Ruoko rweruboshwe rerima

Ruoko rweruboshwe rerima.

Ruoko rweruboshwe rerima.

Ruoko rweruboshwe rerima ingano yesainzi yakanyorwa nemunyori weAmerica Ursula Kroeber Le Guin. Yakaburitswa muna 1969 uye inobata nezveumiriri hwehukama uye kusarudzika kwenzanga isina huviri pakati pevakomana.

Iri ibasa rakadzama uye rinofungisisa. Zviitiko zvinoitika kune imwe nyika iri kure inonzi Gueden kana Nguva yechando, nekuda kwekutonhora kunotonhora. Ikoko Munhu wepanyika, Genly Ai, anotumirwa kunotaurirana nemubatanidzwa neEkumen, sangano remapuraneti anogarwa nevanhu. Kuunza hunhu hwebudiriro yedu munyika yeutopian, umo musina hondo kana mhando dzakatsanangurwa, inoverengeka inotaura nezvehukama pakati penyaya mbiri idzi.

Basa rakadzama rinofungisisa

Kroeber Le Guin akanyatsofungisisa nezve kuita zvepabonde uye kushorwa kwevanhurume vanhukadzi kuziva kwete yevanhuwo zvavo, asiwo yenzanga.

Munyori akapihwa basa iri pamwe neNebula mubairo weakanakisa novel muna 1969 uye rinotevera gore pamwe nemubairo weHugo muchikamu chimwe chete, maviri ekuremekedzwa kwazvo mukati memhando ye sainzi ngano mumabhuku.

Nezve munyori

Kuberekwa uye mhuri

Ursula Kroeber Le Guin akaberekerwa muguta reBerkeley, California, muna Gumiguru 21, 1929. Akanga ari mwanasikana wekutanga wemuchato akaumbwa nevanhu vaviri vakakurumbira veanthropology uye tsamba muUnited States: Theodora naAlfred Kroeber. Iyi kufarira muzvidzidzo zvemagariro uye anthropology iripo mumanovel uye nyaya pfupi dzakaburitswa nemunyori mumashure memakumi emakore.

Kudzidza uye kuroora

Akadzidza paRadcliffe Chikoro uye gare gare kuColumbia University, kwaakadzidza mitauro yeRomance. Akadzidza zvakare kuFrance kwaakasangana naCharles Le Guin, waakaroora muna 1953.

Inoshanda uye yekutanga zvinyorwa

Mushure mekudzokera kuUnited States, akagara muguta reMacon, Georgia, uye aive mudzidzisi wechiFrench kumayunivhesiti akasiyana. Muna 1964 akaburitsa bhuku rake rekutanga rine mukurumbira, rakanzi Nyika yeRocannon, pakati nepakati pekufungidzira nesainzi yekunyepedzera. Aya marudzi maviri ndiwo ainyanyo shandiswa nemunyori muhupenyu hwake hwese.

Ursula Kroeber LeGuin.

Ursula Kroeber LeGuin.

Kuuya kwe Ruoko rweruboshwe rerima

Mushure memamwe mabhuku, imwe yehunyanzvi hwake pakupedzisira inozobuda pachena: Ruoko rweruboshwe rerima, iyo yaakapihwa dzakasiyana siyana mibairo. Ichi chikamu cheye Ekumen kutenderera, kwakatanga nayo Nyika yeRocannon uye ayo pane mamwe matanhatu enganonyorwa. Aya mabasa anoitika muchadenga chemapuraneti anogarwa nevanhu vane hunhu hwakasiyana, vazukuru veimwechete yekare budiriro

Mune ake enganonyorwa eEkumen kutenderera, anogadzira utopias mune izvo zvematongerwo enyika uye zvemagariro nyaya zvinoongororwa kuburikidza nesainzi fungidziro., senge hukadzi, mhirizhonga, kunetsekana nekutarisirwa kwenzvimbo, pacifism nesimba.

Kunze kwesainzi yekunyepedzera, akanyora akawanda enganonyorwa enganonyorwa, pakati payo iyo Earthsea kutenderera inomira.. Kune dzino dzakateedzana munyori akatangazve nyika yekunyepedzera inogarwa nen'anga uye zvisikwa zvemweya, zvine kusagadzikana kwepfungwa nevemagariro. Zvikamu zveiyi nyaya zvakachinjirwa muStudio Ghibli animated firimu inogadzirwa yakanzi Tales of Earthsea (2006), iro rairo raitungamira Goro Miyazaki.

Akabuditsa akawanda mabhuku enhetembo, rondedzero nenyaya dzevana. Akanyora zvakare uye akaburitsa sainzi ngano uye fungidziro yenoverengeka isina hukama neEkumen zvakasikwa kana Earthsea, senge Vhiri rekudenga, Kumusha kusingaperi, Zvipo, Idzo gumi nembiri dzimba dzechando, pakati pevamwe. Iye zvakare akamira semuturikiri wemitauro yakasiyana. Pakati pemamwe mabasa, akadudzira mabasa naGabriela Mistral naLao Tse.

Akafira muPortland, Oregon, musi waNdira 22, 2018.

Ekumen zvakasikwa zvemisiyano

Ruoko rweruboshwe rerima yakagadzirirwa Gueden, nyika yakafukidzwa nemazaya echando inonzi zvakare Zima, munogara vanhu vasina murume kana mukadzi. Iye Earthman Genly Ai anotumirwa kupasi rino nebasa rekusangana naMambo Argaven, kuita mubatanidzwa weGueden neEkumen.

Ekumen mubatanidzwa wakaumbwa nenhamba yakati wandei yemapuraneti anogarwa nevanhu vakazvifananidza nemuviri nehukama nemamiriro emumwe nemumwe, vese vazukuru vevagari vekare veHain. Nhoroondo sere na Úrsula Kroeber Le Guin dzinoitika mune ino nyika.

Misiyano uye zvakasarudzika zveumwe neumwe zvinopa kuratidzira munharaunda yedu. Izvi zvinoreva kuti zvinyorwa zvemunyori zvinogona kupihwa kuverenga kwakasiyana mukati meanthropology, zvematongerwo enyika uye zvemagariro.

Kuenzana kwevakadzi seyakanakisa

Hunhu hukuru hunosiyanisa vagari vemuGueden ndeyekuti havaite bonde nguva zhinji, kana mabasa echikadzi ekutora. Kuonekwa kwavo kwakanyanyisa uye munhu wese anokwanisa kubata uye kubereka zvakaenzana. Mazuva mashoma pamwedzi ivo varume kana vakadzi, zvisingaite. Ino nguva yavanorara pabonde inonzi "kemmer".

Chimwe chepfungwa dzekufungidzira ndechekuti munharaunda isina vanopokana nevarume nevakadzi uye pasina hukama hwemagetsi hunogadzirwa kubva pahuviri uhwu, hapana hondo, kana kumeso kwekukonana munharaunda yedu. Iyo kukakavara kunoitika kunyanya kutenderedza chishuwo chekuremekedzwa munharaunda.

Kana kuenzana kwevakadzi hakuna kuvapo sechakanaka nekuti mukadzi haana kwazvakarerekera. Mune ino pfungwa, inogona kuverengerwa seyakadzi utopia, nyika isina hukadzi isingakodzere.

Nyaya yekusawirirana

Kuoma mukutaurirana ndeimwe yeanopisa nyaya munhoroondo. Vanhu veGueden vanofunga kuti Genly Ai munhu asingazivikanwe uye anorwara, anogara ari kemmer uye asina kuvimbika. Izvi zvinobva zvavaona sezvisikwa zvine simba zvine mitezo yakaoma kwaari kuti anzwisise.

Kunetsana kuri munyaya kunoitika kubva paAi yakamirira kuwana vateereri naMambo Argaven., uye enderera nezviitiko mushure memusangano uyu uye kutapwa kweHurumende, Estraven. Genly Ai anoita rwendo rurefu kunosangana naEstraven zvakare, waasingakwanise kutaura naye zvinobudirira nekuda kwekusiyana kwetsika.

Iyo inotonhora mamiriro ekunze zvakare ari protagonist wenyaya uye inowedzera kuoma kunogoneka uye kunzwisiswa kweteresitiyaro nevanhu veGeden.

Quote naUrsula Kroeber Le Guin.

Quote naUrsula Kroeber Le Guin.

Vanhu

Genly Ai

Iye murume anobva pasi akatumirwa kuGueden nebasa rekuita nyika ino kubatana neEkumen. Anotarisana nematambudziko asingaverengeki anokonzerwa nekusiyana kwetsika uye kunzwisisana kudiki pakati pake nevanhu veGueden.

Derem Estraven

Mutungamiriri weKarhide, Rudzi rweGueden. Anotsigira Genly Ai uye anomubatsira kuronga kubvunzurudzwa namambo. Zuva rebvunzurudzo iye akatapwa ndokuenda pamudyandigere kuna Orgoreyn.

Argave XV

Ndiye mambo weKarhide. Ari paranoid uye anofungidzirwa kupenga nevanhu vake. Pakutanga anoramba mubatanidzwa uyo Ai anomufungira, achifunga iye murevi wenhema.

osle

Ndiye mumwe wemakumi matatu nematatu emagetsi anotonga Orgoreyn, anonzi maCommensals.. Pakutanga anotsigira Genly Ai uye kuumbwa kwemubatanidzwa neEkumen, asi achiona kuti haazowana mabhenefiti anotarisirwa, anorega kumufarira.


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  1. Inotarisira iyo data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
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