Kafka pagombe

Haruki Murakami amagwira.

Haruki Murakami amagwira.

Panorama yapano ya mabuku padziko lapansi ili ndi malo ofunikira pofotokoza za Haruki Murakami, wolemba wa Kafka pagombe (2002). Chilichonse chanenedwa za ntchitoyi, osatha kukana kuti owerenga za wolemba waku Japan uyu amakonda bwanji. Ndikuti Murakami ali ndi kalembedwe kodziwika ndimlengalenga zopanda pake, pafupi ndi malingaliro kapena zenizeni zamatsenga, zomwe zimawoneka bwino m'bukuli.

Chifukwa chake, titha kunena za dziko la "Murakamian", momwe moyo wa otchulidwawo ndiwosokoneza komanso wosokoneza. Ndi buku lomwe chiwembu chawo chimazungulira otchulidwa awiri, m'modzi wachichepere wina wamkulu, wotengera momwe zinthu ziliri.. M'malo mwake, nkhani zawo sizikuwoneka kuti zikugwirizana, komabe, Murakami amapanga njira yanzeru yofotokozera.

Zina mwazolemba za wolemba, Haruki Murakami

Haruki Murakami ndi wolemba komanso womasulira wobadwira mumzinda wa Kyoto pa Januware 12, 1949, motengeka kwambiri ndi mabuku aku Western. Ali mwana adalandira maphunziro achipembedzo achi Japan ndi Chibuda kuchokera kwa agogo ake aamuna, pomwe amakula ndi mayi wamalonda. Pambuyo pake, Analowa University of Waseda, komwe adaphunzirira mabuku achi Greek komanso zisudzo.

M'nyumba yomwe yatchulidwayi adakumana ndi mkazi wamtsogolo, Yoko. Pambuyo pake banjali lidasankha kuti lisakhale ndi ana, m'malo mwake adaganiza zopeza kalabu yawo ya jazz ku Tokyo, yotchedwa Peter Cat. Ndiye, pamasewera kugunda kwa mpira kumamuuzira kuti alembe buku lake loyamba, Imvani nyimbo ya mphepo (1973).

Kudzipatulira

Mabuku oyamba a Murakami anali ndi manambala ochepa kwambiri. Ngakhale izi zidachitika, bambo waku Japan wa makalata sanataye mtima, m'malo mwake adapitiliza kupanga zolemba zopanda malire pakati pa zenizeni ndi maloto.

M'zaka za m'ma 80 kukhazikitsidwa kwa Pinball 1973 (1980) y Kusaka nkhosa yamphongo yakutchire (1982). Pomaliza, mu 1987, Tokyo Blues (Wood ya Norweigian) adapatsa Murakami kutchuka padziko lonse lapansi. Kuyambira chaka chimenecho, wolemba waku Japan adasindikiza mabuku asanu ndi anayi, nkhani zisanu zosanjidwa kuphatikiza zolemba zingapo zamitundu yosiyanasiyana pakati nkhani zojambula, zolemba ndi mabuku ya zokambirana.

Mabuku ena ogulitsa kwambiri a Murakami

  • Dance Dance Dance (1988)
  • Mbiri ya mbalame yomwe imayendetsa dziko lapansi (1995)
  • Imfa ya wamkulu (2017)

Zolemba ku Murakami: kalembedwe ndi zochitika

Haruki Murakami ndi mkazi wake amakhala pakati pa United States ndi Europe mpaka 1995, ataganiza zobwerera ku Japan. Pakadali pano, kuzindikira kwake mdziko lolemba kunali kuwonjezeka. Ngakhale, kale m'machitidwe amenewo adanyozedwa ndi mawu ena ovuta, Kum'mawa ndi Kumadzulo.

Kuphatikiza apo, kufalitsa kwa Kafka pagombe mu 2002 adalemba wolemba Kiotense ngakhale kuti amawerengedwa kwambiri ndikukweza kutchuka kwakuti adasankhidwa kukhala Mphotho ya Nobel kangapo. Mbali inayi, zofunikira zake m'mabuku ake zitha kukhala nyimbo - jazi, makamaka - komanso nkhani yaku North America kuchokera kwa olemba ngati Scott Fitzgerald kapena Raymond Carver.

Chidule cha Kafka pagombe

Mnyamatayo Tamura amakhala ndi abambo ake, amene mumacheza naye molakwika, kuti zinthu ziipireipire, amayi awo ndi mlongo wawo adawasiya pamene ameneyo anali wamng'ono. Potengera izi, protagonist akuthawa kwawo atakwanitsa zaka khumi ndi zisanu. Inde, tsopano Kafka Tamura apita kumwera, kupita ku Takamatsu.

Pamenepo pakabuka funso losathawika: chifukwa chiyani protagonist amathawa? Ndi yankho, zinthu za surreal zimayamba, popeza abambo a Kafka Tamura amuneneza mwana wawo wamwamuna, ngati Oedipus Rex, akufuna kumupha kuti agone ndi amayi ake ndi mlongo wake.

Nkhani yofananira

Mbali inayi, Satoru Nakata amadziwitsidwa, bambo wachikulire yemwe adakhala ndi chidziwitso chosamvetsetseka ali mwana. Makamaka, adataya chidziwitso ndipo pakudzuka adataya mwayi wokumbukira komanso kulumikizana, kuwonjezera: amatha kuyankhula ndi amphaka. Pachifukwa ichi, adaganiza zopereka moyo wake kupulumutsa felines kulikonse ndipo adakumana ndi munthu wotchedwa Johnny Walken, wolumikizidwa ndi amphaka.

Kulumikizana

Atafika ku Takamatsu, Kafka Tamura adathawira ku laibulale. Kumeneko, Akazi a Saeki (wotsogolera) ndi Oshima, amathandiza protagonist. Chotsatira, Kafka Tamura ali ndi njira zosangalatsa ndi anthuwa, ndikupeza ku Oshima gwero lazivumbulutso za iye.

Pambuyo pake, Nakata akupeza kuti a Johnny Walken, ndimunthu woyipa yemwe amapha felines. Zotsatira zake, amuthana naye mpaka amugonjetse (mothandizidwa ndi amphaka). Pambuyo pake, nkhalambayo imakumana ndi Tamura ku Takamatsu polowera ndege yapaderadera. Chifukwa chake, motsatizana, miyoyo ya mamembala onse a nkhaniyi ndi yolukanikana popanda kufotokozera kwina mpaka kumapeto kwa bukuli.

Kufufuza Kafka pagombe

Kufunika kwa malingaliro anu olemba

Nkhani ya bukuli Kafka pagombe yesani kujowina njira zingapo, akuwoneka kuti ali kutali ndi anzawo, kuwongolera ulusi wa zochitika. Mwanjira imeneyi, chidwi cha owerenga chimachulukirachulukira pomwe nkhani zosagwirizana kwambiri zimawululidwa.

Pankhani ya bukuli, kungakhale kovuta kumvetsetsa chifukwa chosinthira nkhani ziwiri - zoyambirira - zosagwirizana. Ngakhale izi, owerenga amakhalabe pafupi kuti aphunzire za zomwe zikuchitika mwachidwi komanso zosautsa zomwe otchulidwa akuyandikira. Mapeto ake, pali njira yodabwitsa yophatikizira nkhanizo, pogwiritsa ntchito malingaliro.

Buku pakati pa matsenga ndi zenizeni

Kawirikawiri, mabuku omwe aperekedwa ndi Haruki Murakami Zimaphatikizapo kusakaniza kwa magawo awiri omwe ali mkati mwa gawo limodzi lokongoletsa. Mwanjira ina, kufotokozera nkhaniyi kungapite patsogolo kuchokera m'mbiri yeniyeni kuti ifalikire mwachilengedwe, popanda vuto lililonse. Kufikira pamfundo zomwe zongopeka zimangokhala ngati zowona.

Mawu otsutsa

Ena mwa magulu ovuta afotokoza zomwe wolemba waku Japan adalemba ngati "buku lodziwika bwino", kuphatikiza maumboni odalirika (mwachitsanzo, zizindikiritso). Mofananamo, zenizeni ndi zopotoka pang'ono ndi pang'ono chifukwa chofunsa mafunso osatheka. Omalizirawo ndiye gwero otchulidwa kwambiri za Murakami, onse omutsutsa, komanso omutsatira ake mamiliyoni.

Mitu yakuya yaumunthu

Monga ena ogulitsa kwambiri kuchokera kwa wolemba waku Japan, Kafka pagombe Ili ndi zovuta kuzimvetsetsa (modabwitsa) zosavuta kuwerenga. Pakadali pano, njira pazinthu zovuta kwa anthu (chikondi, kusungulumwa, kukhumudwa ...) ndikofunikira kuti ugwiritse owerenga.

M'malo mwake, nkhani iliyonse, ngakhale itakhala yovuta motani, ikukweza zowawa zakusungulumwa komanso kukhala nokha (Satoru Nakata) ndi njira yotulukiramo. Pomwe, mutu wankhani wamabanja komanso zotsatira zakusamva malo mpaka mutachoka (Kafka Tamura), zikulozera ku moyo wamunthu womwe.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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