Wislawa Szymborska

Wislawa Szymborska

Kasupe wa Wislawa Szymborska: the2banks

Wislawa Szymborska Ndi m'modzi mwa olemba ndakatulo odziwika kwambiri padziko lapansi, ngakhale, mu 1996, adapambana Nobel Prize for Literature. Tsoka ilo, sitingathe kudalira kukhalapo kwake, popeza adamwalira mu 2012, koma ntchito yake ikupitilizabe kupitilira nthawi ndipo ndithudi mwakumana nayo nthawi ina.

Koma, Wislawa Szymborska anali ndani? Adalemba chiyani? Chifukwa chiyani ndinu otchuka mdziko lanu komanso kumayiko ena? Mwa zonsezi, ndi zina zambiri, ndi zomwe mudziwa lero.

Wislawa Szymborska amandia ndani

Wislawa Szymborska amandia ndani

Gwero: zendalibros

Wislawa Szymborska si dzina lake lenileni. Dzina lonse la wolemba ndakatulo uyu linali Maria Wislawa Anna Szymborska. Adabadwira ku Prowent mu 1923 (pakadali pano ndi zomwe timadziwa kuti Kórnik, ku Poland).

Abambo ake anali operekera ndalama kwa Count Wladyslaw Zamoyski, mwiniwake wa mzinda wa Kórnik, ndipo atamwalira chaka chotsatira, amatanthauza kuti banja liyenera kupita ku Torun, komwe Wislawa Szymborska anakulira.

Anali wotsogola kwambiri, kotero kuti, ali ndi zaka zisanu, pomwe amaphunzira kusukulu, adayamba kulemba ndakatulo. Tiyeneranso kuti aliyense m'banja lake anali owerenga mwachidwi, ndipo amakonda kuwerenga ndi kutsutsana za mabuku. Kuphatikiza apo, anali ndi "mphotho." Ndipo ndikuti ndakatulo zonse za Wislawa Szymborska zidadutsa m'manja mwa abambo ake, ndipo ngati amawakonda, amamupatsa ndalama ngati mphotho, yomwe amatha kugula chilichonse chomwe angafune.

Mu 1931 adasamukanso ndipo, ngakhale adalembetsa sukulu ya masisitere ku Krakow, sanamalize maphunziro ake kumeneko. Panthawiyi chimodzi mwazowawa zomwe zidamuyika iye, mosakayikira, ndi imfa ya abambo ake. Banja silinasunthirenso, koma adakhala ku Krakow komwe, zaka zingapo pambuyo pake, ndi Nkhondo Yachiwiri Yapadziko Lonse, mu 1940, adakumana ndiulamuliro waku Germany ku Poland.

Chifukwa chaichi, Mitengo sinathe kupita kusukulu zaboma. Koma izi sizinaimitse Wislawa Szymborska yemwe adaganiza zopitiliza maphunziro ake ndipo adachita izi pasukulu yapansi panthaka, ku Wawel Castle. Chifukwa chake, mu 1941 adamaliza maphunziro ake aku sekondale.

Patadutsa zaka ziwiri, adayamba kugwira ntchito njanji, motero adapewa kuthamangitsidwa ku Germany kukakamizidwa. Komanso panthawiyi adagwiritsa ntchito nthawi yake yonse kupanga mafanizo a buku la Chingerezi ndikulemba zazifupi komanso ndakatulo.

Kutha kwa Nkhondo Yachiwiri Yapadziko Lonse kunathandiza Wislawa Szymborska kulembetsa ku Yunivesite ya Jagiellonia ku Krakow, komwe adasankha mabuku aku Chipolishi koma pamapeto pake adasintha ntchito kukhala zachuma. Ngakhale izi, sanathe kumaliza maphunziro ake, koma adasiya ntchito mu 1948.

Komabe, mkati mwa nthawi yayifupi yophunzira, adasindikiza ndakatulo zina m'manyuzipepala ndi magazini.

Wislawa Szymborska m'mabuku

Wislawa Szymborska m'mabuku

Gwero: abc

Ndakatulo yoyamba ya Wislawa Szymborska yomwe idasindikizidwa inali mu 1945, polemba polemba ku Dziennik Polski ya tsiku ndi tsiku. Mutu wake, ndimafuna mawu (Szukam slowa). Ndipo izi sizinangotanthauza kuwonekera kwake koyambirira kokha, komanso kuti adatsegula zitseko za ndakatulo zake m'manyuzipepala ndi atolankhani wamba.

Mu 1948, atasiya maphunziro ake ku koleji chifukwa samakwanitsa, adayamba kugwira ntchito ngati mlembi wa magazini yophunzitsa, makamaka nyuzipepala yomwe idamupatsa mwayi woyamba, Dziennik Polski. Ndipo, panthawi imodzimodzi yomwe anali mlembi, adatumiziranso monga wojambula zithunzi komanso ndakatulo, popeza adapitilizabe kufalitsa ndakatulo.

M'malo mwake, mu 1949, anali kale ndi ndakatulo yake yoyamba.

Posakhalitsa, mu '52, adatulutsanso ndakatulo ina, Dlatego zyjemy (Ndiye chifukwa chake tikukhala), ambiri mwa iwo anali ndi malingaliro andale. Ndipo ndikuti panthawiyo adakhala membala wa Chipani cha Polish Workers, ndikumverera kuti adatembenuza osati ndakatulo zokha, komanso yotsatira, mu 1954, Pytania zadawane sobie (Mafunso ofunsidwa kwa wekha).

Tsopano, ngakhale anali wachisosholizimu, patatha zaka zitatu adatulutsa ndakatulo zatsopano, Walanie do Yet (Itanani ku Yeti) momwe adawonetsera Kukhumudwitsidwa kwathunthu ndikusiyana ndi malingaliro achikomyunizimu, ndimomwe adasinthira pamaganizidwe ake, osakhutira ndimomwe ndale zimayendera.

Kuphatikiza apo, adawonetsa kukhudzidwa ndi umunthu, makamaka Stalinism, ngakhale kupereka ndakatulo kwa Stalin komwe adamufanizira ndi munthu wonyansa wachipale chofewa (Yeti). Mpaka pomwepo adasiya chikominisi ndi soshalism kotero kuti adakana ntchito ziwirizi zomwe adasindikiza ndipo safuna kumvanso za iwo.

Ndi mabuku ati omwe adalemba

Ndi mabuku ati omwe Wislawa Szymborska adalemba

Muyenera kuganizira izi Wislawa Szymborska adayamba kulemba ali ndi zaka 5. Zimanenedwa kuti adasiya ndakatulo zolembedwa zoposa 350. M'mabuku, adalemba zolemba ndakatulo zoposa 15. Koma ngakhale zinali zochuluka kwambiri, sitinganene kuti inali yotchuka padziko lonse lapansi, sizinali choncho. Amamudziwa pang'ono mdziko lake, koma osati kunja kwake. Monga amadziwika bwino, zinali muntchito zake zina: kutsutsa zolembalemba ndi matanthauzidwe.

Ndiye liti mu 1996 adapatsidwa Nobel Prize for Literature, Wislawa Szymborska anali wodabwitsa, kwa iye komanso kwa onse omwe sanamudziwe mpaka nthawiyo. Inde, sinali mphoto yokhayo yomwe adapatsidwa. M'mbuyomu anali ndi ena kale, monga Mphoto ya Unduna wa Zachikhalidwe ku Poland, wopatsidwa mu 1963; Mphoto ya Goethe, mu 1991; kapena Mphoto ya Herder ndikudziwika kuti Honorary Doctor of Letters wolemba Adam Mickiewicz University of Poznan, mu 1995.

1996 idakhala chaka chabwino kwa iye, osati chifukwa cha Mphotho ya Nobel, komanso chifukwa adapatsidwa PEN Club Prize yaku Poland.

Zaka zingapo pambuyo pake, mu 2011, adalandira imodzi mwa mphotho zake zaposachedwa, Orla Bialego Order (Order of the White Eagle), ulemu wapamwamba kwambiri womwe udalandiridwa ku Poland.

Ku Spain mutha kupeza gawo la ntchito yake yomasuliridwa, ena mwa mabuku ndi awa:

  • Malo okhala ndi mchenga.
  • Mfundo ziwiri.
  • Chiwerengero chachikulu.
  • Chikondi chachimwemwe ndi ndakatulo zina.
  • Makalata olemba.
  • Ndakatulo zosankhidwa.

Pomaliza, tikusiyirani imodzi mwa ndakatulo za Wislawa Szymborska.

MAWULEKEREDWE NDI MAWU

ALIYENSE amene akudziwa kumene ali

za chifundo (zongopeka za moyo),

"Amuchenjeze!" , Amucenjezye!

Ndiloleni ndiyimbe mokweza

ndi kuvina ngati ndasokonezeka mutu

wokondwa pansi pa msondodzi wofowoka

Kwamuyaya atatsala pang'ono kugwetsa misozi.

Ndimaphunzitsa kukhala chete

m'zilankhulo zonse

ndi njira yolingalira

ya nyenyezi zakuthambo,

nsagwada za sinantropus,

plankton,

chipale chofewa.

NDABWERETSA chikondi.

Chenjezo! Mgwirizano!

Mu udzu wakale,

pamene, osambitsidwa ndi dzuwa mpaka m'khosi,

umagona mphepo ikuvina

(mbuye wovina tsitsi lako).

Amapereka ku "Loto".

Munthu amafuna

kulira

kwa okalamba omwe ali m'malo osungira okalamba

kufa. Dzitumikireni nokha

bwerani popanda maumboni

palibe zopempha zolembedwa.

Mapepalawo adzawonongedwa

popanda kuvomereza kuti walandila.

KWA MALONJEZO A MUNTHU WANGA

-Kuti anakunyengani ndi mitundu

za padziko lapansi, ndi chipwirikiti chake,

ndi couplet kuchokera pazenera, ndi galu

kuseli kwa khoma-

kuti simudzakhala nokha

mu mdima, chete ndi mpweya.

Sindingayankhe.

Usiku, wamasiye wa Tsiku.

Mwambo. Elzbieta Bortkiewicz


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

Ndemanga, siyani yanu

Siyani ndemanga yanu

Anu email sati lofalitsidwa. Amafuna minda amalembedwa ndi *

*

*

  1. Wotsogolera pazosankhazi: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Cholinga cha deta: Control SPAM, kasamalidwe ka ndemanga.
  3. Kukhazikitsa: Kuvomereza kwanu
  4. Kulumikizana kwa zomwe zafotokozedwazo: Zomwezo siziziwululidwa kwa anthu ena kupatula pakukakamizidwa mwalamulo.
  5. Zosunga: Zosungidwa ndi Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Ufulu: Nthawi iliyonse mutha kuchepetsa, kuchira ndikuchotsa zidziwitso zanu.

  1.   Noel perez anati

    Ndinali m'modzi mwa omwe adazizindikira mochedwa ndipo sanasiye kukhala m'modzi mwa andakatulo omwe ndimawakonda. Ndakatulo zambiri zomwe zidandisangalatsa, koma yoyamba yomwe idandigunda mosakayikira inali The Number Pi.