Yukio mishima

Yukio Mishima anali wolemba mabuku, wolemba ndakatulo, komanso wolemba nkhani, yemwe amadziwika kuti ndi m'modzi mwa olemba mabuku achijapani ofunikira kwambiri mzaka za zana la makumi awiri. Ntchito zake zimasakaniza miyambo yaku Japan ndi zamakono, potero zimakwaniritsa kuzindikira kwamayiko ena. Mu 1968 adasankhidwa kukhala Nobel Prize in Literature, pamwambowu wopambana mphothoyi anali womuphunzitsa: Yasunari Kawabata.

Wolemba idadziwika ndi kulanga kwake, komanso kusinthasintha kwa mitu yake (kugonana, imfa, ndale ...). Mu 1988, nyumba yosindikiza ya Shinchōsha - yomwe idasindikiza gawo lalikulu la mabuku ake - idapanga Mphoto ya Mishima Yukio polemekeza wolemba. Mphothoyi idaperekedwa kwa zaka 27 zotsatizana, mtundu womaliza kukhala mu 2014.

Mbiri Yakale

Yukio Mishima adabadwa pa Januware 14, 1925 ku Tokyo. Makolo ake anali Shizue ndi Azusa Hiraoka, omwe adamubatiza ndi dzina: Kimitake Hiraoka. Adaleredwa ndi agogo ake aakazi Natsu, omwe adamutenga kwa makolo ake adakali aang'ono.. Anali mkazi wovuta kwambiri ndipo amafuna kumulera pansi pamakhalidwe abwino.

Maphunziro oyamba

Malinga ndi malingaliro a agogo ake aakazi, adalowa sukulu ya Gakushüin, malo apamwamba komanso olemekezeka ku Japan. Natsu amafuna kuti mdzukulu wake azicheza bwino ndi anthu apamwamba mdziko muno. Kumeneko adakwanitsa kukhala m'gulu la olemba mabuku a sukuluyi. Izi zidamulola kuti alembe ndikufalitsa nkhani yake yoyamba: Hanazakari no Mori (1968), ya magazini yotchuka Bungei-Bunka.

Nkhondo Yachiwiri Yadziko Lonse

Chifukwa cha nkhondo zomwe zidayamba Nkhondo Yachiwiri Yapadziko Lonse, Mishima adaitanidwa kuti alowe nawo gulu lankhondo laku Japan. Ngakhale anali ndi thupi lofooka, nthawi zonse amakhala ndi chidwi chomenyera dziko lake. Koma maloto ake adachepetsedwa pomwe adapereka chithunzi cha chimfine pakuwunika zamankhwala, chifukwa chomwe dokotalayo adamulepheretsa kulingalira kuti anali ndi zizindikiro za chifuwa chachikulu.

Maphunziro aukadaulo

Ngakhale Mishima nthawi zonse anali wokonda kulemba, samatha kuzilemba momasuka ali mwana.. Izi zinali choncho chifukwa anali wochokera kubanja losasamala ndipo abambo ake adaganiza zophunzira digiri yaku yunivesite. Pachifukwa ichi, adalowa University of Tokyo, komwe adachita maphunziro a Law ku 1957.

Mishima adachita ntchito yake kwa chaka chimodzi ngati membala wa Unduna wa Zachuma ku Japan. Pambuyo pake, adakhala wotopa kwambiri, kotero abambo ake adaganiza kuti asapitilize kugwira ntchito kumeneko. Pambuyo pake, Yukio adadzipereka kwathunthu kulemba.

Mpikisano wamabuku

Buku lake loyamba linali Tozoku (Wakuba, 1948), yomwe adadziwika nayo m'munda wolemba. Otsutsa adamuwona ngati "otenga nawo gawo m'badwo wachiwiri wa olemba pambuyo pa nkhondo (1948-1949)". Chaka chotsatira, adapitiliza ndikutulutsa buku lake lachiwiri: Kamen no kokuhaku (Chivomerezo cha chigoba, 1949), ntchito yomwe adachita bwino kwambiri.

Kuchokera pamenepo wolemba adayamba kupanga mabuku ena 38, zisudzo 18, zolemba 20 komanso ufulu. Mwa mabuku ake odziwika kwambiri titha kutchula:

  • Mphekesera za mafunde (1954)
  • The Golden Pavilion (1956)
  • Woyendetsa sitima yemwe anataya chisomo cha panyanja (1963)
  • Dzuwa ndi chitsulo (1967). Nkhani yodziyimira payokha
  • Kuchotsa: Nyanja ya chonde

Mwambo wakufa

Mishima idakhazikitsidwa mu 1968 "Tatenokai" (gulu lodzitchinjiriza), gulu lankhondo lodziyimira palokha lopangidwa ndi achinyamata ambiri okonda dziko lawo. Pa Novembala 25, 1972, adalowa gulu la Eastern Command of the Tokyo Self-Defense Forces, pamodzi ndi asitikali atatu. Kumeneko adagonjetsa mkulu wa asilikali ndipo Mishima mwiniwakeyo anapita pa khonde kukalankhula pofunafuna otsatira.

Ntchito yayikulu inali yopanga coup komanso kuti amfumu abwerere kumphamvu. Komabe, kagulu kakang'ono aka sikanathandizidwe ndi asitikali omwe anali pamalopo. Polephera kukwaniritsa cholinga chake, Mishima nthawi yomweyo adaganiza zopanga miyambo yodzipha yaku Japan yotchedwa seppuku kapena harakiri; motero anamaliza moyo wake.

Mabuku abwino kwambiri wolemba

Chivomerezo cha chigoba (1949)

Ndilo buku lachiwiri la wolemba, lomwe Mishima yemweyo adawona ngati mbiri yakale. Masamba ake 279 adafotokozedwapo ndi Koo-chan (chidule cha Kimitake). Chiwembucho chakhazikitsidwa ku Japan ndipo chikuwonetsa ubwana, unyamata komanso ukalamba wa protagonist. Kuphatikiza apo, mitu monga kugonana amuna kapena akazi okhaokha komanso mawonekedwe abodza amtundu waku Japan wanthawiyo.

Zosinthasintha

Koo-chan Adaleredwa munthawi ya Ufumu waku Japan. Iye Ndi mwana wachichepere, wowonda, wowoneka wodwala. Kwa nthawi yayitali amayenera kuthana ndi maofesi ambiri kuti azolowere miyezo yayikulu yazikhalidwe. Amakhala m'banja loyendetsedwa ndi agogo ake aakazi, omwe adamulera yekha namupatsa maphunziro abwino kwambiri.

En Ali wachinyamata, Koo-chan amayamba kuzindikira kuti amakopeka ndi amuna kapena akazi anzawo. Izi zikachitika, amayamba kulakalaka zambiri zogonana zomwe zimalumikizidwa ndi magazi ndi imfa. Koo-chan amayesetsa kukhazikitsa ubale ndi mnzake Sonoko - kuti azisunga mawonekedwe - koma sizigwira ntchito. Umu ndi momwe zimamuvuta nthawi, popeza amayenera kudzizindikiritsa yekha.

Kugulitsa Chivomerezo cha ...
Chivomerezo cha ...
Palibe ndemanga

The Golden Pavilion (1956)

Ndi buku lomwe lakhazikitsidwa mzaka zomaliza za nkhondo yachiwiri yapadziko lonse. Nkhaniyi ikufotokoza chochitika chenicheni chomwe chidachitika mu 1950, pomwe Kinkaku-ji Golden Pavilion adayatsidwa moto ku Kyoto. Munthu wake wamkulu ndi Mizoguchi, yemwe amafotokoza nkhaniyi mwa munthu woyamba.

Mnyamatayo adasilira kukongola kwa malo otchedwa Golden Pavilion ndipo adalakalaka kukhala mgulu la amonke a Zen a Rokuojuji. Bukuli lidalandira Mphotho ya Yomiuri mu 1956, kuphatikiza apo, idasinthidwa kangapo ku kanema, komanso masewera, nyimbo, kuvina kwamasiku ano ndi opera.

Zosinthasintha

Chiwembucho chimakhazikitsidwa ndi moyo wa Mizoguchi, Who Mnyamata amadzidalira chifukwa cha chibwibwi komanso mawonekedwe osakongola. Atatopa ndikunyozedwa nthawi zonse, adaganiza zosiya sukulu kuti azitsatira abambo ake, omwe anali amonke achi Buddha. Pachifukwa ichi, abambo ake, omwe akudwala, amapatsa maphunziro awo kwa Tayama Dosen, asanafike amonke ndi abwenzi.

Mizoguchi Adadutsa zochitika zomwe zidawonetsa moyo wake: kusakhulupirika kwa amayi ake, kumwalira kwa abambo ake ndikukana chikondi chake (Uiko). Polimbikitsidwa ndi momwe zinthu ziliri, mnyamatayo amalowa mnyumba ya amonke ya Rokuojuji. Ali komweko, amakonda kwambiri za bomba lomwe lingachitike, lomwe lingawononge Golden Pavilion, zomwe sizingachitike. Wodandaula, Mizoguchi achita zinthu zosayembekezereka.

Kuwonongeka kwa mngelo (1971)

Ndilo buku lomaliza la tetralogy Nyanja ya chonde, mndandanda womwe Mishima akuwonetsa kukana kwake zosintha ndi malingaliro a gulu laku Japan. Chiwembu yakhazikitsidwa m'ma 70s ndikutsatira nkhani ya khalidwe lake lalikulu, woweruzayo: Shigekuni Honda. Tiyenera kudziwa kuti wolemba adapereka ntchitoyi kwa mkonzi wake tsiku lomwelo adaganiza zodzipha.

Zosinthasintha

Nkhaniyi imayamba pomwe Honda akumana ndi Tōru Yasunaga, mwana wamasiye wazaka 16. Atamwalira mkazi wake, woweruzayo adakumana ndi Keiko, yemwe amamuuza kuti akufuna kutengera Toru. Iye akuganiza kuti ndiko kubadwanso kwachitatu kwa mnzake kuyambira ubwana Kiyoaki Matsugae. Pomaliza amalimbikitsa thandizo lake ndikumupatsa maphunziro abwino kwambiri.

Atakwanitsa zaka 18, Tōru wakhala munthu wovuta komanso wopanduka.. Khalidwe lake limamupangitsa kuti azisonyeza chidani kwa mphunzitsi wake, ngakhale kumuthandiza Honda kukhala wopanda mankhwala.

Patapita miyezi, Keiko asankha kuwulula kwa mnyamatayo chifukwa chenicheni chomwe adamupangira, akumuchenjeza kuti chiyambi chake chobadwanso kwina adamwalira ali ndi zaka 19. Chaka chotsatira, Honda wokalamba amayendera kachisi wa Gesshū, komwe adzalandira vumbulutso lodabwitsa.

Kugulitsa Kuwonongeka kwa ...
Kuwonongeka kwa ...
Palibe ndemanga

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