Mabasa makuru aJuan Ramón Jiménez

Quote naJuan Ramón Jiménez.

Quote naJuan Ramón Jiménez.

Kana mushandisi weInternet achitsvaga "main works Juan Ramón Jiménez", mhedzisiro inonongedzera kumatatu ake anozivikanwa mazita. Sezvinei, Kusurukirwa kunonzwika (1911), Platero neni (1914) uye Dhayari remudetembi achangoroora (1916). Mavari zvinokwanisika kuziva akanyanya kuzivikanwa maficha eake maitiro: kuzviisa pasi, kukwana, kufungisisa, kutsvaga kusaguma uye "runako rwekushata".

Nekudaro, mukati me chero zvinyorwa zvekunyora zvinogona kuve zvakasarudzika kuzvigumira pachayo chete kune zvinyorwa zvataurwa. Mushure mezvose, aya ndiwo mazwi eanokunda weNobel Prize yeMabhuku. Chii chimwe, mune yega yega nhanho dzekugadzira -Sensitive (1889 - 1915), zvehungwaru (1916 - 1936), uye ichokwadi (1937 - 1958) - yakaburitsa zvinyorwa zvinoverengeka zvakakosha munguva yake.

Hupenyu hwaJuan Ramón Jiménez

Kuberekwa uye kudzidza

Akazvarwa muMoguer, Spain, musi waZvita 23, 1881. Vabereki vake, Víctor Jiménez naPurificación Mantecón López-Parejo, vaitengesa waini. Little Juan Ramón akapinda chikoro chepuraimari kuColegio de Primera y Segunda Enseñanza de San José. Gare gare, akaenda ku "La Rábida" Institute (Huelva) ndokudzidza chikoro chepamusoro kuSan Luis Gonzaga Academy muPuerto de Santa María.

Pakutanga, Jiménez akatenda kuti kudaidzwa kwake kwaive kupenda; Aine izvi mupfungwa, akatamira kuSeville muna 1896. Zvisinei, munguva pfupi akapedza kunyora kwake kwekutanga kweprozi nemavhesi uye akazove mutsigiri kumapepanhau nemagazini eAndalusian. Mukufanana, yakatanga - nekumisikidzwa kwevabereki - iro basa reMutemo paYunivhesiti yeSeville (Akaisiya muna 1899).

Kushungurudzika

Mu 1900 akatamira kuMadrid, kwaakaburitsa Nymphaeas y Mweya ye violet, mabhuku ake maviri ekutanga. Gore rimwe chetero akawira mukushushikana kwakadzika mushure mekufa kwababa vake uye nekurasikirwa kwakatevera kwezvinhu zvese zvemhuri mukukakavadzana neBanco de Bilbao.

Nekudaro, Jiménez akagamuchirwa kuchipatara chepfungwa muBordeaux uye gare gare kuSanatorio del Rosario muguta guru reSpain. Saizvozvo, kushushikana kwaive kwakajairika mamiriro muhupenyu hwese hwanyanduri. Kunyanya mushure mekutanga kweHondo yeVanhu nekusangana kwakazotevera kwehutongi hwehudzvanyiriri hwaFranco uye kufa kwemuzukuru muhondo iyoyo yehondo.

Anotyora moyo

Asati ava Casanova chaiye, munyori weAndalusi ainyanya kuda Blanca Hernández Pinzón, inotaurwa mumavhesi ake se "vachena vachena." Gare gare, iye "haana kusarura" kana mavambo, basa kana chinzvimbo chemuchato wezve rudo nyaya. Akanga anavo vemarudzi ese: vakadzi vakaroora, vakadzi vasina murume, vatorwa, uye kunyange - sekureva kwaJosé A. Exposito, mupepeti wake - kunyangwe nemasisita.

Zvinyorwa zvinyorwa zveJuan Ramón Jiménez

Inonzwisisika nhanho (1898 - 1915)

Zvakaitika kuna Donjuán de Jiménez zvaive zvakakosha nekuda kwemazwi anozviratidza, kunyanya mu Mabhuku erudo (1911-12), yakarongedzwa munhetembo 104. Iyi nhanho yaive yakanyanya kuwanda yemunyori weHuesca. Mariri airatidzira razvino runyorwa uye chiratidzo chekunyora chenguva iyoyo pamwe neicho chiratidzo chakasimba chaGustavo Adolfo Bécquer.

Saizvozvowo, pakupera kweichi chikamu chirevo chemuFrance chinomiririrwa nevakadzidza vakaita se Charles Baudelaire kana Paul Verlaine, pakati pevamwe. Nekudaro, mumabasa ake kune kukoshesa kwakawanda kwenzvimbo uye zvakagadziriswa zviwanikwa, uko kushushikana kuri kugara uchinzwa.

Kusurukirwa kunonzwika (1911)

Iyi ndeimwe yezvinyorwa zvishoma zvaJiménez zvakadzidzwa, asi zvakaringana. Sezvo mafomu aripo muchidimbu, pamwe nezviri mariri, zvinosimbisa kutenderera kwanyanduri kubva ku "nhaka" yazvino. Naizvozvo, iri basa rinomiririra kuvhurwa kwekushinga nyoro nyowani yekuvandudzwa kwenguva yayo.

Chidimbu:

“Manheru goridhe rave kuita pingi;

miriwo ichiripo uye bhuruu inotonhora;

uye mukunyengera kwezuva, shavishavi rinobhururuka

elegiac, indolent, yakajeka "...

Kutengesa SOLEDAD SONORA ANOSHANDA ...

Platero neni (1914)

Inotariswa nevadzidzi seimwe yezvinyorwa zvakakosha kwazvo muSpanish yenguva dzese. Saizvozvowo, kuna Jiménez zvaireva chidimbu cheshanduko kubva pamanyorerwo echimanjemanje kuenda kuchimiro chinotaurisa chakazara nemanzwiro akanaka uye huwandu hunotsanangura. Saka, Sirivheri Inoita senge nyaya yevana, asi zvirokwazvo haisi (yakasimbiswa nemunyori iye).

Kune rimwe divi, kunyangwe paine mareferenzi enguva dzose kune yake yekuzvarwa Andalusia uye zvimwe zviitiko zvehukama, kana iyo nhoroondo yehupenyu. Muchokwadi, Jiménez akagadzira chaiyo yakasarudzika nhetembo, isina nhevedzano yokuverengwa kwenguva. Asi nguva inoita seinopfuura nekusingaperi kumberi, uko mavambo nemagumo anomiririrwa nemwaka.

Chidimbu:

“Platero idiki, ine mvere, yakapfava; yakapfava zvekunze, zvekuti inoita kunge yakagadzirwa nedonje, isina mapfupa. Magirazi ejeti chete emeso ake akaomarara semabhuru madema egirazi ”(…)“ Iye akapfava uye akagwinya semukomana, musikana…, asi akaoma uye akasimba mukati sedombo ”.

Mamwe anoshanda kubva padanho rakaomarara raJiménez

  • Rhymes (1902).
  • Zvinosuruvarisa arias (1902).
  • Minda iri kure (1904).
  • Kushushikana (1912).
  • Labyrinth (1913).

Ungwaru danho (1916 - 1936)

Munguva ino - akabhabhatidzwa saizvozvo naiye - mudetembi weAndalusia akaratidzirwa zvakanyanya nezviitiko zvinoverengeka zvakakosha. Yekutanga, rwendo rwake rwekutanga kuenda kuAmerica uye nzira yeAnglo-Saxon nhetembo dzevanyori vakaita saBlake, Yeats, E. Dickinson naShelley, pakati pevamwe.

Chiitiko chechipiri chaive muchato wake naZenobia Camprubí, shamwari yake yakatendeka kusvika makore ake ekupedzisira. Chekupedzisira, gungwa rakava rinokurudzira, nekuti kuna Jiménez gungwa raireva hupenyu, kuvanzika, kusurukirwa, mufaro uye nekusingaperi yenguva ino.

Dhayari remudetembi achangoroora (1917)

Sezvinoreva zita iri, Mune basa iri, Jiménez akataura zvakakanganiswa nemuchato wake uchangopera neCamprubí. Nenzira imwecheteyo, kuvandudzwa kweNew York kwakashandura kubata kwayo kwepasirese uye kwakatungamira mukubuda kwerwiyo rusina zvirevo zvekushongedza. Iko kushandiswa kwemazita asina kupfeka kunoitirwa kuburitsa mifananidzo yekutanga.

Uyezve, Juan Ramón Jiménez yakazvibvisa pachayo kubva pamhando dzechivanhu nhetembo kusvika kukuvadzwa kwemusanganiswa unoshamisa uye mutsva (saka kukosha kwayo). Musanganiswa wakadai unofananidzira kusagadzikana kusingagadzike kwemhirizhonga yeguta rakazara nemisiyano. Kunyanya, mune iri basa mafomu enziyo ataurwa pazasi anoenderana:

  • Nhetembo dzeProose
  • Ndima
  • Micro nyaya
  • Axioms
  • Gregueries
  • Zvinyorwa zvekuwedzera
Kutengesa Dhayari remunyori ...
Dhayari remunyori ...
Hapana wongororo

Mamwe anoshanda kubva padanho rehungwaru raJuan Ramón Jiménez

  • Zhizha (1916).
  • Manyoneti emweya (1917).
  • Nokusingaperi (1918).
  • Dombo nedenga (1919).
  • Runako (1923).
  • Rwiyo (1935).

Chikamu chechokwadi (1937 - 1958)

Yakatanga nekutapwa kwaJiménez nemukadzi wake kuenda kuAmerican kondinendi nekuda kweSpanish Yenyika Hondo. Naizvozvo, Shanduko yesimba mumazwi yakave inonzwisisika mudetembi akabatwa zvakanyanya uye akasuwa nezviitiko munyika yake. Saizvozvo, zvisikwa zvake zvakawedzera kusanzwisisika, kufunga, uye pamweya.

Kuita kuti zvinhu zviwedzere kuipa, mudzimai wake akashaya muna 1956 mushure mekurwara kwenguva refu nekenza.. Nechikonzero ichi, kushushikana kwake kwakadaro zvekuti haana kana kuenda kunogamuchira Mubayiro weNobel weMabhuku akawanikwa mazuva mashoma asati ave chirikadzi. Kufungidzira uye dongo kwakaperekedza nyanduri kusvikira zuva rekufa kwake, iro rakaitika musi waMay 29, 1958.

Mazita echikamu chechokwadi chaJiménez

  • Manzwi anobva kuimba kwangu (1945).
  • Chiteshi chese (1946).
  • Coral Gables Romances (1948).
  • Mhuka kumashure (1949).
  • Chikomo che meridian (1950).

Leyenda (1978 - posvo kufa)

Iri bhuku rakakodzera kutaurwa chaiko nekuti ndiko kudzokororwa kwakazara kwakaitwa naJuan Ramón Jiménez iye pabasa rake (1896 - 1956). Yakaburitswa naAntonio Sánchez Romeralo uye ndokuzogashira yakagadziriswa muna 2006 naMaría Estela Arretche.


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