Nhetembo dzaMario Benedetti

Nyanduri Mario Benedetti.

Mario Benedetti.

Nhetembo dzaMario Benedetti dzakaratidza chiitiko chakakosha munhoroondo yekunyora kondinendi yeAmerica uye kupfuura miganhu yayo. Uruguay uyu Akanga ari mumwe wevanyori vakakurumbira uye vevose vevamiriri veSpanish, iine mazita anodarika makumi masere akaburitswa anofukidza marudzi ese uye zvitaera zvekunyora. Zvinyorwa zvake zvakapfuura kusvika kune vaverengi vake korona nekureruka, asi akazadzwa nemanzwiro akasarudzika.

Nezve mupiro wake kunyika yekunyora, Remedios Mataix, PhD in Hispanic Philology paUniversity yeAlicante, akati: “Basa raBenedetti rinoshora chero kuyedza kuronga munyori, uye akafumisa mhando yega yega yaanoshandisa neruzivo rwakawanikwa mune vamwe".

Hudiki, hudiki uye kurudziro

Mario Benedetti akazvarwa musi waSeptember 14, 1920, muPaso de los Toros, Tacuarembó, Oriental Republic yeUruguay. Nguva pfupi asati asvitsa makore mana ekuberekwa, mhuri yake yakatamira kuMontevideo, uko mudetembi akapedza huzhinji hwehupenyu hwake. Muguta guru reUruguayan akanyora nhetembo dzake dzekutanga uye nyaya apo aidzidza chikoro chepuraimari kuGerman Chikoro.

Yakanga iri nguva yakaoma yeboka remhuri yake kubva mune yehupfumi maonero. Aitadza kudzidza gore kuLiceo Miranda, nekuti kamwe apo aive nemakore gumi nemana akamanikidzwa kushanda maawa masere pazuva muchitoro chemotokari. Zvidzidzo zvechipiri zvaifanira kupedzwa semudzidzi wemahara.

Zvisinei, mudiki Mario vakatora mukana wemamiriro ezvinhu kuti vazive zvakadzama nyika ye grey yemahofisi eMontevideo, inoratidzwa mune dzinoverengeka dzenyaya dzake dzakazotevera. Kazhinji, magari emunyika ndiyo iri pakati inonyanyo shandiswa nemunyori weUruguay kuendesa pfungwa dzake kuvaravi vanotaura chiSpanish uye - nekuda kweshanduro dzake - kutenderera pasirese.

Kufuridzira pane basa raBenedetti

Hazvishamisi ipapo kuti mazhinji e mavara ekunyepedzera uye nzvimbo dzenhoroondo dzawo dzinoenderana nezvitaurwa zveMontevideo. Kuiswa kwake kwekutanga mumusika wevashandi hakuna kumutadzisa kuramba achiverenga nekunyora. Pakati pevanyori vekutanga vakamukurudzira nekumukurudzira ndiMaupassant, Horacio Quiroga, naChejov.

Gare gare mumakore ake ekuyaruka akaenderera semunhu anofarira "anodya mabhuku.""Verenga ma greats saFaulkner, Hemingway, Virginia Woolf, Henry James Proust, Joyce na Italo Svevo. Ipapo akabva apinda mumitauro yeLatin America uye zvematongerwo enyika pamwe chete neCésar Vallejo yePeruvia pamwe neArgentina Baldomero Fernández Moreno semasimba akakurisa.

Hupenyu muBuenos Aires

Pakati pa1938 na1941 aigara nguva zhinji muBuenos Aires. Muguta reArgentina aishanda sa stenographer mune yekutsikisa imba. Benedetti pachake akarondedzera muhurukuro yakaitwa muna 1984 kuti Plaza San Martín ndiyo nzvimbo yaakasarudza kuva munyori.

Muna 1945 akabatana nechikamu chevanyori cheMarcha, yakakurumbira vhiki nevhiki panguva iyoyo kusvika kuvharwa kwayo muna 1974 nekuda kwezvikonzero zvematongerwo enyika. Gore rimwe chetero akatanga kudzidzira semutori wenhau naCarlos Quijano uye zvakare akanyora bhuku rake rekutanga renhetembo rinonzi La víspera indelble, rakaburitswa muna 1945.

Chidimbu cheimwe yenhetembo dzaMario Benedetti.

Chidimbu cheimwe yenhetembo dzaMario Benedetti - Saudaderadio.com.

muchato

Mario Benedetti akaroora Luz López Alegre muna 1946, mumwe wake wehupenyu uye "husingaperi musimamende" kusvika parufu rwake muna Kubvumbi 13, 2006, akabatwa nechirwere cheAlzheimer. Rudo rwehukama hwakawanda uhu rwakaratidzwa munhetembo yake "Boda de Perlas", yakatorwa muImba neBrick (1977).

Zvinoitwa zvebasa rake

Pakati pemaitiro akasarudzika eMario Benedetti anogona kutaurwa: munhu, hyperbole, uye dhirama zvaiwanzo manhamba ekunyora. Zvakaitika uye zvinhu zvehupenyu hwezuva nezuva zvinoonekwa mumisoro yazvo nenzira iri pachena, kana neimwe nzira, zvine mutsindo, neve protagonists vakajeka kana vanyoro.

Saizvozvowo, kushandiswa kwemitauro inowirirana (iyo vese, semuenzaniso) yakawanda kuburitsa chitupa nemuverengi. Inopa mamiriro ekuseka kupesana nekushushikana, mune kuseka kwakabatana neasiririsa. Saizvozvowo, Benedetti anoshandisa inonzi nhetembo dzinonyumwira kuchengetedza muverengi mumabasa anotevera.

Ehe saizvozvo, dzinenge nguva dzose dzinowedzera kumwe kubata kwema surrealist zviratidzo, zvakasarudzika kune "nhetembo"benedettiana". Meseji yake yakagadzira kunamatira kukuru pakati pevaverengi veese mazera nekuda kwekuratidzira kwake kusingafungidzike kwekuzvipira mutsika nezvematongerwo enyika.

Asi kutarisa chete pachinhu ichocho chemunyori weUruguay ndiyo nzira yekumuongorora nenzira yakasarudzika, kubvira chimiro chezvaakanyora (kunyanya nhetembo dzake) zvinoratidza huzivi-huripo hudzamu, nedambudziko rakakura kubva pamaonero emagariro, emweya, epfungwa uye echitendero.

Kuongororwa kwemamwe akatanhamara nhetembo dzaMario Benedetti

Hobby

Pataive tiri vana

iyo yekare yakanga yakaita semakumi matatu

dziva rakanga riri gungwa

kufa pachena uye nyore

kwaisavapo

gare gare apo vakomana

varume vakuru vaive vanhu makumi mana

dziva raiva gungwa

rufu chete

shoko

patinoroora

vakuru vacho vaiva makumi mashanu

dziva raive gungwa

rufu rufu

yevamwe

izvozvi veterans

takatobata chokwadi

Ocean ndiyo pakupedzisira Ocean

asi rufu rwunotanga kuvapo

zvedu.

Hobby Iro nhetembo rakaumbwa nezvikamu zvina, chimwe nechimwe chine ndima shanu. Iyo mita haina kujairika, zvisinei, mavhesi emahara anotumira imwe rwiyo. Chikamu chega chega chakabatanidzwa nedanho muhupenyu hwevanhu (hudiki, hujaya, kukura uye kukwegura).

En Hobby, Mario Benedetti anozvinyudza mune yechinyorwa chiripo pamusoro pezvepfungwa uye nekushanduka kwemunhu sekufamba kwemakore, kubva paudiki kusvika pakukwegura uye pakupedzisira kufa. Maitiro enziyo akaverengerwa- sezviri pachena - neane zera repakati-makore akatosiya kumashure kweupenzi hwenguva diki nezwi rekumwe kusuruvara.

Muka, rudo

Bonjour buon giorno guten morgen,

muka rudo uone,

chete munyika yechitatu

zviuru zvina makumi mana zvevana zvinofa pazuva,

mudenga rakajeka

mabhomba uye magora anoyangarara,

mamiriyoni mana ane AIDS

makaro anowedzera Amazon.

Mangwanani akanaka mangwanani amuka,

pamakomputa ambuya un

hakuchina zvitunha zvinobva kuRwanda

vanokoshesa dzidziso vanouraya

vatorwa,

Papa anoparidza achipesana nemakondomu,

Havelange anodzipura Maradona

Bonjour Monsieur le Maire

forza italy mangwanani

Guten Morgen Ernst Junger

opus dei mangwanani akanaka.

Muka, rudo ibasa rinonakidza rinoratidza zviwanikwa zvakawanda zvekunyora kuratidza hutsinye hwenzanga yazvino: hondo, denda, njodzi dzezvakatipoteredza, uye kupusa kwechitendero chakanyanyisa.

Mune nhetembo iyi Benedetti anoedza kuzunza muverengi nekutaura naye semunhu wekutanga ndichiri ironizing ne diplomacy yepasi rose uye mutambo sechinhu chinokanganisa.

Mufananidzo wemunyori Mario Benedetti.

Mufananidzo wemunyori Mario Benedetti.

Nhetembo dzaMario Benedetti: nhaka yenhoroondo

Nhetembo dzaBenedetti muenzaniso wakajeka wemirairo yakanakisa yetsamba uye kutarisa kuri nani kwenzvimbo. Kana isu tichiwedzera kune izvo chokwadi chekuti munyori akaverenga bhuku rega rega rakanaka raakasangana naro ndokurodza manyorerwo ake nepfungwa uye chiono chevanyori vakanaka, ipapo maonero anogona kuve enhetembo anowedzera. Kwete pasina nhetembo yake nhetembo iri pakati mabhuku akanakisa enhetembo.

Chokwadi ndechokuti haugone kutaura nezve nhetembo dzeLatin America usingatauri zita rayo, uye kuti achave aripo munhoroondo yetsamba, mune yega yega Zuva renhetembo, kusvikira pasisina zvimwe zvakanyorwa; ndiko kukura kwakaita nhaka yake.


Izvo zviri muchinyorwa zvinoomerera pamisimboti yedu ye tsika dzekunyora. Kuti utaure chikanganiso tinya pano.

Iva wekutanga kutaura

Siya yako yekutaura

Your kero e havazobvumirwi ichibudiswa. Raida minda anozivikanwa ne *

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