Jorge Amado, hupenyu uye anoshanda

George Anodiwa.

Munyori weBrazil Jorge Amado.

Jorge Leal Amado de Faria (1912-2001)) aive munyori kubva kuBrazil uyo akaburitsa kwakakomberedza makumi mana nyaya. Munyori akanzwa kubatana nevanhu vane zviwanikwa zvishoma uye vakarambwa nekushanda mukuvaka, chipfambi kana muminda.

Amado Aigara achitaura kuti vanhu vakanaka ndevaya vanobva pasi, vasina mari yakawanda, uye vanhu vakaipa vaibva kukirasi yepamusoro kana vakapfuma. Munyori akanzwisisa, pane imwe nguva muhupenyu hwake, kuti izvi hazvina chekuita nezvakaitwa kana zvakafungidzirwa nenyika.

Biography

Kuberekwa uye mhuri

Jorge Amado akazvarwa papurazi remhuri yake muna Nyamavhuvhu 10, 1912, kumaodzanyemba kweBrazil nyika yeBahia. Mhuri yemukomana yakasarudza kuchinja pekugara aine gore rimwe chete, saka akararama hudiki hwake muIlheús, guta riri mudunhu rimwe chete kwaakaberekerwa.

Amai vake vaive Eulália Leal Amado uye baba vake vaive Colonel Joâo Amado de FariaIyo purazi yemhuri yaive yakatsaurirwa kurima, kunyanya ivo vairima cocoa. Guta raakatamira uye neruzivo rwekushanda kwemhuri yake zvakakurudzira mamwe emabasa ake.

Vechidiki Vechidiki

Makore ake epamusoro chikoro akapindwa nezvikoro zviviri, Ipiranga Gymnasium uye iyo Antonio Vieira., iri muguta reSalvador de Bahia kana kungoti Bahia. Nzvimbo yaakakurira yakamudzidzisa chinonzi hupenyu hwemumusha, kushanda nesimba uye kuzvininipisa.

Paaive nemakore gumi nemana ekuberekwa, wechidiki Amado akatanga kufarira kunyora nekutapa nhau. Akashanda mumapepanhau emuno uye akaumba mapoka ezvinyorwa, akadai saArco y Flecha, La Academia de los Rebeldes naSamba; Izvi akazviita pakati peshamwari dzakawanda kuyedza kudzosera zvakanyorwa muBahia.

Dzidzo yepamusoro

Paakapedza chikoro chesekondari, Jorge akasarudza kudzidza zvemutemo uye akatamira kuguta guru renyika yake, Rio de Janeiro. Akakwanisa kupedza kudzidza kuyunivhesiti, akawana diploma mune zvemutemo uye zvemagariro sainzi; zvisinei, Jorge haana kumbotevera basa rake rekuyunivhesiti.

Jorge Amado naJosé Saramago.

Vanyori Jorge Amado naJosé Saramago.

Anodiwa aVadiwa

Akaroora Matilde García Rosa muna 1931, gore iro akaburitsa bhuku rake rekutanga, rakanzi Nyika yeCarnival. Makore maviri gare gare, Lila, mwanasikana wevaviri ava, akazvarwa. koko Yaive yechipiri Amado yekugadzira zvigadzirwa, yakaburitswa gore rimwe chete sekuzvarwa kwemwanasikana wavo, 1933.

Hupenyu hwematongerwo enyika

Munyori, achifarira chikominisiti, aifanira kusiya nyika yake uye kubva muna 1941 kusvika 1942 aigara munzvimbo dzakasiyana dzeLatin America, kusanganisira Argentina neUruguay. Akadzokera kuBrazil ndokuparadzana naMatilde; ndiye akavhotwa zvakanyanya nenyika yeSão Paulo kuve mutevedzeri weConstituent Assembly.

Aive nhengo yeCommunist Party yeBrazil uye mumwe wevaya vane basa rekubvumidza bhiri rerusununguko rwekunamata kwechitendero munyika iyoyo. Munguva iyi akaroorazve uye muna 1947 aive nemwanakomana anonzi Joel Jorge, naZélia Gattai.

Makore ehutapwa

Bato reBrazil reCommunist rakanzi harisi pamutemo, saka nhengo dzaro zhinji dzakaguma dzave kujeri kana kutiza munyika.. Jorge akaenda kunogara kuFrance uye muna 1949 mwanasikana wake Lila akafa, gore rakazotevera akaenda kuCzechoslovakia uko kwakazvarwa mwanasikana wake wechipiri, Paloma.

Hupenyu hwezvinyorwa uye kuziva

Muna 1955 Jorge akazvipira zvachose kunyora, makore matanhatu gare gare akazove nhengo yeBrazil Academy yeTsamba uye mayunivhesiti akati wandei akamupa iye chiremba honoris chikonzero.

Muna 1989 akapihwa mubairo wePablo Neruda kuRussia. Kunyangwe rake rekunyora basa raizivikanwa, iye akagashira kuzivikanwa kwaakakodzera mushure mekufa, sevamwe vazhinji vanyori vakuru.

Mabasa emunyori akashandurwa kuita mafomati mazhinji, kusanganisira sinema uye theatre.. Nhau dzake dzakaburitswa munyika dzinosvika makumi mashanu neshanu uye dzakashandurwa mumitauro makumi mana nepfumbamwe, zvakaita kuti Jorge Leal Amado ave munyori anozivikanwa pasi rese Mabhuku ake enyaya ari pakati pezvikuru zvaunofanira kuverenga.

Rufu

Pakutanga kwezana ramakumi maviri nenomwe Amado akadzokera kumusha kwake kwaakange atovhura hwaro uhwo nhasi huri kuenderera mberi mukubatsira kusimudzira Bahia. Pakupedzisira, Jorge Amado akafa musi waAugust 6, 2001 muSalvador de Bahia, Brazil, uye pazuva rekuzvarwa kwake vakaviga madota ake mumba make.

Kuvaka

Mutsara naJorge Amado.

Mutsara naJorge Amado.

  • Machinda enhandare (1937).
  • Saint George weIlheus (1944).
  • Gabriela, Clove neCinnamon (1958).
  • Dola Flor nevarume vake vaviri (1966).
  • Teresa Batista aneta nehondo (1972).

Izvo zviri muchinyorwa zvinoomerera pamisimboti yedu ye tsika dzekunyora. Kuti utaure chikanganiso tinya pano.

Iva wekutanga kutaura

Siya yako yekutaura

Your kero e havazobvumirwi ichibudiswa. Raida minda anozivikanwa ne *

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  1. Inotarisira iyo data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Chinangwa cheiyo data: Kudzora SPAM, manejimendi manejimendi.
  3. Legitimation: Kubvuma kwako
  4. Kutaurirana kwedata
  5. Dhata yekuchengetedza: Dhatabhesi inobatwa neOccentus Networks (EU)
  6. Kodzero: Panguva ipi neipi iwe unogona kudzora, kupora uye kudzima ruzivo rwako