Maria Sure. Kufunsana ndi wolemba Misozi ya Red Dust

Tinakambirana ndi mlembi María Suré za ntchito yake.

Kujambula: Maria Sure. Mbiri ya Facebook.

Maria Sure Anabadwira ku Salamanca koma anasamukira Valencia ali ndi zaka 21 ndipo amaphunzira Computer Engineering. Amagwira ntchito ngati analyst komanso wopanga mapulogalamu a software, koma popeza anali wokonda kuwerenga ndi kulemba, mu 2014 adalemba buku lake loyamba, mtundu wa chikhululukiro. Pambuyo pake adatsatira Proyecto BEL, Huérfanos de sombra ndipo tsopano June watha adapereka Misozi ya fumbi lofiira. Mu izi kuyankhulana kwakukulu Amatiuza za iye ndi zina zambiri. Ndikukuthokozani kwambiri nthawi yanu ndi kukoma mtima kwanu kunditumikira.

Maria Sure - Mafunso

  • ZOKHALA TSOPANO: Buku lanu lomaliza lofalitsidwa lili ndi mutu Misozi ya fumbi lofiira. Kodi mungatiuze chiyani za nkhaniyi ndipo lingalirolo linachokera kuti?

MARIA SURE: Lingaliro lidabwera pomwe ndidaganiza zokhazikitsa buku lotsatira ku Valencia, mzinda umene wandilandira bwino kwambiri kwa zaka pafupifupi XNUMX zimene ndakhalamo. Ndinayamba kufufuza mbiri ya mzindawu ndikupeza nkhani zosangalatsa zomwe zinanditsogolera ku chiwembu chomwe chikuchitika mu misozi ya fumbi lofiira. Ndikofunikira kwambiri zomwe zidachitika mu mzindawu panthawi yachiwonetsero Masiku ano Foral Valencia (zaka za zana la XNUMX ndi XNUMX), momwe wakuphayo amapha anthu oweruzidwa ndi zilango za imfa zosiyanasiyana malinga ndi mlandu womwe adapalamula ndipo mitembo yawo idawululidwa m'malo ena amzindawu ngati chenjezo kwa anthu ena onse.

Panopa, pali munda wotchedwa Munda wa Polyphilus yomwe idamangidwa ngati chiwongolero ku nkhani yomwe imanenedwa m'malembo apamanja azaka za zana la XNUMX: The Hypnerotomachia Poliphili (Loto la Polífilo mu Spanish). Ndi za a incunabulum yodzaza ndi zilembo zokongola komanso zolembedwa m'zilankhulo zingapo, mmodzi wa iwo anatulukira. Mlembi wake amachokera Francesco Colonna, wansembe wapanthaŵiyo, chinthu china chochititsa chidwi ngati munthu alingalira chiŵerengero cha zozokotedwa zokhala ndi nkhani zachiwerewere zambiri zimene amati malembo apamanja ali nawo. Ndi buku labwino kwambiri lomwe makope ake angapo amasungidwa ku Spain, onse amazindikiridwa ndi kufufuzidwa mwanjira ina. Ena ali ndi masamba akusowa, ena amawoloka, amawotchedwa ... Ntchito yonse imapezeka kwaulere pa intaneti ndipo ndikulimbikitsani kuti muyang'ane chifukwa ndikuganiza kuti mungaikonde.

En misozi ya fumbi lofiira, wakupha akupanganso zochitika zina za nthawiyo momwe akaidiwo ananyongedwa ku Valencia chifukwa chochita zolakwa zawo lero. Munda wa Polifilo ndi amodzi mwa malo omwe adasankhidwa ndi wakuphayu ndipo apolisi adzayenera kuphunzira zolemba zakale kuti adziwe yemwe adayambitsa imfayo komanso chifukwa chake.

Mwa njira, mutuwo ndi wofunika kwambiri m'buku lino. Wowerenga akazindikira chifukwa chake, amamvetsetsa zinthu zambiri ndipo zidutswazo zimayamba kulowa m'mutu mwake.

  • AL: Kodi mukukumbukira zomwe mwawerenga koyamba? Ndipo kulemba kwanu koyamba?

MS: Ndili wamng’ono ndinkakonda kwambiri wogulitsa nkhani. Makolo anga anandigulira zinthu zambiri. Ine ndinayika tepi kaseti ndipo anali kutsatira kuwerenga m’nkhaniyo kwinaku akuimvetsera. Winawake anawaloweza. Ndikuganiza kuti ndipamene ndinazindikira chidwi changa chowerenga. Patapita zaka zingapo iye anawononga mabuku onse a Asanu, zomwe ndidakali nazo. Pambuyo pake, nditakula pang’ono, ndimakumbukira ndikuyembekezera kubwera kwa a Mabaibulo amene ankadutsa m’tauni yanga masabata awiri aliwonse kuti atenge mabuku onse amene ankafuna kuwerenga. 

Ndinayamba kulemba ndili ndi zaka khumi kapena khumi ndi ziwiriSindikukumbukira bwino. Ndidalemba buku la ulendo mu kalembedwe ka Asanu. Ndinazipanga mu pensulo, ndi zojambula zazithunzi zofunika kwambiri. Ikhala ndi masamba pafupifupi makumi atatu ndipo ndikadali ndi zolembedwa pamanja zodzaza ndi mawu, zolembedwa molakwika ndi zolemba m'mphepete. Ndimakonda kwambiri chifukwa ndi momwe mwana wanga amaganizira kale nkhani zomwe zili m'mutu mwake ndikuwona kufunika kozilemba papepala. 

  • AL: Wolemba wamkulu? Mutha kusankha kuposa imodzi komanso kuchokera kunthawi zonse. 

MS: Ndizovuta bwanji kusankha pakati pa olemba abwino ambiri! Ndinkawerenga kwambiri Patricia mkulu wamisiri, John ndi Carre, ngakhale Stephen King chinali ndi malo abwino kwambiri pakati pa kuwerenga kwanga kwaunyamata. Monga olemba posachedwapa ndingasankhe Dolores Redondo, Maite R. Ochotorena, Alaitz Leceaga, Sandrone Dazieri, Bernard minierNiklas Natt ndi Dag, Jo Nesbo, JD Barker… 

Wolemba yemwe ndapeza chaka chino ndipo kalembedwe kake ndimakonda ndi Santiago Álvarez.

  • AL: Ndi khalidwe liti m'buku lomwe mungakonde kukumana nalo ndikupanga? 

MS: M’lingaliro langa, munthu wabwino kwambiri m’mbiri ya zolemba za anthu akuda ndi wa Lisbeth Salander kuchokera mndandanda wa Millennium. Ndi changwiro. Ndimakonda anthu omwe akuwoneka kuti ndi ofooka, osathandiza ndipo nthawi zambiri amakopa adani omwe amaganiza kuti ali ndi ufulu wowapezerapo mwayi. Anthu amene, mokakamizika ndi mikhalidwe imene imawalepheretsa, amapeza mphamvu ya mkati imene imawapangitsa kusuntha mapiri ndi kusiya woŵerenga ali chete. 

  • AL: Pali zizolowezi kapena zizolowezi zina zapadera pakulemba kapena kuwerenga? 

MS: Ndimakonda kudzipatula ku chilengedwe polemba kuika maganizo. Ndinavala mahedifoni anga ndikumvetsera nyimbo. nthawi zambiri ndimamva Canciones zomwe zikugwirizana ndi zomwe ndikulemba. Ndimagwiritsa ntchito nyimbo zotsitsimula kwambiri pazochitika zachisoni, kapena nyimbo za rock zomwe zimafuna kuchitapo kanthu. Ndi buku lomaliza ndinayamba kupanga a playlist pa Spotify nyimbo zomwe ndidamvetsera kwambiri panthawi yolemba ndipo ndimakonda zomwe zinachitikira. Imasindikizidwa mu tsamba langa ndipo atha kupezeka ndi aliyense amene akufuna.

Nthawi zina ndimangomvetsera chilengedwe chimamveka ndipo makamaka mvula. Mawu amenewo amanditsitsimutsa kwambiri ndikalemba. Ndikuganiza kuti zimatengeranso momwe ndimamvera panthawiyo.

  • AL: Ndi malo omwe mumakonda komanso nthawi yochitira? 

MS: Ndikanakonda kukhala ndi mphindi yomwe ndimakonda ndikutha kukwaniritsa ndandanda, koma zimakhala zovuta ngati simudzipereka ku izi zokha. Pamapeto pake ndikuyang'ana mipata ndi nthawi ya tsiku akhoza kukhala osiyanasiyana kwambiri. M'mawa kwambiri, nthawi yopuma, m'bandakucha ... Nthawi yabwino ndi pamene nyumbayo imakhala chete ndipo anthu omwe mumawakonda amayamba kukufunsani. Ndimayesetsa kudzipereka kwa maola angapo tsiku lililonse, koma sizingatheke.

Ndisanalembe ndi dzanja ndipo ndidachita kulikonse, koma ndinamvetsetsa kuti kuchita mwanjira imeneyi kunanditengera nthawi yochulukirapo kawiri momwe ndimayenera kulembera zonse ku kompyuta. Tsopano Nthawi zonse ndimalemba pa desiki langa, ngodya yanga yaing'ono kumene ndimakhala wokondwa kwa maola angapo tsiku lililonse.

  • AL: Kodi pali mitundu ina yomwe mumakonda? 

MS: Ndimayesetsa kuwerenga dndi chirichonse. Ndizowona kuti ndawerengapo mabuku omwe sali amtundu wa noir komanso omwe ndimawakonda. Ndikuganiza kuti wina amakonda buku la momwe limalembedwera komanso chiwembu chake mosasamala kanthu za mtundu wake.. Zomwe zimachitika ndikuti, posankha, nthawi zonse ndimadalira zakuda, powerenga ndi kulemba. Chifukwa ndimasangalala kwambiri ndi chinsinsi, mlengalenga, nthawi zina kumasokonekera, momwe nkhani zamtunduwu nthawi zambiri zimachitika, kukankhira otchulidwa mpaka kumapeto ndikuwunika mbali yamdima yomwe tonse timanyamula mkati.

  • AL: Mukuwerenga chiyani tsopano? Ndi kulemba?

MS: Nthawi zambiri ndimaphatikiza kuwerenga mabuku angapo nthawi imodzi komanso m'njira zosiyanasiyana. Panopa ndikuwerenga Cmoto mzinda, ndi Don Winslow pa digito, bogna boogie, a Justo Navarro pa pepala ndi kumvetsera wakuba fupa, Wolemba Manel Loureiro, mu audiobook. Mwa atatuwa, ndiyenera kunena kuti nkhani yomwe ndikusangalala nayo kwambiri ndiyo yomaliza.

Panopa ndili kulemba kupitiriza kwa misozi ya fumbi lofiira. Ndinatsala ndikufuna zambiri m'miyoyo ya anthu ena ndipo owerenga ambiri ayamba kupempha gawo lachiwiri. Otchulidwa akulu omwewo adzawonekera m'menemo, koma akuphatikizidwa mu chiwembu chosiyana kwambiri kuti onse azitha kuwerengedwa paokha.

  • AL: Mukuganiza kuti malo osindikizira ali bwanji ndipo ndi chiyani chomwe mudaganiza kuti muyesere kufalitsa?

MS: Nthawi yomwe tikukhala ndi zovuta kwa malo osindikizira ndi ena ambiri. Ku Spain, mitu pafupifupi XNUMX imafalitsidwa chaka chilichonse, motero mpikisanowu ndi wankhanza. Kuchokera kwa iwo, 86% samagulitsa makope opitilira makumi asanu pachaka, kotero mutha kudziwa momwe zinthu zilili. Mwamwayi, m'dziko lathu, anthu amawerenga kwambiri. Kutsekeredwaku kunabweretsa anthu kufupi ndi mabuku, koma tidakali otsika kwambiri kumayiko ena aku Europe pankhani yowerenga. Opitilira 35% aku Spain sanawerengepo. Zikuwoneka kuti pali chizolowezi chowerenga zambiri pamapepala kuposa zaka zingapo zapitazo ndipo mawonekedwe a audiobook akutenga gawo lotsogola. 

Mabuku anga atatu oyamba ndidangosindikiza okha ku Amazon. Ndi njira yabwino kwa olemba omwe akungoyamba kumene chifukwa amakulolani kulengeza ntchito zanu ngati mulibe wosindikiza. Vuto ndiloti kufikira komwe muli nako monga wofalitsa wekha sikukhudzana ndi zomwe wofalitsa wachikhalidwe angakupatseni. Ndicho chifukwa chake ndinaganiza zoyesera ndi buku langa laposachedwapa. Onse a Planeta ndi Maeva anachita chidwi nacho ndipo pomalizira pake ndinasaina pangano losindikiza ndi omalizirawo. Zomwe zachitikazi zakhala zokhutiritsa kwambiri ndipo ndikuyembekeza kupitiriza kugwira nawo ntchito mtsogolo.

  • AL: Kodi mphindi yamavuto yomwe tikukumana nayo ikukuvutani kapena mutha kusunga chinthu chabwino chankhani zamtsogolo?

MS: Ndikufuna kuganiza za nthawi zoyipa mukhoza kupeza chinachake chabwino nthawi zonse. Monga momwe zinalili ndi mliri, zomwe zidapangitsa kuti anthu ayambe kuwerenga kwambiri. Panthawi yamavuto yomwe makampani amayesa kuchepetsa chiopsezo momwe angathere, ndikuganiza kuti, en nkhani ya dziko losindikiza, ndizotheka kuti ntchito zofalitsidwa zimasankhidwa kwambiri ndi khalidwe zomwe zimatuluka pamsika ndizabwinoko. Ponena za malingaliro anga monga wolemba, ndipitiriza kulemba monga mwachizolowezi, mvula kapena kuwala. Chifukwa sindimalemba ndikuganiza zofalitsa ntchito, koma zopatsa ine ndekha komanso otchulidwa anga nthawi zonse. Kenako, ikatha, tiwona zomwe zidzachitike. 


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