1. U-El ​​Cid ubuyela enkampini. I-Cantar yakhe kunye neminye imibongo

El Cid - ifoto ye-Little Cid kwiFlickr. Indawo yoluntu.

Don URodrigo Díaz de Vivar, uEl Cid, Buyela ekampini. Okanye ayikaze iyeke ukwenza njalo, nkqu nakula maxesha ezopolitiko. Umkhuseli we Ingoma yeMio Cid, ibingumxholo wezifundo ezininzi kunye namabali amaninzi kunye neenoveli. Kwaye umbhalo-ngqangi wokuqala, ofunyenwe kwifayile ye- I-Biblioteca Nacional, ibonwe esidlangalaleni okokuqala ezimbalini kwiintsuku ezimbalwa kwinyanga ephelileyo. Kule Inqaku lokuqala ngaye ndiyakhetha ezinye iivesi zalo msebenzi ongenakonakala kunye nezinye ezaziwa kakhulu.

Ingoma yeMio Cid

Abo kuthi bafunda oko kwakubizwa ngokuba ziileta ezimsulwa bayazi ukuba kwakunjani ukucazulula iziqwenga ze-Castilian Spanish ngenkulungwane ye-XNUMX xa sasifunda Ingoma ye-Mio Cid. Umsebenzi wobugcisa woncwadi lwamaxesha aphakathi Kwezi ndawo, ngumbongo owaziwayo mdala oko kulondoloziwe igqibe.

Bala i ukwenza ukusuka kwiCastilian ehloniphekileyo URodrigo Diaz de Vivar, owayehlala kwi Isiqingatha sesibini senkulungwane yeshumi elinanye. Walwa ngokuchasene neeMoors ukubuyisa imbeko yazo emva kokutyholwa ngokungafanelekanga ngokuba imali kwinkosi.

Ukubhalwa kwayo kunye nomhla apho kubhaliwe kwathiwa Isizathu sengxoxo ngabona bafundi. Kubonakala ngathi bayavuma ukuba isekwe kwi Uthotho lwengxelo yomlomo inokuba isasazekile ukusukela kancinci emva kokubhubha kweCid.

Ndikhethe indawo edumileyo evela kwi- UJura waseSanta Gadea ukuyikhumbula. Kwaye ndongeza iivesi azinikezele kuye UManuel Machado kumbongo we ICastile.

UJura waseSanta Gadea

ESanta Gadea de Burgos,
bayafunga oonyana bakaThixo,
Benza isifungo kuAlfonso
ukufa komntakwabo.
UCid olungileyo wayithatha,
loo nto ilungileyo uCastilian Cid,
kwibhanti yentsimbi
kunye nomnqamlezo owenziwe ngomthi
kunye nezinye iincwadi zevangeli
kwanomnqamlezo esandleni
Amagama anamandla
eyoyikisa ukumkani olungileyo:
- Ababi bayakubulala, kumkani,
Abangendawo abangabanumzana,
ukusuka kwi-Asturias yase-Oviedo,
ezingezizo ezesiCastilian;
uzibulale ngeemviko,
kungabi ngemikhonto okanye ngemikhonto;
ngeemela ezineempondo,
hayi ngemimese yegolide;
kubandakanya iindlela,
hayi izihlangu ngesaphetha;
ngeengubo zokulala ezimdaka,
ayiyiyo eyenduli okanye eqingqiweyo;
nikhwele kwiidonki,
hayi ngoondlebende okanye ngamahashe;
Yiza neentambo,
akukho zikhumba ezenziwe ngebala;
zibulale ngamakhuba,
hayi ezilalini okanye ezidolophini,
uze ukhuphe intliziyo yakho
kwicala elibi
ukuba awuthethi nyani
malunga nokubuzwa:
ukuba uye okanye wavuma
ekufeni komntakwenu.
Ukufunga kwakomelele
ukuba ukumkani akabanikanga yona.

UManuel Machado

ICastile

Ilanga elingaboniyo liyaphazamiseka
kwimiphetho elukhuni yeengalo,
izibane zesifuba ezikhanyayo kunye nemiqolo
Namadangatye omkhonto.
Ilanga elingaboniyo, unxano nokudinwa
Ngokusebenzisa inyoka eyoyikekayo yeCastilian,
ekuthinjweni, kunye nabakhe abalishumi elinambini
-uthuli, ukubila kunye nentsimbi- ukukhwela kweCid.
Indlu yabahambi ivalwe ngamatye nodaka, akukho mntu usabelayo ... Kumqukumbelo wekrele
kwaye ukuya kwinqanaba le-spades shutter
Ilanga liyatsha, nomoya uyatshisa!
Kwimivumbo eyoyikekayo
ye-echo erhawuzayo, ilizwi elimsulwa, lesilivere
neglasi, phendula ... Kukho intombazana
buthathaka kakhulu kwaye umhlophe kakhulu
embundwini. Konke
Amehlo aluhlaza, kwaye emehlweni. iinyembezi.
Igolide emthubi
ubuso bakhe obuncinci obunoloyiko kunye noloyiko Cid elungileyo, ngena. Ukumkani uya kusibulala
Kuza konakala indlu
kwaye uhlwayele intsimi ehlwempuzekileyo ngetyuwa
ukuba utata uyasebenza ...
Akukho. Izulu likuzalisa ngethamsanqa ...
Kububi bethu, oh Cid, awuzuzi nto! Intombazana ithule kwaye iyakhala ngaphandle kokuncwina
Ubuntwana bomntwana buwela iqela
wabalwi abanesibindi,
kwaye ilizwi elingenakuphikiswa likhwaza: Masihambe!
Ilanga elingaboniyo, unxano nokudinwa ...
Ngokusebenzisa inyoka eyoyikekayo yeCastilian,
ekuthinjweni, kunye nabakhe abalishumi elinambini
-uthuli, ukubila kunye nentsimbi- ukukhwela kweCid.

Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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