Mtundu wofotokozera: Zinthu zofotokozera

Mtundu wofotokozera ndi umodzi mwa akale kwambiri

Yemwe amalemba zolemba mu prose ayenera kudziwa bwino zomwe mtundu wankhani y ndizomwe zimapanga. Ngakhale zili choncho, makamaka koyambirira kwambiri komanso olemba achichepere sizachilendo kuwona zolakwika m'nkhaniyi. Ngati mukufuna kuti ntchito yanu yotsatira izidziwike mwa kukhala ndi mbiri yabwino, khalani ndikuwerenga nkhaniyi yomwe tikukupatsani lero ndikudziwa zomwe ndizofunikira pazomwe zimafotokozera.

Chiyambi cha mtundu wankhani

Nkhaniyi ili ndi zinthu zingapo zofunika

Tsopano popeza mukudziwa zambiri za mtundu wankhani, muyenera kudziwa kuti ndizoyambira. Timalankhula za Zaka zapakatikati, ndipo makamaka ochokera ku Europe, kontinentiyo komwe idayamba kugwiritsidwa ntchito m'malo ena ndikukumbukira zochitika zakale, miyambo, otchulidwa omwe anali ngwazi, akazembe akulu komanso maulendo awo achitetezo ...

Komabe, zimadziwika kuti, ku Greece, Homer ndiye amene adayambitsa mtundu wankhani uwu, Ngakhale anali munthu wodziwa kusakaniza mitundu ingapo (sewero, mawu, mawu ...) m'mawu omwewo, zomwe olemba ochepa amakwaniritsa pamlingo waluso.

Chosangalatsa ndichakuti, pomwe nkhani zofotokozera zidayamba kuwonekera, zidabweretsa kuwonjezeka kwa achinyamata omwe akufuna kuyambitsa kuti alembe mtunduwo; komanso kwa owerenga mamiliyoni ambiri omwe amawakonda, chifukwa chake adapangidwa monga momwe tikudziwira tsopano.

Makhalidwe amtundu wofotokozera

Mu nkhani zofotokoza, wolemba nkhani amapereka zochitika kapena kutsatizana kwa zochitika momwe mndandanda wa otchulidwa omwe amapezeka m'malo opatsidwa komanso munthawi yokhazikitsidwa kale amatenga nawo mbali. Zigawo zonsezi zimakhala zofunikira pofotokoza (zomwe tiwona pansipa).

Nkhani yolemba imadziwika pobwereza dziko lopeka, ngakhale nthawi zina amatero zowona zowuziridwa ndi zenizeni. Ngakhale zili choncho, imangokhala nkhani yongopeka chifukwa wolemba nthawi zonse amapereka magawo atsopano kapena amadzinenera kuti ndi zenizeni ndipo samatha kukhala zenizeni 100%.

Chikhalidwe china chamtundu wamtunduwu ndikuti munthu wachitatu amagwiritsidwa ntchito, ngakhale munthu woyamba amakhalanso pafupipafupi pomwe wamkulu wa nkhaniyo ndiye wolemba bukulo.

Ngakhale m'mbuyomu pamtundu wofotokozera zinali zachilendo kupeza mavesi, lero chodziwika kwambiri ndikuti nkhaniyo idalembedwa kotheratu.

Zinthu zofotokozera

Zinthu zomwe zimapanga nkhani ndi izi:

  • Wofotokoza: Itha kukhala yakunja kuchitapo kanthu, ngati ikufotokoza zomwe zidachitika mwa munthu wachitatu osachita nawo, kapena zamkati, ikamafotokoza zomwe zidachitika mwa munthu woyamba ngati protagonist kapena mboni ya zochitikazo. Wolemba zakunja nthawi zambiri amakhala wolemba nkhani wodziwa zonse yemwe amadziwa komanso amadziwa zonse za anthu onse omwe amapanga ntchitoyi, kuphatikiza malingaliro awo ndi zoyandikira.
  • Otchulidwa: Ndi zomwe zimayambitsa zochitika zosiyanasiyana zomwe timawona zikufotokozedweratu. Makhalidwe ake amaperekedwa kudzera muzochita zake, zokambirana, ndi mafotokozedwe. Mwa otchulidwawo, protagonist nthawi zonse amawonekera, yemwe ndi amene amatenga zolemetsazo komanso wotsutsana naye yemwe akumutsutsa. Komanso, kutengera ntchito, titha kupeza ena kapena ocheperako otchulidwa.
  • Chiwembu kapena chochita Ndizochitika zomwe zimachitika m'nkhaniyi. Zochitika kapena zochitika izi zimapezeka munthawi ndi mlengalenga, ndipo zimakonzedwa molingana ndi kapangidwe kosavuta monga munkhani kapena nkhani, kapena zovuta kwambiri, monga m'mabuku.

Kuphatikiza pazinthu zomwe taziwona, pali zina zomwe ndizofunikiranso kalembedwe, ndipo zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kutanthauzira, osati powerenga kokha, komanso polemba. Izi ndi:

Kuzungulira

Makonzedwewa ndi ofanana ndi malo, mphindi, momwe ... chiwembucho chikuchitikira. Ndiye kuti, mukuyika owerenga kuti adziwe komwe chiwembucho chikuchitika, chikuchitika mchaka chiti, ndale ndi zikhalidwe ziti, komanso otchulidwa momwe akukhalira.

Nthawi zina, olemba samanyalanyaza izi, koma amasiya mabala oti owerenga, momwe amawerenga, amapanga lingaliro lazomwe zikuchitikazo. Nthawi zambiri zimakhala zosankha zowonjezera kuposa zomwe muyenera kukhala nazo.

Komabe, ndikofunikira kwambiri kuti pakhale kulimba kwambiri pachiwembocho popeza chimapereka ma nuances omwe amathandizira kukonza zinthu zonse.

Kalembedwe

Kalembedwe ndi njira yomwe wolemba amakulira mumtundu wofotokozera. Mwanjira ina, tikulankhula za chidindo cha wolemba, momwe amagwiritsira ntchito chilankhulo, zolembera ... Mwachidule, zolemba zake.

Wolemba aliyense ndi dziko, ndipo aliyense ali ndi njira yake yolemba. Ndiye chifukwa chake, mukamawerenga, mwina mungakonde kapena kumasula buku, komabe ngati mungatenge lina lofananalo, mutha kukhala nalo chidwi china.

Mwachitsanzo, pali olemba omwe siginecha yawo ndimafotokozedwe ambiri ndi mawu; pomwe ena sangathe kuchita izi ndipo amangokhala ofotokozera kwambiri kuti owerenga azikhala ndi chidziwitso chonse ndikubwezeretsanso m'malingaliro mwake zomwe amawerenga kuti athe kumva zomwe otchulidwawo angamve.

Mutuwo

Pomaliza, chomaliza pazinthu zamtundu wankhani ndiye mutuwo. Izi ndizo zokhudzana ndi chiwembu ndi chiwembu, Mwanjira ina, imafotokozedwa ndi mbiri yakale. Ndipo kutengera mlanduwo, mutha kulowa mchikondi, mbiri yakale, wapolisi (kapena nkhani zachiwawa), zopeka zasayansi, mutu wowopsa ...

Zonsezi ndizofunikira kudziwa popeza, ngakhale ngati nkhani ili pakati pamitu iwiri, nthawi zonse kumakhala bwino kudziwa komwe mungakonze, kuti owerenga masitayelo awa apeze, ndikuti mutha kupita kwa osindikiza osiyanasiyana kapena kufalitsa ndi kusankha mitundu yoyenera.

Wofotokozera ndi otchulidwa: ziwerengero ziwiri zofunika kwambiri pamtundu wofotokozera

Wofotokozera ndi otchulidwawo ndiofunikira kwambiri m'nkhaniyi

Ngakhale tisanakambirane nanu za wolemba nkhani komanso otchulidwa, zinthu ziwiri zofunika kwambiri pamtundu wankhani, tikufuna tidziwe zambiri za iwo. Ndipo ali kapena chofunikira kwambiri kuposa chiwembu chenichenicho. M'malo mwake, ngakhale womalizirayo anali woyambirira komanso woganiza bwino, ngati wolemba sangakwanitse kuyika owerenga, ndipo otchulidwawo sanakule moyenereradi, nkhani yonse imatha kuyenda ndi kutayika.

Wolemba

Ngakhale tanena kuti wolemba nkhani za mtundu wankhani nthawi zambiri amalembedwa mwa munthu wachitatu, kapena ngakhale mwa munthu woyamba (onse mmodzi), chowonadi ndichakuti amathanso kulembedwa mwa munthu wachiwiri. Kuti musavutike kumvetsetsa:

  • Munthu woyamba: Wofotokozanso ndiye munthu wamkulu munkhaniyi, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti ntchito yonse iganizike pa iye yekha, kuti adziwe zakumverera, malingaliro ndi zochita zomwe zikuwonedwa.
  • Ili lilinso ndi vuto, ndikuti simungathe kukulitsa mawonekedwe ena chifukwa muyenera kuyang'ana pazomwe munthu wamkulu amaganiza / amachita / kufotokoza.
  • Munthu wachiwiri: Sigwiritsidwe ntchito kwambiri pamtunduwu, koma mumapeza mabuku pomwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito ndipo, imagwiritsa ntchito inu ngati chofotokozera, kukhala wokhudzana ndi munthu, chinthu kapena nyama.
  • Munthu wachitatu: Ndi yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri chifukwa imalola kutulutsa otchulidwa onse ndi zowona zonse. Ndi njira yoti owerenga asamangomvera chisoni ndi protagonist, komanso ndi aliyense wa otchulidwa. Mwanjira imeneyi, amangokhala wowonera chabe wofotokoza zomwe zimachitika, akuti, otchulidwawo, onse omwe akutsutsana nawo komanso sekondale, maphunziro apamwamba ...

Anthu

Pankhani ya otchulidwa, monga mukudziwa, ntchito yolemba nkhani imatha kukhala ndi anthu ambiri. Koma pali ziwerengero zingapo zomwe zimawagawa. Ndipo awa ndi awa:

  • Wotsutsa: Khalidwe kwa amene nkhaniyo imachitika. Mwanjira ina, ndi mawu oyimba pantchitoyo. Protagonist nthawi zambiri amakhala munthu, nyama, chinthu ... Koma m'modzi yekha. Komabe, m'mbiri ya zolemba pakhala ntchito zambiri momwe, m'malo mwa protagonist m'modzi, zakhala zingapo.
  • Wotsutsa: Monga akunenera, ngwazi iliyonse imafuna munthu woyipa. Ndipo wotsutsana naye ndi "woipa" ameneyo, munthu yemwe amatsutsana ndi protagonist yemwe akufuna kuti asapambane. Apanso timabwerera pamwambapa, nthawi zambiri pamangokhala "yoyipa" imodzi, koma pali ntchito zambiri zomwe zili ndi imodzi.
  • Mphamvu: Njira yotchulira izi ndikofunikira momwe anthu ena achiwiri amatanthauziridwa. Ndi zilembo zomwe zimadzaza kuti zikhale zolimba ku zonse, koma kuti, pakuchita zamphamvu ndikuperekeza omwe akutsutsana nawo ndi omwe akutsutsana nawo, amakhala chida champhamvu chowongolera mayesedwe a nkhaniyi komwe mukufuna.
  • Otchulidwa: Titha kunena kuti ndiomwe adachita maphunziro apamwamba, omwe adatchulidwa kangapo koma alibe chochita nawo pankhaniyi, koma ndi njira yokhayo yodziwira nkhaniyo komanso otchulidwawo, koma osawakopa.

Izi zati, ndi gawo liti lovuta kwambiri kapena nkhani yoti mufotokoze? Kodi ndinu m'modzi mwa omwe amakhala ndi chiwembu ndikuwonjezera zilembo kapena mosinthanitsa? Ndiuzeni mwachidule momwe mumagwirira ntchito yanu koyambirira.


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