Rwiyo rweMio Cid

Rwiyo rweMio Cid

Pakati pemabasa makuru ezvinyorwa zveSpanish, El Cantar del Mio Cid inotora chinzvimbo chakakwirira, sezvo iri imwe yenziyo huru kwazvo yechiito chakachengetedzwa kubva kuMiddle Ages. Kunyanya, isu tiri kutaura nezve rekutanga rakakura nhetembo basa rezvinyorwa muSpain, uyezve iro chete rinenge rakachengetedzwa zvakakwana, nekuti rinoshaya pepa rekutanga reiyo yekutanga uye maviri epamukati mekodhekisi.

Kana iwe uchida kuziva zvimwe nezve El cantar del Mio Cid, senge nhoroondo yayo, hunhu, mavara ... kana kuziva chidimbu, nhasi tichagutsa kuda kwako.

Chii chinonzi El cantar del Mio Cid

El Cantar de Mío Cid inorondedzerwa seyimbo yechibvumirano. Muchokwadi, ndirwo rwiyo rwekare rwechiito rwakachengetedzwa zvakazara uye runotaura nyaya yemunhu panguva yekukundwa kwePeninsula. Isu tinoreva Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar, kubvira paakadonha kubva munyasha naAlfonso VI kusvika parufu rwake.

Kunyangwe iyo Cantar de Mío Cid isingazivikanwe, uye basa rakakura rezvinyorwa zveSpanish mumutauro weRomance, chokwadi ndechekuti vamwe vanamazvikokota vanoti kuna Per Abbat, muridzi wengoma kana mukopitsi uyo akazvinyora muna1207 (kunyange hazvo izvo zvakachengetedzwa, izvo yePer Abbat, yakanyorwa gore 1307).

Iye zvino, iyo yekutanga iri muNational Library (Ivo vanazvo kubvira 1960). Mamiriro ayo ekuchengetedza ari "akaomesesa", nekuti mumashizha mazhinji mune mavara matema akasviba nekuda kwema reagents ayo akaiswa. Uye zvakare, sezvatakambotaura, kune akati wandei mipata, kunyanya peji rekutanga uye maviri mukati memapeji.

Rwiyo rweMio Cid rwakakamurwa kuita zvikamu zvitatu:

  • Rwiyo rweKutapwa. Taura nezve kutapa uye nehondo yeumhare iyo protagonist yakarwa neMoor.
  • Rwiyo rweMuchato. Inotaurira nyaya yemuchato wakundikana wevanasikana vaEl Cid nevacheche veCarrión. Kune zvakare chikamu nezve Hondo yeJérica uye kukunda kweValencia.
  • Rwiyo rwekuzvidzwa kweCorpes. Mune ino kesi, iyo nyaya inotarisana nemhosva yakatambudzwa nevanasikana veCid uye kurevererwa kweBurgos kunopesana nevacheche veCarrión.

Ndiani akanyora El cantar de Mio Cid

Ndiani akanyora El cantar de Mio Cid

Nehurombo, hatizive kuti ndiani munyori weEl cantar del Mio Cid aive. Saka, zvinonzi hazvizivikanwe. Kunyangwe isu takataura kare kuti inogona kuverengerwa nevamwe kumuridzi wengoma Per Abbat. Zvino, sekureva kwemumwe muongorori, Dolores Oliver Perez, purofesa paYunivhesiti yeValladolid, munyori aigona kuve aive Abu I-Walid al Waqqashi, mudetembi anozivikanwa wechiArabhu uye mutongi.

Zvinoenderana nekutsvagisa kwaakaita, mudetembi uyu uye mutongi akazvinyora mugore ra1095 muValencia (kubvira paakange akagara muguta iro panguva yaRodrigo Díaz de Vivar).

Dzidziso padziri dzakavakirwa ndedzipiri:

  • Kune rimwe divi, iro chokwadi chekuti zvinofungidzirwa izvo munyori weEl cantar de Mio Cid akagadzirwa nemuridzi wembira. Hazvina kungotaurwa naOlivar Pérez, asiwo nevamwe vakaita saMenéndez Pidal. Isu tinotaura nezve Per Abbat dzidziso.
  • Kune rumwe rutivi, munyori waro anofanira kunge aive mutongi sezvo aiziva zvinyorwa zveLatin uye zvenguva yeFrance.

Chokwadi hatigone kusimbisa kana kuramba. Muchokwadi, hapana chimwezve chakauya pachena nezvazvo, asi zvinomutsa mubvunzo wekuziva kana angave angave anga ari iye murwiyo rwechiitwa ichi.

Izvo zvinoitwa nemuongorori izvi ndezvekuti rwiyo urwu rwechiito rwakashanda zvakanyanya senhetembo yezvematongerwo enyika uye kuti zvaisangozivikanwa mumutauro weRomance, asiwo muchiArabic.

Mavara kubva kuEl Cantar del Mio Cid

Mavara kubva kuEl Cantar del Mio Cid

Zvikwereti: Diego Delso

Ose mavara ari chikamu cheEl cantar del Mio Cid ane hunhu hwakafanana: vanhu chaivo. Saizvozvo, Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar, Alfonso VI, García Ordóñez, Yúsuf ibn Tasufin, Jimena Díaz uye mazhinji, mazhinji akawanda akange aripo muhupenyu chaihwo. Zvino, kune vamwe vanokwidza kusahadzika (nekuti hazvizivikanwe kuti vaivapo pasi pezita rimwe here kana kuti vakagadzirwa nemunyori), uye mamwe akave akatorwa seaknyeperwa.

Unogona kunyange kuwana mavara ari chaiwo asi ane zita risiri iro, semuenzaniso Elvira naSol, vanasikana vaEl Cid, avo vainzi Cristina naMaría.

Chinonyanya kukosha cherwiyo urwu ndeichi chinotevera:

  • El Cid. Muchokwadi, iri pamusoro paRodrigo Díaz de Vivar, murume aishandira Sancho II naAlfonso VI, maMambo eCastile.
  • Doña Jimena. Ndiye mudzimai waEl Cid. Uye zvakare, iye muzukuru waMambo Alfonso VI uye anoita basa rake semukadzi.
  • Doña Elvira naDoña Sol. Mazita chaiwo evanasikana (sekureva kwaMenéndez Pidal) angave Cristina naMaría, asi pano vakatumidzwa nenzira iyi. Doña Elvira ane makore gumi nemaviri kusvika gumi nemaviri hanzvadzi yake aine makore gumi nemakumi gumi nerimwe kana vakaroorwa neVacheche veCarrión uye vanoenderana nemirairo yavanopihwa nababa vavo (sekuroora ivo Vacheche).
  • Vacheche veCarrión. Ivo ndiFernando naDiego González, vakomana vaviri avo, sekutaura kwenyanzvi, vanomiririra kunyadziswa uye humbwende hweEl Cid.
  • Garcia Ordoñez. Ndiye muvengi weEl Cid.
  • Alvar Fáñez «Minaya». Ruoko rwerudyi rweEl Cid.
  • Benzi. Bhiza raEl Cid, uye mumwe wevanonyanya kuzivikanwa mukuimba.
  • Colada uye Tizón. Ndiro zita rinozivikanwa neminondo yeEl Cid.

Chidimbu cheEl cantar de Mio Cid

Chidimbu cheEl cantar de Mio Cid

Kuti tipedze, tinoda kukusiira chidimbu cheEl cantar de Mio Cid pazasi kuti uzive kuti zvakaita sei. Asi chinhu chakanakisa chingave icho ipe mukana sezvo iri imwe yemabasa akanyanya eSpanish eMiddle Ages (uye rimwe remabasa akanakisa echinyakare ezvinyorwa zveSpanish).

112 Rega shumba yaCid. Kutya kwevacheche vaCarrión. Iyo Cid inochekesa shumba. Kunyadziswa kwevacheche

El Cid aive nemhuri yake muValencia mukuru

uye pamwe chete naye vatezvara vake, vacheche vaCarrión.

Akarara pabhenji Mushandi akarara,

ikozvino iwe uchaona zvakashata zvakashata zvakaitika kwavari.

Iye apukunyuka kubva muchizarira chake, uye shumba yasununguka,

Paakazvinzwa kubva mudare, kutya kukuru kwakapararira.

Vanhu vemuCampeador vanombundira nguo dzavo

uye kukomberedza chigaro chinodzivirira ishe wavo.

Asi Fernando González, mucheche waCarrión,

haatsvage kwekuenda, zvese zvakavharwa akawana,

akapinda pasi pebhenji, kutya kwake kukuru.

Mumwe wacho, Diego González, akapunyuka nepasuo

vachishevedzera nema greats: «Handichazoona Carrión zvakare.

«Kumashure kwedanda gobvu akapinda nekutya kukuru

uye kubva ipapo akabvisa nguo yese yakasviba nejasi.

Kuva mune izvi kunomutsa uyo akazvarwa munguva yakanaka

uye anoona chigaro chake chakakomberedzwa nevarume vakawanda.

Chii ichi, titi, mesnadas? Urikuitei pano? "

"Kutya kukuru kwatipa, vanokudzwa changamire, shumba."

Mío Cid anomuka ndokukurumidza kusimuka,

uye asina kubvisa jasi rake, akananga kushumba.

kana chikara chikamuona zvakanyanya, anotya,

musoro wake wakadzikiswa pamberi paCid, kumeso kwake kwakadonha pasi.

Iye Musasa akabva amutora nehuro,

semunhu anotakura bhiza muchizarira rinoisa.

Vese vakashamisika nenyaya iya yeshumba

uye boka revarwi vedare rakatendeuka.

Mío Cid anobvunza nezvevakuwasha vake uye haana kuvawana,

kunyange achivashevedza, hapana inzwi rinopindura.

Pavakazovawana, zviso zvavo hazvina ruvara

kuseka kwakawanda uye kuseka kusati kwamboonekwa mudare,

Mío Cid Campeador aifanira kuisa runyararo.

Vakanyara vaive vacheche vaCarrión,

Vakanga vane kuzvidemba kukuru pamusoro pezvakaitika kwavari.


Izvo zviri muchinyorwa zvinoomerera pamisimboti yedu ye tsika dzekunyora. Kuti utaure chikanganiso tinya pano.

Makomendi gumi, siya zvako

Siya yako yekutaura

Your kero e havazobvumirwi ichibudiswa.

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  1. Inotarisira iyo data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Chinangwa cheiyo data: Kudzora SPAM, manejimendi manejimendi.
  3. Legitimation: Kubvuma kwako
  4. Kutaurirana kwedata
  5. Dhata yekuchengetedza: Dhatabhesi inobatwa neOccentus Networks (EU)
  6. Kodzero: Panguva ipi neipi iwe unogona kudzora, kupora uye kudzima ruzivo rwako

  1.   Cecilia Carchi akadaro

    Zvinyorwa zveMiddle Ages zvine chikamu chakanakisa, pano kuGuayaquil iro basa Mío Cid rinodzidziswa mugiredhi rekutanga uye vadzidzi vanodzidza chimiro chayo, kuumbwa, mutauro, nezvimwe, sechikamu cheiyo Middle Dzidzo chirongwa.

  2.   Begoña akadaro

    Ndinoifarira zvakanyanya, sekuru nasekuru vangu vaigara muSanta Águeda. Burgos