Akawana gumi nematanhatu mavhesi matsva eUlysses uye ake Odyssey, naHomer.

Homer Bust muCapitoline Museums. Henry James Draper kupenda, Ulysses uye ma siren.

Wanga uri mwedzi wapfuura wa julio en Olympia (Girisi). Tsvaga ndiro yevhu, yakanyorwa munguva dzeRoma, inochengetedza 13 ndima nyowani dzeiyo Odyssey kubva kuna Homer, kunyanya hurukuro yaOdysseus (iyo Ulysses mune yayo Latin vhezheni) naEumeo, muranda wake uye nguruve. Panguva yechiitiko ichi, ichifungidzirwa chakakosha kwazvo kune yayo yekuchera matongo, nhoroondo uye kuverenga kukosha, ini ndinoongorora zvishoma rimwe remabasa akakosha kwazvo emabhuku kwete chete yechinyakare asi yepasirese.

Kuwanikwa

Kuwanikwa kweiyi ndiro yevhu kwakaitika mukati megadziriro yechirongwa chekutsvaga chinonzi Iyo multidimensional nzvimbo yeOlympia, kutenderedza nzvimbo tsvene yaZeusi. Iwo manejimendi eElide Antiquities Ephorate akashanda, pamwe nekubatana kweGerman Archaeological Institute. Panzvimbo iyi, nezvisaririra kubva panguva dzevaRoma, dombo iri rakawanikwa riine chinyorwa chakanyorwa muchiGiriki icho, mushure mekuongorora, inochengetedza ndima gumi nembiri dze Odyssey yaHomeri. Ivo vakadanana nayo pamberi pezana ramakore rechitatu AD

Homer nezvinhu zvake

Avo vatakadzidza muBUP yakare mavara akachena uye isu takanga tine vanotongwa na ChiLatin uye chiGiriki isu tinoziva Homer zvakanaka. Takadzidza zvekare chiGiriki (zvishoma zvishoma zvishoma) pamwe naye neake Achilles, Hector, Paris, Helena, Priam, Odysseus, Telemachus, Penelope, Circe kana Charybdis.

Paive nevamwe vedu vakabva vaenderera mberi nechiGreek kune akati wandei makosi kuyunivhesiti, saka takave shamwari chaiyo kune wese munhu. Asi eiye mavambo ake anofungidzirwa munyori, Homer, anoramba ari murima rechokwadi uye ngano, semabasa ake, iyo Iliad and the Odyssey. Ini ndinoramba ndichigara neyekupedzisira. Pamwe nekuti ini ndakakuwana kuchinakidza kupfuura iyo Trojan hondo kana nekuti iyo timeo danaos et dona ferentes of the Aeneid Virgilio, uyo akashandurira muchiLatin panguva imwechete yakaramba munyori wechiGiriki, akandidzipa kekutanga.

Asi ndiri kunyepa. Vaverengi vezera isu tine nzira yekutanga kune izvo Odyssey mune izvozvo Ulysses 31 de katuni ChiJapane, zvinonakidza kusanganisa zvakapfuura zvakapfuura zvengano dzechiGreek nemabhuku neramangwana riri kure kwazvo rezvipenga uye galactic nyika

Gare gare kwave nemamwe mavhezheni, zvakare makatuni, kana pamwe anonyanya kuzivikanwa ari iyi vhezheni, ya1997, ndiani anotamba mukati Armand Assante, Greta Scacchi, Isabella Rossellini naJeroen Krabbe, pakati pevamwe. Uye vaverengi vezvizvarwa zvidiki vane dudziro yepedyo kune iyo Iliad (kunyange hazvo zvisinganetsi) mu Troy, iyo 2004 firimu, inotungamirwa na Wolfgang petersen uye nezviso zve Brad Pitt, Eric Bana, Sean Bean uye Orlando Bloom pakati pevaturikiri varo. Asi kune zvimwe zvakawanda.

Odyssey

Zvinotendwa kuti zvakanyorwa mu XNUMXth century BC C. Nechimiro mu 24 nziyo, inotanga pakati penyaya, ichirondedzera zviitiko zvakapfuura kuburikidza nendangariro kana kurondedzerwa kwaOdysseus pachake. Yakakamurwa kuita zvikamu zvitatu. Mu Telemachia (nziyo I kusvika IV) inotsanangura mamiriro eIthaca nekushaikwa kwamambo wayo, kutambura kwe Telemachus (mwanakomana waOdysseus) uye Penelope (mukadzi wake) nekuda kwevanomupomera, uye nemurume wechidiki uyu anotanga rwendo rwekutsvaga baba vake.

En kudzoka kwe odysseus (nziyo V kusvika XII) Odysseus anosvika padare ramambo Alcinous kwaanotaura zvese zvaakasangana nazvo kubva paakasiya Troy. Pakupedzisira, mu Kutsiva kwaOdysseus (nziyo kubva XIII kusvika XXIV), iyo dzokera kuIthaca, kucherechedzwa kwevamwe vevaranda vake nemwanakomana wake, uye kuti Odysseus anotsiva sei kune vanomhan'ara nekuvauraya vese. Gare gare Odysseus anozivikanwa nemukadzi wake uye anowana zvakare humambo. Mukupedzisira, runyararo rwunosainwa pakati pevanhu vese veItaca.

Zvimedu

  • «Ndiudze, oh Musa, nezvemurume uya ane hunyanzvi hwakawanda uyo, mushure mekuparadza guta dzvene reTroy, akaenda kunofambira kwenguva yakareba, akaona mataundi uye akadzidza nezvetsika dzevarume vazhinji uye akatambura mupfungwa dzake huwandu hukuru hwemabasa mukufamba kwake nenongedzo, paakangoedza kuponesa hupenyu hwake uye kudzoka kweshamwari dzake kumusha. Asi kunyangwe zvakadaro haana kukwanisa kuvasunungura, sezvaaida, uye vese vakaparara nekuda kweupenzi hwavo, mapenzi imi! Vakadya mombe dzeZuva, mwanakomana waHyperion; izvo zvaisatendera kuti zuva rekudzoka riuye. Ah mwarikadzi mwanasikana waZeus, tiudze kunyange chiri chikamu chezvinhu zvakadaro.
  • «Uye ivo vamwari vanokupai zvese zviri pamoyo wako zvaunoshuvira: murume, mhuri nekubatana kunofadza, nekuti hapana chinhu chiri nani kana chinobatsira kupfuura icho icho murume nemukadzi vanotonga imba yavo nemweya wakakodzera, unounza kurwadziwa kukuru kuvavengi vavo uye mufaro kune avo vanovada, uye ndivo ndivo vanonyanya kukoshesa zvakanaka zvavo. "
  • "Vashoma ndivo vana vakafanana nevabereki vavo, vazhinji vanobuda zvakanyanya, uye vamwe ndivo vanovapfuura."
  • Rufu chinhu chinouya kuvanhu vese zvakaenzana. "Kunyange vanamwari havangazvinzve kubva kumurume wavanoda, kana dambudziko rekuparadzanisa kufa rava pavari."
  • «Vamwari havape nyasha nenzira ipi neipi muvanhu, kana muchimiro kana muhungwaru kana kugona kutaura, asi kune mhando yemurume, asina chipo chakaperera mukunaka ... asi vamwari vakaisa runako mumashoko avo, uye vakatarisa. kwaari kwaari azere nemufaro, uye anotaura navo asingazeze kuwana kuzvininipisa, uye anopenya pakati peavo vakaungana, uye vanhu vanomuona samwari kana achifamba achipfuura neguta.
  • «Iwe uchave wekutanga kuenda kumasiririni, avo vari kushopera vanhu vese uye nechero munhu anoyambuka nzira yavo, uye murume uyo asingafungire anosvika nekunzwa rwiyo rwema siren haana mukana wekudzokera kumba ndokunakirwa mukadzi nevana vakamumirira, nekuti ma siren ane rwiyo rwekuimba kwavo amuroya. "

Kwayaka: National Geographic.


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  1. Inotarisira iyo data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Chinangwa cheiyo data: Kudzora SPAM, manejimendi manejimendi.
  3. Legitimation: Kubvuma kwako
  4. Kutaurirana kwedata
  5. Dhata yekuchengetedza: Dhatabhesi inobatwa neOccentus Networks (EU)
  6. Kodzero: Panguva ipi neipi iwe unogona kudzora, kupora uye kudzima ruzivo rwako