Jon Fosse anohwina 2023 Nobel Prize muLiterature

Jon fosse

Mufananidzo: Jon Fosse. Tsime: Imba yebhuku.

Nemusi weChina muna Gumiguru senge nhasi muna 2022, mubairo wakachiva wakahwinwa nemunyori wechiFrench, Annie Ernaux (Lillebonne, 1940). Kwapera gore Isu tinoziva nhau dzekuti 2023 Nobel Prize in Literature yawira mumaoko eNorwegian Jon Fosse., inoonekwa seimwe yeakanakisa vanyori vemitambo pane yazvino chiitiko, ichiyambuka miganhu yenyika yeNordic.

Kunyangwe basa rake rakashandurirwa mumitauro yakawanda (uye rakaitwa pasi rese), Spanish haina akawanda emabasa ake akaturikirwa. Zvisinei, nekuda kwekuzivikanwa kwemazuva ano, ichi chichava chimwe chinhu chichatanga kuchinja mumwedzi iri kuuya. Kana paine chinogutsa pakuwana rukudzo urwu rwekunyora, ndechekuti vanyori vanoona kuti basa ravo rinosvika kune vanhu vakawanda., dai akanga asina kuzviita kare. Jon Fosse, kuwedzera kune theatre, ndiye munyori wezvinyorwa, zvinyorwa, nhetembo uye mabhuku evana.

Sobre el autor

Jon Olav Fosse akaberekerwa muHaugesund (Norway) muna 1959. Ndiye mumwe wevanonyanya kukoshesa vanyori vemitambo pachiitiko chemazuva ano. Munyika yake, pakati pemisiyano yakawanda, akagamuchira pokugara kuti agogona kugara imomo zvechigarire, inonzi Grotten, sokuzivikanwa namambo weNorway. Izvi zvinokonzerwa nemupiro wetsika iyo basa raFosse rakaitira nyika yake.

Asi mupiro wake unodarika miganhu yeNordic. Zvigadzirwa zvake zvemitambo zvakaitwa pasi rose uye zvinyorwa zvake zvakaturikirwa mumitauro inodarika makumi mana.. Iye munyori akanyatsosimbiswa mushure mekuwana mubairo weNobel wekupedzisira muLiterature, asi akange atowanawo mibairo yakasiyana-siyana uye mibairo, yakadai seNational Order of Merit muFrance, Swedish Academy Nordic Prize, Ibsen Award yebasa rake remitambo, kana kuti mibayiro yeEurope nokuda kwekubatsira kwake mumabhuku evana nevechidiki.

Kune rumwe rutivi, Jon Fosse anoyemura zvikuru basa raFederico García Lorca: Akaverenga uye akachigadzirisa, kunyange zvazvo munyori asingazivi chiSpanish uye kuverenga kwake kunobva pane shanduro. Nekudaro, Fosse muLorca anoona cadence uye rhythm inoratidzwa nemunyori wekuNorway mubasa rake.

alf nobel

Sei wakapihwa mubairo we2023 Nobel muLiterature?

Zvakaoma kupa mubairo wekukoshera kwakadaro kumunyori anonyora nechiNorwegian, uye kunyanya mumutauro wemutauro uyu uyo ​​watova nevatauri vashoma. Ndosaka Nemubairo weNobel muLiterature uyu, mukaha unovhurika wakanangana neshanduro uye kuwanikwa kwemitauro mishoma. Basa rekuvandudza mabhii uye rine hungwaru serwaJon Fosse rinoratidza kukosha kwekukoshesa kugadzirisa, kududzira uye tarenda rekunyora kupfuura basa remunyori. per se. Iyo Swedish Academy yakasarudza pachiitiko ichi kupa mubairo munyori weNordic uyo, Mukati mezvaakasarudzika, semunyori akakwanisa kufambisa ruzivo rwechimiro, zvemukati uye kuremekedza rusununguko rwekugadzira.. Iyi ndiyo nzira iyo academy yakapa mutongo wayo:

Nezvekutsvagisa kwake prose uye nekupa izwi kune izvo zvisingagoni kutaurwa.

Runyoro

nezvebasa rake

Basa rekutanga kuburitswa remunyori ibhuku rinonzi dzvuku, dema (Raudt, svart) kubva muna 1983. Mushure meizvi Manyorero ake ekunyora anoverengerwa mumakumi mazhinji kuburikidza nemitambo yake yese, nyaya, zvinyorwa zvevana, zvinyorwa, zvinyorwa kana nhetembo.. Basa rake rekunyora uye rinoshamisa rakamupa rukudzo rwemubairo mukurusa wekunyora uripo, weNobel Prize. Nekuda kweizvi, mabhuku ako anogona kunge achiwanikwa zvakanyanya, semuenzaniso, mutauro wechiSpanish. Vashanduri vayo vechiSpanish ndiKirsti Baggethun nemwanasikana wake Cristina Gómez-Baggethun uye Mabasa ake akadhindwa muchiSpanish akaburitswa muimba yekutsikisa Of Conatos, kunyange zvazvo akawanda acho asiri kuwanikwa iye zvino.

Nezvemanyorerwo ebasa rake, maverengero aanoita anobuda pachena. Anoshandisa mitsara yaanoramba kushandisa nguva; pane kudaro, zvinyorwa zvake zvakazara nemakoma uye madiki mavara. Uye nhetembo yake inopesvedzera zvine mutsindo prose yake, pamwe neiyo dramaturgy, nekuti pane muteuro wakapimwa unoshandiswa nemunyori kuronga mabasa ake. Nenzira iyi, manzwiro uye maitiro emhando yenhetembo inonzwisiswa. Zvinogona kutaurwa izvozvo Kuverenga Fosse kunoreva kupinda murunyoro rwezvinyorwa umo vaverengi vasingazokwanise kutiza zviri nyore.. Mamwe emabasa ake ndeaya anotevera:

  • Raudt, svart (1983). Basa rake rekutanga, bhuku risingawanikwe muchiSpanish panguva ino.
  • Kurota kweMatsutso (1999).
  • mumwe munhu ari kuuya (2002).
  • Kushushikana (2006).
  • Husiku hunoimba nziyo dzahwo nemimwe mitambo (2011).
  • Trilogy (2018) Iri ibhuku rinomiririra kwazvo remunyori umo zvinogoneka zvakare kuwana yakasarudzika yemweya kubva kuFosse's pen.
  • Septology (2019-2023): novel rakaumbwa nemavhoriyamu akati wandei, akadai Rimwe zita I, Rimwe zita II, Ini ndiri mumwe (III-V) y Zita idzva (VI-VII). Murungano urwu, manyorerwo emunyori anodarika, ane chekuita nechimiro pane zviri mukati. Pasinei neizvi, haisi kurasikirwa neyota yenyaya yekufarira.
  • Mangwanani nemasikati (2023). Richangobva kubudiswa muchiSpanish, rinotaura zvakaitika muupenyu hwomumwe murume anonzi Johannes.

Siya yako yekutaura

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