Juan Granadas. Mafunso

Timalankhula ndi wolemba nkhani Juan Granados za mbiri yake.

Kujambula: Juan Granados, mbiri ya Facebook.

John Granados Ali ndi digiri ya Geography and History, akatswiri a Modern History kuchokera ku yunivesite ya Santiago de Compostela ndipo ndi wolemba mabuku ndi zolemba za mbiri yakale ndi zolemba zamtunduwu monga zomwe zinachitidwa ndi Brigadier Nicolás Sartine, mwa ena. Mu izi kuyankhulana Amatiuza za iwo ndi mitu ina yambiri yokhudza momwe amalembera, zolemba kapena mitundu ina yomwe amakonda. Ndimayamikira kwambiri nthawi yanu ndi kukoma mtima kunditumikira.

Juan Granados - Mafunso

  • ZOPEZA TSOPANO: The Great Captain, the Bourbons, Napoleon, Sir John Moore…

JOHN GRANADOS: M'mabuku anga awiri oyamba a EDHASA, Sartine ndi knight wa malo okhazikika y Sartine ndi Nkhondo ya Guarani, otchulidwa kwambiri, omwe nthawi zambiri amapeka, ankakhala ndi ena enieni kwambiri monga Marquis wa Ensenada, José Carvajal, Farinelli kapena Mfumu Fernando VI iyemwini. Njira yochitira izi imathandizira kuyika buku la mbiri yakale munthawi yake m'njira yamadzi komanso yodalirika. 

Pankhani ya Woyendetsa wamkulu, njirayo inali yoyenera kwa kubwerera, anthu enieni kwambiri, omwe amatsagana ndi mbiri yakale, pamodzi ndi anthu ongopeka, omwe amathandiza "kupeka" nkhaniyo ndikulola kuyambitsidwa kwa zochitika zomwe sizinachitike. Njira zonsezi ndi zopindulitsa kwambiri.

chinthu chosiyana ndi nkhani yakale (The Bourbons, Napoleon, Sir John Moore) Apo kukhwima kuyenera kukhalapo mbiri.

  • AL: Kodi mukukumbukira zomwe mwawerenga koyamba? Ndipo kulemba kwanu koyamba?

JG: Popeza kunalibe intaneti panthawiyo, ndili mwana ndinkawerenga nthawi zonse ndipo ndimaganizira zonse; kuyambira mwachizolowezi (Salgari, Dumas, Verne…) ku maencyclopedia omwe anali kunyumba, kuyambira abacus kupita mtsogolo. Komanso mabuku ambiri a mbiri yakale omwe bambo anga ankawerengamo.

  • AL: Wolemba wamkulu? Mutha kusankha kuposa imodzi komanso kuchokera kunthawi zonse. 

JG: Pali zambiri… Ndizovuta kusunga awiri kapena atatu. Posachedwapa, mayesero a Antonio Escohotado ndi mabuku (osati onse) a Paul auster. Koma nthawi zonse, ndikuganiza Flaubert, Sungani Ndipo ndithudi, JL Borges.

  • AL: Ndi khalidwe liti m'buku lomwe mungakonde kukumana nalo ndikupanga? 

JG: Ndikasesa kunyumba, Brigadier Nicholas Sartine. Ndichikondabe, ndichifukwa chake ndidachilenga.

  • AL: Pali zizolowezi kapena zizolowezi zina zapadera pakulemba kapena kuwerenga? 

JG: Izi zimadziwika kale kuti ndi nkhani ya tenthetsani mpando, palibe wina. Nthawi zonse khofi ndipo nthawi zina ramu ndi coke.

  • AL: Ndi malo omwe mumakonda komanso nthawi yochitira? 

JG: Chowonadi ndi chakuti pakati pa ntchito ndi kulera, munthu wakhala akulemba kulumpha kuchokera kukupha ndi pamene nkotheka. Ndakhala ndikupitirizabe pang'ono panthawi yatchuthi.

  • AL: Kodi pali mitundu ina yomwe mumakonda? 

JG: Monga mukudziwa, ndimakulitsa buku la mbiri yakale komanso nkhani ya mbiri yakale. Posachedwapa ndimagwira ntchito kwambiri pazandale zandale (Mbiri Yachidule ya Liberalism). Chaka chino padzakhala mutu wanga wonena za Yesaya Berlin m’buku lachigulu la anthanthi Achiyuda. Komanso Mbiri Yaupandu ku Spain, kutengera ntchito yanga yaposachedwa pakuphunzitsa kwanga ku UNED. 

Kuchokera mu izi, Ndimakonda bwalo lowonera, osati kuwerenga ndi ndakatulo tating'ono ndi mochenjera. Malo awiri omwe sindingalowemo ngati wolemba, ndizowona.

  • AL: Mukuwerenga chiyani tsopano? Ndi kulemba?

JG: Patapita nthawi, ndili ndi a pulojekiti yatsopano ya mbiri yakale, ndi zomwe zikukhudza chaka chino. Werengani, ndinawerenga kwambiri nzeru zandale, Ndakonda kwambiri nkhaniyi, komanso mbiri yakale ya malamulo ku Spain, chifukwa chosangalala komanso chifukwa cha ntchito. Chinthu chomaliza chomwe ndatengera ku gombe m'chilimwechi ndikubwerezanso zachikale Kutsika kwa maufumu, yokonzedwa m'tsiku lake ndi Carlo Cipolla. Komanso Kudzikuza koopsa kwa Hayek, zoyenerera kwambiri nthaŵi zimene zimatipangitsa kukhala ndi moyo.

  • AL: Mukuganiza kuti malo osindikizira ali bwanji ndipo ndi chiyani chomwe mudaganiza kuti muyesere kufalitsa?

JG: Kwa ine, zaka 22 zapitazo, zimandidabwitsa kuganiza za izi, ndidakhala chilimwe chopanda ntchito ndikulemba zoyamba. pansi. Kenaka, pofufuza pa intaneti, ndinapeza mndandanda wa olemba mabuku, ndinatumiza bukuli ndipo kuchokera kumeneko, zofalitsidwa ndi EDHASA. Kuyambira pamenepo, mwamwayi, Sindinakhalepo ndi vuto kufalitsa mu ofalitsa osiyanasiyana amene ndagwira nawo ntchito ndikupitiriza kugwira ntchito. 

Panali nthawi yomwe tonse tinkaganiza kuti buku la digito lidzathetsa mapepala, koma zikuwoneka kuti sizingatero, ofalitsa ku Spain ndi otsutsa komanso akatswiri kwambiri. Inde, kusowa kwa ndalama kumawonekera m'nkhani za cardinal monga kukhala ndi desk editor, yomwe kwa ine ndi yofunika kwambiri pazochitikazo, zomwe mwatsoka zaperekedwa ndi zambiri posachedwapa. Izi zimakhala ndi zotsatira zoyipa kwambiri pazotsatira za chofalitsa. Katswiri mkonzi ndi mwanaalirenji Zimathandiza kwambiri kuwongola malemba apamanja ogwedera. Zomwe zidzachitike potsatsa malonda, palibe amene akudziwa, koma sizikuwoneka bwino, ndili ndi anzanga omwe amawalipiritsa chifukwa chofalitsa, chinthu chopenga kwambiri, chosatheka kwa ine.

  • AL: Kodi mphindi yamavuto yomwe tikukumana nayo ikukuvutani kapena mutha kusunga chinthu chabwino chankhani zamtsogolo?

JG: Nthawi zambiri pamakhala chizoloŵezi chonena, pafupifupi mongolankhula, kuti chinthu chabwino nthawi zonse chimachokera m'mavuto aakulu. Chabwino, ndikukaikira kwambiri. Ndikuganiza kuti tidzakhala ndi moyo woipa kuposa kale, mwamwayi, koma woyipa kuposa makolo athu omwe akhala ndi chiwongolero chakupita patsogolo koyenera komanso kosangalatsa m'moyo wawo. Chinthu chokha chabwino, mwinamwake, wina angalembe chinachake ngakhale pafupi Mphesa za Mkwiyo.


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  1.   Michael Fair anati

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    Ndinalikonda loyamba la Makatoni. Sindinawerenge lachiwiri.
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