Javier Marias

Xavier Marias.

Xavier Marias.

Javier Marías, “Akagadzira masitayiti ayo asiri echimiro chedu asi nzira yekutarisa pasi. Kunyora kwake kunofungidzirwa muchiito, uye vaverengi vanomubatsira ”. Mutsara unoenderana naWinston Manrique Sabogal (Nyika, 2012), uyo anotsanangura munyori se "mumwe wevanonyanya kugadzira vanyori vekuEurope". Hazvishamisi kuti bhuku rake rakaburitswa mumitauro inopfuura makumi mana.

Akaburitsa zvinyorwa gumi nenhanhatu pamwe neshanduro dzinoverengeka, zvinyorwa, uye dzimwe nyaya pfupi. Saizvozvo, akashanda kuburikidza nezvinyorwa zvakasiyana siyana nezvinyorwa zvine mukurumbira midhiya yenyika neepasi rese. Sezvo 2008 anogara chair yeRoyal Spanish Academy. Mabhuku ake ari pakati peakanyanya kunaka munhoroondo yese yekuSpain.

Mbiri yebhaibheri

Kuzvarwa uye hudiki

Javier Marias Franco Akazvarwa muMadrid munaGunyana 20, 1951. Ndiye wechina pavana vashanu vemuchato pakati pemuzivi - nhengo yeRoyal Spanish Academy - Julián Marías uye munyori Dolores Franco Manera. Baba vake, veRepublican, vakarambidzwa kudzidzira mumayunivhesiti aFranco nekuramba kupika kuMitemo yeNational Movement (1958).

Nekudaro, mhuri yese yakatamira kuUnited States kutanga muna 1951. Ikoko, Julián Marías akadzidzisa paYale University kusvika kuma50 apera.Akangodzokera kuSpain, Javier wechidiki akadzidziswa kuColegio Estudio pasi pemitemo yerusununguko yakapihwa kubva kuInstitución Libre de Enseñanza.

Nharaunda yemhuri inobatsira kwazvo kunyora

Panguva imwecheteyo, Yekudzidza Koreji yakachengetedza hukama hwepedyo neInternational Institute yeBoston, uko Julián Marías aigara achipa hurukuro. Uyezve, imba yevaroorani veMarías Franco yaive nzvimbo yekudzidzira pachayo. Nguva dzose izere nemabhuku uye kazhinji nevadzidzi vekoreji vanotora zvakavanzika zvidzidzo.

Naizvozvo, hazvishamise kuti ekutanga mabasa akaburitswa naJavier Marías anotangira paudiki hwake. Haingave sei nharaunda inoyemurika yezviitiko zvehungwaru kana amai vakapedza kudzidza pabasa retsamba nemubairo unoshamisa. Uye zvakare, vanun'una vake vanozivikanwa sevadzidzi uye munyori wenhoroondo (Fernando), chiremba mune zvehupfumi uye mutsoropodzi wefirimu (Miguel), uye muimbi (Álvaro). Babamukuru vake ndiye mugadziri wemafirimu Jesús Franco.

Nhaka yababa vake

Pablo Núñez Díaz (UNED, 2005), inonyatsoita synthesize Kufuridzira kwaJulián Marías pamwanakomana wake: “… kuti haana kuzvibvumira kutorwa nesirogani kana kufambisa mapato ezvematongerwo enyika zvingangodaro zvakakonzera dzidzo yaJavier. Zviripachena, iyo nhaka yakapihwa nemunyori kubva kuna baba vake yaisangova yetsika kana yezvematongerwo enyika - izvo zvaisazove zvidiki - asi zvaisanganisira shungu yekufunga kwouzivi, zvinyorwa nemitauro ”.

Kune rimwe divi, Catalina Jiménez Correa (2017), anobva kuAutonomous University yeWest (Colombia), anoongorora madzitateguru ababa muzvinyorwa zvaJavier Marías. Kunyanya, inoratidza: "Chimiro chababa vake, chakataurwa ka348 panguva yemakoramu 238 akadzidziswa (pakati pa2009 na2013). Icho, pasina mubvunzo, chirevo chetsika uye nehunyanzvi hwakasimba kuna Marías ”.

The Newest

Javier Marías akazvitsanangura sechikamu cheinonzi chizvarwa chemakumi manomwe, chitsva. Inobatanidza boka revazivi vakazvarwa mushure meSpanish Civil War, iyo, kunyangwe akange akadzidziswa panguva yehutongi hwaFranco, akawana dzidziso isingaenderane.

Kusiyana nedzidziso yekuzvipira yemakumi emakore apfuura, nyowani idzi hadzishandise zvinyorwa sechiridzwa cheshanduko yezvematongerwo enyika. Saizvozvo, nhengo dzeboka iri hadzina hanya zvakanyanya nezve echinyakare hunyanzvi zviwanikwa zvekuSpanish kunyora. Pane zvinopesana, ivo vanofarira kushandisa zvekunze zvinhu zvakaburitswa kubva kune vanyori mune mimwe mitauro uye kugadzira hunyengeri, hwakakomberedzwa mavara, azere nemanomano.

Kuongorora kwemabasa ake

Pasina mubvunzo, iro rinozivikanwa basa raJavier Marías ibasa rake semunyori wenhau. Nekudaro, huwandu hwayo hukuru hweshanduro, nhoroondo diki nhetembo uye zvakaburitswa zvinyorwa zvemapepanhau (pamwe nemazita akawanikwa) hazvigone kukanganwa. Kubva pakutanga kweanopfuura makore makumi mana emakore ebasa rekunyora, Marías akaratidzira kuti haafanire kutongwa nematanho enhoroondo yekuSpain.

Mangwana muhondo, funga nezvangu saJavier Marías.

Mangwana muhondo, funga nezvangu saJavier Marías.

Shanduko mweya

Chiratidzo chake chekuvandudza chinoonekwa mune rake rekutanga bhuku, Munzvimbo yemhumhi (1971). Iyo nyaya ine yakajeka cinematic pesheni, yakagadzwa pakati pema1920 nema1930 uye iine maAmerican protagonists. Nguva pfupi yapfuura, hunhu hutsva uhu hunosimbiswa mukati Kuyambuka jambwa (1972). Kunyangwe anachronism gobvu iri pachena mubhuku rake rechipiri, ichiri rondedzero inoenderana uye yakavhurika.

Zvisinei, Marías haana kuzoguma agutsikana chaizvo ne "pasticho" yenhoroondo yake yechitatu, Mambo wenguva (1978). Ichi ndicho chikonzero nei akaibudisazve muna 2003. Muna 1983 bhuku rake rechina rakaburitswa, Zana ramakore, inoratidzirwa nharo yayo yemisiyano inoratidzwa nezviviri zvezvitsauko. Yakanga iri yekutanga yemabhuku ake apo nhoroondo yakachinjisa ndima pakati pemunhu wekutanga newechitatu.

Chimiro chake

Sekureva kwaSandra Navarro Gil (Zvinyorwa zvePhilology, 2004), mu Murume ane hanya (1986) Marías anovandudza mavara uye madingindira kubva kumazita apfuura mukudzika. Kubva pazita iri, munyori anozvarwa muMadrid anozadzisa "… nzira nyowani yekunzwisisa mabhuku zvinhu ”.

Murume ane hanya inova kubatanidzwa kwechitaera chinoratidzwa nemuratidziri anofungidzira mumunhu wekutanga, nguva inotsigirwa nemeta-yekunyepedzera zviwanikwa. Iko kushanduka kwemanyorerwo ake matatu ekutanga anotongwa neanonyanya hunyengeri uye / kana manyorerwo etsitsi, zvishoma nezvishoma akatamira kune epedyo ndima, dzakadzama uye dzakapusa ndima.

Kubatanidzwa

Con Mweya yose (1989), munyori wechiSpanish anotora inonakidza kutendeuka achienda kune fungidziro yakatakurwa nehupenyu hwepamusoro. Ipapo kuvhurwa kwe Moyo wakachena kudaro (1992) uye Mangwana muhondo ufunge nezvangu (1994) inomiririra iwo makuru edhisheni kubudirira kusvika nhasi. Saizvozvo, maXNUMX inguva yemubairo wakawanda waMarías, kwete chete yenhau dzake, asiwo neshanduro dzake, zvinyorwa uye zvinyorwa.

Iyo nhema nhema yenguva (1998) yaive yenyaya-yenyaya inotungamirwa nemafungidziro emunyori pamusoro pekusafamba kwenguva. Iri zita rekuremekedza rakatangira - pamwe - chiumbwa chaJavier Marías, Chiso chako mangwana. Iyo inoverengeka ine inopfuura 1.500 mapeji akaunzwa mumavhoriyamu matatu: Fivhiri nepfumo (2002), Kutamba uye kurota (2004) uye Zhizha nemumvuri uye kuonekana (2007).

Kugara uchivandudza uye kuenderana

Mushure mekubudirira kwakanyanya kwe Chiso chako mangwana Marías akavandudza zvakare nekuunzwa kwemukadzi murondedzeri mu Iyo inopwanya (2011). Iri ibhuku rinotengwa zvakanyanya (anopfuura makopi zviuru zana) uye akarumbidzwa zvakadzama nekuda kwechirongwa charo cheutikitivha pakati pehunhu hwetsika nehunhu. Nekudaro, chiitiko chisingakanganwiki chakabatana nerino nyowani Mubayiro weNyika weSpanish Narrative, wakarambwa nemunyori.

Mutsara naJavier Marías.

Mutsara naJavier Marías.

Pakuderera uku, Javier Marías akati (Gumiguru 2012): “Ndiri kuwirirana nezvandagara ndichitaura, kuti handife ndakawana mubairo wesangano. Dai iyo PSOE yanga iine simba, ingadai yakaita zvakafanana ... ini ndakaramba mari yese inobva muhomwe yeruzhinji. Handina kutaura pane dzimwe nguva kuti dai ndikapihwa, handikwanise kugamuchira mubairo ”.

Pedzisa runyorwa rwemabhuku ake

  • Munzvimbo yemhumhi. Novel (Edhasa, 1971).
  • Kuyambuka jambwa. Novel (La Gaya Ciencia, 1973).
  • Mambo wenguva. Novel (Alfaguara, 1978).
  • Zana ramakore. Novel (Seix Barral, 1983).
  • Murume ane hanya. Novel (Anagrama, 1986).
  • Mweya yose. Novel (Anagrama, 1989).
  • Dzakasiyana ngano. Mutsara (Siruela, 1989).
  • Vakarara kudaro. Ipfupi nyaya (Anagrama, 1990).
  • Moyo wakachena kudaro. Novel (Anagrama, 1992).
  • Hupenyu hwakanyorwa. Mutsara (Siruela, 1992).
  • Mangwana muhondo ufunge nezvangu. Novel (Anagrama, 1994).
  • Pandakanga ndichifa. Nhau (Alfaguara, 1996).
  • Iye murume airatidza kuti hapana chaaida. Rondedzero (Espasa, 1996).
  • Varindi. Mutsara (Alfaguara, 1997).
  • Dai ndakamuka futi naWilliam Fauklner. Mutsara (Alfaguara, 1997).
  • Nhema kumashure kwenguva. Novel (Alfaguara, 1998).
  • Hunhu hwakashata. Nhau (Plaza & Janés, 1998).
  • Sezvo ndakakuona uchifa rakanyorwa naVladimir Nabokov. Mutsara (Alfaguara, 1999).
  • Fivhiri nepfumo. Novel (Alfaguara, 2002).
  • Kutamba uye kurota. Novel (Alfaguara, 2004).
  • Zhizha nemumvuri uye kuonekana. Novel (Alfaguara, 2007).
  • Chiso chako mangwana. Muunganidzwa wenhau dzake nhatu dzakapfuura. (Alfaguara, 2009).
  • Iyo inopwanya. Novel (Alfaguara, 2011).
  • Huya undiwane. Zvinyorwa zvevana (Alfaguara, 2011).
  • Hunhu hwakashata. Ngano dzinogamuchirwa uye dzinogamuchirwa. Nhau (Alfaguara, 2012).
  • Aya ndiwo matangiro anoita zvakaipa. Novel (Alfaguara, 2014).
  • Wellesley's Don Quixote. Zvinyorwa zvedzidzo muna 1984. Mutsara (Alfaguara, 2016).
  • Bertha Island. Novel (Alfaguara, 2017).

Kubatanidzwa kwenhau

Dzakawanda dzenyaya dzakataurwa mumanyaya ezvinyorwa senge Pandakanga ndichifa (1996) kana Hunhu hwakashata (1998) vaive nemavambo avo mumapepanhau. Saizvozvowo, Javier Marías akaburitsa anopfuura gumi nemaviri mabhuku ekubatanidza aine zvemukati kubva mukushandira kwake kwenhau. Heano mashoma.

  • Zvekare zvishuwo (Anagram, 1991).
  • Mabhuku uye chipoko (Siruela, 1993).
  • Hupenyu hwemweya (Aguilar, 1995).
  • Wemusango uye anonzwira tsitsi. Tsamba dzenhabvu (Aguilar, 2000).
  • Pane zvese zvakaitika. Pakusiya cinema (Gutenberg Galaxy, 2005).
  • Vakaipa venyika. Zvematongerwo enyika uye nzanga tsamba (Lynx Books, 2010).
  • Chidzidzo chekare-chekare. Tsamba dzemitauro (Gutenberg Galaxy, 2012).

Izvo zviri muchinyorwa zvinoomerera pamisimboti yedu ye tsika dzekunyora. Kuti utaure chikanganiso tinya pano.

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