Shakespeare akagadzira mazwi mazhinji nemitsara sezvakataurwa here?

Shakespeare

Sekureva kwenyanzvi yeAustralia, Shakespeare haana kushandisa zvirevo senge "zviri muchiGiriki kwandiri" kana "kutsvaga zvisina maturo."

Mune chinyorwa chakaburitswa paYunivhesiti yeMelbourne webhusaiti naDr David McInnism se anopomera duramazwi reOxford English rekusarura pamusoro pekutaura kwaro zita rekuti Shakespeare semusiki wemazana emazwi echiChirungu.. IOxford English Dictionary (OED: Oxford English Dictionary) ine zvinyorwa zvinodarika 33000 zvaShakespeare, McInnis anoti, nevane chiuru nemazana mashanu vachivadaidza kuti "humbowo hwekutanga hwezwi reChirungu" uye vangangoita zviuru mazana manomwe nemazana mashanu zvinotsanangurwa se "humbowo hwekutanga hwehumwe kushandiswa kwechinangwa ".

“Asi OED yakarerekera: kunyanya mumazuva ekutanga, mienzaniso yekunyora inosarudzwa uye inonyanya kuzivikanwa pakati pavo. Mabasa akazara aShakespeare aiwanzo kuvezwa mumienzaniso yekutanga yekushandiswa kwemazwi, kunyangwe iyo mazwi kana zvirevo zvinogona kunge zvakamboshandiswa nevanhu vasina mukurumbira uye nevanhu vashoma vanonyora. "

Sekureva kwemunyori wenyaya iyi, Shakespeare haana kunyatsogadzira ese mazwi uye zvirevo zvaakanzi akange aine muzuva rake uye zvichiramba zvichinzi ndezvake nhasi.

"Vateereri vake vaifanira kunzwisisa, zvirinani, kukosha kwezvaaida kutaura, saka mazwi ake aive mazhinji mazwi aive mukutenderera kana musanganiswa unonzwisisika wepfungwa dzakatovepo. "

Mutsara wekuti "chiGiriki kwandiri" ("chiGiriki kwandiri"), semuenzaniso, inoreva kutaura kusinganzwisisike kwakaitwa naJulius Caesar apo Casca anoudza Cicero kuti "Avo vasingamunzwisisi vanonyemwererana uye vanodzungudza misoro yavo." . asi, ini pachangu, changa chiri chiGiriki kwandiri. "

Iri basa, iro rakatorwa naMcInnis kubva muna 1599, ndiyo yekutanga muenzaniso wechirevo muduramazwi reChirungu reOxford, asi mutsara uyu wakashandiswawo muna Robert Greene's The Scottish History, rakadhindwa muna 1598 uye pamwe rakanyorwa muna 1590.

"Mariri, murume anobvunza mukadzi kana achizomuda uye anomupindura nenzira isina kujeka:" Ini handigoni kuvenga. Akamanikidza uye akabvunza kana achizomuroora, kwaakanyepedzera kusanzwisisa:Iri muchiGiriki kwandiri, ishe wangu"Yaive mhinduro yake yekupedzisira."

Nechikamu chayo, mutambo waShakespeare "Romeo naJuliet" wakataurwa neOED semuenzaniso wekutanga wechirevo chekutsvaga zvisina maturo muna 1595. Mutsara uyu wakataurwa naMercury kuna Romeo uye unotevera:

“Kwete, kana huchenjeri hwako hukanganisa kuvhima kwenyati, ndinofunga ndarasika; Zvakanaka, zvirokwazvo une zvakawanda zvehansi yemusango mune imwechete pfungwa kupfuura ini mune yangu mashanu mashanu. Ndanga ndichitamba nemi hanzi? "

Asi McInnis anonongedza kushandiswa kwemutsara uyu muna 1593 neChirungu peta Gervase Markham paanotaura nezvekunyora. Saizvozvowo, McInnis anotaura kuti mazwi aShakespeare dzimwe nguva haakanganwiki uye epakutanga apo paine vamwe, senge pachiitiko chemutsara wekuti "kuzviita dhongi", kwaanotaura kuti mutambi wemitambo anoita kunge ndiye akagadzira mutsara iwoyo.

"Ipapo, Shakespeare akanyatsogadzira mazwi ese iwayo here? Kwete kwete chaizvo. Akagadzira zvimwe; akajairika akaitika kwaari semubatanidzwa wezvisingakanganwike zvakanyanya kana zvinoshandiswa zvakanyanya, uye tinogona kazhinji kuwana mashandisiro ekutanga iro duramazwi reOxford English risati ratombotaura. Tarenda yaShakespeare iri mukuziva kwake nezvehunhu hwevanhu, mukugona kwake kutaura nyaya huru, uye mukugadzira kwake mavara anoshamisa., kwete chete kubva kugona kwaanogona kana angave asingashandise mazwi matsva. "

Mutauriri weOED akati yaive nehuremo hwakazara hwakarongwa huri kuitika uye izvozvi inotsvaga kugadzirisa izwi roga roga ku, maererano nezvakataurwa, "kunatsiridza kururamisa kwedudziro, kwakatorerwa, kududzwa nemataurirwo enhoroondo"

“Chikamu chakakosha chebasa kuita kutsvagurudza kutsva kubva kune akasiyana mafaera edhijitari uye zviwanikwa. Izvi zvinoburitsa humbowo hwakawanda uhwo husina kuonekwa nevapepeti vepakutanga duramazwi, avo kubva pakutanga vakagamuchira chero mhando yezvinyorwa, zvekunyora kana kwete, seuchapupu chaihwo. Sechikamu cheichi chiitiko, takawana humbowo hwekutanga hwemashoko mazhinji nemitsara yakambotaurwa kuna Shakespeare"

 


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  1. Inotarisira iyo data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Chinangwa cheiyo data: Kudzora SPAM, manejimendi manejimendi.
  3. Legitimation: Kubvuma kwako
  4. Kutaurirana kwedata
  5. Dhata yekuchengetedza: Dhatabhesi inobatwa neOccentus Networks (EU)
  6. Kodzero: Panguva ipi neipi iwe unogona kudzora, kupora uye kudzima ruzivo rwako

  1.   silvinarubio59 akadaro

    Ini ndinofunga zviri pachena kuti Shakespeare haana kugadzira ese mazwi, sezvakataurwa muchinyorwa, kugona kwake kwaive kuisa iwo mazwi pamwechete kuti asvike kuvanhu.

bool (chokwadi)