Tolkien: mabhuku

JRR Tolkien quote

JRR Tolkien quote

Mabasa aJRR Tolkien pamwe haadi sumo. Uyu munyori wekuSouth Africa ane chizvarwa cheBritain anozivikanwa pasi rose nekugadzira nyika inoshamisa uye ine hugamba kuburikidza nemabhuku akadai Iyo Hobbit, Iyo Silmarillion y Ishe wezvindori. Kwemakore, mabhuku aya akava chikamu chemabhuku echinyakare, uye, gare gare, hunyanzvi hwepamusoro fantasy cinema.

Tolkien akashanda sepurofesa paOxford University, pachigaro cheRawlinson neBosworth, chinangwa chavo chaiva chekudzidzisa mutauro weAnglo-Saxon. Uyewo, Aive Purofesa weMutauro uye Literature kuMerton. Philologist akawana kuzivikanwa kukuru muhupenyu hwake hwose. Nekudaro, nyika inomurangarira nekuda kwezvipo zvake kune tsamba, kunyangwe mazhinji emabasa ake achizivikanwa nekuda kwemwanakomana wake wechitatu, Christopher Tolkien.

Synopsis yemabhuku aJRR Tolkien anonyanya kuzivikanwa

Iyo Hobbit, kana Ikoko uye Kudzoka Zvakare - Hobbit (1937)

Bhuku iri rakanyorwa muzvikamu, kutanga mugore ra1920 richipera mukupera kwema1930. Muparidzi aitarisira kubudiswa kwaro akanga ari. George Allen & Unwin. Bhuku racho rine mhepo yevechidiki, sezvo, chaizvoizvo, yakanyorerwa vana vemunyori. Iyo nyaya inotaura nezve adventures yehobbit inozivikanwa seBilbo Baggins. Anotanga rwendo rwekutsvaga pfuma inorindwa neshato Smaug mugomo reLonely.

Chirongwa chayo chinotanga kana Bilbo, mugari womuShireanogamuchira kushanyirwa kusingatarisirwi kubva n'anga inozivikanwa se Gandalf the Gray uye kambani ye 13 zvidiki. Boka racho raida nyanzvi yekupamba kuti iite basa rine njodzi: kusvika Erebor, kukunda Smaug, kukunda humambo uhu uye kutora pfuma yakavanzwa mauri.

Ishe Wezvindori: kuyanana kwemhete - Ishe Wezvindori: Kuwadzana kweRingi (1954)

Ishe weRings: kuyanana kwerin'i Ndiyo yekutanga yetrilogy iyo Tolkien akanyora sequel kune Hobbit. Nyaya inoitika muThe Third Age yeZuva, mukati nyika yepakati. Inzvimbo yekunyepedzera inogara zvisikwa zveanthropomorphic, senge: elves, dwarves uye hobbits, pamwe nevanhu.

Nyaya inotanga ne 111th yekuzvarwa kwaBilbo Baggins, ane hurongwa hwekuchembera kuita rwendo rwekupedzisira., kwaanotarisira kugara murunyararo. Achiziva nezvemaitiro eshamwari yake, Gandalf anoenda kupati. Iyi mhemberero inoguma nekutaura kweanoremekedzwa, uyo, mushure mokutaura mazwi mashomanana ekuonekana, anoisa mhete yemashiripiti uye anonyangarika.

Nekuda kweizvi, Gandalf anotsvaga mucheki. Paakaiwana, anoti akanga asina kusiya rin'i mumaoko aFrodo, muzukuru wake uye mugari wenhaka. Pakupedzisira, Bilbo anosiya asina jewel. N'anga inonzwa kusava nechokwadi pamusoro pechinhu chinoshamisa, uye inotanga kutsvaga ruzivo pamusoro pezvinhu zvayo. Anenge makumi maviri emakore gare gare, Gandalf anodzoka, achiudza Frodo nezve zvaakawana.

Chidimbu ichocho chaive chaSauron, Ishe Rima. Chinhu chakatorwa kubva kwaari naMambo Isildur weArnor. Uye zvino Frodo neshamwari dzake vanofanira kuenda kumusha weBree kuti vauye neRingi Imwe kunyika yeRivendell, uko varume vakachenjera vanofanira kusarudza zvinofanira kuitwa nayo. Nekudaro, basa ravo rinozoratidzwa nekusaverengeka zvipingamupinyi, kurwa uye kutiza, uye nekuramba kuvhimwa naSauron nevamwe vake.

Kutengesa Ishe wemhete ...
Ishe wemhete ...
Hapana wongororo

Iyo Towers Mbiri - Iyo Towers mbiri (1954)

Iyo Towers mbiri inoratidzwa sevhoriyamu yechipiri ye Ishe wezvindori. Saizvozvowo, tevera rwendo rwaFrodo Baggins neshamwari dzake kusvika kunzvimbo yekupedzisira yeRing of Power. Mubhuku rino, Fellowship of the Ring inorwiswa nemaorcs anotumirwa naSaruman - mambo wen'anga - naSauron. Nekuda kwekurwiswa uku, nhengo yeNharaunda inofa ichiedza kuchengetedza vamwe vaviri.

Aya mavara ekupedzisira anopambwa. Kuvanunura, vanosara vanosarudza kutevera ma orcs. Chiitiko ichi chinoita kuti vakabatwa vatizire kuFangorn Sango, kwavanowana vanobatana. Mushure vanosangana naGandalf, uyo akanga aparadzana neboka kuti arwise Balrog. Muroyi anovaudza kuti iye pachake akafa panguva yekurwa, asi kuti akadzoserwa kuMiddle-Earth kunopedzisa basa rake.

Muroyi anova Gandalf Muchena, uye anova musoro mutsva wevaroyi. Uyu hunhu, kuburikidza nemibatanidzwa, anowana nzira yekubvisa ma orcs zvachose.

Panguva ino, Frodo naSam vane hondo mumakomo eEmyn Muil, achienda kuMordor, uye woona kuti vari kuvhimwa nechisikwa chinonzi Gollum. Saka, vafambi vanomukumbira kuti avatungamirire kwavari kuenda, asi vasati vatarisana nemamwe matambudziko akawanda.

Kudzoka kwaMambo - Kudzoka kwaMambo (1955)

Kudzoka kwaMambo Ndiyo yechitatu uye yekupedzisira vhoriyamu ye Ring Trilogy. Bhuku rinotanga apo Gandalf nekambani vanoenda kuTirith Mines.. Chinangwa chake ndechekuyambira mambo wake kuti mwanakomana wake mukuru afa, uye kuti kutyisidzira kwave pedyo, izvo zvinoita kuti regent awire mukupenga. Mauto anobatana anowa, uye mauto evavengi anowedzera kusimba.

Zvichakadaro imwe hondo inoitika iyo inobvumira kukundwa kwebato rehondo raSaruman. Panguva imwe, Aragorn, munhu kubva kuFellowship, anotarisana naIshe weRima, ndokutanga kutsvaga hondo yevasina kufa. Kune rumwe rutivi, Frodo akaoma mitezo nehupfu hweElla-Laraña, uye Sam anofanira kutakura Imwe Ring. Kana protagonist angopora, iye naSam vanonanga kunzvimbo dzisina chinhu dzeMordor.

Nharaunda yacho inocheneswa kunenge kwese vagari vayo, ichisiya isina dziviriro pakupinda kwemagamba. Frodo anokundwa nesimba remhete paanenge oda kuikanda muGomo reDoom.. Iyo protagonist inopa chishongo, asi Gollum anomutengesa uye anoruma kubva pamunwe wake. Zvisinei, chisikwa chinorasikirwa nechiyero chayo uye chinowira mumabota, pakupedzisira chichikonzera kuparadzwa kwechinhu.

Nezve munyori, JRR Tolkien

JRR Tolkien

JRR Tolkien

John Ronald Reuel Tolkien akaberekwa muna 1982, muBloemfontein, Orange Free State. Tolkien aive munyori weBritish, philologist, nyanzvi yemitauro, purofesa weyunivhesiti, uye mudetembi. Nekuda kwemukurumbira uye kubudirira kwebasa rake, Mambokadzi Elizabeth II akasarudza kumuita Mutungamiriri weChirongwa cheBritish Empire.

Munyori aive zvakare shamwari yemunyori CS Lewis, aitarisira The Chronicles of Narnia. Vese mapurofesa vaive nhengo dzekirabhu yenhaurirano yekunyora inozivikanwa seInklings. Tolkien, akadzidza kuExeter College, anozivikanwa sababa vezvinyorwa zvepamusoro zvekufungidzira. Muna 2008, The Times akamutumidza kuti mumwe we "Vanyori makumi mashanu Vakuru veBritish Kubva 50".

Mamwe Mabhuku Akakurumbira eTolkien

  • Leaf by Niggle - Leaf, naNiggle (1945);
  • Ivo Silmarillion - Ivo Silmarillion (1977);
  • Vana vaHúrin - Vanakomana vaHurini (2007);
  • Ngano yaSigurd naGudrún - Ngano yaSigurd naGudrún (2009);
  • Kuwa kwaArthur - Kudonha kwaArthur (2013);
  • Beowulf: Shanduro uye Mhinduro - Beowulf: dudziro uye tsananguro (2014).

Izvo zviri muchinyorwa zvinoomerera pamisimboti yedu ye tsika dzekunyora. Kuti utaure chikanganiso tinya pano.

Iva wekutanga kutaura

Siya yako yekutaura

Your kero e havazobvumirwi ichibudiswa. Raida minda anozivikanwa ne *

*

*

  1. Inotarisira iyo data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Chinangwa cheiyo data: Kudzora SPAM, manejimendi manejimendi.
  3. Legitimation: Kubvuma kwako
  4. Kutaurirana kwedata
  5. Dhata yekuchengetedza: Dhatabhesi inobatwa neOccentus Networks (EU)
  6. Kodzero: Panguva ipi neipi iwe unogona kudzora, kupora uye kudzima ruzivo rwako