White Nights: Fyodor Dostoyevsky

Manheru akachena

Manheru akachena

White Nights. sentimental novel -kana Belyye nochi. Sentimental' nyy roman, nemusoro waro wepakutanga muchiRussia — inyaya pfupi yakanyorwa neane mukurumbira muinjiniya wemauto weMoscow, munyori werondedzero uye munyori wenyaya pfupi Fyodor Dostoyevsky. Iri basa rakabudiswa kekutanga muSaint Petersburg, muna 1848, pakutanga kwebasa rekunyora remunyori, richiva rimwe remagwaro ake anoshoropodzwa zvikuru.

Title -Manheru akachena- inoreva chiitiko chemusikirwo chinowanzoitika muRussia munguva yezhizha solstice, izvi, munzvimbo dzakakwirira. Mariri, kuvira kwezuva kunononoka uye kubuda kwezuva kunoitika kare. Naizvozvo, kusviba hakumbosvibe zvachose. Chiitiko chacho chinoshandiswa naDostoyevsky zvose zvakatipoteredza uye zvekufananidzira.

Zvinyorwa zve Manheru akachena

That chaotic first love yemurume akanyarara

Iye protagonist, murume wechidiki akasurukirwa uye anorota anofungidzira kuchembera kwake ari oga, Anosangana nemusikana webasa pane imwe yenguva dzake dzekufamba husiku mumigwagwa yeSaint Petersburg. Iye ndiNástenka—muchidimbu kuna Anastasia—munzvimbo iyoyo anonzwawo akabatwa mukusurukirwa kwake. Murondedzeri haasati ambosangana nerudo, asi anodanana nemusikana wacho pakarepo.

Zvose chimiro chebasa uye nyaya yevatambi vakuru inoitika kwehusiku huna uye mamwe mangwanani, uko munyori wenhoroondo naNástenka vanogovana hupenyu hwavo, zviroto, zvishuwo uye zvakavanzika. Vari pakati pekurukurirano dzavo, musikana anobvuma kushamwaridzana nemukomana uye anotanga kumuudza kuzvidemba kwake. Anomirira mudiwa wake, uyo akavimbisa kudzoka gore rakapfuura.

Kunyarara kwemoyo unoshuva

Muhurukuro dzavo dzose, Murondedzeri anonamatira kwaari, asi anochengeta rudo rwake pachivande., achiremekedza manzwiro aNastenka kune mudiwa wake asipo. Panguva imwe cheteyo, anoedza kuchengeta vimbiso yaakaita kwaari yokusakudziridza mirangariro yorudo kwaari. Muchokwadi, protagonist inobatsira mukadzi wechidiki kunyora uye kutumira tsamba kurudo rwake, uyo asina kuratidza zviratidzo zvehupenyu.

Pakati pehusiku huna hwekutanga. Nástenka anoona kuti murume wake ari kuSt. Petersburg uye haana kuuya kuzomuona. Izvi zvinoita kuti aore mwoyo. Mushure menguva pfupi yekuzengurira, anopedzisira audza shamwari yake kuti anomuda nekuda kwekusadanana naye, nekuda kwekambani yake uye kutsigirwa, asi izvi zvinongowedzera manzwiro emunyori kumusikana.

Themes uye leitmotif

Imwe yemadingindira makuru e Manheru akachena Kusurukirwa. Vese murondedzeri naNástenka vakavharirwa mukuzviparadzanisa kwavo, vachitsvaga hukama hwevanhu hunovapa chirevo netariro. Ukama hunoumba pakati pavo iratidzirwo yechishuvo chavo chokunzwisiswa nokugamuchirwa. Mafungiro akadai seplatonic uye rudo rusina kufanira akafukidzwawo.

Kufungidzira uye chokwadi zvinoitawo basa rakakosha murondedzero. Mutori wenhau anogara munyika yezviroto uye utopias, uye kusangana kwake naNástenka kunomumanikidza kutarisana nechokwadi chemanzwiro ake uye hupenyu pachahwo. Nyaya yacho inoburitsa makakatanwa ari pakati pechishuvo chekutiza nyika yakanyatsokodzera uye kukosha kwekutarisana nechokwadi nekushinga uye nekuvimbika.

Kuongorora kwemabhuku

Dostoyevsky maitiro munovhero ino mune introspective uye lyrical. Inoshandisa nhetembo yenhetembo kubata manzwiro nemafungiro emunyori, ichigadzira mamiriro ekunyangadza uye ekurota. Guta reSaint Petersburg, rine mamiriro ekunze akanaka ekunze, rinova mumwe munhu ari munyaya, achiratidza mamiriro epfungwa evanopikisa.

Saizvozvowo, Fyodor Inoshandisa nhaurirano sechombo chine simba kugadzira vatambi uye hukama hwavo. Hurukuro pakati pemunyori naNástenka izere nekutendeseka uye kusagadzikana, zvichibvumira muverengi kunzwira tsitsi nematambudziko avo uye tariro, ukuwo achiona moyo yevatambi ichitsemuka uye kuvaka patsva pasi pemashoko mamwe chete aya.

Mharidzo nenhaka

Manheru akachena Iri ibasa iro, zvisinei nekupfupika kwaro, rinopa kuongorora kwakadzama kwemamiriro emunhu. Kuburikidza nevatambi varo uye zviitiko zvavo, Dostoyevsky anokoka muverengi kufungisisa nezvekusurukirwa, rudo uye chimiro chekushuva. Nhau yacho inotiyeuchidza kuti nepo fungidziro dzichigona kuva utiziro, kuri mukugamuchira chokwadi uko kukura kwechokwadi kunowanikwa.

Iyi nhoroondo yekutanga ye Dostoyevsky anofananidzira akawanda ezvinyorwa uye zvinonetsa zvinoratidzira zvinyorwa zvake zvakakura, kumubatanidza semumwe wevatenzi vakuru vezvepfungwa uye zvinyorwa zvevanhu. Manheru akachena chinoramba chiri uchapupu hunofamba hwesimba remunhu rekuda nekurota, kunyangwe pakati pekusurukirwa kwakadzama.

Sobre el autor

Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoyevsky akaberekwa musi waNovember 11, 1821, muMoscow, Russian Empire. Aive mumwe wevanyori vane mukurumbira muTsarist Russia, achigadzira mabhuku anoongorora psychology yemunhu mune zvemagariro, zvematongerwo enyika, zvehupfumi, uye zvemweya mamiriro ayo nyika yakasangana nayo mukati mehafu yechipiri yezana ramakore rechi XNUMX. Pamusoro pe, Anoonekwa semumwe wenyanzvi dzekunyora dzeWest.

Friedrich Nietzsche, mumwe wevazivi vakuru venguva iyoyo, akamurumbidza kutaura: "Dostoyevsky, iye oga nyanzvi yezvepfungwa, nenzira, kubva kwaari ndaifanira kudzidza chimwe chinhu: "Ndiye mumwe wezvakanakisa shamhu dzerombo muhupenyu hwangu." Hapana mubvunzo kuti maitiro ake ekurondedzera uye tsika dzenyaya dzake hadzina nguva, uye kuti zvakakosha kumuverenga kuti anzwisise nzanga yaaigara.

Mamwe mabhuku naFyodor Dostoyevsky

Novelas

  • Varombo (1846);
  • Vaviri (1846);
  • Muchengeti mutsvene (1847);
  • Nietochka Nezvanova (1849);
  • hope dzasekuru (1859);
  • Stepanchikovo nevagari vayo (1859);
  • Kunyadziswa uye kugumbuka (1861);
  • Ndangariro dzeimba yevakafa (1861-1862);
  • Ndangariro dzepasi pevhu (1864);
  • Mhosva uye Kurangwa (1866);
  • Mutambi (1866);
  • Benzi (1868-1869);
  • Murume wekusingaperi (1870);
  • Madhimoni (1871-1872);
  • Kuyaruka (1875);
  • Hama dzaKaramazov (1879-1880).

Ngano

  • Роман в девяти письмах — Novel ine mavara mapfumbamwe (1846);
  • Γοcпoдин Пpoxapчин — VaProjarchin (1846);
  • Πoлзyнkoв — Polzunkov (1847);
  • Слабое сердце — Mwoyo usina simba (1848);
  • Чужая жена и муж под кроватью — Mukadzi womutorwa nemurume vari pasi pemubhedha (1848);
  • Честный вор — Mbavha yakatendeseka (1848);
  • Ёлка и свадьба - Muti weKisimusi uye muchato (1848);
  • gamba diki (1849);
  • Chiitiko chinonyadzisa (1862);
  • Kpokoдил — Garwe (1865);
  • Бобок - Bobok (1873);
  • Mukomana ane karuoko (1876);
  • Мужик Марей — The peasant Maréi (1876);
  • Кроткая — The submissive (1876);
  • kuzviuraya kuviri (1876);
  • Сон смешного человека — Kurota kwemurume anoseka (1877);
  • Vlas (1877).

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