelo ubalaseleyo kule meko inokuba luthando, kuba phakathi kwezithandane uthando kunye nothando yinto ephindaphindanayo.

Nkosazana

Igama elithi Saudade lithetha ukulangazelela, kwaye linxulumene nelivo. IRoyal Academy yoLwimi lwaseSpain (RAE) iyichaza "njengesizungu, ukulangazelela, ukulangazelela." Nangona kunjalo, ingaphezulu koko.

Nangona isetyenziswa eSpain (incinci kakhulu kuba ayaziwa), ligama lesiPhuthukezi, kwaye eneneni imvelaphi yalo (kunye nelivo) inento yokwenza namaPhuthukezi, awayeyisebenzisa xa babekwelinye ilizwe hayi yayingeyabo kwaye babekhumbula ikhaya labo kunye nabantu ababathandayo.

Elinye igama elithi "iSpanish" liya kuba "morriña" ukuchaza into efanayo.

I-Esperanza

Ithemba sisimo sengqondo, imvakalelo ekwenza ungalahli ukholo lokuba into oyikhangelayo izakwenzeka. Okanye uthembe umntu (okanye isenzo) ukuba ube nesiphumo esifunekayo.

Mondo

Ligama elaziwayo, nangona kunjalo, lisetyenziswa kwiSpanish. Ngoku, intsingiselo yayo yile yokuba "ucocekile okanye ukhululekile kwizinto ezingafunekiyo." Ingxaki kukuba abantu abaninzi abancinci bayisebenzisa ngenye indlela, ngegama elithi "mna mondo", elinokuthi lithethe into efana nokuhleka ngokungafihlisiyo kwinto ethile.

Isimbo somzimba

Yinzame, nokuba kukuhamba okanye lilungu lomzimba, ukufuna ukwenza into. Kodwa ngaphandle kokwenza.

Bonhomie

Ngokwe-RAE, kukuzinza, kulula, ububele kunye nokunyaniseka, nokuba kukwimo kunye / okanye kukuziphatha. Nangona ingelilo igama leSpanish eli-100%, kuba livela kwisiFrentshi, lisetyenziswa eSpain.

Nefelibata

Imvelaphi yaseGrisi, ligama elichaza umntu ophuphayo kodwa aqonde inyani.

IAtaraxia

Eli gama lithetha ukungabikho, ukuzola. Iqokelelwe kwi-RAE kwaye ivela kwi-Greek.

Imiquis yemiquis

Umntu onengqondo encinci ngumntu okoyikayo ukwenza into ethile, kodwa ezingabalulekanga, kwaye abanasizathu sakubakho.

Osculus

Wakhe wancanywa? Ngokuqinisekileyo uyakwenza, kuba kuthetha ukwanga kothando okanye imbeko. Ngapha koko, kumaxesha amandulo eli gama lalisetyenziswa ngokubanzi, kwaye livela kwisiLatin, osculum.

Ngumtsalane

I-Trabzon ineentsingiselo ezininzi ekufuneka uyazi. Kwelinye icala, kufana kakhulu "nobubi" obunokuba njalo. Kukulwa ngamazwi okanye ngezenzo (umlo oqhelekileyo ngamazwi amakhulu). Kodwa ikwanayo nentsingiselo entle ngakumbi. Kwaye yile, enxulumene nolwandle, yinto ebizwa ngalo mzuzu xa amaza amancinci ewela kumacala ahlukeneyo kwaye avelise isandi esinokuviwa mgama.

Acme

I-Acme siyayazi ikhitshi lophawu oluvela kwiikhathuni. Kodwa i-acme, evela kwisiGrike, yamkelwe yi-RAE kwaye iza kuthetha ukuba lixesha lesifo, okanye ixesha elifikelela esiphelweni lomntu.

IJipiar

I-Jipiar ithetha ukuba yi-hiccup, ukugcuma, ukukhwina; Oko kukuthi, sithetha ngesenzo sezo zenzi. Kodwa inokuthetha ukucula ngelizwi elifana nokugcuma.

Uebos

Kukangaphi bekuxelela ukuba "amaqanda" ahamba no-h kunye no-v. Kwaye baya kuyiphawula kangaphi bengazi nokuba kukho igama, ukuba livela kwisiLatin, kwaye libhaliwe ngaphandle kwe-h kunye no-b. Ewe ewe, i-uebos ikhona. Ingxaki kukuba ayithethi into efanayo naleyo yangaphambili, kodwa ibhekisa kwimfuno.

Agibílibus

Eli gama lingaqhelekanga lithetha ukuba nobukrelekrele, ubuchule, kunye nobubi ebomini. Oko kukuthi, umntu owaziyo ukujongana nobomi bonke ngendlela eyimpumelelo.

Imvelaphi yeSpanish

IsiSpanish sivela kwisiLatin

IsiSpanish senziwe ngamagama angamawaka. Ngokukodwa, kwi-RAE ngaphezulu kwamagama angama-93.000 ayaqatshelwa (unyaka ka-2017), kwaye unyaka nonyaka amagama amatsha afakiwe (nangona uninzi luye lwanyamalala).

Bambalwa kakhulu abayaziyo imvelaphi yeSpanish, okanye isiCastilian, kunye namagama ayenzileyo. Kodwa oko siza kusombulula ngokulula.

Kwaye oko Siyazi ukuba iSpanish sivela kwisiLatin, njengoko kunjalo ngesiPhuthukezi, isiCatalan, isiGalician, isiFrentshi, isiTaliyane okanye iRetro-Roman. Njengoko usazi, iRoma yoyisa uninzi lweSingasiqithi saseIberia kwaye, xa obu bukumkani bawayo, nangona isiLatin sasilahlekile, eneneni okwenzekileyo Yaguqulwa yaba lulwimi olutsha, ekuthiwa yi «Castilian romance», eyandayo isuka eBukumkanini baseCastile yaya kulo lonke usingasiqithi kumaXesha Aphakathi.

Ngokwenyani, kulapho iSpanish ivela khona, ukusuka kwisiLatini esingcolileyo, eyayilahlekile njengoko uBukhosi baseRoma babunyamalala kumazwe aseSpain. Nangona kunjalo, yayingenguye "isiLatin" kuba ikwamkela amagama aphuma kwezinye iilwimi, ikakhulu isiGrike, isiJamani, okanye isiCelt.

Ngokwenene Ulwimi lwaseSpain luqale ngonyaka we-1200 kwaye lityala uKing Alfonso X, owathi phantsi komyalelo wakhe waqalisa ukubhala imisebenzi ngesiCastilian, ukongeza ekuguquleleni abanye abaninzi kolo lwimi lwesiSpanish, oko ke kunceda ekwenzeni isiCastilian ulwimi "olusemthethweni" lwaseSpain.

Inyani yile, ukuba sijonga ngasemva, amagama amaninzi amadala esiSpanish alahlekile ngenxa yokusetyenziswa gwenxa, amanye amaninzi ayiqhelekanga kuthi, kwaye ngamanye amaxesha sisebenzisa amagama anentsingiselo echasene ngokupheleleyo nale sifuna ukuyithetha. Esinika umbono wokuba sintsonkothe ​​kangakanani iSpanish.

Leliphi kula magama olithandayo? Ngaba unayo enye engekho kolu luhlu kwaye uthanda okungakumbi?


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.

  1.   UJairo rodriguez sitsho

    Ndiyabulisa, ndinombulelo omkhulu ngenqaku. Ixabiso, nangona iphindaphindeka kwiwebhu (ubuncinci inxenye yokuqala, awona magama ma-10 mahle).

    Ndithatha inxaxheba kula magqabantshintshi, ngenxa yesizathu esithile, ndililwimi kwaye ndinoxanduva lobungcali lokuba negalelo lento kwabanye ngokubhekisele kwingingqi yam. Kulungile, sithandwa sikaCarmen, ndicebisa ngentlonipho enkulu ukuba wenze isichaso kupapasho lwakho, ngegama elikhethekileyo, ligama elithi "limerencia", ekungekho kuvunywa kobukho balo kulwimi lwaseSpain, ngokuchaseneyo ushicilelo kwiwebhu, apho kuye kwakho iinguqulelo ezimbi kulwimi lwesiNgesi nalapho kucingelwa khona igama lemvelaphi, elithi "limension" nelikhankanywe kuphela kwisayikholojhe kwaye akukho nto yimbi, enje nokuba iDikshinari yoLwimi lwaseSpain , kwaye ayichazi ukuyichaza njengesichazi-magama; Oku kuthetha ukuba ayiyonxalenye yolwimi lwesiSpanish phantsi kwazo naziphi na iimeko zolwimi, kodwa icaciswa ngokugqithileyo kumaphepha amaninzi ewebhu ngenqaku olipapashileyo.

    Ukuqukumbela, igama elithi "limerencia" aliyonxalenye yolwimi lwaseSpain, kuba alikhange liqulunqwe nangayiphi na ingcali kulwimi, kungasathethwa kangako kwi-DLE. Ayisiyonto iyodlula igama eliguqulwe ngokungafanelekanga ngomnye umsebenzisi kwiwebhu (kubandakanya umbhali wenqaku elikwiWikipedia).

    Ndicela ke ukuba uluvo lwam lungaqwalaselwa njengebango okanye isenzo sokuzikhukhumeza, kodwa njengengcebiso evela kumntu ophila ngolwimi.

    1.    URicardo Medina sitsho

      Isichaso esigqibeleleyo.

  2.   ULuis Duque sitsho

    Ukongeza kumagqabantshintshi kunye nentlonipho kaJairo Rodríguez, phantse kungumsebenzi ukuqaphela ukuba amanye amagama aboniswe kwinqaku, njenge-Resilencia, ayinjalo, kodwa kunokuba kubhalwe ukomelela kubhaliwe ...

  3.   Mayte sitsho

    Ndicinga ukuba kukho igama elingapelwe kakuhle.
    Kukomelela, hayi ukomelela. Ileta ndilahlekile. Okanye ndicinga njalo.
    Imibuliso kunye nombulelo ngokwabelana ngale ndawo.

  4.   UMarc Moreno sitsho

    Iposi elungileyo kakhulu, ndiyavuyisana nawe, nangona kunjalo, ndiyazivumela ukuba ndenze umbono, into echanekileyo kukuQiniseka, hayi uKomelela, njengoko kuchaziwe apha; Ngaphandle kwalonto, upapasho lutyebisa kakhulu.

  5.   Dousato sitsho

    Igama endilithandayo ngu-nefelibata, ewe, ndiyindoda ephuphayo ehlala ikhubeka kwinyani ...