Fernando Aramburu: mabuku

Kwawo mawu a Fernando Aramburu.

Kwawo mawu a Fernando Aramburu.

Fernando Aramburu ndi m'modzi mwa olemba odziwika bwino mu zolemba zamasiku ano zaku Spain. Ngakhale wakhala akulemba kuyambira 90s, mu 2016 adadziwika bwino chifukwa cha ntchito yake. Patria (2016). Ndi nkhani yomwe ikuwonetsa zaka zopitilira 40 zomwe ETA idayika m'derali.

Patria adadziwika kale komanso pambuyo pake pantchito yake yolemba. Ndi bukhuli adalandira ndemanga zabwino kwambiri kuchokera kwa otsutsa zolembalemba, omwe amawona kuti ndi buku losaiwalika. Chiyambireni kusindikizidwa kwa ntchitoyi, Aramburu wapambana mphoto zabwino kwambiri, pakati pawo: Francisco Umbral to the Book of the Year (2016), De la Critica (2017), Basque Literature in Spanish (2017), National Narrative (2017) ndi International COVITE (2019).

Mabuku a Fernando Aramburu

Maso opanda kanthu: Antibula Trilogy 1 (2000)

Ndilo bukhu lachiwiri la mlembi, ndipo ndi ilo anayamba Antibula Trilogy. Bukuli lakhazikitsidwa m'dziko lopeka lomwe lili ndi dzina la saga (Antíbula) ndipo lidachitika kumayambiriro kwa zaka za zana la XNUMX.. Nkhaniyi ndi yamagazi komanso yachisoni, koma ndi chithunzithunzi cha chiyembekezo panthawi yoyenera; tsatanetsatane wa chiwembucho akusimbidwa ndi mwana—chipatso cha chikondi chachinsinsi pakati pa mtsikana wa mumzinda ndi mlendo—.

Zosinthasintha

Ogasiti 1916, Antibula, zonse zili m'mwamba: mfumu yaphedwa ndipo mfumukazi yake ikuyesera kulakwitsa. Dzikoli likupita kukakumana ndi ulamuliro wankhanza, palibe chomwe chidzakhale ngati kale.

Pamene chipwirikitichi chikudutsa m’derali, mlendo wachilendo pamwamba ndipo amakhala m'nyumba. Nkhaniyi ndi ya munthu wovuta kumvetsa yemwe anafika m’dzikoli kukopeka ndi mwana wamkazi wa Cuiña wakale —mwini wa hostel komwe wakonzako kukhala—.

Potsutsana ndi zofuna za munthu wachikulire, achinyamata amayamba chibwenzindi chipatso cha mgwirizano uwu chinabadwa cholengedwa. M’kupita kwa nthaŵi, mwana wamng’onoyo ayenera kulimbana ndi kukanidwa ndi nkhanza za agogo ake, zotulukapo za zosankha zoipa za makolo ake ndi mikhalidwe yoipa imene yawononga dziko.

Komabe, chifukwa cha chikondi cha amayi ake bata lomwe limakwanitsa kupeza zolemba zomwe amakonda kwambiri, mwanayo amalimbikitsidwa kuti ayambe kuyenda ndipo osataya mtima, mkhalidwe umene uli wotsimikizirika m’mbiri.

Lipenga la Utopia (2003)

Ndi buku lachitatu la wolemba. Idasindikizidwa ku Barcelona mu February 2003. Bukuli limachitika pakati pa Madrid ndi Estella, lili ndi mitu 32 yomwe imasiyanitsidwa ndi kugwiritsa ntchito bwino chilankhulo. Nkhaniyi imakhudza ndendende nthabwala zakuda - zofananira ndi wolemba - ndipo ikuwonetsa anthu ochita chidwi, oyandikira, ochita bwino kwambiri.

Zosinthasintha

Benito ndi munthu makumi atatu yemwe adasiya kuyunivesite ndikugwira ntchito mu bar ya Madrid yotchedwa Utopía.. Kuphatikiza pa ntchito yake ku bar, nthawi zina amaimba lipenga ndi chiyembekezo chakuti wina adzayamikira luso lake. ali ndi moyo womasuka ndipo thupi lake likufuula umboni wa izo: ndi wowonda, wotumbululuka ndi wobiriwira.

Chifukwa cha tsoka la banja, wachichepereyo ayenera kusamukira kumudzi kwawo, Estella —kumpoto kwa Spain—: bambo ake akufa. Ngakhale kuti sanakhale naye paubwenzi wabwino kwambiri, adaganiza zopita kukakakamizika kwa bwenzi lake, Pauli, komanso chifukwa cha cholowa. Ngakhale Benito ankaganiza kuti ulendo wake udzakhala wosavuta "bwerani ndi kupita", zochitika zingapo zinasintha zolinga zake zonse, ngakhale moyo wake.

Kugulitsa Woyimba lipenga wa...
Woyimba lipenga wa...
Palibe ndemanga

Moyo wa nsabwe yotchedwa Matías (2004)

Ndi buku la ana ndi achinyamata lomwe wolemba adalemba kuti: "Nkhani ya achinyamata kuyambira zaka eyiti mpaka makumi asanu ndi atatu mphambu zisanu ndi zitatu". Bukhuli ndi fanizo lomwe protagonist yake ndi nsabwe yotchedwa Matías, amene amafotokoza mwa munthu woyamba zochitika zake mkati mwa dziko lake laling'ono ndi loopsa.

Zosinthasintha

Matías ndi nsabwe yemwe atakalamba adaganiza zonena za moyo wake komanso momwe adapulumutsira m'chilengedwe chake chaching'ono.. Iye anabadwira pakhosi la kondakitala sitima, danga lalikulu ndi tsitsi lobiriwira ndi mmene corduroy kapu. M’kukhalapo kwake chinayenera kupirira: mphepo yamkuntho ya thovu, mpweya wotentha kuchokera mu chowumitsira ndi zala zowopsa zokanda.

Tsiku lina aganiza zoika pachiwopsezo pamodzi ndi mlongo wake amayamba kuyenda njira zatsopano kufunafuna kasupe pafupi ndi khutu. Koma nsabwe zosalakwazo zikugwera m’manja mwa Mfumu Caspa, yomwe imawakakamiza kuti agwire ntchito yomanga nyumba yake yachifumu. Zolakwika izi zimakhala zovuta kwambiri pamoyo wake: Anakhala ndi njala ndi ludzu, anakondana, anabala ana ndipo analandira malangizo kwa nsabwe zina zakale.

Patria (2016)

Amalembedwa ndi otsutsa zolemba ngati imodzi mwamabuku ofunikira kwambiri a Aramburu. Chiwembuchi chikuchitika m'tauni yopeka ku Guipúzcoa, momwe gulu lachigawenga la ETA likugwiritsa ntchito kupondereza ndale. Nkhaniyi ikufotokoza nthawi yayitali ya nkhondo ya Basque, kuyambira kuukira koyamba mu 1968 -zaka pambuyo pa Francoism - mpaka 2011pamene kulengezedwa kuleka kumenyana.

Dziko la Basque Landscape

Dziko la Basque Landscape

Zosinthasintha

Ndipo 2011, patapita nthawi ETA itapha Txato Lertxundi, gulu la zigawenga lija linaganiza zopereka kutha kwa mkangano wa zida. Nkhani izi zitatha, mkazi wamasiye wabizinesiyo anaganiza zobwerera kumudzi komwe nthawi ina adathawa ndi banja lake chifukwa cha kuponderezedwa kwa abertzale.

Ngakhale kuletsa nkhondo, Bittori anayenera kubwerera mosamala kwambiri, ndipo n’chifukwa chake anafika pamalowo mwakabisira. Komabe, kukhalapo kwake kunadziwika: kusamvana kudakula ndipo kusaka kunayambika kwa iye ndi anthu ake.

Kugulitsa Kwawo (Wanderings)
Kwawo (Wanderings)
Palibe ndemanga

Sobre el autor

Fernando Aramburu Irigoyen anabadwa pa January 4, 1959 ku San Sebastian, Basque Country (Spain). Anakulira m’banja lodzichepetsa komanso lolimbikira ntchito. Bambo ake anali wantchito ndipo mayi ake anali mayi wapakhomo. Anaphunzira pa sukulu ya Augustinian ndipo kuyambira ali wamng'ono anali wowerenga mwakhama, wokonda ndakatulo ndi zisudzo..

Fernando Aramburu Analowa ku yunivesite ya Zaragoza ndipo anaphunzira Hispanic Philology, ndipo adalandira digiri yake mu 1983. Pa nthawi yomweyi, iye anali wa Grupo CLOC de Arte Y Desarte, momwe ankachitira zinthu zosiyanasiyana zomwe zimasakaniza ndakatulo ndi nthabwala. Mu 1985 anasamukira ku Germany —atagwa m’chikondi ndi wophunzira wachijeremani—, kumene anakhala mphunzitsi wa Chispanya.

Mu 1996 adatulutsa buku lake loyamba: Moto ndi ndimu, amene mkangano wake unachokera pa zomwe adakumana nazo mu Gulu la CLOC. Pambuyo pake adafalitsa nkhani zina, zomwe zinadziwika bwino: Maso opanda kanthu (2000), Bami palibe mthunzi (2005) ndi Zaka pang'onopang'ono (2012). Komabe, ntchito imene inatsogolera ntchito yake inali Patria (2016), amene anatha kugulitsa makope oposa 1 miliyoni ndipo anamasuliridwa m'zinenero zambiri.

Kuwonjezera pa mabuku ake, Spanish adasindikiza ndakatulo, nkhani zazifupi, aphorisms, zolemba ndi zomasulira. Komanso, ntchito zake zina zidasinthidwa kukhala filimu, zisudzo ndi kanema wawayilesi, ndi izi:

  • Pansi pa nyenyezi (2007, filimu), kusintha kwa Woyimba lipenga la Utopia, wopambana mphoto ziwiri za Goya.
  • moyo a nsabwe wotchedwa Matías (2009). Idasinthidwa kukhala zisudzo za zidole ndi kampani ya El Espejo Negro. Inapambana mphoto ya Max ya Best Children Show.
  • Mndandanda wa TV Dziko Lathu, opangidwa ndi HBO ndikutulutsidwa mu 2020.

Mabuku a Fernando Aramburu

  • Moto ndi ndimu (1996)
  • Antibula Trilogy:
    • Maso opanda kanthu (2000)
    • Bami palibe mthunzi (2005)
    • Marivian wamkulu (2013)
  • Lipenga la Utopia (2003)
  • Moyo wa nsabwe yotchedwa Matías (2004)
  • Yendani ndi Clara kudutsa Germany (2010)
  • Zaka pang'onopang'ono (2012)
  • zonyenga zadyera (2014)
  • Patria (2016)
  • Kusambira (2021)

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